Cambridge University Press, 2004 - 250 σελίδες
Language policy is an issue of critical importance in the world today. In this up-to-date introduction, Bernard Spolsky explores many debates at the forefront of language policy: ideas of correctness and bad language; bilingualism and multilingualism; language death and efforts to preserve endangered languages; language choice as a human and civil right; and language education policy. Through looking at the language practices, beliefs, and management of social groups from families to supra-national organizations, he develops a theory of modern national language policy and the major forces controlling it, such as the demands for efficient communication, the pressure for national identity, the attractions of (and resistance to) English as a global language, and the growing concern for human and civil rights as they impinge on language. Two central questions asked in this wide-ranging survey are how to recognize language policies, and whether or not language can be managed at all.
Language practices ideology and beliefs and management and planning
Driving out the bad
Pursuing the good and dealing with the new
The nature of language policy and its domains
Two monolingual polities Iceland and France
How English spread
Does the US have a language policy or just civil rights?
Άλλες εκδόσεις - Προβολή όλων
accepted activities Africa American appears Arabic areas associated attempt became beliefs bilingual central century choice civil colonial complex concern considered Constitution continued countries cultural decisions developed dominant economic effect efforts English established ethnic European example fact factors Fishman followed forces foreign France French German groups guage Hebrew human ideology immigrants implementation important independence indigenous individual instruction issue Italy language management language policy language practices language rights linguistic maintain major million minority languages monolingual movement multilingual national language official language organizations percent Persian planning political population programs proposed protection recent recognition recognized regional religious remained result rule Russian schools shift signs situation social society Spanish speak speakers spoken spread standard started status teaching tion Union United varieties various writing