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Philadelphia, July 26th, 1799.

DR. WITHERSPOON'S character as a writer is fo highly and defervedly esteemed by all the friends of Evangelical truth, who have been acquainted with his publications, that it is presumed to be superfluous to folicit their patronage by any commendation of the work now proposed for publica. tion. To those who have not been favoured with the perusal of the Doctor's Sermons and Effays, the subscriber takes the liberty to observe, that their merit is superior to their praise.

JOHN B. SMITH, Minister of the Third Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia.

Philadelphia, July 30th, 1799. SÍ RA

IT has given me much pleasure to hear that you are about to publish an edition of the works of the late DR. WITHERSPOON. I know not how you could do a greater service to the public than by this undertaking; and I sincerely hope you may find it advantageous to yourself. In all the Doctor's tracts there is manifest that closeness and clearness of thought, that acuteness of discernment and accuracy of difcrimination, that faculty of separating the matter discussed from every thing extrancous, that constant attention to radical principles, and fyf: tematic consistency, that lucid order, and that power of presenting his whole subject in the most striking and impressive manner to the mind of the reader, which distinguish the writer of penetration and comprehensive views. His style is uniformly simple and nervous-perfectly intelligible to those who have not had the advantages of education, and yet pleasing to those whose taste is the most cultivated and correct. The Doctor has given specimens of talent as a critic, a satyrist and a politician, which demonstrate that he might have attained high eminence in each of these characters. But from a sense of duty, as well As from a love to the employment, he devoted himself principally to the discussion of religious truth ; and always with a View to its practical application. His Sermons and Elays on


various topics in divinity, will be read with pleasure and with profit by ferious Christians of all denominations. The pious and eloquent Wilberforce has noticed them with approbation in his late popular book.

If the Doctor's works had been generally read in this country, it would be equally unnece{Tary and assuming for me to characterize or recommend them. But for ten years past I believe they have not been vended by any American bookseller, and I am informed they are now out of print in Britain. If, therefore, you suppose that my opinion of them will be any way serviceable to you in their publication, you are at liberty to use what I have here written for that purpose.

Your's fincerely, Mr. WoodWARD.


New-York, August 6th, 1799. DEAR SIR,

IT was with fingular satisfaction I learned you were issuing proposals for printing the works of the late Rev. Dr. WITHERSPOON—thofe already in print, are justly esteemed by all good judges on both fides of the Atlantic, among the first in our language on the Subiecls of which they treat-the addition you contemplate of several Discourses and small Tracts never yet published, will not a little enrich your collection, and render it defervedly acceptable to the Friends of Literature and Piety, of all denominations. Your success in this business will give heart-felt pleasure to

Your Friend and Humble Servant,


Printer, Philadelphi..




IN offering to the public this edition of the works of Dr. Witherspoon, the editor cannot forbear to express his great satisfaction at the liberal and extensive patronage he has received. Without pretending to be less influenced than is usual by a regard to perfonal emolument, he can still fay with truth, that much of his gratification is derived from considerations of another and a higher kind. He views it as no inconsiderable proof of the good dispositions of a great proportion of his countrymen, that in almost every quarter of the union, there has been such a demand for the writings of Dr. WITHERSPOON, as to warrant a fecond edition of his works within a year after the publication of the first ; that the demand seems to be still increasing; and that men of the first reputation and influence are among his subfcribers. In religion, in morals, in taste, and in politics, the principles which the Dr. has inculcated are of the foundest and purest kind; and that these should be popular, cannot but be considered as the best cause of felicitation to the country in which the fact is realized.

Animated by the countenance which he has received, the editor has used his best endeavors to free the present edition from the imperfections of the former. The whole has been attentively and separately reviewed by two gentlemen of letters, for the purpose of correcting the errors in language, fpelling and pointing, which had before escaped attention. No attempt, however, has been made to alter the DR's phraseology, this being considered as an unjustifiable license, but only to rectify those mistakes which were fairly imputa. ble to inadvertence, or chargeable to the printers who have published his pieces either in this country or in Europe. The business of inspecting the proof sheets the editor has ta. ken wholly on himself, and he trusts that no error of any consequence will be found, though he is sensible that abso. lute perfection in this particular is scarcely attainable.

In this edition the arrangement of the several tracts is very different from any that has heretofore been made. Discus. fions which relate to the fame or similar subjects, or which belong to the same class or denomination of composition,

have generally been kept together. Some of these, it will · be observed, were written in an earlier, and some in a later

part of the author's life; some in Scotland and some in America ; but it was judged better to put them in an order dictated by the nature of the subject, than in one which should correspond to the various periods at which they were composed. The time and circumstances to which they refer may commonly be learned from their contents.

As the whole of the Dr's works are now collected, it is proper to specify distinctly those that are pofthumous : for as no order or intimation was given by himself relative to the publication of any of his pieces after his death, he ought not to be charged either with the inaccuracy of compositions which he did not design for the press, or with finally determining to publish what he might have written with that intention, but afterwards resolved to suppress. It will be remembered then, that in these volumes, the following pieces are pollhumous, viz.-The lectures on Moral Philosophy, Eloquence and Divinity: The sermons entitled, Devotedness to GodThe righteous scarcely saved, and the wicked certainly destroyedThe success of the gospel entirely of God - The yoke of Christ The glory of the Redeemer in the perpetuity of his work-The petitions of the insincere unavailing.--The essays entitled, Observations on the improvement of America-Reflections on public affairs-On the controversy about independence-On conducting the American controversy-Thoughts on American libertyMemorial and manifesto of the United States- A description of the State of New-Fersey-Aristides-On the Federal City-On the Georgia constitution Supplication to the elders of the church of Scotland. The fpeeches entitled, On the interest of locin office certificates--On the conference proposed by Lord Howe

· * It is supposed that some of these essays, particularly the three last, may have been published in the newspapers of the day. But this is not certainly know??. Copies of them in the DR's 07'N hand writing, were found among his papers.

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