A Brief History by the Victor: Roman Portrayal of Etruscan Influences
The extent of Etruscan influence on early Rome is nearly impossible to determine because ancient authors have masked Rome's Etruscan heritage. The primary written sources preserve a complex and often disguised account of Rome's debt to Etruria but Etruscan origins are obscured to such a degree that the arguments over the magnitude of Etruscan influence range from claims that the influence is minor to advocacies for a wholesale Roman import of Etruscan ideas and technology. Modern scholars have attempted to add to the list present in the primary sources by using archaeological and linguistic evidence but there is no consensus for an accepted set of Etruscan borrowings.
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adopted Alban Lake ancestors annalistic tradition architecture Attius Navius augury Bonfante Capitoline civic rituals claims Cornell’s credit the Etruscans culleus demonstrates Diod Diodorus Sicilus Dionysius of Halicarnassus early Rome episode Etruria Etruscan borrowings Etruscan divination Etruscan haruspices Etruscan heritage Etruscan houses Etruscan import Etruscan influence Etruscan king Etruscan origin Etruscan rituals Etruscan symbols Etruscis examples fasces foreign Forsythe Futrell gladiators Greek haec haruspex haruspices histriones implies importance of Etruscan influence on early Late Republic Latin word lictors linguistic evidence literary tradition Livy Livy’s Lupercalia MacBain military modern scholars omen oracles original meaning originally Etruscan parricides peristyle court political insignia pomerium praetexta primary sources prophecy rege singulos singuli religious rite Roman portrayal Roman practice Roman religion Roman senate Roman triumph Rome owed Rome’s debt salutatio sella curulis Sibylline books Silius Italicus statues Strabo Tarquin Tarquinius Priscus Tarquinius Superbus toga praetexta Tomb Varro Ling Watmough καὶ σάλπιγξ τὸ τῶν