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quarter-master-general, who, in addition to his other emoluments, shall be entitled to 50 dollars per month, for his extra services, and travelling expenses.

The provisions of this act are not to affect the present quarter-master-general of the United States, who, in case a quartermaster-general shall be appointed, by this act, is to act as deputy quarter-master-general, and have the rank of lieutenant-colonel.

To every division of an army there shall be a quartermaster of division, who, in addition to his other emoluments, shall be entitled to 30 dollars per month.

To every brigade there shall be a brigade quarter-master, who shall receive 24 dollars per month, for his extra services; each of which officers to be chosen by the quarter-master-general from the regimental officers.

There shall be a deputy inspector-general to every army, other than that in which the inspector-general serves, to be a field-officer, and to have 50 dollars per month, for his extra services.

To every division of an army, there shall be a division-inspector, who shall be entitled to thirty dollars per month, for his extra services.

To every brigade, there shall be a brigade-inspector, who shall be entitled to twenty-four dollars per month, for his extra services; each of which officers, to be chosen from the regimental officers, by the inspector-general.

The adjutant-general of the army, shall be ex-officio assistant inspector-general.

And every deputy-inspector-general, shall be ex-officio deputy-adjutant-general, and shall perform the duties of adjutantgeneral, in the army to which he shall be annexed.

The pay-master-general of the armies of the United States, shall be always quartered at or near the head-quarters of the main army, or at such place as the commander-in-chief shall deem proper.

To the army of the Western Frontiers, and to detachments from the main army, the pay-master-general shall appoint deputypay-masters, who shall account to him for all monies advanced them, and shall give bond in the sum of fifteen thousand dollars, with sureties for the faithful performance of their respective duties; and the several regimental pay-masters shall also give bond in the sum of five thousand dollars, with sureties for the faithful: performance of their duties.

The pay-master-general, to receive eighty dollars per month, with the rations and forage of a major, in full compensation for his services and travelling expenses; and the deputy, in addition to his pay, and other emoluments, thirty dollars per month, in full compensation for his extra services.

Every major-general of the army of the United States, shall be entitled to two aids, to be chosen by himself; each of whom, shall receive, in addition to his pay, and other emoluments, twenty-four dollars per month, and ten dollars per month for forage, when not furnished by the United States.

Every brigadier of the army, shall be entitled to one aid, chosen by himself, who, in addition to his pay, and other emoluments, shall receive for his extra services, twenty-four dollars per month, and ten dollars for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid.

The President of the United States, is authorized to engage and appoint, distinct from the officers of the corps of artillerists and engineers, two engineers, with the rank of lieutenant-colonels, and to allow them such compensation as he shall think neÇessary

There shall be an inspector of fortifications, whose duties shall be assigned him by the Secretary of War, under the direction of the President of the United States.

The compensation allowed, if selected from the corps of artillerists and engineers, for his extra services, thirty-five dollars per month; and if he shall not be an officer in the artillery or engineers, he shall be allowed for his services, seventy-five dollars monthly, and rank as major in the army of the United States.

In case he shall be chosen from the corps of artillerists and engineers, or army of the United States, his place therein shall be supplied by promotion, or a new appointment, or both, as may be requisite; but he shall nevertheless retain his station in the said corps or army, and rise therein, in the same manner, as if he had never been appointed inspector.

There shall be allowed to the inspector-general of the armies of the United States, in addition to his allowance as major-general, and in full compensation for extra services, fifty dollars monthly, and he shall be allowed a secretary of his own appointment, with the pay and emolument of a captain.

By the act of March 16, 1802, the peace establishment was reorganized and remained at about four thousand, until 1808, when it was raised to ten thousand, which was the army peace establishment previous to the late war.

The following was the organization of the regular army at the close of the war in 1815, exclusive of the general staff.

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Regts. &
Corps.

Lieutenant Colonels.
Quartermasters.
Adjutants.
Paymasters.
Quartermast. Serits.
Surgeon's Mates.
Surjeant Majors.
Surgeons.
Colonels.
Principal Farrier.
Princ. Musicians.
Number of Troops.
Kiding Masters.

ments.
No. of Companies.
Strength of Regi-
Majors.

No. of Regiments.
Il Strength of Battal.

No. of Battalions.

Aggregate Strength.

Light Ar.1 1 2 1 11
Dragoons 1 1 2
Corps Ar. - 6 6 12 12 -
Infantry 1 1 2 1
Riflemen 2 11

1 1

963

963 21 1 1 1 8 981

981 48 495 12 5940 10 1094 46 - 50324

(10/1060 4 4240 Total authorised force

162448

VOL. IV.

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Two regiments form a brigade, to be commanded by a brigadier-general, to whom will be attached one aid-de-camp and one brigade-major. Two brigades form a division, to be commanded by a major-general, with two aids-de-camp; and when he commands an army, one adjutant-general, one inspector-general, one quarter-master-general, two assistant-adjutant-generals, two assistant-inspector-generals, one deputy-quarter-master-general and four assistants, one topographical engineer and one assistant; besides a chief of each department, as many assistants may be allowed as there are brigades in each separate army.

PAY, SUBSISTENCE, AND FOR AGE OF THE ARMY AT THE PEACE, IN 1815.

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[graphic]

Per year from 1 Jan. 1814.. In add. to comp. in line. Do.

do. do. To be taken from priv. life.

Do. do. do.
In add. to comp. in line,

Do.

Adjutant general, $90 Assistant do. do.

60 Inspector general,

75 Assistant do. do.

60 Quarte-rmaster general, 75 Deputy do. do. do. 60 Assistant dep. do. do. 40 Topograph'l engineer, 60 Assistant do. do.

40 Paymaster of army, 2000 · Dep. paymaster gen.

50 Assistant do. do.

30 District paymaster,

50 Assistant Paymaster, 40 Regimental paymaster,* 10 Do. Adjutant,

10 Principal wagon mast. 40 Wagon master,

30 Principal forage mast. 40 Assistant do. do. 30 Conductor of artillery, 30 Principal barrack mast. 40 Deputy barrack master, 30 Superintendant of artificers,

45 Assistant do.

30 Master artificers,

30 Artificers of the corps of that name,

16 Special commissary of

purchases, Commissary general of ordinance,

75 Assistant do. do.

50 Deputy commissary of - ordinance.

Assistant do. do. do. 30
Wheelrights, carriage

makers and black.
smiths,

16 Labourers,

9 Commissary general, Superintendant,

1 1-2 rations per day

each.

Rations rec'rable of the ordinance de. lin kind Jonly,

partment. 3000 dollars per annum. 3000 do. do.

* Paymasters of the corps of artillery, game pay as regimental paymasters.

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