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nence.

ban's temper, by which he is distinguished, and for Wisdom declares her antiquity and preexistence to which he is loved or esteemed, or shunned and de- all the works of this earth.

Burnet. spised by others.

Mason.

Artificial things could not be from eternity, bePREEMʻINENCE, n.8.Fr. preeminence ; cause they suppose man, by whose art they were made,

PREEM'INENT, adj. Lat. præ and emi- preesistent to them; the workman must be before the nence. It has been written, to avoid the junction work.

H. of ee, preheminence. Excellence; superiority As Simonides has exposed the vicious part of woof merit or station : pre-eminent is excellent; man from the doctrine of preexistence ; some of the superior.

ancient philosophers have satirised the vicious part His lance brought him captives to the triumph of of the human species, from a notion of the soul's

Addison. Artesia's beauty, such as, though Artesia be amongst

postexistence. the fairest, yet in that company were to have the If this preexistent eternity is not compatible with a preeminency.

Sidney. successive duration, then some being, though infi. That which standeth on record hath preeminence nitely above our finite comprehensions, must have above that which passeth from hand to hand, and had an identical, invariable continuance from all hath no pens but the tongues, no book but the ears eternity, which being is no other than God. of men. Hooker.

Bentley. I do invest you jointly with my power,

Blind to former, as to future fate, Preeminence, and all the large effects

What mortal knows his preeristent state ? That troop with majesty. Shakspeure. King Lear.

The English desired no preeminence, but offered equality both in liberty and privilege, and in capa. being of one thing before auother. Thus a cause

PRE-EXISTENCE is a prority of being, or the city of offices and employments.

It is a greater preeminence to have life, than to be is in nature pre-existent to its effect. The Periwithout it; to have life and sense, than to have life patetics, though they maintained the eternity of only; to have life, sense, and reason, than to have only the world, were likewise dogmatical in their life and sense.

Wilkins. opinion that the universe was formed, actuated, Tell how came I here? by some great maker and governed, by a sovereign intelligence. Mr. Jo goodness and in power preeminent. Milton.

Hume's speculations also, on this abstruse and Beyond the equator, the southern point of the arduous subject, had a greater tendency to dissineedle is sovereign, and the north submits his preemi- pate its gloom than that philosopher himself

Browne. I plead for the preeminence of epick poetry.

could imagine. The pre-existence of the human Dryden.

soul to its corporeal vehicle had been from time We claim a proper interest above others, in the immemorial a prevailing opinion among the preeminent rights of the household of faith. Sprat.

and from them was perhaps transAm I distinguished from you but by toils, ferred by Pythagoras to the philosophy of the Superior toils, and heavier weight of cares ? Greeks; but his metempsychosis is too trivial Painful preeminence !

Addison's Cato. either to be seriously proposed or refuted. Ne PREEMPTION, n. s. Lat. preemptio. The vertheless, from the sentiments of Socrates conright of purchasing before another.

cerning the immortality of the soul, delivered in Certain persons, in the reigns of king Edward his last interview with his friends, it is obvious VI. and queen Mary, sought to make use of this that the tenet of pre-existence was a doctrine of preemption, but, crossed in the prosecution, or de. the Platonic school. But their hypothesis was feated in their expectation, gave it over.

Carew. totally unsupported by fact, except the solitary PREENGAGE, 0. a.

1 Pra and

engage.

pretence of Pythagoras, that his soul had forPREENGAGE'MENT, n. s.) To engage by pre- merly animated the body of Euphorbus; a fable cedent ties or contracts: the noun substantive evidently invented to support his doctrine of corresponding.

transmigration. After the Christian religion had Men are apt to think that those obediences they been considerably diffused, and warmly compay to God shall, like a preengagement, disannul ait bated by its philosophical antagonists, the same after-contracts made by guilt. Decay of Piety. doctrine was resumed and taught at Alexandria,

The opinions, suited to their respective tempers, by Platonic proselytes, not only as a topic conwill make way to their assent, in spite of accidental stituent of their master's philosophy, but as an preengagements.

Glanville. answer to those formidable objections which had My preengagements to other themes were not un been deduced from the doctrine of original sin, known to those for whom I was to write. Boyle. and from the vices which stain, and the calamiTo Cipseus by his friends his suit he moved,

ties which disturb human life. For the human But he was preengaged by for.er ties. Dryden.' As far as opportunity and former preengagements bation had already attained the capacity of moral

beings introduced by them to the theatre of prowill give leave.

Collier of Frendship. The world has the unhappy advantage of preen- agents ; as their crime therefore was voluntary, gaging our passions at a time when we have not re their punishment might be just. Hection enough to look beyond the instrument to the The word has also been used with regard to hand whose direction it obeys. Rogers's Sermons. the divinity of our Saviour. The Arians, who PREEXIST, v. a. Lat.

pre

and existo. allowed the subordinate divinity of our Saviour, PREEXIS'TENCE, n. s. To exist beforehand : believed him pre-existent to all time, and before PREEXIS'TENT, adj.

noun-substantive

all worlds; but the Socinians, who esteemed his and adjective corresponding.

nature, as well as his person, merely human, inIf thy preeristing soul,

sisted that before his incarnation he was only Was formed at first with myriads more

pre-existent in the divine idea, not in nature or It did through all the mighty poets roll. Dryden. person.

Asiatic sages,

the

PREFACE, n. S., v. n. & French preface; military departments, the title being reserved to Pref'acer, [v. a. Latin præfatio. him who was invested with the civil authority,

PREF'ATORY, adj. S Something intro- and that of comes belli given him who comductory to the main design; introduction; to manded the cohorts. say or introduce something proemial : a prefacer PREFER', v. a. Fr. preferer; Span. is the author of a preface: prefatory, introduc PREF'ERABLE, adj. preferir; Ital. pretory; preparative.

Pref'ERABLENESS, n. s. ferire ; Lat. præfero. This superficial tale

PREFERABLY, adv. To regard with suIs but a preface to her worthy praise.

PREF'ERENCE, n. s. perior esteem or atShakspeare. PREFER'MENT.

tention; taking above, Sir Thomas More betrayed his depth of judgment before, and to, before the object postponed; to in state affairs in his Utopia, than which, in the opi- advance; exalt; raise; exhibit; offer or propose nion of Budæus, in a preface before it, our age hath solemnly: preferable is eligible before some not seen a thing more deep.

Peacham.

other thing or person; the adverb and noun I love to wear clothes that are fush,

substantive corresponding: preference is, the act Not prefacing old rags with plush. Cleaveland. Heaven's high behest no preface needs. Milton.

of preferring; electing ; esteeming or raising one Wheresoe'er he gave an admonition, he prefaced thing before another : preferment, advancement; it always with such demonstrations of tenderness. promotion; place of honor or advantage; par

Fell, ticularly a church living. If there be not a tolerable line all these six, If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave the prefacer gave me no occasion to write better. to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem Dryden. above my chief joy.

Psalms. If this proposition, whosoever will be saved, be He that cometh after me is preferred before me ; restrained only to those to whom it was intended, for he was before me.

John i. 15. the Christians, then the anathema reaches not the In honour preferring one another. Romans. heathens, who had never heard of Christ : after all, I, when my soul began to faint, I am far from blaming even that prefatory addition My vows and prayers to thee preferred : to the creed.

Id.

The Lord my passionate complaint, • Before I enter upon the particular parts of her Even from his holy temple, heard. Sandys. character, it is necessary to preface that she is the It may worthily seem unto you a most shameful only child of a decrepid father. Spectator. thing, to have preferred an infamous peace before a It is lamentable to behold with what lazy scorn most just war.

Knolles. many of the yawning readers in our age, now-a-days,

I'll move the king travel over forty or ifty pages of preface and dedica To any shape of thy preferment, such tion (the usual modern stint) as if it were so much As thou'lt desire. Shakspeare. Cymbeline. Latin.

Swift,

They flatly disavouch
Thou art rash,

To yield him more obedience or support,
And must be prefaced into government.

And as t’ a perjured duke of Lancaster,
Southern Their cartel of defiance they prefer.

Daniel. PREFECT, n. s.?

Lat. præfectus. Gover The greater good is to be preferred before the less, PRE'FECTURE.

and the lesser evil to be endured rather than the nor; commander : prefecture is his office or sphere of government.

greater.

Wilkins. By the recommendation of the earl of Dunbar, he He is much

was preferred to the bishoprick of Coventry and The better soldier, having been a tribune,

Litchfield.

Clarendon. Prefect, lieutenant, prætor in the war.

O spirit, that dost prefer
Ben Jonson.

Before all temples the' upright heart. Milton. It was the custom in the Roman empire for the I shall give an account of some of those approprefects and viceroys of distant provinces to transmit priate and discriminating notices wherein the human a relation of every thing remarkable in their admi. body differs, and hath preference above the most pernistration. Addison. fect brutal nature.

Hale. The Prefect, in ancient Rome, was one of

All which declare a natural preferment of the one

Brotone. the chief magistrates who governed in the ab- unto the motion before the other.

Leave the criticks on either side to contend about sence of the kings, consuls, and emperors. This the preference due to this or that sort of poetry. power was greatest under the emperors. His

Dryden chief care was the government of the city, taking All preferments should be placed upon fit men. cognizance of all crimes committed therein, and

L'Estrange. within 100 miles. He judged capitally and The stronger ties we have to an unalterable purfinally, and even presided in the senate. He suit of happiness, which is greatest good, the more had the superintendance of the provisions, builds are we free from any necessary compliance with our ing, and navigation.

desire, set upon any particular, and then appearing The PrefecT OF THE PRÆTORIUM was the preferable good, till we have duly examined it.

Locke. leader of the pretorian bands destined for the emperor's guards, consisting, according to Dion, of

We find in ourselves a power to begin or forbear 100,000 men. This officer, according to Sue- several actions of our minds and motions of our botonius, was instituted by Augustus, and usually ordering the doing, or not doing such a particular

dies, barely by a thought or preference of the mind, taken from among the knights. By the favor of action.

Id. the emperors his power grew very considerable;

It gives as much due to good works as is conto reduce which, Constantine divided the prefec- sistent with the grace of the gospel; it gives as much ture of the prætorium into four prefectures, and preference to divine grace as is consistent with the each of these again be subdivided into civil and precepts of the gospel.

Sprat:

4

The mercenary and inconstant crew of the hunters PREFIX', v. a. & n. s. Lat. præfigo. To apafter preferment, whose designs are always seen point before hand; settle; put before another through.

Davenant.

thing; a thing so fixed : a particle put before a Almost every man in our nation is a politician, word to vary its signification. and hath a scheme of his own, which he thinks pre

A time prefir, and think of me at last. Sandys ferable to that of any other.

Addison.

At the prefired hour of her awaking, The several musical instruments in the hands of

Came I to take her from her kindred's vault. the Apollos, Muses, and Fauns, might give light to

Shakspeare. the dispute for preference between the ancient and

Whose sins modern musick.

Id.

Full weight must be transferred upon my head; Every person within the church or commonwealth

Yet neither thus disheartened or dismayed, may prefer an accusation, that the delinquent may The time prefixed I waited.

Milton. suffer condign punishment.

Ayliffe.

Because I would prefix some certain boundary beTake care,

tween them; the old statutes end with king Edward Lest thou prefer so rash a prayer,

II., the new or later statutes begin with king Edward Nor vainly hope the queen of love

III.

Hale's Law of England. Will e'er thy fav'rite's charms improve.

It is a prefix of augmentation to many words in Prior. that language.

Browne's Vulgar Errours. Prefer a bill against all kings and parliaments

Booth's forward valour only served to show, since the conquest ; and, if that won't do, challenge He durst that duty pay we all did owe: the crown and the two houses.

Collier.
Even in such a state as this, the pleasures of virtue Not come.

The' attempt was fair; but heaven's prefized hour

Dryden. would be superior to those of vice, and justly pre These boundaries of species are as men, and not as ferable.

Atterbury.

nature makes them, if there are in nature any such How came he to chuse a comick preferably to the

prefired bounds.

Locke. tragick poets ; or how comes he to chuse Plautus

In the Hebrew language the noun has its prefira preferably to Terence ?

Dennis. The Romanists were used to value the latter and the latter to denote the pronouns possessive and

and affixa, the former to signify some few relations, equally with the former, or even to give them the

relative.

Clarke. preference.

Waterland. A secret pleasure touched Athena's soul,

PREFORM', v.a. Pre and form. To form To see the pref'rence due to sacred age

beforehand. Not in use. Regarded.

Pope's Odyssey.

If you consider the true cause He spake, and to her hand preferred the bowl. Why all these things change from their ordinance,

Pope. Their natures and preformed faculties, Princes must, by a vigorous exercise of that law, To monstrous quality; why you shall find make it every man's interest and honour to cultivate That heaven made them instruments of fear religion and virtue, by rendering vice a disgrace, Unto some monstrous state. and the certain ruin to preferment or pretensions.

Shakspeare. Julius Cæsar. Swift. PREGʻNANT, adj. 2 Fr. pregnant ;

Lat. We know your prudence, Sir William, and I should

PREGNANTLY, adv. S prægnans. Teeming; be sorry to stop your preferment.

Junius.

breeding; fertile; full of meaning; evident; PREFIGʻURATE, or Lat. pre and figuro. free: the adverb corresponding. PREFIGʻURE, v. a.

To show by antece-
PREFIGURA'TION, n. s. dent representation : wit wasted in giving reckonings.

Pregnancy is made a tapster, and hath his quick

Shakspeure. antecedent representation.

This granted, as it is a most pregnant and unforced What the Old Testament hath, the very same the position, who stands so eminent in the degree of this New containeth ; but that which lieth there, as under fortune as Cassio, a knave very voluble. a shadow, is here brought forth into the open sun;

Id. Othello. things there prefigured are here performed.

Were 't not that we stand up against them all,

Hooker. 'Twere pregnant, they should square between them· Such piety, so chaste use of God's day,

selves.

Shakspeare. That what we turn to feast, she turned to pray, A most poor man made tame to fortune's blows, And did prefigure here in devout taste,

Who by the art of known and feeling sorrows, The rest of her high sabbath, which shall last. Am pregnant to good pity. Id. King Lear.

Donne. A thousand moral paintings I can shew, If shame superadded to loss, and both met together, That shall demonstrate these quick blows of fortune as the sinner's portion here, perfectly prefiguring the More pregnantly than words.

Id. Timon two saddest ingredients in hell, deprivation of the He was sent to school, where his pregnancy was blissful vision, and confusion of face, cannot prove advantaged by more than paternal care and industry. efficacious to the mortifying of vice, the church doth

Fell. give over the patient.

Hammond. These knew not the just motives and pregnant The variety of prophecies and prefigurations had grounds with which I thought myself furnished. their punctual accomplishment in the author of this

King Charles. institution.

Norris.

Thou The same providence that hath wrought the one Dove-like satest brooding on the vast abyss, will work the other; the former being pledges, as

And madest it pregnant.

Milton, well as prefigurations, of the latter.

Burnet.

His town, as fame reports, was built of old PREFINE', v. a. Fr. prefinir; Lat. prafinio.

By Danae, pregnant with almighty gold.

Dryden. To limit beforehand.

The breast is encompassed with ribs, and the belly He, in his immoderate desires, prefined unto him. left free for respiration; and, in females, for that exself three years, which the great monarchs of Rome traordinary extension in the time of their pregnancy. could not perforin in so many hundreds. Knolles.

Ray on the Creation.

PREJU’DICATE, v.a.& adj. } på and judico.

The dignity of this office among the Jews is so The committee of council hath prejudged the whole vregnantly set forth in holy writ, that it is unques case, by calling the united sense of both houses of tionable ; kings and priests are mentioned together. parliament an universal clamour.

Swift. South.

2 Also of Lat. Through either ocean, foolish man!

PREJUDICA’TION, n. S. That pregnant word sent forth again,

To determine beforehand to disadvantage: prejuMight to a world extend each atom there, For every drop call forth a sea, a heaven for every

diced: the art of prejudging. star.

Prior. Are you, in favour of his person, bent An egregious and pregnant instance how far virtue Thus to prejudicate the innocent? Sandys.

Our dearest friend surpasses ingenuity. Woodward's Natural History. O detestable passive obedience! did I ever imagine

Prejudicates the business, and would seem

To have us make denial. I should become thy votary in so pregnant an in

Shakspeare. stance?

Arbuthnot.

Their works will be embraced by most that underThis writer, out of the pregnancy of his invention, stand them, and their reasons enforce belief from

Browne. hath found out an old way of insinuating the grossest prejudicate readers.. reflections under the appearance of admonitions.

This rule, of casting away all our former prejudicate Swift's Miscellanies. opinions, is not proposed to any of us to be practised

at once as subjects or Christians, but merely as phiPREGNANCY. See MIDWIFERY.

losophers.

Watts. PREHNITE, or PrismaTIC PREHNITE, a

PREJ’UDICE, n. s. & d.d.) Fr. prejudico ; mineral of which there are two sub-species, the PREJUDICIAL, adj. 3 Lat. prejudicium. foliated and the fibrous.

Prepossession ; judgment formed without exami1. Foliated. Color apple-green. Massive, in distinct concretions, and sometimes crystal- any thing or against it; and sometimes (but not

nation; used for prepossession either in favor of lised. Primitive form an oblique four-sided properly) with to before that which the prejuprism of 103° and 77o. Secondary forms, an dice is against; mischief; hurt; detriment: to oblique four-sided table, an irregular eight-sided prejudice is to fill with unexamined notions or table, an irregular six-sided table, and a broad opinions ; to obstruct; injure ; hurt: prejudirectangular four-sided prism. Shining. Frac- cial, obstructed; or possessed by opposite opiture fine grained uneven. Translucent. Hard- nions; contrary; opposite; hurtful. ness from felspar to quartz. Easily frangible. Specific gravity 2.8 to 3.0. It melts with intu: lar nation can lawfully prejudice the same by any

The strength of that law is such, that no particumescence into a pale-green or yellow glass. It their several laws and ordinances, more than a man, does not gelatinize with acids. Its constituents, by his private resolutions, the law of the whole comaccording to the analysis of Klaproth, are, silica monwealth wherein he liveth.

Hooker. 43-83, alumina 3033, lime 18.33, oxide of iron What one syllable is there, in all this, prejudicial 5-66, water 1-83. It occurs in France, in the any way to that we hold ?

Id. Alps of Savoy, and in the Tyrol. It is said to Neither must his example, done without the book, become electric by heating. Beautiful varieties prejudice that which is well appointed in the book. are found in the interior of Southern Africa.

Whitgifte. 2. Fibrous prehnite. Color light-green. Mas I have not spoke one the least word, sive, in distinct concretions, and crystallised in

That might be prejudice of her present state, acicular four-sided prisms. Glistening, pearly.

Or touch of her good person. Translucent. Easily frangible. Specific gravity

Shakspeare. Henry VIII. 2-89. It melts into a vesicular enamel. It be

Factions carried too high and too violently, is a comes electric by heating. Its constituents, ac- sign of weakness in princes, and much to the prejus

Bacon. cording to Laugier, are, silica 42.5, alumina 28.5, dice of their authority and business. lime 20:44, natron and potash 0.75, oxide of iron

'Tis a sad irreverence, without due consideration, 3, water 2. It occurs in veins and cavities in to look upon the actions of princes with a prejudicial

eye.

Holyday. trap-rocks near Beith in Ayrshire, Bishoplown

The king himself frequently considered more the in Renfrewshire, at Hartfield near Paisley, and

person who spoke, as he was in his prejudice, than near frisky Hall, Old Kilpatrick; in the trap- the council itself that was given. Clarendon. rocks round Edinburgh, &c.

His going away the next morning with all his PREJUDGE, v. a. Fr. prejuger;

Lat. troops was most prejudicial and most ruinous to the

pra and judico. To determine beforehand; generally

king's affairs.

Id.

My comfort is, that their manifest prejudice to my to condemn beforehand.

cause will render their judgment of less authority. If he stood upon his own title of the house of

Dryden. Lancaster, he knew it was condemned in parliament, How plain this abuse is, and what prejudice it and prejudged in the common opinion of the realm, does to the understanding of the sacred scriptures. and that it tended to the disinherison of the line of

Locke. York.

Bacon's Henry VII. A prince of this character will instruct us by his The child was strong and able, though born in the example, to fix the unsteadiness of our politicks; or eighth month, which the physicians do prejudge. by his conduct hinder it from doing us any prejudice. Bacon.

Addison. The cause is not to be defended, or patronized by One of the young ladies reads while the others dames, but arguments, much less to be prejudged, or are at work; so that the learning of the family is blasted by them.

Hammond. not at all prejudicial to its manufactures. İd. Some action ought to be entered, lest a greater Half pillars wanted their expected height, cause should be injured and prejudged thereby. And roofs imperfect prejudiced the sight. Prior.

Ayliffe. A state of great prosperity, as it exposes us to va

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nous temptations, so it is often prejudicial to us, in PRELIM’INARY, adj. & n. s. Fr. prelimithat ii swells the mind with undue thoughts. naire ; Lat. pra limine. Previous; introductory;

Atterbury. proemial : something introductory ; previous Suffer not any beloved study to prejudice your condition or stipulation. mind, so far as to despise all other learning.

My master needed not the assistance of that pre

Watts.
To this is added a vinous bitter, warmer in the mien discovers him to be the king.

liminary poet to prove his claim; his own majestic

Dryden. composition of its ingredients than the watery infu

The third consists of the ceremonies of the oath sion ; and, as gentian and lemon-peel make a bitter on both sides, and the preliminaries to the combat. of so grateful a favour, the only care required in this

Notes on Iliad. composition was to chuse such an addition as might

PREʻLUDE, n. s. & v. a. French prelude ; not prejudice it.

London Dispensatory. By these a man's judgment is easily perverted,

PRELU'Dious, adj. Latin præludium. and a wrong bias hung upon his mind; these are the

PRELU'DIUM, n. š. A short piece of inlets of prejudice ; the unguarded avenues of the music played before a full concert; any thing inmind.

Mason. troductory; to serve as an introduction: preludiThe truth is, if the truth may suit your ear, ous is previous; introductory: preludium, a preAnd prejudice have left a passage clear,

lude. Pride has attained its most luxuriant growth,

That's but a preludious bliss, And poisoned every virtue in them both.

Two souls pickeering in a kiss. Cleaveland. Cowper.

To his infant arms oppose PREL'ATE, n. s. ) Fr. prelat; Lat. prola

His father's rebels and his brother's foes ; PRELATICAL. Stus. An ecclesiastic of Those were the preludes of his fate, the highest order : relating to prelacy.

That formed his manhood, to subdue

The hydra of the many-headed hissing crew. Divers of the reverend prelacy, and other most

Dryden. judicious men, have especially bestowed their pains

Either songster holding out their throats, about the matter of jurisdiction.

And folding up their wings, renew'd their notes,
Hooker's Dedication.

As if all day, preluding to the fight,
It beseemed not the person of so grave a prelate, to They only had rehears'd, to sing by night.

Id. be either utterly without counsel, as the rest were, or

This Menelaus knows, exposed to share in a common perplexity to shew himself alone se

With me the rough preludium of the war. Id. Hooker.

The last Georgick was a good prelude to the Hear him but reason in divinity,

Æneis, and very well shewed what the poet could And, all-admiring, with an inward wish

do in the description of what was really great. You would desire the king were made a prelate.

Addison. Shakspeare.

One concession to a man is but a prelude to anoThe archbishop of Vienna, a reverend prelate, said

ther.

Clarissa. one day to king Lewis XI. of France : Sir, your

My weak essay mortal enemy is dead, what time duke Charles of

But sounds a prelude, and points out their prey. Burgundy was slain. Bacon.

Young. The presbyter, puff’d up with spiritual pride, Shall on the necks of the lewd nobles ride,

PRELU'SIVE, adj. From prelude. Previous; His brethren damn, the civil power defy,

introductory; proemial. And parcel out republic prelacy: Dryden.

The clouds Yet Munster's prelate ever be accurst,

Softly shaking on the dimpled pond In whom we seck the German faith in vain. Id. Prelusive drops, let all their moisture flow.

Thomson. Prclacies may be termed the greater benefices; as that of the pontificate, a patriarchship, an arch

PREMATU'R E, adj. Fr. premature ; Lat. bishoprick and bishoprick. Ayliffe's Parergon. prematurus. Precocious; ripe too soon ; formed

How many are there, that call themselves protes- before the time; too early. tants, who put prelacy and popery together as terms 'Tis hard to imagine, what possible consideration convertible!

Swift. should persuade him to repent, till he deposited that The king then a wrote a letter to the bishop, in premature persuasion of his being in Christ. which he complained of the violation of his rights,

Hammond's Fundamentals. and the contempt of his authority, charged the pre PREMED'ITATE, v. a. & v. n. ? late with countenancing the late act of disobedience,

PREMEDITA’TION, n. s.

} mediter; and required an answer in two days. Johnson.

Lat. premeditor. To contrive ; form or conceive PRELATION, n. s. Lat. prælatus. Prefer- beforehand : to think beforehand : premeditation, ence: setting of one above the other.

forethought; act of meditating beforehand. In case the father left only daughters, they equally Of themselves they were rude, and knew not so succeeded as in co-partnership, without any prelation much as how to premeditate ; the spirit gave them or preference of the eldest daughter to a double por. speech and eloquent utterance.

Hooker. tion.

Hale.

Where I have come, great clerks have pur osed PRELECTION, n. s. Lat. pralectio. Read- To greet me with premeditated welcomes. ing; lecture; discourse.

Shakspeare.

Are all th' unlooked-for issue of their bodies He that is desirous to prosecute these asystata, or

To take their rooms ere I can place myself? infinitude, let him resort to the prelections of Faber.

Hale.
A cold premeditation for my purpose !

Id. PRELIBATION, n. s.

Hope is a pleasant premeditation of enjoyment, as

Lat. prælibo. Taste when a dog expects, till his master has done picking beforehand ; effusion previous to tasting.

of the bone.

More. The firm belief of this, in an innocent soul, is a He, amidst the disadvantage of extempore against high prelibation of those eternal joys. More. præmeditation, dispelled with ease and perfect clear.

Fr. pre

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