The German Conception of History: The National Tradition of Historical Thought from Herder to the Present

Εξώφυλλο
Wesleyan University Press, 25 Μαΐ 2012 - 405 σελίδες
0 Κριτικές
This is the first comprehensive critical examination in any language of the German national tradition of historiography. It analyzes the basic theoretical assumptions of the German historians of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and relates these assumptions to political thought and action.
The German national tradition of historiography had its beginnings in the reaction against the Enlightenment and the French Revolution of 1789. This historiography rejected the rationalistic theory of natural law as universally valid and held that all human values must be understood within the context of the historical flux. But it maintained at the same time the Lutheran doctrine that existing political institutions had a rational basis in the will of God, though only a few of these historians were unqualified conservatives. Most argued for liberal institutions within the authoritarian state, but considered that constitutional liberties had to be subordinated to foreign policy – a subordination that was to have tragic results.

Mr. Iggers first defines Historismus or historicism and analyzes its origins. Then he traces the transformation of German historical thought from Herder’s cosmopolitan culture-oriented nationalism to exclusive state-centered nationalism of the War of Liberation and of national unification. He considers the development of historicism in the writings of such thinkers as von Humboldt, Ranke, Dilthey, Max Weber, Troeltsch, and Meinecke; and he discusses the radicalization and ultimate disintegration of the historicist position, showing how its inadequacies contributed to the political débâcle of the Weimar Republic and the rise of National Socialism. No one who wants to fully understand the political development of national Germany can neglect this study.
  

Τι λένε οι χρήστες - Σύνταξη κριτικής

Δεν εντοπίσαμε κριτικές στις συνήθεις τοποθεσίες.

Περιεχόμενα

Introduction
3
The Origins of German Historicism THE TRANSFORMATION OF GERMAN HISTORICAL THOUGHT FROM HERDERS COSMOPOLITAN CUL...
29
The Theoretical Foundations of German Historicism I Wilhelm von Humboldt
44
The Theoretical Foundations of German Historicism II Leopold von Ranke
63
The High Point of Historical OptimismThe Prussian School
90
The Crisis of Historicism I THE PHILOSOPHIC CRITIQUE COHEN DILTHEY WINDELBAND RICKERT WEBER
124
The Crisis of Historicism II ERNST TROELTSCH AND FRIEDRICH MEINECKE
174
The Decline of the German Idea of History THE IMPACT OF TWO WORLD WARS AND TOTALITARIANISM ON GERMAN HISTORICAL TH...
229
Epilogue
269
Notes
295
Suggested Readings
371
Index
381
Πνευματικά δικαιώματα

Συχνά εμφανιζόμενοι όροι και φράσεις

Σχετικά με τον συγγραφέα (2012)

Born in Hamburg, Germany, GEORG IGGERS came to the United States in 1938. He received a B.A. from the University of Richmond and an A.M. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. Iggers taught at Philander Smith College in Little Rock from 1950-57 and Dillard University in New Orleans from 1957-63; from 1963 to 1965 he taught at Roosevelt University. He is Distinguished Professor of History at the State University of New York at Buffalo.

Πληροφορίες βιβλιογραφίας