The History of the Baltic States
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1 Ιαν 2003 - 220 σελίδες
The Baltic states--Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania--are nestled in northeastern Europe, where they lie at a crossroad of European culture. Collectively, they have been both a transmitter of culture and a victim of larger, more powerful nations' aspirations. Their ethnically and religiously diverse natives continue to struggle with the question of identity, yet the Balts have had relatively peaceful relations with each other for some 600 years. With the fall of the Soviet Union, the Baltic states returned to Europe and seem intent on preserving the spirit of cooperation and solidarity that emerged during their struggle for independence more than a decade ago. This is the most recent and up-to-date narrative history of the Baltic states, providing readers with an ideal starting point for research on the area. It includes a timeline of major events, biographic sketches of noteworthy historical figures, a glossary, and a bibliographic essay. The Baltic states' survival and recovery during the late Soviet and early post-Soviet era is an inspiring and fascinating tale. This concise history takes readers from the ice ages through the Cold War, telling the tale of these small but important countries and their role in the history of Europe.
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agricultural Allies Antanas Smetona areas army August autonomy Baltic countries Baltic Germans Baltic peasants Baltic provinces Baltic region Baltic republics Balts began Bolsheviks Brazauskas Catholic century citizenship Communist Party constituted country's Courland CPSU cultural decades deportations Despite early eastern economic elections elite Estland Estonian and Latvian Estonian national ethnic Europe European forces foreign Gorbachev History immigrants independence industrial intellectuals Jewish Jews Jogaila Kaliningrad land Landsbergis language Latgale Latvian and Estonian leaders LiCP Lith Lithu Lithuanian living Livland Livonian Lutheran Meanwhile military Moscow movement national awakening nationalist native neighbors northern organizations Orthodox pact percent period Petersburg Poland Poles Polish political Popular Front population president prime minister reform regime remained result Riga Riigikogu Russian Empire Russian-speaking Saeima Smetona Socialist Soviet occupation Soviet republics Soviet rule Soviet Union Sqjiidis Sqjudis Tallinn territory thousands three Baltic tonian Treaty tsar tsarist uanian Ulmanis USSR vian Vilnius western
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