German Aesthetic and Literary Criticism: Winckelmann, Lessing, Hamann, Herder, Schiller and Goethe
This anthology, part of a three-volume series devoted to German aesthetic and literary criticism from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, charts the development of aesthetic and literary theory in Germany in the latter half of the eighteenth century and its emancipation from the hitherto dominant influence of France. This development helped to produce an unprecedented flowering of German culture and art which culminated in the classicism of Goethe and Schiller and in the rise of the Romantic movement, with momentous consequences for Europe as a whole. The texts gathered together here represent the main theoretical phases in this process. Their unifying theme is classicism and the author examines the theories of Winckelman, Lessing, Herder, Schiller and Hamann. The volume concludes with Goethe's essay on Winckelmann, which is both a reaffirmation of neo-classical principles and a definitive statement of the mature Goethe's own aesthetic theory.
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action actual admiration Aeneid aesthetic ancient antiquity appear arbitrary Aristotle artist beauty become Caylus century B.C. character classical complete concept critic depicted disgust divine drama Dresden edition effect essay everything example expression eyes feeling figures former French genius German Goethe Goethe's Greek Hamann hand heart Herder heroes Homer human idea ideal idyll Iliad illusion imagination imitation individual Johann Johann Georg Hamann judgement kind language Laocoon latter Lessing Lessing's reference limits literature living means merely modern moral Moses Mendelssohn naive nature neo-classicism Neoptolemus never object Ossian Ovid pain painter painting passion perfection Phidias Philoctetes philosophical picture poem poet poetic poetry realist reason recognised remain representation Roman Rome satire Schiller sculpture sense sensuous Sentimental Poetry Shakespeare simplicity Socrates songs Sophocles soul spirit Sturm und Drang taste things thought tragedy translation true truth ugliness unity Virgil visual arts whole Winckelmann words writings