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At the expiration of six years, the supplicat and the certificates of standing, residence, attendance on the Professor's Lectures, having declared for Law, and passed the Previous Examination, are presented to the Caput, and the supplicat is afterwards read in both Houses. At the next Congregation, after the supplicat has again been read, and approved in both Houses, the Candidate admitted to the degree of Bachelor in the Civil Law.

A Bachelor of Arts of four years' standing may be admitted to this degree. His exercise is one Act, and he is not required to attend the Professor's Lectures.

Every candidate for B.C.L., or D.C.L., pays to the Professor £7.7s. for each Act.

PROCEEDINGS IN PHYSIC.

A Student, before he can proceed to the degree of Bachelor in Physic, must have entered on his sixth year, have resided nine terms, and have passed the Previous Examination. The Exercises for this degree are one Act and one Opponency. The form of notice, ceremonies, and mode of keeping the Act, are precisely similar to those described in the last article, under the head of Proceedings in the Civil Law. The questions for the Act generally refer to some practical point, or to some physiological or pathological subject. The Act must be kept either during the Term in which the degree is taken, or during the preceding Term.

Candidates for the degree of M.B., in addition to an Examination by the Regius Professor of Physic, and a diligent attendance on a complete course of his Lectures (see p. 24), are required to produce certificates of Examination by the Professors of Anatomy, Chemistry, and Botany, before they proceed to the performance of the Exercises in the Schools. They are also required to have attended a course of the Lectures of each of these Professors, in case the courses of the two former may have extended to fifty Lectures each, and of the latter to twenty.

By a Grace passed March 5, 1834, all candidates for this degree after 1835, must, before passing their examination, deliver to the Regius Professor a certificate of diligent attendance on the practice and lectures of some well-known Hospital for the space of two years, or for so long a time as they shall have been absent from the University after keeping their Terms.

By a Grace, passed the same day, Bachelors in Physic may be admitted Licentiates in the Term next following that in which they have taken their degree, after examination by the Regius Professor and another Doctor in the Faculty.

Every candidate for M.B. pays the Professor for his Act £7.: and for M.D. £11. 11s. for the two Acts which are required. A Bachelor of Arts may proceed to the degree of Bachelor in Physic as soon as he is of sufficient standing, provided that one

year at least shall intervene between the two degrees, during which he must attend the Lectures of the Professor of Physic.

A student who has declared for Law or Physic, may put on a full-sleeved gown when those of the same year, who go out at the regular time, have taken their degree of Bachelor of Arts. He is then styled a Harry-soph, (epiσopos.)

If, on or before the 1st of February in his fourth year, the candidate for B.C.L. or M.B. does not declare, in writing, to the Master of his college, that it is not his intention to proceed to B.A. he forfeits £3. to the University Chest, over and above the usual fees; and if after this declaration he proceeds to B.A. he also pays £3. extra to the Senior Proctor.

THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY.

FOR the supplying this and certain other Libraries with books, provision was made by statute of the 8th of Queen Anne, entitled An Act for the encouragement of learning," to which certain provisions were added by an Act of the 41st of George III. and still further by an Act passed in the 56th year of the same reign, in which last it is enacted, "that eleven printed copies of the whole of every book, and of every volume thereof, upon the paper upon which the largest number or impression of such book shall be printed for sale, together with all maps and prints belonging thereto, which, from and after the passing of this Act, shall be printed and published, on demand thereof being made in writing to, or left at, the place of abode of the publisher or publishers thereof, at any time within twelve months next after the publication thereof, under the hand of the warehouse-keeper of the Company of Stationers, or the librarian or other person thereto authorized by the persons or body politic and corporate, proprietors or managers of the libraries following; videlicet, the British Museum, Sion college, the Bodleian library at Oxford, the public library at Cambridge, the library of the faculty of Advocates at Edinburgh, the libraries of the four Universities of Scotland, Trinity college library, and the King's Inns library at Dublin, or so many of such eleven copies as shall be respectively demanded on behalf of such libraries respectively, shall be delivered by the publisher or publishers thereof respectively, within one month after demand made thereof in writing as aforesaid, to the warehousekeeper of the said Company of Stationers for the time being; which copies the said warehouse-keeper shall and he is hereby required to receive at the hall of the said Company, for the use of the library for which such demand shall be made, within such twelve months as aforesaid; and the said warehouse-keeper is hereby required within one month after any such book or volume shall be so delivered to him as aforesaid, to deliver the same for the use of such library: and if any publisher, or the warehouse-keeper of the said

Company of Stationers, shall not observe the directions of this Act therein, that then he and they so making default in not delivering or receiving the said eleven printed copies as aforesaid, shall forfeit besides the value of the said printed copies, the sum of five pounds for each copy not so delivered or received, together with the full costs of suit; the same to be recovered by the person or persons, or body politic or corporate, proprietors or managers of the library for the use whereof such copy or copies ought to have been delivered or received; for which penalties and value such person or persons, body politic or corporate, is or are now hereby authorized to sue by action of debt or other proper action in any Court of Record in the United Kingdom.

And be it further enacted, That no such printed copy or copies shall be demanded by or delivered to or for the use of any of the libraries herein before mentioned, of the Second Edition, or of any subsequent edition of any book or books so demanded and delivered as aforesaid, unless the same shall contain additions or alterations and in case any edition after the first, of any book so demanded and delivered as aforesaid, shall contain any addition or alteration, no printed copy or copies thereof shall be demanded or delivered as aforesaid, if a printed copy of such additions or alterations only, printed in an uniform manner with the former edition of such book, be delivered to each of the libraries aforesaid, for whose use a copy of the former edition shall have been demanded and delivered as aforesaid: provided also, that the copy of every book that shall be demanded by the British Museum, shall be delivered of the best paper on which such work shall be printed.”

To the same purpose the rents of the University's estate at Ovingdon in Norfolk are applied. This estate was bought with the money given to the University in 1666, by Tobias Rustat, Esq. M.A. Yeoman of the Robes to King Charles II. to be laid out in land, the rents to be applied in the purchase of choice books for the Public Library, and the income of it is nearly £200. per

annum.

William Worts, M.A. Fellow of Caius college, formerly one of the Esquire Bedells of this University, ordered by his Will that the annual surplus of the rents and profits of his estate at Landbeach, in this county, producing about £500. per annum, after the discharge of the other outgoings (see p. 41), should be applied to the use of the Public Library. The Rev. John Manistre, M.A. late Fellow of King's college, lately bequeathed £5000. to purchase books. A quarterly contribution of one shilling and sixpence each from all members of the University, excepting Sizars, is likewise made for the support of the Library.

The management of the Library is committed to Syndics, who are the Vice-Chancellor, the Heads of colleges, all doctors in each faculty, the Orator, and all public Professors, the Proctors and Scrutators. They meet in the Library on the first Monday after the division of every Term, and oftener if necessary; and to them,

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or the major part, not less than five, of whom the Vice-Chancellor must always be one, full powers are committed for the better regulating of the same.

All members of the Senate, Bachelors in the Civil Law and Physic, and Bachelors of Arts, are entitled to the use of the Library.

The Syndics have at various times issued regulations to the following effect:

That no person be allowed to have in his possession at any one time, more than ten volumes* belonging to the Library, except by a dispensation from the Vice-Chancellor and the Librarian, to continue in force no longer than to the end of the quarter in which it shall be granted; but upon fresh application it may be renewed by the same authority.

That no one take or borrow any book out of the Library without first delivering to one of the Library-Keepers a note for the same, in his own hand-writing, expressing his name and college, and the year and day of the month on which such book is taken or borrowed, on pain of forfeiting five pounds, or double the value of such book.

That the Library-Keepers preserve carefully all such notes, till the book so taken out be returned again to the Library, duly entering the same in a book to be kept for that purpose, together with the day of the said return, and any damage done to any book, on pain of five shillings for every omission, to be paid by them, or any of them.

That every one who shall borrow or take any book out of the Library, return it thither again on or before the next of the four following days, viz. Michaelmas-day, St Thomas, Lady-day, and Midsummer-day, or oftener, if the Syndics see occasion and require it, under the penalty of two shillings for every folio or quarto, and one shilling for every book of less size; the penalty to be repeated every month till the book be returned, or another of the same edition and equal value placed in its room.

That a list of the books omitted to be returned at the end of the quarter, together with the name of the borrower, be suspended in some public place in the Library.

That no person shall have more than five volumes out of the lock-up classes of the Library, by a note countersigned by the Vice-Chancellor; and that such books be returned at the end of each quarter, as all other books are, under double penalties.

That for the purpose of allowing the Librarian sufficient time to inspect the books at the end of each quarter, all books be kept in the Library on the day appointed for their return, and the whole of the day following.

That no manuscript whatever be taken out of the Library, without a Grace for its removal being obtained from the Senate.

* Bachelors of Arts are restricted to five volumes.

That no volume containing a collection of prints or drawings, shall be taken out of the Library on any account whatever.

That every year, on the Friday next after the Commencement, or oftener if they see occasion, the Syndics shall meet in the Senate-House, or elsewhere, at the appointment of the Vice-Chancellor, to give orders, and appoint inspectors, for a general survey of the Library the Monday following. These inspectors, with the Librarian, shall make a full and true catalogue of all books wanting or much damaged, expressing in whose custody such books are, or by whom damaged, and deliver the same, signed by them, to the Vice-Chancellor.

That all books in this catalogue be returned to the Library perfect and undamaged, or others of the same edition and equal value, placed in their room there within thirty days after notice given, on pain of forfeiting five pounds for every volume not so returned, or the full value of the same, to be paid by him who stands charged with it; or, in case no one shall be charged with it, by the LibraryKeepers or their deputies, or any of them; unless it shall appear to the Vice-Chancellor that such loss or damage has not happened through any neglect or default of the said Library-Keepers, or their deputies.

That if, after the said thirty days, on enquiry and report to be made by the said inspectors, or otherwise, it appears to the ViceChancellor, that any books be still wanting in the Library, or much damaged, he shall order others, without delay, to be procured, at the expence of the public chest, and put in their places.

That no Undergraduate or person not belonging to the University, be allowed to examine the catalogue, or take down books, unless in company of a Master of Arts, or a Member of the Senate, or Bachelor of Law and Physic; and that the Library-Keepers report to the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors any persons in statu pupillari who come into the Library not in their Academical dress. That all the penalties above-mentioned shall be levied as other penalties are, by the Queen's statutes, chap. 50, and go one-third to the Bedells who collect them, the rest to the public chest.

The Library is closed on Sundays, and on the following days: Christmas-Day; the Epiphany; the Purification; Ash-Wednesday; Good-Friday; Easter Monday and Tuesday; Holy Thursday; Whit Monday and Tuesday; November 5; appointed Fast-days and Thanksgivings; the day after each Quarter-day; and for four days immediately following Semptember 29, exclusive of Sunday. On Saturdays it is open from ten till one; on Saint's days from twelve till three; on other days from ten till three.

The portion of the New Library, now in the course of building, is according to part of a design by Mr C. R. Cockerell of London, for an entire Court, which it is intended should occupy the whole site of the present Library and Schools.

The great want of accommodation for books in the present Library, and of Lecture-Rooms for the Professors, had long been complained of; and, as the University was not itself in possession

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