Nietzsche: Writings from the Late Notebooks

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Cambridge University Press, 20 Φεβ 2003 - 286 σελίδες
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For much of his adult life, Nietzsche wrote notes on philosophical subjects in small notebooks that he carried around with him. After his breakdown and subsequent death, his sister supervised the publication of some of these notes under the title The Will to Power, and that collection, which is textually inaccurate and substantively misleading, has dominated the English-speaking discussion of Nietzsche's later thought. The present volume offers, for the first time, accurate translations of a selection of writings from Nietzsche's late notebooks, dating from his last productive years between 1885 and 1889. Many of them have never before been published in English. They are translated by Kate Sturge from reliable texts in the Colli-Montinari edition, and they are edited by Rüdiger Bittner, whose introduction places them in the context of Nietzsche's philosophy as a whole.
 

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Επιλεγμένες σελίδες

Περιεχόμενα

Notebook 34 April June 1885
1
Notebook 35 May July 1885
17
Notebook 36 June July 1885
22
Notebook 37 June July 1885
29
Notebook 38 June July 1885
34
Notebook 39 August September 1885
41
Notebook 40 August September 1885
42
Notebook 41 August September 1885
48
Notebook 5 summer 1886 autumn 1887
106
Notebook 6 summer 1886 spring 1887
124
Notebook 7 end of 1886 spring 1887
127
Notebook 8 summer 1887
141
Notebook 9 autumn 1887
145
Notebook 10 autumn 1887
172
Notebook 11 November 1887 March 1888
207
Notebook 14 spring 1888
240

Notebook 43 autumn 1885
50
Notebook 44 autumn 1885
52
Notebook 1 autumn 1885 spring 1886
54
Notebook 2 autumn 1885 autumn 1886
66
Notebook 3 beginning of 1886 spring 1886
101
Notebook 4 beginning of 1886 spring 1886
102
Notebook 15 spring 1888
268
Notebook 16 spring summer 1888
274
Notebook 18 July August 1888
276
Index of names
277
Index of subjects
279
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The son of a Lutheran pastor, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born in 1844 in Roecken, Prussia, and studied classical philology at the Universities of Bonn and Leipzig. While at Leipzig he read the works of Schopenhauer, which greatly impressed him. He also became a disciple of the composer Richard Wagner. At the very early age of 25, Nietzsche was appointed professor at the University of Basel in Switzerland. In 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War, Nietzsche served in the medical corps of the Prussian army. While treating soldiers he contracted diphtheria and dysentery; he was never physically healthy afterward. Nietzsche's first book, The Birth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Music (1872), was a radical reinterpretation of Greek art and culture from a Schopenhaurian and Wagnerian standpoint. By 1874 Nietzsche had to retire from his university post for reasons of health. He was diagnosed at this time with a serious nervous disorder. He lived the next 15 years on his small university pension, dividing his time between Italy and Switzerland and writing constantly. He is best known for the works he produced after 1880, especially The Gay Science (1882), Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883-85), Beyond Good and Evil (1886), On the Genealogy of Morals (1887), The Antichrist (1888), and Twilight of the Idols (1888). In January 1889, Nietzsche suffered a sudden mental collapse; he lived the last 10 years of his life in a condition of insanity. After his death, his sister published many of his papers under the title The Will to Power. Nietzsche was a radical questioner who often wrote polemically with deliberate obscurity, intending to perplex, shock, and offend his readers. He attacked the entire metaphysical tradition in Western philosophy, especially Christianity and Christian morality, which he thought had reached its final and most decadent form in modern scientific humanism, with its ideals of liberalism and democracy. It has become increasingly clear that his writings are among the deepest and most prescient sources we have for acquiring a philosophical understanding of the roots of 20th-century culture.

Rüdieger Bittner is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Bielefeld and author of Doing Things for Reasons (OUP 2001).

Kate Sturge is a freelance translator and a visiting lecturer at City University, London.

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