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The President is also authorized to loan to the militia corps of the different states, such pieces, (not exceeding two, to any one corps) of the field artillery of the United States, as can be most conveniently spared; and also, when any portion of the militia, or volunteer corps, shall be called forth, and engaged in the actual service of the United States, to loan a supply of artillery, arms and accoutrements, from the arsenals of the United States.
He is also authorized to procure a quantity of caps, swords or sabres, pistols and holsters, not exceeding the quantity sufficient for four thousand cavalry, to be deposited in the parts of the United States, where he shall deem it most commodious, for the supply of any corps of cavalry that may be called into actual service of the United States, and which he may loan as aforesaid.
He is further authorized, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint an inspector-general, with the rank of major-general; an adjutant-general, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of brigadier-general; two major-generals, and three brigadier-generals, in addition to the present establishment; and to appoint, from time to time, assistant inspectors to every portion of the army.
He is empowered, if he thinks necessary, to appoint a quartermaster-general, physician-general, and pay-master-general-but no commissioned or staff officer to be entitled to any pay or emolument, unless in actual service.
By an act of June 13, 1798, supplementary to the foregoing, the volunteers who shall have been accepted and organized by the President, shall submit to such rules and regulations as may be thought necessary, to prepare them for actual service; and they are during such time, exempted from all militia duty.
The President is authorized to appoint and commission, as soon as he shall think it expedient, as many field officers, as may be necessary for organizing and embodying in legions, regiments and battalions, any volunteer companies who shall be accepted as aforesaid; provided, no such field-officers shall be considered in the pay of the United States, until called into actual service. .
By an act to augment the army of the United States, passed July 16, 1798, the President is authorized to raise, in addition to the foregoing military establishment, twelve regiments of infan
try, and six troops of light dragoons, to be enlisted for and dur. . ing the continuance of the existing differences between the United States and the French Republic.
The said six troops shall be formed into a regiment, and there shall be appointed thereto, one lieutenant-colcnel-consmandant, two majors, one adjutant, one pay-master, one quarter-master, one sergeant-major, and one quarter-master-sergeant, whose pay and emoluments, as well as the coronets respectively, shall be the same as are by law allowed to officers of the same grade in the infantry. • By act of Congress, of March 2, 1799, giving eventual authority to the President of the United States to augment the army, he is authorized, in case war shall break out between the United States and any foreign power, or in case of imminent danger of invasion of our territory by any such power, shall, in his opinion, be discovered to exist, to organize and cause to be raised, ini addition to the other military force of the United States, twenty-four regiments of infantry, a regiment and a battalion of rifle-men, a battalion of artillerists and engineers, and three regiments of cavalry, or such parts thereof, as he shall judge necessary. The non-commissioned officers and privates of which, to be enlisted for a term not exceeding three years, and to be entitled to a bounty of ten dollars, half at the time of enlistment, and the remainder at joining the regiment they belong to.
The troops thus raised, may be discharged at the discretion of the President.
The President is authorized to appoint and commission all officers for the said troops, agreeably to the rules prescribed by law; provided, that the general and field-officers who may be appointed in the recess of the senate, shall, at the next meeting thereof, be nominated and submitted to them for their advice and consent.
All the officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates, of the troops raised in pursuance to this act, shall be entitled to the like pay, clothing, rations, and other emoluments, as the like officers and troops composing the army of the United States. Provided, that no other officer, except captains and subalterns em
ployed in the recruiting service, shall be entitled to any pay, or other emolument, until be shall be called into actual service.
The president is also authorized to organize all volunteer companies that may be accepted, in pursuance to the “ Act authorizing the President of the United States to raise a Provisional Army," into regiments, brigades, and divisions, and to appoint all officers thereof, agreeably to the organization prescribed by law.
The said volunteers shall not be compelled to serve out of the state in which they reside, longer than three months after their arrival at the place of rendezvous. 1. Two millions of dollars are appropriated for carrying into effect this act; to be raised, by loan, on the most advantageous terms.
By an act for better organizing the troops of the United States, passed March 3, 1799, it is enacted, that a regiment of infantry shall be composed of one lieutenant-colonel-commandant, two majors, one adjutant, one quarter-master, and one pay. master, cach being á lieutenant; one surgeon, two surgeon's mates, ten captains, len first and ten second lieutenants, besides the three before mentioned; ten cadets, two serjeant-majors, two quarter-master-serjeants, two chief musicians, twenty other mu. sicians, forty serjeants, forty corporals, and nine hundred and twenty privates, which together shall form two battalions, each battalion five companies.
A regiment of cavalry is composed of the same number and grade of officers as the regiment of infantry; ten musicians, and nine hundred and twenty privates, to include ten saddlers, ten blacksmiths, and ten boot-makers, formed as aforesaid.
A regiment of artillery is composed of one lieutenant-colonel-commandant, four majors, one adjutant, one quarter-master, and one pay-master, each being a lieutenant; one surgeon, two surgeon's mates, sixteen captains, thirty-two lieutenants, besides the three before mentioned; thirty-two cadets, four serjeant majors, four quarter-master-serjeants, sixty-four serjeants, sixty-four corporals, one chief musician, ten other musicians, eight hundred and ninety-six privates, including one hundred and twenty-eight artificers, which, together, shall form four battalions, and each battalion four companies.
PAY OF THE OFFICERS, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS, AND PRIVATES.
Major-general, 166 dollars per month, and 15 rations per day; and when forage is not furnished by the United States, the further sum of 20 dollars per month.
brigadier-general, 104 dullars per month, 12 rations per day, and 16 dollars per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid.
Lieutenant-colonel-commandant, 75 dollars per month, -rations per day, and 12 dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid. . Major of artillery, or cavalry, 55 dollars per month, 4 rations per day, and ten dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid.
Major of infantry, 50 dollars per month, 4 rations per day, and 10 dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid.
Captain of cavalry, 40 dollars per month, 3 rations per day, and 10 dollars per month, as aforesaid.
Captain of artillery or infantry, 40 dollars per month, and 3 rations per day. · First lieutenant of cavalry, 30 dollars per month, ? rations per day, and 6 dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid.
Lieutenants of artillery, each 30 dollars per month, and 2 rations.
Second lieutenant of cavalry, 25 dollars per month, 2 rations per day, and 6 dollars per month for forage, as aforesaid.
First lieutenant of infantry, 30 dollars per month, and 2 rations per day.
Second lieutenant of infantry, 25 dollars per month, and 2 rations per day.
Regimental surgeon, 45 dollars per month, 3 rations per day, and 10 dollars per month for forage, unless furnished by the United States.
Surgeon's mate, 30 dollars per month, 2 rations per day, and . 6 dollars per month for forage, unless as aforesaid.
Regimental pay-master, quarter-master, and adjutant, in addition to their pay in the line, each 10 dollars per month, and 6 dollars per month for forage, unless as aforesaid.
Cadet of Cavalry, 10 dollars per month, 2 rations per day, apd 6 dollars per month for forage, unless as aforesaid.
All other cadets, 10 dollars per inonth, and 2 rations per day, Scrjeant-major and quarter-master-serjeant, each 10 dollars per month.
Chief musician, 8 dollars per month.
An artificer to the infantry and artillery, a farrier, saddler, and boot-maker, to the cavalry, each 10 dollars per month. • A private soldier, 5 dollars per month.
And to each of the non-commissioned officers and privates, one ration of provisions per day.' .
All non-commissioned officers, artificers, musicians, and privates, who are or shall be enlisted, and the non-commissioned officers, artificers, musicians, and privates of the militia, or other corps, when in the service of the United States, are exempt from all personal arrest on account of debt or other contract.
By act passed the 3d of March, 1799, for the better organization of the troops of the United States, each non-commissioned officer, private, artificer, and musician, who shall hereafter be enlisted for the army of the United States, shall be entitled to a bounty of 12 dollars; but the payment of one third thereof shall be deferred until he joins his regiment.
And each non-commissioned officer, employed in the recruiting service, shall be entitled to receive for cach non-commissioned officer, private, or musician, duly enlisted, the sum of two dollars, in full compensation for his extra expenses in this service.
There shall be a commander of the army of the United States, to be appointed and commissioned by the title of “ General of the Armies of the United States;" and the present office and title of lieutenant-general sball hereafter be established.
There shall be a quarter-master-general to the army of the United States, with the rank, pay, and emolument of major-general.
It shall be lawful for the president of the United States, at his discretion, to organize, officer, and raise a battalion of riflemen, to be entitled to the same pay and emolument as a battalion of infantry of the line.
There shall be to every army of the United States, other than that in which the quarter-master-general shall serve, a deputy