U.S. Foreign Policy and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Humanitarian Relief in Complex Emergencies

Εξώφυλλο
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997 - 192 σελίδες
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This book explores the emerging phenomenon of complex humanitarian emergencies and the evolving policies of the United States in responding to these emergencies. In addition, Andrew Natsios examines the relationship of disaster response to U.S. foreign policy and national interest, and makes suggestions for improving both relief strategies and systems for designing those strategies.

To these issues Natsios brings his first-hand experience in numerous key positions. Mr. Natsios provides case study analysis from these experiences over the past five years to illustrate the arguments presented in the book, particularly regarding Somalia, Angola, Sudan, Panama, and Kuwait and Kurdistan following the Gulf War. As former president George Bush indicates in his foreword to the volume, this book will make a substantive contribution to continuing and enhancing vitally important work. Of great interest to scholars, researchers, and policy makers in the areas of contemporary American foreign policy and humanitarian activities abroad.

 

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Περιεχόμενα

Anatomy of a Complex Humanitarian Emergency
1
Chaos Theory
2
Defining Complex Humanitarian Emergencies
6
Causes of Complex Emergencies
14
Complex Humanitarian Emergencies and the US National Interest
19
The Moral Argument
23
The Realpolitik Argument
25
New Approaches to PostCold War Foreign Policy
29
Organizational Innovations
86
UN Field Coordination Models
88
The International Committee of the Red Cross
91
UN Functions
94
Some Modest Improvements and Organizing Principles
96
The US Military and Complex Humanitarian Emergencies
105
Strengths of the Military Instrument
107
Weaknesses of the Military Instrument
112

The Bureaucratic Politics of Disasters
33
The Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance
36
The Office of Transition Initiatives
43
The Bureaucratic Politics of Disaster Response
44
The US Congress and Complex Humanitarian Emergencies
51
US Policy Reforms
53
Nongovernmental Organizations
56
NGO Influence on Foreign Policy
57
Typology
63
The Internationalization of NGOs
66
NGOs and the Implementation of Foreign Policy
69
The United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross
76
Institutional Weaknesses of the United Nations
77
UN Humanitarian Operations in Complex Emergencies
80
UN Structure as It Affects Emergency Response
81
Principles Governing Use of the Military in Complex Emergencies
114
The Policy Influence of the News Media
124
On Strategy
140
Should a Thousand Flowers Bloom?
142
Alternative Strategies for Resolving a Political Crisis
144
The Determination of Humanitarian Objectives
151
Who Should Design and Implement the Strategy?
160
The Problem of Psychological Trauma and Retributive Violence
163
Conflict Resolution in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies
165
The News Media as a Tool of Conflict Management
167
The Dangers of Role Confusion
169
Notes
173
Bibliography
180
Index
185
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Δημοφιλή αποσπάσματα

Σελίδα vii - I looked, and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth.

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Σχετικά με τον συγγραφέα (1997)

ANDREW S. NATSIOS served as director of the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance in USAID during the Bush administration, as President Bush's special coordinator of Somalia relief, as vice president of World Vision, a leading international nongovernmental organization involved in disaster responses, and as a civil affairs officer in the U.S. Army reserves.

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