Evolution of Sanitation and Wastewater Technologies through the Centuries

Front Cover
Andreas N. Angelakis, Joan B. Rose
IWA Publishing, Sep 14, 2014 - Science - 500 pages
Most of the technological developments relevant to water supply and wastewater date back to more than to five thousand years ago. These developments were driven by the necessity to make efficient use of natural resources, to make civilizations more resistant to destructive natural elements, and to improve the standards of life, both at public and private level.
Rapid technological progress in the 20th century created a disregard for past sanitation and wastewater and stormwater technologies that were considered to be far behind the present ones. A great deal of unresolved problems in the developing world related to the wastewater management principles, such as the decentralization of the processes, the durability of the water projects, the cost effectiveness, and sustainability issues, such as protection from floods and droughts were intensified to an unprecedented degree. New problems have arisen such as the contamination of surface and groundwater. Naturally, intensification of unresolved problems has led to the reconsideration of successful past achievements.
This retrospective view, based on archaeological, historical, and technical evidence, has shown two things: the similarity of physicochemical and biological principles with the present ones and the advanced level of wastewater engineering and management practices. Evolution of Sanitation and Wastewater Technologies through the Centuries presents and discusses the major achievements in the scientific fields of sanitation and hygienic water use systems throughout the millennia, and compares the water technological developments in several civilizations. It provides valuable insights into ancient wastewater and stormwater management technologies with their apparent characteristics of durability, adaptability to the environment, and sustainability. These technologies are the underpinning of modern achievements in sanitary engineering and wastewater management practices. It is the best proof that “the past is the key for the future”.
Evolution of Sanitation and Wastewater Technologies through the Centuries is a textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses of Water Resources, Civil Engineering, Hydraulics, Ancient History, Archaeology, Environmental Management and is also a valuable resource for all researchers in the these fields.
Authors: Andreas N. Angelakis, Institute of Iraklion, Iraklion, Greece and Joan B. Rose, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
 

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Contents

Sanitation and wastewater technologies in Minoan Era
1
Sanitation and wastewater technologies in HarappaIndus valley civilizationca 26001900 BC
25
Sanitation and water management in ancient South Asia
43
Evolution of sanitation and wastewater technologies in Egypt through centuries
55
Sanitation and wastewater in the Central Andean Region Peru An overview from PreColumbian and Colonial times to nowadays
69
History of urban wastewater and stormwater sanitation technologies in Hellas
99
Evolution of sanitation and wastewater technologies in Iran through the centuries Past and present
147
Sanitation and wastewater and stormwater management in ancient Kingdom of Macedonia Hellas
175
Drainage and sewerage systems at ancient Athens Hellas
313
Sewerage system of Diocletians Palace in Split Croatia
331
The evolution of sanitation in the rural area of Southwest China With case of Dai villages of Xishuangbana Yunnan province
345
Evolution of sanitation services in the city of Rome between urban development and environmental quality
361
History of the sewerage systemin Barcelona Spain From its Originsto Garcia Faria Plan
383
A brief history of the sewerage system in Prague and the role of William Heerlein Lindley
401
Waterborne diseases in the Hippocratictreatise Airs Waters Places
419
Ancient Greek and Roman authorson health and sanitation
429

The history of the development of urban sanitation and wastewater technologies in Cyprus
191
The history of sanitation and wastewatermanagement in Portugal
209
From Volubilis to Fez Water witnessed a transfer of an International Heritage
227
Sanitation and wastewater technologies in ancient Roman cities
251
The sanitary system in ancient Roman civilization An insight on Tunisia
269
Revisiting the technical and social aspects of wastewater management in ancient Korea
301
Historical development of sanitation from the 19th century to nowadays Centralized vs decentralized wastewater management systems
437
The history of land application and hydroponic systems for wastewater treatment and reuse
457
Evolution and impacts of water andindustrial wastewater management inLavrion Hellas
481
The Water Court of Valencia SpainWastewater
493
An overview and synthesis of the evolution of sanitation and wastewater technologies through the centuries past present and future
505
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