Instruction Guide: Elementary Optics and Applications to Fire Control Instruments

U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945 - 211 σελίδες

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Σελίδα 181 - When a ray of light passes from one medium to another, it is refracted so that the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction is equal to the ratio of the velocities in the two media.
Σελίδα 6 - BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR: GC MARSHALL, Chief of Staff. OFFICIAL: JA ULIO, Major General, The Adjutant General.
Σελίδα 12 - ... which struck the water, that is to say the angle of reflection will be equal to the angle of incidence.
Σελίδα 188 - Usually a thin coating of silver or aluminum on glass constitutes the actual reflecting surface. When this surface is applied to the front face of the glass, the mirror is termed a front surface mirror.
Σελίδα 186 - The magnifying power of the telescope is equal to the quotient of the focal length of the objective divided by the focal length of the ocular.
Σελίδα 148 - Each degree is divided into 60 parts called minutes, and each minute into 60 parts called seconds.
Σελίδα 89 - A filter is usually of special glass, gelatin, or plastic optical parts with plane parallel surfaces that are placed in the path of light through the optical system of an instrument to selectively absorb certain wavelengths of light, reduce glare, or reduce light intensity. Colored, ultraviolet, neutral density, and polarizing filters are in common use. Filters may be separate elements or integral devices mounted so that they can be placed in or out of position in...
Σελίδα 16 - The plane which contains the incident and reflected rays and the normal to the surface is called the plane of incidence, the angle between the incident ray and the normal is the angle of incidence...
Σελίδα 182 - The index of refraction expressed in tables is the absolute index, that is, vacuum to substance at a certain temperature, with light of a certain wavelength. Examples, vacuum, 1.000; air, 1.000292; water, 1.333; ordinary crown glass, 1.516. Since the index of air is very close to that of vacuum, the two are often used interchangeably.
Σελίδα 181 - Descartes notices — and this seems to be the first step in the reduction — that "the determination of this [anaclastic] line depends on the relation between the angle of incidence and the angle of refraction

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