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called Moses s rod, which, freely held forth, will roic and amatory poetry: he is described in the stir and play if any mine be under it.

Ramayana as Rama of ample shoulders ; Browne's Vulgar Erruurs. brawny arms, extending to the knee; neck shellRHADAMANTHUS, in fabulous history, the formed; chest circular and full, with auspicious son of Jupiter and Europa, born in Crete. He marks; body hyacinthine ; with eyes and lips of became king of Lydia, and reigned over the Cy- sanguine hue; the lord of the world; a moiety clades, and several Greek cities of Asia, with so of Vishnu himself; the source of joy to Ikshmuch justice and impartiality that the poets waku's race.' His faithful wife Sita is one of make him one of the three judges of hell. "Ac- the most interesting females in Hindoo poetry. cording to Plato, Æacus judged the Europeans; Rama is also called Raghuva, or son of Raghu. and Rhadamanthus, who had left Crete, and fix- Kaka-paksha-dara, or crow-winged, is an epied his residence in Asia, the Asiatics, among thet given to the Ramas, and to other warriors, whom were also comprehended the Africans. from a certain mode of shaving the head, leaving The stern Rhadamanthus superintends in Tarta- the hair over the ears only, resembling crow's rus the execution of the sentences which his wings. Shyamula, or blue-bodied, is an appelbrother Minos pronounces, after shaking the fa- lation of Raina, as well as of Krishna, and of tal urn in which are contained the destinies of their common prototype, Vishnu; all being reall mortals. His office is described by Virgil, presented of hyacinthine hue. It may be here Æneid, lib. iv :

remarked, that several incidents in the Sri-BhaGnossius hæc Rhadamanthus habet durissima regna gavat (a history of Krishna), and in the RamayCastigatque auditque dolos, subigitque fateri, ana, told similarly of their several heroes, seem Quæ quisque apud superos, furto lætatus ipani to mix or approximate, though perhaps scarcely Distulit in seram commissa piacula mortem.' to identify, the characters of Krishna and Rama.

RHÆTI, or RÆTI, an ancient warlike nation Each won a wife by bending an unyielding of Italy, in Etruria. They were driven from bow, a story not very unlike that of Ulysses. their country by the Gauls.

Each is described as overcoming the demon RHÆTIA, in ancient geography, a couniry in Kumbakarna, and others. Krishna descended the north of Italy, between the Alps and the into hell; so did Sita, t'ie sakti, or energy of Danube. Its chief towns were Coria, Triden- Rama. tum (now Trent), Belunum, and Feltria. It RHAMNUS, in ancient geography, a town of was divided into two parts, called Rhætia Prima, Attica, famous for a temple of Amphiaraus, and which extended from the sources of the Rhine to a statue of Nemesis, thence called Rhamnusia. those of the Licus, a small river which runs into This statue was made by Phidias, out of a block the Danube, and Rhætia Secunda, or Rhætia of fine Parian marble, which the Persians had Vindelicia, which extended from the Licus to brought to erect as a monument of their expectthe Oenus, another, small river towards the east. ed conquest of Greece. Paus. i. Plin. 36. The ancient inhabitants of Rhætia rendered them RHAMNUS, the buckthorn, in botany, a genus selves formidable to the Romans, by their fre- of the monogynia order and pentandria class of quent invasions; but were at last conquered by plants; natural order forty-third, dumosæ : cal. Drusus the brother of Tiberius, and others under tubulous, with five minute scales surrounding the succeeding emperors. Strab. iv. Plin. iii. the stamina: cor. none : the fruit is a berry. c. 20.

There are thirty species; of which the most reRHAMA, or Rama, an incarnate deity of the markable are, first rank, in the Hindoo mythology. Sir Wil 1. R. alaternus, the common alaternus, is an liam Jones believes he was the son of Cush, evergreen, a native of the south of Europe. grandson of flam, and the first monarch in that There are several varieties, the most remarkable part of Asia ; and that he was the Dionysos of are the broad-leaved and the jagged-leaved alaof the Greeks, whom they named Bugenes, when ternus, which have all been confounded with the they represented him horned, as well as Lyaios phillyrea. and Eleutherios the deliverer, and Triambos, or 2. R. Alpinus, rough-leaved frangula, or berryDithyrambos, the triumphant. Most of those bearing alder, is also a deciduous shrub, and titles,' says Sir William, were adopted by the native of the Alps. It differs in no respect from Romans. The festival of Rhama is held on the the common sort, except that it has no thorns, ninth day of the new moon of Chaitra, on which and that it will grow to be rather taller, with tough, the war of Lauca is dramatically represented, large, and doubly laciniated leaves. The smoothconcluding with an exhibition of the fire ordeal leaved Alpine frangula is a variety of this species, by which the victor's wife Sita gave proof of her · with smooth leaves, and of a lower growth. connubial fidelity. There are three Rhamas men 3. R. catharticus, or common purging-bucktioned in the Indian mythology, who are describ- thorn, growing naturally in some parts of Britain. ed as youths of perfect beauty. The third Rhama This grows to the height of twelve or fourteen is the eighth Avatar. Like all the Avatars, feet, with many irregular branches at the extreRhama is painted with gemmed Ethiopian or mities. The leaves are oval-lanceolate, finely Parthian coronets ; with rays encircling his head; serrated on the edges, their nerves converginy jewels in his ears, two necklaces, one straight together. The flowers grow in clusters, one on and one pendant on his bosom, with dropping each foot-stalk, white, and in this species divided gems; garlands of well-disposed many-colored into four segments; the fruit is a round black flowers, or collars of pearl, hanging down below berry, containing four seeds. The juice of the his waist, &c. It is Rama Chandra, and his berries is a strong purgative, and is made use of for lovely Siia, who are the favorite subjects of her making the conmon syrup of buckthorn kept in


the shops. The bark is emetic; the juice of the The bill is very large, and serrated outwardly. upripe berries, with alum, dyes yellow, of the The nostrils are situated behind the base of the ripe ones a fine green; the bark also dyes yellow. beak; and in most of the species the feet are The green color yielded by the berries, called toed, with two toes forward, and two backwards. verde vessie, is much esteemed by miniature The tongue is long, narrow, and feathered on the painters. Of this species there are two varieties, edges. Mr. Latham enumerates fifteen different viz. the dwarf buckthorn, a shrub of about a yard species. We can only afford room for a descriphigh, of a greenish color but little show; and tion of the red beaked toucan, which will serve as the long-leaved dwarf buckthorn, which is a a type of the rest. This bird is about the size larger shrub, with leaves somewhat larger, but of a jackdaw, and of a similar shape, with a large in other respects very similar to the dwarf buck- head to support its monstrous bill. This bill, thorn.

from the angles of the mouth to its point, is six 4. R. frangula, or berry-bearing alder, is a inches and a half in length, and its breadth in deciduous shrub, a native of England and most the thickest part is a little more than two. Its of the northern parts of Europe, and affords se- thickness near the head is one inch and a quarveral varieties.

ter; and it is a little rounded along the top of 5. R. insectorius, or narrow-leaved buckthorn, the upper chap, the under side being rounded is an evergreen shrub or tree, and native of also ; the whole of the bill extremely slight, and Spain. It grows to ten or twelve feet and sends but little thicker than parchment. The upper forth several branches from the bottom to the part is of a bright yellow, except on each side, top. They are covered with a blackish or dark- which is of a fine scarlet color; as is also the lower colored bark, and each of them is terminated part, except at the base, which is purple. Beby a long sharp thorn. The fruit continues on tween the head and the bill there is a black line the trees all winter, making a beautiful appear- of separation all round the base of the bill; in ance among the narrow-clustered leaves at that the upper part of which the nostrils are placed,

and almost covered with feathers; which has 6. R. lotus, the Lybian lotus, has the leaves, occasioned some to say that the toucan has no prickles, flowers, and fruit, of the zizyphus; only nostrils. Round the eyes, on each side of the with this difference that the fruit is here round, head, is a space of bluish skin, void of feathers; smaller, and more luscious, and at the same time above which the head is black, except a white the branches, like those of the paliurus, are nei- spot on each side joining to the base of the upther so much jointed nor crooked. It is proper, per part of the bill. The binder part of the deck, however, to distinguish between these shrubs the back, wings, tail, belly, and thighs, are black. and a herb often mentioned by the ancients un- The under side of the head, throat, and the beder the name of lotus, which, Homer says, was ginning of the breast, are white. Between the the food of the horses of Achilles, and Virgil white on the breast, and the black on the belly, mentions as proper to increase the milk of sheep. is a space of red feathers, in the form of a new See LOTUS.

moon, with its horns upwards. The legs, feet, 7. R. oleoides, the olive-leaved buckthorn, is and claws, are of an ash color; and the toes an evergreen shrub, a native of Spain, and grows stand like those of parrots, two before and two to eight or ten feet. It sends forth numerous behind. It is said that this bird, though furnishbranches, each of which is terminated by a long ed with so formidable a beak, is harmless and sharp spine. The flowers are small, of a whitish gentle, being easily made tame so as to sit and green color, and are succeeded by round black hatch its young in houses. It feeds on vegetables, berries.

and prefers pepper. Its bill is hollow, and very 8. R. paliurus, or thorn of Christ, is a decidu- light, so that it cannot peck or strike smartly ous shrub or .tree, a native of Palestine, Spain, therewith. Its tongue is long, thin, and fat; Portugal, and Italy. It will grow to nearly the and is moved up and down, and often extended height of fourteen feet, and is armed with sharp five or six inches from the bill. It is of a flesh thorns, two of which are at each joint, one of color, and fringed on each side with very small which is about half an inch long, straight and filaments, exactly resembling a feather. It is upright; the other is scarcely half that length, probable that this long tongue has greater strength and bent backward; and between them is the ihan the thin hollow beak that contains it. This bud for next year's shoot. June is the time of bird builds its nest in holes of trees, which have flowering, and the flowers are succeeded by a been previously scooped out for this purpose. small fruit, surrounded by a membrane. “This No bird secures its young better from injury than plant,' says Hanbury, “is probably the sort of the toucan. It has not only birds, men, and serwhich the crown of thorns for our Blessed Sa- pents, 10 guard against, but a numerous tribe of viour was composed. The branches are very monkeys. The toucan, however, scoops out its pliant, and the spines of it are at every joint nest into the hollow of a tree, leaving only 3 strong and sharp. It grows naturally about Je- hole large enough to go in and out at. There it rusalem, as well as in many parts of Judea ; and sits, with its great beak, guarding the entrance ; the ancient pictures of our Saviour's crucifixion and, if a monkey ventures a visit, the toucan confirm this,'

gives him such a welcome that he is glad lo es9. R. zizyphus, or jujub, is the species in cape. The toucan is only found in the warm which the lac insect forms its cells, and produces climates of South America, where it is in great the wax called gum lac.

request, noth for the delicacy of its flesh, which RHAMPIIASTOS, in ornithology, the tour is tender and nourishing, and for the beauty of :'s can, a genus belonging to the order of picæ. plumage, particularly the feathers of the breast.

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RHAMPSINITUS, an opulent king of Egypt, RHAP'SODY, n. s. Gr. ραψωδια; ραπτω, who succeeded Proteus. He built a large stone RHAPSODIST. I to sew, and wồn, a song. tower at Memphis, where he deposited his riches, Any number of parts joined together, without of which he was robbed by the artifice of the necessary or due connexion : a writer in this un architect.-Herodotus.

connected way. RHAMSES, or Ramises, a powerful king of Such a deed, as sweet religion makes Egypt, who, with an army of 700,000 men, con- A rhapsody of words. Shakspeare. Hamlet. quered Ethiopia, Libya, Persia, and other eastern This confusion and rhapsody of difficulties was kingdoms. Pliny says Troy was taken in his not to be supposed in each single sinner.

Hammond. reign. Some suppose him the same with Sesos

He that makes no reflections on what he reads tris. RHAPIS, in botany, a genus of the monogy, the entertainment of others.

only loads his mind with a rhapsody of tales fit for

Locke. nia order, and hexandria class of plants; natural

The words slide over the ears, and vanish like a order first, palmæ : cal. monophyllous ; trifid rhapsody of evening tales. Watts on the Mind. spatha: cor. monopetalous and trifid. There Ask our rhapsodists, if you have nothing but the are two species, viz.-R. arundinacea, simple excellence and loveliness of virtue to preach, and leaved rhapis, a native of Carolina ; and 'R. no future rewards or punishments, how many vicious flabelliformis, or ground ratan, a native of wretches will you ever reclaim ?

Watts. China.

RHAYADER-GWY, or Gowy, a marketRHAPSODI, or RHAPSODISTS, in antiquity, town of Radnorshire, on the river Wye. It is persons who travelled froin place to place, sing. divided into four streets in the form of a cross, ing parts of Homer's poems. They were clothed and anciently had a very considerable castle, in red when they sung the Iliad, and in blue part of the foundations of which may be still when they sung the Odyssey. They performed traced. In the centre of the town stands the hall, in the theatres, and sometimes strove for prizes a handsome square building of 'stone, erected in in contests of poetry, singing, &c. After the two 1768. The church is a respectable modern antagonists had finished their parts, the two structure, in the form of an oblong square, with pieces or papers they were written in were joined a quadrangular stone tower and turrets. At the together again : whence the name, viz. from upper end of the town, near the parsonage house, pattw, suo, to sew, and wồn, canticum, a song is a new-built free-school, and there is also a But there seem to have been other rhapsodi of meeting-house for dissenters. The town is higher antiquity than these, who composed heroic governed by a bailiff, and joins with New Radnor poems, or songs in praise of heroes and great men, in sending a member to parliament. In the town and sung their own compositions from town to is a small manufacture of coarse cloth. Market town, for a livelihood ; of which profession, it is on Wednesday. said, was Homer himself. Hence some critics, in RHAZIS, or Rhases, a celebrated Arabian stead of the former origin, derive the word rhap, physician and chemist, of great learning and exsodist from paßow aðeiv, to sing with a laurel-rod perience, born at Rhei, in Chorosana, in 852. in the hand, which, it seems, was the badge of the Dr. Mead translated his work on the Small-Pox; primitive rhapsodi. Philochorus, again, derives the rest of his works were printed in folio, in the word from ραπτειν τας ωδας, g.d. συντιθεναι, 1548. to compose songs or poems; as if they were the RHEA, in the mythology, the daughter of authors of the poems they sung. This opinion, Coelus and Terra, sister and wife of SATURN; to which Scaliger inclines, reduces these rhap- the same with CYBELE or Ops. See these articles. sodi to the second kind. It is probable that RHEA AMERICANA, in ornithology, the Amethese rhapsodists were all of the same class, what- rican ostrich, is very little smaller than the comever distinction some authors may imagine among mon one : the bill is sloped like that of a goose, them; and that their business was to sing or re- being flat on the top and rounded at the end : hearse poems, either of their own or other peo- the eyes are black, and the lids furnished with ple's composition, as might best serve their pur- hairs : the head is rounded, and covered with pose, which was gaining a pecuniary advantage downy feathers; the neck is two feet eight inches by them.

long, and feathered ; from the tip of one wing RHAPSODOMANCY, an ancient kind of di- to that of the other extended, the length is eight vination, performed by taking a passage of a poet feet; but from the want of continuity of the webs at hazard, and reckoning it as a prediction of of the feathers, and their laxity of texture, the

come to pass. There were various bird is unable to raise itself from the ground; it ways of practising this rhapsodomancy. Some- is, however, capable of greatly assisting itself times they wrote several papers or sentences of by their motion in running, which it does very a poet on so many pieces of wood or paper, swiftly. The legs are stout, bare of feathers shook them together in an urn, and drew out above the knees, and furnished with three toes, one which was accounted the lot; sometimes all placed forwards, each having a straight and they cast dice on a table whereon verses were stout claw as in the cassowary ; on the heel is a written, and that whereon the die lodged contained callous knob, serving as a back toe. The general the prediction. A third method was by opening color of plumage is dull gray mixed with white, a book, and taking some verse at first sight. inclining to the latter on the under parts; the This method they particularly called the sortes tail is very short and not conspicuous, being enPrænestinæ; and afterwards made use of sortes tirely covered with long, loose, and floating feaHomericæ, sortes Virgilianæ, &c

thers, originating from the lower part of the back

what was

and rump, and entirely covering it; the bill and the city has six fine gates. Two of them, viz legs are brown. Molina says the body in some the Porte de Ceres, and the Porte de Mars, have is white, in others black. It is fond of flies, retained their Roman names. The town is supwhich it catches with great dexterity, and will plied with water by pipes from the Vesle. The also, like the common ostrich, swallow bits of cathedral, a vast Gothic edifice of the iwelfth iron, and any other trash offered to it. In com- century, is one of the finest specimens of that mon with the ostrich of the old world, it lays a kind of architecture in France. The portal is a number of eggs, from forty to sixty, in the sand, chef d'œuvre, except that the frontispiece is each of them holding a quart; but it differs from loaded with a profusion of indifferent sculptures. that bird in many particulars, especially in want- In this church the ceremony of anointing or coning the callosity on the sternum, and spurs un secrating the kings of France formerly took the wing. With these last the common ostrich place. A second object of interest formerly was is known to defend itself; in defect of them this the church of St. Nicaise, with its arch and pilone uses the feet with such address as to become lar, said to shake on the ringing of one of the at once a furious and dangerous antagonist. The bells. In that of St. Reme was deposited the female calls its young ones together with a kind of holy oil of the French kings; broughi from heawhistling note somewhat similar to that of a man : ven, it is said, by a dove; and preserved through when young it is very tame, frequently following the feuds of the Revolution by at least an equal the first creature it meets with. The flesh is said miracle. The episcopal palace is a fine building; to be very unpalatable. They are found in as also the Hotel de Ville. Here are traces various parts of South America, from Patagonia an amphitheatre, and the remains of a Roman to Guiana.

triumphal arch : three hospitals ; a small unRHEEDE (N.), esq., an eminent botanist of the versity; a royal college, and a high school. The sixteenth century. He was governor of Malabar, archbishop is primate of France. Inhabitants and published a well known work, entitled Hor- 35,000. The manufactures are cotton, woollens, tus Malabaricus. We have seen no memoir of him. and hats. It was the birth place of Colbert.

RHEEDIA, in botany, a genus of the mono RHEINFELS, or RHINFELS, a fortress of the gynia order, and polyandria class of plants : cor. Prussian grand duchy of the Lower Rhine, stands tetrapetalous: cal. none : the fruit is a trisper- on an island in the Lower Rhine, at Si. Goar, inous berry.

between Coblentz and Bacharach. It was be RHEGIUM, in ancient geography, a very sieged by the French in 1672, but without sucancient city of Italy. It was a city of the Brutti, cess: in 1794 it was taken and dismantled by a colony of Chalcidians from Eubæa, surnamed them. Over against it stands New Catzeneln. Julium, from a fresh supply of inhabitants sent bogen, a very strong castle on a high rock. thither by Augustus, after driving Sextus Pom RHEINGAU, or Ruingau, a district of the peius out of Sicily (Strabo); and thus was in duchy of Nassau, Germany, on the north bank part a colony, retaining still the right of a muni- of the Rhine. It extends from Biberach to cipium. Virgil (l. iii. v. 414) thus describes it :- Rudesheim, and is about twelve miles long and

Hæc loca, vi quondam, et vastà convulsa ruinâ four broad, producing the best quality of Rhenish (l'antum ævi longinqua valet mutare vetustas)

wipe. Dissiluisse ferunt, cùm protinus utraque tellus RHEINTHAL, i. e. the Valley of the Rhine, Una foret; venit medio vi pontus, et undis

a district of the canton of St. Gall, Switzerland, Hesperium Siculo latus abscidit ; arvaque et urbes lying along the Rhine, from the lake of ConLittore diductas angusto interluit æstu.

stance to the lordship of Sax. It is about sixteen RHEIMS, or Reims (anciently Remi), a miles long and four broad, haring in the immelarge city of France, in the department of the diate neighbourhood of the Rhine a gravelly soil, Marne. It stands in a fine plain, on the banks and the population thin; but at a greater dis. of the Vesle, surrounded by a chain of low hills, tance fax, vines, fruit, and maize, are all raised covered with vineyards. The space enclosed by with success. The chief employment consists the walls is very large, but a large part of it, in spinning and weaving cotton and fax. The particularly on the south-west side, is occupied majority are Calvinists, but there are a good by gardens. The form of the city is oblong, many Catholics, and both sects in many places having its length from south-east to north-west, use the same church. The chief town is Rheiand it is surrounded with a ditch and earthen neck. Inhabitants 15,000. This is also the name mound, planted on both sides with double rows of a small track in Baden, extending along the of trees ; the fortifications of the city were levelled right bank of the Rhine, near Rheinfelden. in 1812. The closely built part is a regular RHENANUS (Beatus), a learned German, oval, of which the square called the Place Royale born at Sckelestat in 1485, whence he removed may be considered the centre. The streets in to Basil, where he corrected the press with Fro general are wide and straight; in the old quarters, benius, and contracted a friendship with Erashowever, they are often winding and narrow. He wrote The Life of Erasmus : Notes One of the finest leads in a straight line, across upon Tertullian, and other classics ; but his the whole width of the town, from the eastern chief work is his Res Germaniæ, in 2 vols. folio. to the western gate, passing through the centre He died at Strasburg in 1547. of the royal square.The Place St. Remy, at RHENE, in ancient geography, a small island the southern extremity of the town, though of an in the Ægean Sea, about 200 yards from Delos, irregular shape, is pleasant. The houses through- whence it is sometimes called Delos Minor. It out Rheims want in general height; hence there is about eighteen miles in circumferenceis little that is striking in their appearance. But Thucyd. 3. Strabo x.


RHENUS, in ancient geography, the Rhine, of persuasion; oratory. See ORATORY. Rheto. a large river of Germany, celebrated in ancient rical and rhetorician, adjective, mean, pertainhistory. It rises among the Alpes Lepontiæ, or ing to, or befitting this art: the adverb correGrisons; and, first traversing the Lacus Acro- sponding: to rhetoricate is, to play the crator; nius, divides the Rhæti and Vindelicii from the address the passions : a rhetorician, one who Helvetii, and then the Germani from the Gauls teaches or practises rhetoric. and Belgæ ; and running from south to north The heart's still rhetoric disclosed with eyes. for the greater part of its way, and at length

Shakspeare. bending its course west, it empties itself by three The ancient sophists and thetoricians, which ever mouths into the German Ocean, viz. the western, had young auditors, lived till they were an hundred or Helias ; the northern, or Fleuvus; and the years old.

Bacon. middle between both these, which retains the

His sober lips then did he softly part, original name, Rhenus (Pliny and Ptolemy). Whence of pure rhetoric whole streams outlow. Mela and Tacitus mention two channels, and as


'Twill be much more seasonable to reform, than many mouths, the right and left; the former running by Germany, and the latter by Gallia Bel- perish in the midst of such solicitations to be saved.

apologize or rhetoricate ; not to suffer themselves to gica : and thus also Asinius Pollio, and Virgil;

Decay of Piety. the trench of Drusus not being made in their

Enjoy your dear wit and gay rhetoric, time, whereby the middle channel was much That hath so well been taught her dazzling fence. drained and reduced, and therefore overlooked

Milton. by Tacitus and Mela. See Rhine.

Because Brutus and Cassius met a blackmore, and RHESE (John David), M. D., was born in Pompey had on a dark garment at Pharsalia, these the isle of Anglesey, in 1534, and elected fellow were presages of their overthrow, which notwithstand. of Christ Church College, Oxford, in 1555. He ing are scarce rhetorical sequels ; concluding metatook his degree at Sienna, and was so complete phors from realities, and from conceptions metaphori

Browne. a master of the Italian language as to be appoint

cal inferring realities again. ed moderator of the school at Pistoia, in Tus- mind, that rhetorical Aourishes cannot at all loosen

The apprehension is so deeply riveted into my cany. He died at Brecknock about 1609.


More. RHESUS, in fabulous history, king of Thrace, We could not allow him an orator, who had the son of the Strymon by the Muse Terpsichore, or, best thoughts, and who knew all the rules of rhetoaccording to some, of Eioneus and Euterpe. rique, if he had not acquired the art of using them.' After many warlike exploits in Europe, he

Dryden's Dufresnoy. to assist Priam, king of Troy, against the Greeks. 'Tis the business of rhetoricians to treat the charac

Id. The Trojans were anxious for his arrival, as an ters of the passions. oracle had declared that Troy should never be

He played at Lyons a declaiming prize, taken if the horses of Rhesus drank the waters

At which the vanquished rhetorician dies. Dryden. of the Xanthus, and eat the grass of Troy. Dio- tle in his second book of rhetoric hath admirably

Of the passions, and how they are moved, Aristomedes and Ulysses were therefore sent to inter- discoursed in a little compass.

Locke. cept Rhesus: they entered his camp in the night, killed him, and carried off his horses.--Homer. To hold of any question either side.

Boldly presumed with rhetorician pride,

Blackmore. RIETICUS (George), a learned German The subject may be moral, logical, or rhetorical, astronomer, born at Feldkirk, in the Tyrolese, in which does not come under our senses. Watts. 1514. He became professor at Wirtemberg, Grammar teacheth us to speak properly ; rhetoric but left his chair to improve himself under Co. instructs to speak elegantly.

Baker. pernicus ; after which he resumed bis chair. He A man may be a very good rhetorician, and yet at went to Poland, and afterwards to Cassaria, in the same time a mean orator. Id. on Learning Hungary, where he died in 1576.

RHEUM, n. s. Fr. rheume ; Gr. pevpa. RHETORES, amongst the Athenians, were Rheum'y, adj. The thin watery matter ten orators elected by lot to plead public causes about the mouth, eyes, &c.: abounding in rheum. in the senate-house or assembly. For every Trust not these cunning waters of his eyes ; cause in which they were detained they received For villainy is not without such a rheum ; a drachm out of the public money. They were And he, long trading in it, makes it seem sometimes called Συνηγοροι, and their fee το

Like rivers of remorse.

Shakspeare. Συνηγορικον. No man was admitted to this


You did void your rheum upon my beard. office before he was forty years of age, though

Is Brutus sick ? others say thirty. Valor in war, piely to their And will he steal out of his wholesome bed,

To dare the vile contagion of the night? parents, prudence in their affairs, frugality, and

And tempt the rheumy and unpurged air, temperance, were necessary qualifications for To add unto his sickness ? this office; and every candidaie underwent an

The South he loosed, who night and horror brings, examination concerning these virtues previous to And fogs are shaken from his faggy wings : the election. The orators at Rome were not un From his divided beard two streams he pours; like the Athenian rhetores.

His beard and rheumy eyes distil in showers. RHETORIANS, a sect of heretics in Egypt,

Dryden. so denominated from Rhetorius, their leader. Each changing scason does its poison bring, RHET'ORIC, n. s.

Fr. rhetorique ; Rheums chill the winter, agues blast the spring. RaeToR'ICAL, adj.

Prior. Gr. ρητορικη. RHETOR'ICALLY, adv. The art of speak Rueum, in botany, rhubarb, a genus of the RIETOR'ICATE, v.n. ing with ele- monogynia order, and enneandria class of plants ; Ruetori’CIAN, n. s. & adj. ) gance; the power natural order twelfth, holoraceæ : Cal. none :


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