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with deep attention. We find the man worship on board the boat, best way to collect the people to-| Gave away 50 or 60 tracts at the gether, is to sit down, and begin to village of S'hagagyi. read, even if there is but a single 24. No villages for some disperson to listen. To see a foreigner lance. Stopped for the night at reading Burman, appears so singular, Thaungma, (Great Sandbank,) where that they soon begin to flock togeth- we gave twenty or thirty tracis. er, and in a few minutes one finds 25. Came up to Lethagong, quite a respectable assembly around (Pleasant-air Shore,) a village of him.
about 400 houses, on the west bank Came up to Nyaung-khyédauk, of the river. The people were re(Foot of the Banyan,) which with luctant to take the tracts on our first Bhila-sangen, another large village passing through the streets, but as adjoining it, contains 400 houses. we returned, many came out and Here the people listened attentively, asked for them. Gave away upand we gave 250 tracts. The assist wards of 200. Have distributed 100 ants went to one or two places where more at other small villages during there were funerals, and had an ex- the day. cellent opportunity for preaching, 26. Arrived about noon at Tawhich they improved for about two ungbo-taya, (a hundred White Ant hours.
hills,) where we gave a way 50 tracts. On the west side, we visited Many of the people refused to take. Thabyu, and two or three other vil- Passed up on shore through many lages, where the greater part of the fine fields of rice, belonging to the day was spent in reading and ex- Karen farmers. Gave books to one piaining the tracts. The people or two who could read. Pussed seemed very well disposed, and we through Tha-yettaw, (Mango Grove,) gave in all 200 tracts. Found two where we distributed 50 tracts. Arwomen who were able to read, a cir- rived at the large town of Ilenthada cumstance which is very rare in some time before night, and distribBurmah. Saw several young men uted tracts till dark. The people with some of our tracts, which had were generally very ready to rebeen distributed on former occasions, ceive them, and several government rolled up, and thrust through the men, who had seen our books before, holes in their ears, for ornaments. said they believed the books, and The Burmans are very fond of wear. were anxious to converse. After ing rolls of English paper in their distributing nearly 400 tracts and ears, especially white paper. We books, we crossed over to the large told then it was a very wicked thing boat, on the east side, intending to thus to use these holy Scriptures, come over and give a few more in which were given them to put in their the morning. hearts, and not in their ears. If, 27. A strong head wind this however, some reverence the tracts morning, and the river quite boistoo little, others place too much re- terous. Ko Sanlone went liance upon them, for the question to Henthada, and distributed 100 was often asked with great earnest-tracts, but found the devil there, lie ness, whether they should worship said, -several persons going through the tracts ?
the streets, and preventing the peoArrived opposite Danubhyu, about ple from receiving the books. sundown. Crossed over in the small Came up to Thayawaw, a village boat, and distributed 300 tracts. of about 100 houses, where we gave Have given away in all 850 to-day. 100 tracts and books. Stopped for Ko Sanlone thinks he has seen the night at Aingdalok, containing nearly 200 Karen houses during the about 60 houses, where we gave 50 day, but has found none who were tracts. able to read Burman,
Passed Thekkeh-byen, 23. Ko Şanlone conducted Bur-|(Thatch-grass Field,) consisting of
several small clusters of houses, tracts, most of them, however, small, where we gave 30 tracts, and Ko as we were not aware of the village Saplone discoursed to the people, being so large, and therefore took who listened with good attention. but few books. Returning in the
29. Went over to T'hiengdaw, small boat, we narrowly escaped be(T'hieng-tree Forest,) a village of ing upset by a sand-bank falling in. 200 or 300 houses, at some dis Arrived a little before sundown at tance from the river, on the east Shyuegyen, (Sifting Gold.) a village side. The governor and principal of about 50 houses on the western men took books, and the people ap- bank. Came up just as the men of: peared well disposed. Some, how the village were collected together ever, had evidently been prejudiced to launch a new boat. After it was by false stories. Ko Sanlone, ask- launched, we perceived a man taking ing a young man if he wanted a down a pot of plantains from a sort tract, was answered, “ Yes, I want of tent built near the place, and disone, but I dare not take it, for the tributing them among the boys. Askking has had four men executed for ing the reason, we were told that the reading your books.” On being ask- pot of food, and also a vessel of ed where this affair had taken place, water, had been put up for the Nats the poor fellow confessed his igno- to feed upon, so that they might afrance, but manifested great fear. | ford their assistance in giving the Distributed here 200 tracts and boat a safe and easy launch. One books.
of the company very seriously deAt sundown we found ourselves at clared to us, that he saw the pot of some distance from any village, and water shake, when the Nat came the current very strong. We got down to smell the food. After the aground several times, and after toil- launch was over, we were attacked ing hard till after dark, were obliged on all sides by disputants.
Κο to stop for the night by the side of a San-lone at length succeeded in sand bank, without any houses or getting a quiet little circle around boats near us. This region is noted him, and preached till 8 o'clock. for its numerous robberies, but we Gave away 50 books and tracts. were preserved, during the night, in Dec. 1. About noon we reached safety.
Ngapizhiek, (Pickled-fish Landing30. Arrived early this morning at place,) where we were unable to disMonyo, (Dark Sky,) containing 150, tribute many tracts. The men said houses. The people were very anx- they could not read, and made many ious to get tracts, and we found excuses for not taking the books; none who appeared unfriendly, tho' but one or two privately told the real some of them manifested the great cause, which was fear of the Governor. est surprise when informed that our Some, who took books, afterwards writings were for another purpose brought them back again. than to assist them in obtaining nieg The assistants started off, in the bar, (annihilation.) Gave away 120 small boat, at some distance below tracts and 20 books.
here, and went over to the large vilLeft the large boat about noon, lage of Yeghen, (Sheet of Water,) and crossed over the sand-banks to where the people were very eager Nghetpya wdong, (Plantain Stuinp,)/ for tracts. A little back of Yeghen, a village of 150 or 200 houses, situa-sis Mengyi-yua, (Village of Rulers,) ted soine distance east of the stream. where the assistants were well reThe people were very eager for the ceived by the principal men, and tracts, (none, we believe, having listened to with attention. They been given here before,) and they distributed 240 books and tracts, and listened with a good deal of interest, would have given more, if their declaring that they believed this re- stock had not been exhausted, ligion to be true. Gave away 200 2. Arrived at the old town of
Kanaung, which contains numerous |“ We do not want; we do not want." ancient pagodas, surrounded by aged We afterwards found out the reason, and beautiful mango trees. The which was, that immediately after the whole place, indecd, to the extent of distribution last year, an order was 2 or 3 miles, is one entire orchard of issued throughout the city, forbidmangos and tamarinds. The town ding the inhabitants to receive or contains 2 or 3 hundred houses, and read the books. Notwithstanding we gave 200 tracts. Most of the this, however, there were some who people refused, especially on our dared to take. One of the chiefs, first passing through the streets, but who had received a book from Ko as we returned the same way, they Sanlone, was cautioned by his wife, gathered courage and come out after “Do not take it; you know wbat an them. Ko Sanlone engaged with affair the governor's son made of it several very stubborn disputants, and last year.” “What matter," said he, talked to them for an hour or more, may I not find out who is my God?" while crowds gathered around to Some, after having received tracts, hear. On the whole, we hope his were hallooed at by their neighbors, words had some effect, though it is and gave them back in great terror. evident that the principal men of the A copy of the Psalms, which one of place are very much opposed to the the assistants had just given away, new religion.
we found cut in pieces with an axe, A little distance above this place, and scattered over the street. Only we found a small village of Karens, 150 tracts were given in the whole who understood Burman tolerably city, but they were taken by those well. We read part of the Cate- who did it in the face of the law, and chism to them, and told them the may perhaps be read by as many sinEternal God was worshipped by cere inquirers as a thousand dismany of the Karens, and that they tributed elsewhere. had now a written language, and 4. Crossed over and proceeded could read about this religion, in up on the east side. Passed several their own
tongue. They were small villages, where we distributed greatly surprised at this intelligence, 75 or 100 tracts. Came up to Tarokand listened with deep attention. mhyaw, (China-man looking up,)
which contains 100 houses. Dis. Hostility of the Government to Tract tributed 60 tracts here. Distribution. Prome.
5. Arrived early this morning at About 4 o'clock we reached Mya- Shenyua, (Elephant Village,) and naung, (Speedy Victory,) which con- distributed 75 tracts and books. A tains 5 or 600 houses. But we found little above, is Nyaungzayé, (Banyan the people much afraid, as was the Writer,) a large village of 300 case when tracts were distributed houses, where we gave 125 tracts. hcre last year. The governor forbade On the western side, at Thongbho
ng any books, and nearly (the Lime-kilns,) the people readily all the principal men of the place re- received tracts, and we distributed fused. We gave away, however, in about 100. At Pyyngyi, (Great all, about 400 tracts and books. Plank,) a large village adjoining
3. Arrived, about 4 o'clock, at the Thongbho, and at Thalehdan, (Row city of Kyangbién, (Sugar Cane Plan- of Sand-banks,) which lies still fartation,) which contains over 1000 ther up, we gave 80 tracts and 20 houses. Last year the pe:ple re- books. ceived the tracts eagerly, and up 6. Came up to the village of wards of 600 were distributed. But Kyitheh, (Crows clamoring.) containnow the scene was changed, and ing 3 or 400 hundred houses. At scarcely an individual dared openly first the people seemed afraid of the to receive a book. We went through books; but after reading to them a all the principal streets however, but while, and explaining our object, heard only the continual salutation, they became quite anxious for the
tracts, and we gave not less than 200. sure that the religion of the Eternal Crossed over in the small boat, to God was true. the island of Thambanden, (Loading 7. Sabbath. The assistants went the Boat,) which we found covered out this morning, and distributed 200 with extensive and well cultivated tracts in Phyaukshiek, and one or fields of maize, tobacco, pumpkins, two other considerable villages, cucu onions, &c. There are while we went up to Mendeh (Chief's perhaps 200 houses scattered over Tent,) and Nuamayan (the Cow pen,) the island, but the men were mostly large villages on the east side of the away, at work upon their farms, and river, containing about 800 houses. we gave only 75 tracts. None appear The people were generally very to have been distributed here before, anxious for the tracts, though some and most of the people knew not refused. We spent the greater porwhat they meant, some saying they tion of the day in distributing here, had no money to pay for them, and and returned to the boat about sunothers offering to worship them. set, having given away, in all, 600, Came up on the west side of the a good proportion of which were river to Padaung, (the Flower Bas- large books. ket,) where the people have formerly 8. Spent the day at Prome. It taken tracts very gladly. Gave being Burman worship day, we went away about 50 before entering with up early in the morning, to the prinin the precincts of the city, after cipal payoda, called Shway Shandaw, which the people uniformly refused, or Sacred Hair, from its being supdoubtless in consequence of some posed to contain four of Gaudama's order from the rulers. Finding it was hairs. Encountered several dispuuseless to offer the tracts, we gave tants; and the head priest confessed it up, and returned to the boat. On to Ko Sanlone, that “an idol was the east, we entered the city of nothing in the world,"—that it was Shyuedaung (Golden Mountain,) useless. containing 300 or more houses, but This place having been largely formerly much larger. This is a supplied with tracts heretofore, it very pleasantly situated place, and was our intention not to give any of appears like a large garden, tall the smaller kinds, but to give books, trees, many of them loaded with fruit, to such only as appeared to be sinbeing scattered all over the city. cere inquirers. We accordingly Here, as usual, some refused the passed through the streets, with the tracts, but others received them books in our hands, and those who gladly. Found the governor sitting really wished for them, came out in his yongdaw, or place of admin- without being invited, and asked for istering justice, with about 50 men them. We gave away 60 large of respectability, who received us books, and many more would doubtcourteously, and all accepted tracts less have asked, had it not been for and books. Ko Sanlone and the fear. Some, after coming and asking, other assistants took different routes became fearful, and turned back through the city, and preached and without receiving them. One man distributed tracts, till near sunset. sent his wise near a quarter of a mile Gave away, in all, upwards of 200, a to bring back a book which he had Jarge portion of which were books. taken. We also gave away: 1:30 One man offered io give a Burman small tracts, chiefly extracts frein book, which he had been copying Scripture. The distribution of tracts, with great care, in exchange for the however, even in the quiet way we Life of Christ. Another was on the were thus pursuing, was not to be point of giving up bis beads, (which tolerated; and about 3 o'clock an the devout Burmans are in the habit order was proclaimed through the of continually counting over, in or- streets, with beat of drum, prohibitder to obtain merit,) but he finally ing the people, under penalties of concluded to wait iill he became the law, from receiving any of the
foreigners' white books.” But the that though his feet and neck were agency that is at work in the midst hurt with irons, he did not think of of you, Prome and Kyanghen, is be- his pain, nor was he afraid to be in yond your power; and the temples the hands of his persecutors, since of your gods must become desolate; he remembered that the blessed and the bells that are chiming from Saviour had said to his disciples, that the tops of your pagodas must be without the notice of their Heavenly hushed; for the God of gods, and Father not a hair should fall from King of the whole earth approaches, their heads. The rulers, that they to extend his blessed reign over you; might terrify such as were disposed to and here shall the name of Jesus examine the Christian religion, and be echoed in songs, by your dark- obtain money for his release, had featured sons, through long millen- proclaimed abroad every where, that nial years.
it was their intention to kill Ko SanAlter the order was issued, we of lone, so that when Moung Shwa course desisted, but many afterwards Thah passed along the streets, the came to the boat and received books. general inquiry was, “ When is that Ko Sanlone has been preaching, Christian to be executed ?" Like nearly all day, in various parts of the primitive disciples, he was condemncity, and has found many who ap- ed and imprisoned with the wickpear serious. Several spoke very ed, and like them he also prayed and feelingly of Mr. Judson's preaching sang praises to God, and the prisonhere, and his being ordered away ers heard him. He says, when he by the government. His doctrine considered what a God he had to they said was good, and they be- serve, he could not fear man, and lieved the religion to be true, but therefore he exhorted all to repent alas, they dared not now read the and believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. books, or even have them in their After Ko Sanlone's imprisonment, possession. We think, on the whole, we soon found that if I had any perthat we have not distributed 200 sonal concern with the officers, in tracts any where to better advantage trying to effect his release, a large than at Prome, and we have no sum of money would be demanded, doubt they will receive an attentive and his imprisonment would probperusal, though perhaps it will be in ably be much protracted. I therefore some secret corner, or at the dead of employed Mr. McCalder, who had night. God grant his blessing to been my interpreter, and who was, rest upon them.
doubtless, the best person that it was (To be continued.)
possible for me to employ for that business, since he was highly esteemed by the Burmans, and also manifested a great interest in our
welfare. We can have nothing to HOWARD TO DR. BOLLES, DATED do with the officers here, without inMARCH 21, 1835.
curring expense, either in presents
or otherwise. A great number of Since I mentioned that Ko San- petty officers must have a small fee, lone had been imprisoned and abus- and the others a few presents, so ed for preaching the Gospel, you chat we were obliged to give, in will doubtless wish to know how amount, nearly sixty rupees. This his religion supported him in the we supposed was the whole amount hour of trial. I can truly say that of expenses incurred in this affair, I have never seen the Christinn as we had advised his wife to do more perfectly exhibited, than in the nothing, and especially to make no character and conduct of this man. presents, knowing that the rulers He has come to see me since his re- would keep their prisoners any length lease. He says that he was very of time, however unjustly, if therehappy during all his imprisonment: by they could obtain a single rupee.
EXTRACTS OF A LETTER FROM MR.