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duty or tax, were transmitted to posterity after this Inanner. Addison. A compact among private persons furnished out the several remittances. ld. on Italy. I remit me to themselves, and challenge their natural ingenuity to say, whether they have not sometimes such shiverings within them Government of the Tongue. n September and October these diseases do not abate or remit in proportion to the remission of the sun's heat. Woodward. The great concern of God for our salvation is so far from an argument of remissness in us, that it ought to excite our utmost care. Rogers's Sermons. Jack, through the remissness of constables, has always found means to escape. Arbuthnot. Another ground of the bishop's fears is the remission of the first fruits and tenths. Swift. When our passions remit, the vehemence of our speech remits too. Broome's Notes on the Odyssey.

REM’NANT, n. s. & adj. Corrupted from REMAN ENT, which see. Residue; that which is left; or that remains; remaining. Poor key-cold figure of a holy king! Thou bloodless remnant of that royal blood, Be’t lawful that I invocate thy ghost? Shakspeare. It seems that the remnant of the generation of men were in such a deluge saved. cort. I was intreated to get them some respite and breathing by cessation, without which they saw no probability to preserve the remnant that had yet escaped. King Charles. The remnant of my tale is of a length To tire your patience. Dryden's Knight's Tale. A feeble army and an empty senate, Remnants of mighty battles fought in vain. Addison. It bid her feel No future pain for me ; but instant wed A lover more proportioned to her bed; And quiet dedicate her remnant life To the just duties of an humble wife. Prior. See the poor remnants of these slighted hairs; My hands shall rend what even thy rapine spares. Pope. The frequent use of the latter was a remnant of popery, which never admitted scripture in the vulgar tongue. Swift. REMO (St.), a sea-port of the Sardinian states, in the Genoa territory. It is built on an eminence rising gently from the Mediterranean. The gardens of orange and lemon trees with which it is surrounded render it a most delightful spot. The cathedral churches and college, are the only public edifices worth notice. The port is shallow, and admits only small vessels. In 1745, this place was bombarded by the British. Population 7500. Twenty-two miles east by north of Nice, and sixty-six south-east of Genoa. REMOLTEN, part. Re and molt. again. It were good to try in glass works, whether the crude materials, mingled with the glass already made and remolten, do not facilitate the making of glass with less heat. Bacon. REMONSTRATE, v. n. * Fr. remonstrer; REMON'stra Nce, n. s. $ Latin remonstro. To represent strongly; show reason in strong terms: show; discovery (not in use); strong representation. The same God which revealeth it to them, would also give them power of confirming it unto others, either


with miraculous operation, or with strong and invincible remonstrance of sound reason. Hooker. You may marvel why I would not rather Make rash remonstrance of my hidden power, Than let him be so lost. Shakspeare. A large family of daughters have drawn up a remonstrance, in which they set forth that, their father having refused to take in the Spectator, they offered to abate the article of bread and butter in the tea table. Addison's Spectator. Importunate passions surround the man, and will not suffer him to attend to the remonstrances of justice. Rogers. REM'ORA, n. s. Lat. remora. A let or obstacle: a fish or worm that sticks to ships, and retards their passage. Of fishes you shall find in arms the whale, herring, roach, and remora. Peacham on Blazoning. The remora is about three-quarters of a yard long; his body before three inches and a half over; thence ... to the tail end ; his mouth two inches and a half over: his chops ending angularly; the nether a little broader, and produced forward near an inch; his lips rough with a great number of little prickles. Grete.

REMORA, the sucking fish, a species of Echen Eis, which see.

REMORSE., n. o Fr. remords; Lat. reREMoRSE'ful, adj. morsus. Pain of guilt; REMoRSE less. $reproach of conscience: hence tenderness; pity: the adjective corresponding. Many little esteem of their own lives, yet for remorse of their wives and children, would be withheld. Spenser. The rogues slighted me into the river, with as little remorse as they would have drowned a bitch's blind puppies. Shakspeare. O Eglamour, think not I flatter, Valiant and wise, remorseful, well **, d. Eurylochus straight hasted the report Of this his fellows most remorseful fate. Chapman. Not that he believed they could be restrained from that impious act by any remorse of conscience, or that they had not wickedness enough to design and execute it. Clarendon. Where were the nymphs, when the remorseless deep Closed o'er the head of your lov'd Lycidas? Milton. Curse on the unpardoning prince, whom tears can draw To no remorse; who rules by lion's law. Dryden. O the inexpressible horrour that will seize upon a sinner, when o stands arraigned at the bar of divine justice' when he shall see his accuser, his judge, the witnesses, all his remorseless adversaries'

- South's Sermons. REMOTE, adj. Lat. remotus. Distant; REMOTE'LY, adv. }: ; abstracted; for REMOTE'N Ess, n. s.) reign : the adverb and

noun substantive corresponding.

Their rising all at once was as the sound Of thunder heard remote. Milton. An unadvised transiliency from the effect to the remotest cause. Glanville, It is commonly opinioned that the earth was thinly inhabited, at least not remotely planted before the flood. Browne. The joys of heaven are like the stars, which by reason of our remoteness appear extremely little. Boyle. Titian employed brown and earthly colours upon the forepart, and has reserved his greater light for remoteness and the back part of his landscapes. Dryden. Two lines in Mezentius and Lausus are indeed remotely allied to Virgil's sense, but too like the tenderness of Ovid. ld. In this narrow scantling of capacity, it is not all "emote and even apparent good that affects us. Locke. If the greatest part of bodies escape our notice by their remoteness, others are no less concealed by their minuteness. ld. How, while the fainting Dutch remotely fire, And the famed Eugene's iron troops retire, In the first front amidst a slaughtered pile, High on the mound he died. Smith. Remote from men, with God he passed his days; Prayer all his business; all his pleasure, praise. Parnel. His obscurities generally arise from the remoteness of the customs, persons, and things he alludes to. Addison. In quiet shades, content with rural sports, Give me a life remote from guilty courts. Granville.

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REMOVE", v. a., v. n., & Fr. remuer; Lat. Remotion, n. s. [n.s. removeo. To put ReMovable, adj. from its place; RFMo’v AL, n.s. place at a disREMoved', adj. tance: as a verb REMo'ved NEss, n.s. neuter, to change REMo’ver. - place; to go from place to place: as a noun substantive remove is synonymous with removal, and means change of place; state of being removed; departure; act of changing place or putting away; step in a scale of gradation; a small distance: remotion also is the act of removing, or state of being removed: removed, removedness, and remover, correspond with remove verb active: removable is such as may be removed. He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged. .Job xii. 20. The Irish bishops have their clergy in such subjection that they dare not complain of them; for nowing their own incapacity, and that they are therefore removeable at their bishop's will, they yield what pleaseth him. Spenser. By which removal of one extremity with another, the world, seeking to procure a remedy, hath purchased a mere exchange of the evil before felt. Hooker. All this safety were remotion, and thy defence absence. Shakspeare. Good God remove The means that makes us strangers' Id. Rosaline, this favour thou shalt wear; Hold, take you this, my swcet, and give me thine, So shall Biron take me for Rosaline : And change your favours too; so shall your loves

Woo contrary, deceived by these removes. Id. Your accent is something finer than you coul purchase in so removed a dwelling. Id.

I have eyes under my service, which look upon his removedness.

Let him, upon his removes from one place to another, procure recommendation to some person of quality residing in the place whither he removeth.

Bacon's Essays.

Hasty fortune maketh an enterpriser and remover,

but the exercised fortune maketh the able man.

Bacon. Vol. XVIII.

To heare, from out the high-hatred oake of Jove, Counsaile from him, for means to his remove To his loved country. Chapman. He longer in this paradise to dwell Permits not ; to remove thee I am come, And send thee from the garden forth to till The ground. Milton's Paradise Lost. This place should be both school and university, not needing a remove to any other house of scholarship. Milton. What is early received in any considerable strength of impress, grows into our tender natures; and therefore is of difficult remove. Glanville's Scepsis. The consequent strictly taken, may be a fallacious illation, in reference to antecedency or consequence; as to conclude from the position of the antecedent unto the position of the consequent, or from the remotion of the consequent to the remotion of the antecedent. Browne's Vulgar Errours. So looked Astrea, her remove designed, On those distressed friends she left behind. Waller.

A short exile must for show precede; The term expired, from Candia they remove, And happy each at home enjoys his love. Dryden. The sitting still of a paralytick, whilst he preser it to a removal, is voluntary. Locke. They are farther removed from a title to be innate, and the doubt of their being native impressions on the mind, is stronger against these moral principles than the other. Id. In all the visible corporeal world, quite down from us, the descent is by easy steps, and a continued series of things, that in each remove differ very little one from the other. Id. If the removal of these persons from their posts has produced such popular commotions, the continuance of them might have produced something more fatal. Addison. A freeholder is but one remove from a legislator, and ought to stand up in the defence of those o d. In such a chapel, such curate is removeable at the pleasure of the rector of the mother church. Auliffe. How oft from pomp and state did I remove, To feed despair Prior. The fiercest contentions of men are between creatures equal in nature, and capable, by the greatest distinction of circumstances, of but a very small remove one from another. Rogers. The removal of such a disease is not to be attempted by active remedies, no more than a thorn in #. flesh is to be taken away by violence. Arbuthnot. You, who fill the blissful seats above' Let kings no more with gentle mercy sway, But every monarch be the scourge of God, If from your thoughts Ulysses you remove, Who ruled his subjects with a father's love. Pope. Whether his removal was caused by his own fears or other men's artifices, supposing the throne to be vacant, the body of the people was left at liberty to chuse what form of government they pleased. - Swift. His horse wanted two removes, your horse wanted nails.

REMOUNT, v. n. Fr. remonter. To mount

again. Stout Cymon soon remounts, and cleft in two His rival's head. Dryden. The rest remounts with the ascending . or is washed down into rivers, and transmitted into the Sea. Woodward. - 2 L


REMPHAN, an idol or Pagan god, whom St. Stephen says the Israelites worshipped in the wilderness as they passed from Egypt to the land of promise.—Acts vii. 43. That the martyr here quotes the words of the prophet Amos (ch. v. 26), all commentators are agreed. But, if this coincidence between the Christian preacher and the Jewish prophet be admitted, it follows that Chiun and Remphanare names of the same deity. Selden and other critics concluded that Chiun, and of course itemphan, is the planet Saturn ;because Chiun is written Ciun, Cevan, Ceuan, Chevvin; all of which are modern oriental names of that planet. But others, and particularly the late learned Dr. Doig, by various etymological arguments (which we need not quote), render it much more probable, that it was the aorparvon or deptoc of the Greeks, the canis or stella canicularis of the Romans, and the dog-star of modern Europe. What confirms his interpretation is, that the idol consecrated by the Egyptians to Sothis, or the dog-star, was a female figure with a star on her head; and hence the prophet upbraids his countrymen with having borne the star of their deity. REMS AND Fils, one of the twelve departments of the kingdom of Wurtemberg, to the east of that of the Rothenberg. Its area is 540 square miles; population 126,000. It is divided into the five bailiwics of Gemund, Goppingen, Schorndorf, Lotch, and Geislingen. The chief town is Goppingen. REMU'NERATF, v. *R ReMUNERATIon, n.s. Latin remunero. To REMU'NERATIve, adj. $ reward ; repay; requite; recompense: the noun substantive and adjective corresponding. Is she not then beholden to the man, That brought her for this high good turn so far ” Yes; and will nobly remunerate. Shakspeare. Money the king thought not fit to demand, because he had received satisfaction in matters of so great importance; and because he could not remunerate them with any general pardon, being prevented therein by the coronation pardon. . . Bacon. Bear this significant to the country maid Jaquenetta, there is remuneration; for the best ward of mine honour is rewarding my dependants. Shakspeare. He begets a security of himself, and a careless eye on the last remunerations. Browne's Vulgar Errours. The knowledge of particular actions seems requisite to the attainment of that great end of God, in the manifestation of his punitive and remunerative justice. Boyle. A collation is a donation of some vacant benefice in the church, especially when such donation is freely bestowed without any prospect of an evil remuneration. Ayliffe. REMURIA, festivals established at Rome by Romulus to appease the manes of his brother Remus. They were afterwards called lemuria, and celebrated yearly. REMUR'MUR, v. a. Re and murmur. To utter back in murmurs; repeat in low hoarse sounds.

Fr. remunerer;

Her fellow nymphs the mountains tear With loud laments, and break the yielding air;

The realms of Mars remurmured all around,
And echoes to the Athenian shores rebound.

His untimely fate, the Angitian woods In sighs remurmured to the Fucine floods. Id. Her fate is whispered by the gentle breeze, And told in sighs to all the trembling trees; The trembling trees, in every plain and wood, Her fate remurmur to the silver flood. Pope. REMUS, the twin brother of Romulus, was exposed together with his brother by the cruelty of his grandfather. In the contest which happened between the two brothers, about building a city, Romulus obtained the preference, and Remus, for ridiculing the rising walls, was put to death by his brother's orders, or by Romulus himself. See Romulus. The Romans were afflicted with a plague after this murder, upon which the oracle was consulted, and the manes of Remus appeased by the institution of Remuria. REMY (St.,) a town of France, in the department of the mouths of the Rhone, situated in a fertile plain, covered with meadows and gardens. It is chiefly remarkable for its circular promenade, and, about a mile from the town, there are a Roman triumphal arch and a mausoleum, both of remote antiquity, and in tolerable preservation. The environs produced formerly a vast quantity of olive oil. At present the chief article of trade is the wine supplied by the vines on the neighbouring hills. Marle is also found in the environs. Inhabitants 5100. Forty-two miles north-west of Marseilles. RENAIX, or RoNse, a large inland town of the Netherlands, in East Flanders. It has extensive woollen manufactures, and a considerable commercial intercourse; but the only public buildings of interest are a magnificent chateau, an hospital, and three churches. Inhabitants 10,000. Seven miles south of Oudenarde, and twentytwo south by west of Ghent. RENARD, n. s. Fr. renard, a fox. The name of a fox in fable. Before the break of day, Renard through the hedge had made his way.

Dryden. RENAUDOT (Theophrastus), M.D., an eminent French physician, born in London in 1583. He settled in Paris, became first physician to the dauphin, and was the first who published a gazette in France. He also wrote the lives of the celebrated prince of Condé, of marshal Gassion, and of cardinal Mazarin. He died in Paris in 1653. RENAUDoT (Eusebius), grandson of the doctor, was born in Paris in 1646. He was educated under the Jesuits, and at Harcourt College; and became famous for his skill in oriental history and languages. In 1700 he attended cardinal Noailles to Rome, where Clement V. made him prior of Fossay. He wrote many learned dissertations, published in the Memoirs of the Academy of Inscriptions, of which he was a member, as well as of the French Academy, and the Academy de la Crusca. He died in 1720. RENCOUNTER, n.s. & v. n. Fr. rencontre. Clash; collision: to clash; encounter. Virgil's friends thought fit to alter a line in Venus's speech that has a relation to the rencounter. Addison.

You may as well expect two bowls should grow sensible by rubbing, as that the rencounter of any bodies should awaken them into perception.


So when the trumpet sounding gives the sign, The justling chiefs in rude rencounter join: So meet, and so renew the dextrous fight; Their clattering arms with the fierce shock resound.


RENcounter, in single combats, is used by way of contradistinction to duel. When two persons quarrel and fight on the spot, without having premeditated the combat, it is called a rencounter.

RENcountER, in heraldry, an epithet applied to an animal whose face stands right forward as if coming to attack the person, as in the annexed figure:–

REND, v. a. pret. and part. pass. rent. Sax. nenban; Goth. renna. T. tear with violence; lacerate. He rent a lion as he would have rent a kid, and he had nothing in his hand. Judges xiv. 4. I will not rend away all the kingdom, but give one tribe to thy son. 1 Kings xi. 13. Will you hence Before the tag return, whose rage doth rend Like interrupted waters, and o'erbear What they are used to bear? - Shakspeare. This council made a schism and rent from the most ancient and purest churches which lived before them. White. By the thunderer's stroke it from the root is rent, So sure the blows which from high heaven are sent.

Cowley. What you command me to relate, Renews the sad remembrance of our fate, An empire from its old foundations rent. Dryden.

Thou viper Hast cancelled kindred, made a rent in nature, And through her holy bowels gnawed thy way, Through thy own blood to empire. Id. Look round to see The lurking gold upon the fatal tree; Then rend it off. Id. ACneis. Is it not as much reason to say, when any monarchy was shattered to §. and divided amongst revolted subjects, that God was careful to preserve monarchial power, by rending a settled empire into a multitude of little governments? Locke. He who sees this vast rent in so high a rock, how the convex parts of one side exactly tally with the concave of the other, must be satisfied that it was the effect of an earthquake. Addison. When its way the impetuous passion found, I rend my tresses, and my breast I wound. Pope. REN'DER, v. a. & m. s. Fr. rendre; Span. rendir. To return; pay back; restore; give on demand; give generally; yield; surrender; exhibit a surrender. Will ye render me a recompense? Joel iii. 4. The sluggard is wiser in his own conceit than seven men that can render a reason. Proverbs. I heard him speak of that same brother, And he did render him the most unnatural That lived 'mongst men. Shakspeare. Newness Of Cloten's death, we being not known, nor mustered Among the bands, may drive us to a render. Id.

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A commander of many ships should rather keep his fleet together than have it severed far asunder; for the attendance of meeting them again at the next rendezvous would consume time and victual. Raleigh's Apology. The philosopher's-stone and a holy war are but the rendezvous of cracked brains, that wear their feather in their head instead of their hat. Bacon. The king appointed his whole army to be drawn together to a rendezvous at Marlborough. Clarendon. This was the general rendezvous which they all got to, and, mingling more and more with that oily liquor, they sucked it all up. Burnet.

RENEALMIA, in botany, wild pine-apple, a genus of the monogynia order, and . class of plants: cor. trifid; nectarium oblong: cAL. monophyllous; anthera sessile, opposite to the nectarium; the berry fleshy. Species one only, a native of Surinam. RENEGADE, n.s. N. Fr. renegat; Span. RENEGA'Do. 5 renegado. An apostate; a revolter. Some straggling soldiers might prove renegadoes, but they would not revolt in troops. Decay of Piety. There lived a French renegado in the same place where the Castilian and his wife were kept prisoners. ddison. If the Roman government subsisted now, they would have had renegade seamen and shipwrights

enough. Arbuthnot. RENEGE, v.a. Lat. renego. To disown, Obsolete.

Such smiling rogues as these sooth every passion, Renege, affirm, and turn their halcyon beaks With every gale and vary of their masters. Shakspeare. The design of this war is to make me renege my conscience and thy truth. King Charles. RENEW’, v.a. R Re and new; Lat. reRENew’ABLE, adj. novo. To renovate; reRENEw'al, n. s. $store; repeat: the adjective and noun substantive corresponding. Let us go to Gilgal, and renew the kingdom there. 1 Samuel. It is impossible for those that were once enlightened—if they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance. Hebrews vi. 2. In such a night Medea gathered the enchanted herbs, That did renew old AEson. Shakspeare. The body percussed hath, by reason of the percussion, a trepidation wrought in the minute parts, and so reneweth the percussion of the air. Bacon. The eagle casts its bill, but renews his age. Holyday. The last great age, foretold by sacred rhymes, Renews its finished course, Saturnian times Rowl round again. Dryden's Virgil Pastorals. Renewed to life, that she might daily die, I daily doomed to follow. Dryden. The old custom upon many estates is to let for leases of lives, renewable at pleasure. Swift. It behoved the deity, persisting in the purpose of mercy to mankind, to renew that revelation from time to time, and to rectify abuses, with such authority for the renewal and rectification as was sufficent evidence of the truth of what was revealed. Forbes. RENFREW [Gael. Rein Froach, i.e., the heath division], an ancient royal borough of Scotland, the capital of Renfrewshire, and the seat of the sheriff's court, and of a presbytery. It is seated on the Cathcart, which runs into the Clyde five miles above Glasgow. King Robert II. had a palace in it. The town consists of one narrow street, half a mile long, with some small lanes. It was made a royalty by king Robert, and has charters from king James VI. and queen Anne. It is governed by a provost, two bailies, and sixteen counsellors; who send a delegate to join with those from Glasgow, Dumbarton, and Rutherglen, in electing a representative in the imperial parliament. It has a salmon fishery on , the Clyde, from Scotstown to Kelly bridge. Its chief manufactures are, a soap and candle work; a bleachfield, and about 200 looms are employed in muslins for Paisley. It formerly stood on the banks of the Clyde, and vessels of considerable burden were built close to the town; but the river, changing its course nearly opposite to Scotstown, took a semicircular direction, leaving King's Inch on the north, and came into its present course ahove the ferry. To supply this deficiency a large canal has been made along the old bed of the river, from the Clyde to the town, by which large vessels come up and unload at spring tides. It is three miles north of Paisley, six west of Glasgow, and forty-five east of Edinburgh. RENFRew, or RENFREwshire, a county of Scotland, about twenty-eight miles long from east to west, and from ten to twenty-four broad,

bounded on the east by Lanarkshire, south by


Ayrshire, west by the Clyde, which separates it from Dumbartonshire, and north by Cunningham. The surface is beautifully variegated with hills and valleys, woods and rivers, populous towns, villages, and gentlemen's seats. A considerable part of the soil is moorish and barren; but along the banks of the Clyde, the Gryfe, the White and Black Carts, it is fertile. The general scenery is romantic and delightful. It abounds with coals, iron-stone and other miIts chief towns are Paisley, Greenock, Port Glasgow, and Renfrew. It is divided into seventeen parishes. This county is sometimes called the barony, because it was anciently the inheritance of the royal house of Stuart; and still affords the title of baron to the prince of Wales. RENI (Guido or Guy), an illustrious Italian painter, born at Bologna in 1595. He first studied under Denis Calvert, and afterwards under the Caracci. He imitated Lewis Caracci, but afterwards formed a peculiar style of his own, that secured him the admiration of his contemporaries and of posterity. He was much honored, and lived in splendor; but afterwards ruined himself by gaming. He died in 1642. There are several of his designs in print, etched by himself. RENITENT, adj. Lat. renitens. Acting against any impulse elastically. By an inflation of the muscles they become soft, and yet renitent, like so many pillows dissipating the force of the pressure, and so taking away the sense of pain. Ray. RENNELL (Thomas), B. D., F.R.S., son of Dr. Rennell, dean of Winchester, master of the temple, &c., and grandson, by the mother's side, of Sir William Blackstone, was born at Winchester in 1787. At an early age he was placed at Eton, where he distinguished himself by his }. in classical literature, and obtained Dr. uchanan's prize for the best Greek Sapphic ode on the Propagation of the Gospel in India. He joined at this period three of his contemporaries in the publication of a series of essays, under the name of the Miniature, which went through two editions. In 1806 he removed to King's College, Cambridge, and gave additional proof of his literary attainments, by gaining, in 1808, Sir William Browne's annual Greek medal for an ode entitled Veris Comites, as well as by his contributions to the Museum Criticum. Having taken orders he became assistant preacher to his father at the Temple church, and in 1811 published his Animadversions on the Unitarian Translation of the New Testament, under the designation of A Student in Divinity, and about the same time became editor of the British Critic. In 1816 he was elected Christian advocate in the university of Cambridge, and the bishop of London conferred on him in the same year the vicarage of Kensington. In the former capacity he produced his Remarks on Scepticism as it is connected with the subjects of Organisation and Life. Mr. Rennell was the rather induced to enter into this enquiry as he had himself made no slight progress in the study of anatomy. It was first printed in 1819, and went rapidly through six editions. His last work, undertaken in the same character, was entitled Proofs of Inspiration, or the Grounds of Distinction

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