The German Historicist Tradition
Oxford University Press, 24 Νοε 2011 - 600 σελίδες
This is the first full study in English of the German historicist tradition. Frederick C. Beiser surveys the major German thinkers on history from the middle of the eighteenth century until the early twentieth century, providing an introduction to each thinker and the main issues in interpreting and appraising his thought. The volume offers new interpretations of well-known philosophers such as Johann Gottfried Herder and Max Weber, and introduces others who are scarcely known at all, including J. A. Chladenius, Justus Möser, Heinrich Rickert, and Emil Lask. Beyond an exploration of the historical and intellectual context of each thinker, Beiser illuminates the sources and reasons for the movement of German historicism—one of the great revolutions in modern Western thought, and the source of our historical understanding of the human world.
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The Concept and Context of Historicism
1 Chladenius and the New Science of History
2 Justus Möser and the Roots of Historicism
3 Herders Historicism its Genesis and Development
4 Humboldt the Proteus
5 Savigny and the Historical School of Law
6 Rankes Romantic Philosophy
7 The Historics of Johann Gustav Droysen
8 Dilthey and the Foundations of the Human Sciences
according argues argument attempt basic belief Bückeburg causal chapter Chladenius Chladenius’s claim concept critical critique culture determine Dilthey Dilthey’s distinction doctrine Droysen early Einleitung Emil Lask empirical Enlightenment enquiry epistemology essay ethical experience explain facts Fichte formulation Friedrich fundamental Geisteswissenschaften Georg Simmel German Geschichte Hegel Hence Herder hermeneutics historian historical school historicism historicist tradition human action human sciences Humboldt hypostasis ideal ideas Ideen important individual insists intellectual interpretation Kant Kant’s Kantian knowledge language Lask Lask’s later lectures logic Max Weber meaning Meinecke metaphysics method methodology Mo¨ser moral natural law natural sciences neo-Kantian norms object Osnabrück philosophy of history political principle problem psychology question Ranke Ranke’s rational realm reason relativism Rickert role Roman Roman law Savigny Savigny’s seems sense Simmel simply skepticism social specific stresses subject matter theory thinking transcendental truth ultimate understanding unity universal validity values Volksgeist Weber Werke whole Windelband writings