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the seeds of the oat have only one hook; those ground, into which they are daily drawn by earthof the agrimony and goose-grass are provided worms, or forced by heavy rains; and innumerawith many. The kernel of the pine has small ble plants require some assistance to defend them wings, by which it flutters to the ground; while from the cold. About this time, leaves, beginothers are suddenly thrown out from the capsule ning to lose their vital powers, imbibe so much which contains them, by means of a peculiar me- moisture from the atmosphere, that they turn chanism. The cocoanut, as it falls from the lofty brown, and hence that exquisite variety of intertree, on which it grows, is heard to a considera- mingling hues, which so vividly diversify an auble distance; such also is the case with the fruit tumnal landscape ; but when the nights grow of the Genessa of the Antilles; wliile the black colder these leaves begin to fall. pods of the Canneficers, when ripe and agitated They lie soft and thick upon the ground, not by the wind, produce, in clashing one against with a heavy pressure, to crush the feeblest inthe other, a sound resembling the tic-tac of sect, or to bruise the tenderest seed, but light a mill.

Warned by these sounds, many guests and warm, a sufficient covering for every thing resort thither in quest of a repast : the monkey, that requires shelter. Leaves, too, are non-conand the squirrel, the paroquet, and nutcracker, ductors of heat, and hence, whatever degree of hasten to the feast, and the fragments are as warmth remains, is rather augmented than dieagerly sought after, by the numerous little in- minished; and warmth there is, for each little sects that frequent the trunks of high forest trees. plant has a certain portion, else its juices would The fruit of the genessa is peculiarly grateful to freeze up; and every animal and insect bas sufland-crabs. This tree rises to a considerable ficient to preserve within it the vital spark, while height; its fruit is consequently inaccessible to that vital spark is allowed to remain. Leaves, them, as they cannot climb; but the difficulty is therefore, are great preservatives of heat; and obviated by its falling to the ground, and they on these leaves, so light, so soft, and warm, the are warned, by the rebounding noise, that their frost lies thick, and the snow often forms a pure favorite repast is spread. How widely different white covering. Thus all things remain, the is the construction of the dandelion, with its leaves carefully treasuring whatever is assigned broad yellow flower! that gay looking plant, which to their care; the frost rendering the soil more often grows at the root of the towering genessa, loose and friable, and adapting it for tillage, and and delights especially in dry and elevated places the spreading of roots; and the snow guarding Its seeds form a beautiful globe of barbed arrows, the vegetable world from the intense cold, which which fly off, by the help of the wind, towards is often experienced in winter, till that glad the summits of the lofty mountains, which it is season returns, when a general renovation comdesigned to embellish. The seeds of the dande- mences throughout nature. High winds begin lion are far more elegantly constructed than those to dry the earth ; insects, and small animals, are of the majestic cedar. They are light and buoy- all in motion; and early flowers, peeping forth ant, and borne rapidly by the slightest breeze. from their friendly covering, seem to welcome A tempest is required in order to bear, to any the return of spring. The high winds also scatdistance, the cones of the cedar, or the heavy ter the leaves, which then being no longer useful, fruit of the majestic cocoa ; but the breath of are spread abroad upon the earth, and rapidly the zephyr is sufficient to sow the seed of the decay, and thus a fine and rich manure is formed dandelion. This unassuming plant is invaluable by their decomposition, either to nourish the to several small birds and quadrupeds, which live parent trees, from which they sprang, or to asprincipally upon its seeds. It is also salutary to sist the vegetation of the seeds, and the rapid the human species, especially in the spring; and growth of the young plants, which they have hence our poor neighbors gather its young shoots sheltered through the winter. as a salad. It universally thrives in dry places ; What a beautiful system of mutual aid and deand even in the cracks of pavements; and car-pendence is every where conspicuous. All pets, says St. Pierre, the court-yards of those de- created things minister to the public good; all serted mansions, which its golden-colored blos- cheerfully repay the debt of gratitude, which soms mantle with a luxuriant vegetation. Beau- they owe one to another; all show forth the glory tiful they look, and among them occasionally a of that God, who called them into being; all

, feathered sphere rises from out a bed of verdure. alas! but man. He, too often ungrateful, and

We have spoken of green leaves, as organs of regardless of his true interest, refuses obedience respiration to the parent tree; they have also to the precepts of unerring Wisdom, and cruelly other uses equally important, and illustrative of oppresses his fellow man. He knows not the the manifold purposes which every created thing things that belong to hiseverlasting peace, neither is designed to answer.

can he understand them, because he neglects to When summer passes by, and the sun declines scek that wisdom, which would enable him, as in the ecliptic; when the night grows cold, and beautifully to manifest the great end of his mysfrost begins to whiten the fields, the flowers to terious being, and as beneficently to assist his close up, and all the summer birds are gone; fellow mortals, as the creatures do by which he seeds, scattered by the wind, lie thick upon the is surrounded.



Admirably are all things adapted to answer the minds of the Christian men of England. They most important purposes. Thus is the restless felt that the only great means to counteract intiocean swept over by strong winds. These include delity was to circulate the Bible freely, largely, the general and coasting trade-winds, the sea, and universally. Hence it was, that when the and the land breezes,—the one serving to carry establishment of the society was announced, it the mariner in long voyages from east to west, met with so cordial a response in the hearts of the other to waft him to particular places; the the people. one impelling him to his desired haven, the other "For inany years the Scriptures had become carrying him swiftly out. Tides and currents more and more scarce; and the inquiries which preserve the waters from becoming stagnant, and were set on foot in the different countries of bear off with them such extraneous substances as Europe, served to bring that fact into greater might otherwise pollute the air They also con- prominence. In England the Bible was comvey a great variety of seeds to the most remote paratively known; but in the Highlands of Scotplaces. Sir Hans Sloane mentions four different land, and the wilder districts of Ireland, it was kinds, which are frequently thrown by the sea, scarcely to be found. In France, with the exon the northern parts of Scotland, where they ception of a few family Bibles, in the hands of arrive either in large companies, or as solitary the descendants of the Huguenots in the south, colonists, which come to seek for settlements in it was rarely to be met. Spain, Portugal, and countries

very distant from their own. They are Italy, ignored its existence. In the several the natives of the West Indies, and are no doubt States of Germany, the noble version of Luther brought by the gulf-stream.

was confined exclusively to the Protestant popuThese vegetable fleets emigrate from every part lation. The Lapponese, Norwegian, Swedish, of the known world :

Finnish, Lellish, and Danish, were restricted to No star have they to guide their course,

those of higher rank, and more wealthy circumOr Tyrian cynosure,

stances. Towards the south of Europe, Greece or even a pilot to steer them over the pathless to the priesthood and the educated. To Turkey,

had the ancient version, which was unintelligible ocean; yet still they voyage on, impelled by the

, currents, and the united efforts of the winds and Moldavia, Albania, Wallachia, Bosnia, Swabia, it

was a fountain sealed. As we pass over the waves, till they arrive at the places of destination. Linnæus tells us, that the most striking

Straits, and enter upon the land of Asia Minor, proofs are continually presented in Lapland, of

so often trodden by the feet of the Apostles, and the great assistance which the sea and rivers af renowned in its memorials, both sacred and

proford in depositing the seeds of plants. That dis- fane, there again we meet the ancient Armenian tinguished naturalist frequently observed Alpine

used as an ornament in its churches, but its con

tents were not brought beneath the eye of sense, productions growing upon the sea-side, at the distance of thirty-six miles from their native nor addressed to the ear of thought. The whole mountains: he also remarked the centaurea calei continent of Asia was almost barred against the trapa, or star-knapweed, a native of Germany, translated into Chinese lay immured in manu

truth, for even the portion which had been on the coast of Sweden.

script in the national museum of England; of (To be continued.)

the fifteen polished languages of India, the Ta

mil of Zingenbulg was the only medium of Extract from a Statement made at the Jubilee of the British and Foreign Bible Society.

access to the revealed mind of God; over the

islands of the Pacific and Indian Archipelago “At the time that the institution commenced was a veil of deep darkness thrown. Of Africa, its career, Europe had long been under the the state was almost similar : the margin of the feverish excitement of war, when there was but south was here and there illumined by the pages little opportunity for reflection upon any mea- from Holland; but to the tribes of the interior sures conducive to repose, improvement, and was no voice sent. The western coast had not happiness. The pestiferous influence of the yet become an object of interest to the missionary; infidel writers of France had spread far and the only region upon which the light of Revelaand wide. Voltaire, Diderot, D'Alembert, and tion could be said to shine, was the northern Rousseau, had had their day. The result of line, where Arabic is spoken ; for although, in the supremacy of their principles had been wit- the earliest days, the version in the Coptic and nessed, when the reigns of atheism and ter- Ethiopic had been made, yet, by the mass, they

were pronounced identical, when the were unsearched and not understood. goddess of reason

was enthroned at Notre America in her northern regions had fared Dame, the sanctuaries to christian assemblings more generously; the colonies of England had closed, the worship of God abolished, and been partially supplied. Of the magnificent death pronounced an everlasting sleep. There union of the States, the Bible constituted the can be but little doubt that the impiety, sensu- inheritance; the Pilgrim Fathers conveyed it in ality, and cruelty, which had been then justified the Mayflower. Oglethorpe, when intent upon and approved, produced a strong reaction in the deeds of philanthropy, bore it to Georgia, and



thus it was embalmed in the memory of her peo-, Bible have comforted all their waste places, have ple; but in Mexico, the Western Isles, and in the made their wilderness like Eden, their desert kingdoms of the Southern Hemisphere, although like the garden of the Lord; joy and gladness their generations had, for nearly three centuries, have been found therein, thanksgiving and the been baptized in the name of the Father, Son voice of melody. and Holy Ghost, were called Christians, and were Though the readers of the Review will no doubt acknowledged as believers in Revelation, yet to receive this glowing description of the progress of them was the book so utterly unknown, that most scriptural knowledge with a share of allowance, had never seen or heard it, and to others its ex

yet it must be a great satisfaction to believe that istence was a fable.

“ Such was the state of the world when the the circulation and perusal of those invaluable Bible with renewed energy again commenced its writings in regions from which they have, till mission.

recently, been almost totally excluded, have been "Every district of our own rocky isle hath such as to justify those statements even in the been visited by the Messenger of Peace. Over view of the laborers themselves. It is, however, Ireland hath the sword of the Spirit been waved, to be remembered that it is through faith and obeand we see in the movement of its people burst- dience that the holy scriptures can make wise ing from the charm which hath for centuries unto salvation. held them, the promise of a speedy coming liberty from superstition and degrading bondage;

POSTED BOOKS. the depots of France have poured forth their

I meet the men of merchandise healing streams, and multitudes in many parts

Upon the streets to-day ; are feeling if haply they may find the Saviour.

I look into their eager eyes, In Belgium hath a victory been won in the very Each on his anxious way,heart of the citadel of Roinanism. To Holland

Each bent upon his own pursuit hath the Scripture recalled the early days of the

Of bargain or of sale,Reformers. Germany, in spots, hath released her- Each, in his brain, doth quick compute self from skepticisin and neology, whilst to the poor His gain by box or bale, in Sweden, in Lapland, and the Baltic Provinces,

And rubs his hands in proud delight,hath the blessed promises awakened a hope full

Applauds each plan invented, of immortality. In Italy, stern despotism Makes up his ledger for the night, restrains the freedom of opinion, but the incarce

And posts his books, contented. rated witnesses for truth show that the Bible has

Thou busy brother of the mart, lost none of its power to elevate above the fear of

A moment lend to me :death, and to cause its confessors to take joyfully Within the ledger of thy heart, the spoiling of their goods, or, if needs be, to

What balance dost thou see? submit without a murmur to bonds and impris

Amid the columns, clear and tall, onment. In the East, too, has the sign been Do “ gracious acts ” appear ? seen of coming change : look at the Protestant Doth any “light of goodness” fall, Armenian congregations, the shaking of the

To make their mazes clear ? mind of the Hindoos, the gradual diminution of Dost thou compute the ample gain, the numbers who attend as worshippers the

From words and actions true ? great public festivals, the mouldering into decay If not, ah, cease thy labor vain,

And post thy books anew! of its venerable temples, the willingness to discuss the merits of Christianity, the readiness to The lark rose in the vaulted skies, accept of its acknowledged sacred books, the con

And showered upon mine ear

A food of glorious melodies,viction of its superior purity, the marked con

It seemed a spirit near. trast of its holy mysteries to their secret impurities, and the now not rare spectacle of her public The waving grass flung from its blades baptisms, all portend a time which prophecy hath

O’erflowing benison,

And through the fairy-peopled glades painted in its most glowing colors, when the

The blessing floated on. kingdoms of this world shall become the king. doms of our Lord and of his Christ.

With laden heart and beaming eyes, “ Whilst, too, we mark the change which has

And happy, hearty looks,

I count up all my merchandise, come over the islands of the sea, the polluted

And close my posted books. savage of the Polynesian groups hath become the Christianized man, the hideous forms of a dark

In mood of holy harmony

I walk the world to day ; polytheism have given way before the simplicity

Sweet influences benignantly and beauty of a spiritual worship, whilst regions,

Shine out upon my way : which in former years revelled in Nature's wildness, have been moulded into the milder forms

Clear eyes in darkness answer mine,

Soft words in softness fall, of a cultivated garden. Of many places, may it True thou:hts come truly and benign, be said, that the hallowed truths drawn from the

And God doth gladden all!

My soul is bathed in ecstacy,

The minister of State has appropriated 90,000 And leaps up with delight,

francs for the excavations at Nineveh and the A hand unseen doth follow me

transport of the objects of art therein discovered. And post my books to night.

SPAIN.—General Canedo has been removed from Ah, brother, count thy richest wealth,

his post as Governor and Captain General of Cuba, The wealth of noble being,

and Lieut. General de la Pezuela has been appointAn honest heart's pulsating health,

ed in his stead. A soul's wide stretch of seeing;

Pierre Soule, the new minister from the United What eyes do loving follow thee,

States, had arrived at Madrid. The Government What hearts throb at thy meeting,

had resolved to receive him as the envoy of a What lips in blessing mention thee,

friendly power, and to await his acts. The Cortes What hands grasp at thy greeting ?

will be convoked for the 15th prox.

RUSSIA AND TURKEY. - The French and English If rich in these, thou’rt rich indeed,

Governments have severally addressed notes to the
Thy soul in peace outlooks:

Russian Government on the nonacceptance of the
If poor, go, feed thy shivering need
On more than Posted Books.

Turkish modifications to the Vienna note. These
Eliza Cook.

notes are couched in very positive terms, and intimate that England and France are united in the

resolve to maintain the integrity of the Turkish SUMMARY OF NEWS.

Empire. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.— The steamship Asia Powers at Vienna have drawn up another note,

It is said that the Representatives of the four arrived at New York on the 191h with Liverpool which tends to diminish the difficulties in the way dates to the 8th inst.

of an amicable arrangement between Russia and Several deaths from cholera have occurred in Lon-Turkey. It is feared, however, that this is too don and its vicinity: The total number of deaths late. from cholera and diarrhæa, at New Castle since its

Two envoys, from Circassia had arrived at Confirst appearance there has been 1,438; in Gateshead stantinople to demand assistance against the Rus387. A number of cases have also appeared in sians and to combine a plan of operations in case Scotland.

of the commencement of hostilities. The Russians Despatches have been received at the Admiralty have assembled a large force on the borders of from Commander McClure, who sailed in the 12th Circassia and are preparing to make a general atmonth. 1849, in search of Sir John Franklin and from tack with from 40,000 to 60,000 men. Capt. Keleit, of the Resolute, who sailed in the Cholera was makin's great ravages among the Spring of 1852.

Prussian troops, and the inhabitants of the DanuCom. M'Clure has ascertained that the Prince of bian Provinces. Wales Strait communicates wiih Barrow's Strait. No There were six British and four French wartraces of Sir John Franklin have been discovered; steamers at Constantinople, including those stabut Com. M°Clure, in a letter dated the Bay of Mercy tioned there for the special service of the ambasBaring's Island, April, 1853, announces his success sadors. in accomplishing ihe North Western Passage. He AUSTRALIA.-News from Morton Bay to the is coming home by Baffin's Bay. Natives have been middle of the sixth month last had been received. discovered farther North than ever were seen before, A great demand for Inbor existed, especially for at Woollaston Sound, at Victoria Land and Prince married couples. The cotton growing experiment Alberi's Land. Copper, of the purest description, had been entirely successful, the produce being was found in lumps, and the natives who were very in every way perfect. friendly, were mucd amused at seeing he sailors

HAYTI.— Advices from Aux Cayes to the 28th run to pick up the lumps of metal with which ihey ult., state that the yellow fever was committing edge their spears. Commander M'Clure's vessels the most dreadful ravages there. Of foreigners, have wintered in the pack in 1850, and the suc

seven out of ten fall victims to its fury. ceeding years, without receiving any injury.

Mexico.- A decree re-establishing the Jesuists France. The bank of France has raised its dis- | in the Republic, has been published. They are count to 4 per cent.

placed in the same position, in nearly every reThe Bulletin de Paris says that despatches were spect, as before they were banished. They are sent out, per steamer Solon, for the French and to be considered as Nexican citizens, with all the English Admirals in Besika Bay, instructing them rights and duties attaching thereto. to enter the Dardanelles; and that the two fleets Notice has issued by the Minister of the Interior will be in the Bosphorus on the 7th inst.

that bids would be received at his office, for forty During his visit to Boulogne, the Emperor pre- days from the 19th ult., for the construction of a sented the military medal to the gendarme who railroad from the city of Mexico to Puebla, by arrested him in 1840. The Emperor, in presenting way of the plains of Apan. it said to him—“I admire men who obey orders. ČANADA. -The Government journals of Canada A coast guard, who aimed his musket at the ad- announce that the project of uniting all the Proventurer on the same occasion, was presented with vinces, with Quebec as the federal capital, will 500 francs by Napoleon's command.

be allowed its own Legislature. These provinces The French Engineers are busily employed in contain three millions of inhabitants. perfecting the project of excavating a tunnel DOMESTIC.—The appointment of Robert M. ihrough the Alps, to connect the Piedmontese rail- McLaine of Maryland, as Minister to China is ways with those of France. The tunnel will be officially announced. eight milesin length, and a mile below the highest The Daily Register states that there is one point of the pass. The estimated cost is a million legally licensed liquor establishment to every and a half pounds sterling.

nine and a half voters in Schuylkill Co., Pa.






No. 8.



and also about oaths and war.

When they could take no advantage of me in these points,

they told me if I would come forth in the PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS,

moving of the Spirit, and declare it in the No. 50 North Fourth Street,

French and Greek languages, they would believe PHILADELPHIA.

The priest said he thought it would be Price two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,

best for me to go over to England, among my or six copies for ten dollars.

friends there, where I should enjoy peace. Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly When they had used all the means they could in advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 with me, and discovered that I was not much cents per annum in other States.

versed in the Scriptures, they told me that it was

the devil that had entered my heart, and that of SOME ACCOUNT OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF every Quaker. As they found that though I was

not much acquainted with Scripture, an yet THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS IN NORWAY.

answered discreetly, they grew tired. I then (Cuntinued from page 99.)

remembered what Frederick Smith told me, There is, amongst the papers, another letter that when we were brought before magistrates, written about this period; and though it is un- &c., it should be given us what we ought signed, yet it is so descriptive of the constancy of to speak, and I found it verified. these poor Friends, and of some of the trials to At another time, as I was on business for which they were exposed, that it will be perused my master, to pay money to a lieutenant, he with interest :

struck me because I could not take my hat off, “Dear friend and brother,-If this letter and was so angry as to pull it off my head, and reach thee, I believe it will satisfy both thee and pull me by the hair, and forced me out of doors, other friends that I am well in Christ. I shall and it was with difficulty I could get my hat first inform thee how it has been with me since again. He gnashed his teeth at me, and appearI have been in Norway. When I got home to ed very angry. my mother, she began to cry, and told me that “At another place, I was told that I must she had been expecting pleasure in seeing me, leave the country in twenty-four hours, as no but now I came home to give her sorrow; and I other religions are tolerated than the Lutheran ; found it hardly possible to satisfy her. But the and that, if I would not desert my religion, Í priest came and would speak with me. I was must post over to England; for there were no not then at home. He asked if I had any books, Quakers in this country; and that if one stopand my mother took the New Testament and ped here, he would make an uproar, and would shewed him. He asked again if I had any other be worse than Hans Neilsen Houge, who had debooks. My mother said they were all lent out.ceived many. I have been with H. N. Houge. Then the priest wished me to call on him, and He said he had been in eleven prisons for his retake with me all of the books I had of the ligious principles. He told me I was but a people called Quakers. When I came home, my young brother, and could not yet bear strong mother seemed more satisfied, as the priest had food." not said any thing unfavorable of the principles There is also a letter to a Friend, of RochesI professed; and told her she should not lament ter, from Thornes Johnsen, who appears to have so over her son. I went to the priest, and took gone as captain of a vessel sailing from, and bewith me R. Barclay's Apology, William Penn's longing to, Christiansand. It is dated, 4 mo. Key, and Dell on Baptism. There was in com-24, 1815.' He writes, “May the Lord hold us pany with him a gentleman, and they desired in his blessed hands for ever. I have seen the me to let them have the books, and I replied Lord's great wonders and strength in a distant they were welcome. They asked me if I knew land, so that He is everywhere. He is the light the Bible and New Testament. I said I was that shines in our hearts, and has chosen a peonot much learned in the Scriptures. They en-ple from all the earth to be his sons and daughquired, “Why do you not take off your hat ? I ters, and he will be their God. I see that many


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