J. D. Bernal: The Sage of Science

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OUP Oxford, 24 Νοε 2005 - 592 σελίδες
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J.D. Bernal, widely known as Sage since his undergraduate days at Cambridge, was a visionary scientist who was the first to see that the new subject of X-ray crystallography could be applied to the study of life. His pioneering work at Cambridge in the 1930s laid the foundation of molecular biology. He was one of the most influential and brilliant scientists of his time, inspiring many subsequent Nobel laureates. Bernal's restless energy and legendary intellect took him far beyond science. An astonishing polymath and a fervent Marxist, he was one of the central figures in a cosmopolitan intelligentsia in an age of extremes. The story of Bernal's life reflects the extraordinary political and intellectual climate in which he lived. He was witness to (and often involved in) some of the great events of the 20th century: the Easter Rebellion, schooldays in the Great War, the anti-fascist movement, the Second World War, pacifist causes and nuclear disarmament during the Cold War. He was a pioneer of Operational Research during WW2 and made the first objective analyses of the effects of bombing on cities. As this biography shows, he played a crucial role in planning the D-Day landings, arriving secretly on the Normandy beaches himself a day later. After the war, he became an international ambassador for Marxism, science, and peace, and was one of the few men familiar with Downing Street, the White House and the Kremlin. Brown's biography sets out a life richly and fully lived. Nearly every important British scientist of the mid-third of the 20th century appears in its pages, along with artists (Picasso, Hepworth), writers (Leonard and Virginia Woolf, Aldous Huxley, Pablo Neruda) and statesmen (Churchill, Khrushchev, Mao, and Nehru). This compelling account draws on unprecedented access to Bernal's papers and war reports to piece together a dazzling image of Bernal: his Irish Catholic childhood, his Cambridge years, his research, his dedication to science, his intellectual brilliance, his blind, unswerving commitment to Marxism, his unorthodox Bohemian love life. But above all, the Bernal who emerges from this often critical account is a man not only of remarkable mental powers but of great warmth, kindness, and humanity.
 

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Περιεχόμενα

1 A Long Way to Go
1
2 Cambridge Undergraduate
22
3 Bohemian Crystallographer
46
4 Science Fantasy
65
5 The New Kingdom
78
6 Soviet Pilgrims
103
7 The Shadow of the Hawks Wings
119
8 The Entertainment of the Scientist
137
14 Rebuilding
274
15 Central Dogma
298
16 Peace at Any Price?
318
17 The Physical Basis of Life
342
18 History and the Origins of Life
363
19 Marxist Envoy
383
20 Peacebroking
412
21 Order and Disorder
435

9 Scientist at War
165
10 Bombing Strategy
185
11 Combined Operations
205
12 Overlord
228
13 Lessons of War
255
22 Years of Struggle
452
Postscript
474
Notes
490
Index
539
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Andrew Brown is an English radiation oncologist practising in New Hampshire. His biography of Sir James Chadwick, discoverer of the neutron, The Neutron and the Bomb, was published by Oxford University Press in 1997. He has also published medical papers and articles on nuclear scientists and history.

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