« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
of the people go the road that leads to destruc- 1 who taketh away the fear of men,
and tion; and not many know of the blessed spirit his people stand as firm as in a battle.” within, the light of life that is given, in mea- We now have to notice an important event in sure, to all people.
the history of the Society of Friends in Norway “The people of Norway are under a hard press the visit of Stephen Grellett and William Alby the clergy, for they do what he says, whether len to the various little settlements of them there; it be wrong or right. Those books given to me, which was of a very comforting, strengthening I have lent out. The people called Saints are character to them. Perhaps it cannot be better very near to them (the principles set forth in the introduced than by an extract from a letter from books]; and they confess that it is the same Enoch Jacobsen, then in London, to a Friend, of blessed Spirit that has called them to repentance. Rochester :Many of them are truly Christians; and there is
“Lóndon, 7th mo, 30th, 1818. great hopes of others. Many of them are far- “My dear Friend, -I arrived here the 12th,
being only ten days from Christiania until we "May the Lord God of all preserve us in the landed at Gravesend. I left our Friends at home path of life! I will say, for my part, that it was pretty well, and Canute desired his love to thee; the best voyage I have done over the sea, that also L. Larsen and Lars Monsen. I had also a time I came to England; for then I found God, letter from Elias E. Tasted, in which he desired my real Father and Preserver. And I will say, his love to thee." in the language quoted by Job Scott, For all I He then alludes to some application made to thank thee: most for the severe. He then the Swedish government for the relief of Friends speaks of the effects of the war in depressing in Norway, adding, "I may say there are no laws the value of the currency, and the suffering con- yet made in favor of Friends; so that those who sequent thereon.
stand firm to their principles, act contrary to the In the course of the year 1815, some of the laws of the country. Friends must be resigned little company at Christiania became unsettled; to take the consequence; and I should be very one of them in reference to a marriage rather too glad, at the present moment, that our Friends, hastily contracted, and not accomplished in a with myself, might be so strengthened as to enmanner satisfactory to his brethren; though, dure any hardship which Providence may see some time afterwards, he appears to have been meet to permit to be inflicted upon any of those measurably restored. His wife also evinced a who may be willing to stand faithful to the truth, friendly spirit. Some of them, giving themselves in order, for the more or greater breaking forth up to a wayward course, attempted to excuse of his light, and the glorious knowledge; though themselves on the plea of Divine guidance; thus I do not think that he is willing to infiict more allowing Satan, the adversary, to assume the garb than his poor followers will be enabled to of an angel of light. In 1816, Enoch Jacobsen, bear. who had been left in England, as before men- “ All is quiet at present, so that we have not tioned, joined the little company at Christiania. suffered any imprisonment yet; though we may, His presence appeared to contribute to the resto- in some respects, have
difficulties. ration of love and harmony. They met at times, “Thou wilt be much surprised at dear Stephen in their meetings for worship, about eleven per- Grellett's intention to visit our country; also sons. It is probable that H. N. Houge, by his some parts of Sweden, thence to Russia, and by subtilty, contributed to the unsettlement amongst the Black Sea to Constantinople. William Allen them; at least that appears to have been the opi- is to accompany him. nion of Enoch Jacobsen.
“I was favored with a letter from Thomas In a letter describing some of these occur- Christy, before I left home; and I was glad to rences, which appears
to be from Canute Halver-reach this country at a very good time. I wish sen (though it is not signed), he thus expresses much that strength and ability could be so far himself:
extended to me, that I could render the Friends “Many may call Friends' principles, or some all the assistance they may want. of them, of little consequence, and small things. “ Thou wilt conclude, from what I have said, But the small things, when despised, open the that I shall have to accompany the Friends way for the greater: and so, by degrees, little by through Norway and Sweden, and so far as I can little, until the mind becomes so darkened, that see my way to go. A vessel is engaged, lying at all this will be called “nothing.' Thus are poor Harwich, to take us to Stavanger, and to stop creatures deceived! And as the love of infinite there a few days, and thence to Christiansand; wisdom is, in a great degree, afresh extended to from which we intend to travel by land to Chrislead back again such poor mortals, yet the cross tiania. From thence it is thought to go to will be greater than before, and more difficult to Gottenburgh and Stockholm, in order to cross bear. Oh! how I often sigh under a sense of the Gulf of Bothnia, then travel to Petersweakness. How difficult it is to stand on the burgh. right ground, when no support can be felt. Oh! “ Thus, dear friend, I have given thee a short I do feel the necessity of drawing near to Him statement of our intended voyage; and I have
"I will go
no doubt that Providence will be pleased to make Our friends, however, took care in private conthings comfortable for the Friends. We are versation to let it appear, that their address conmaking ready to start the 6th of next month.
tained an uncompromising condemnation of slave“ Thy affectionate friend,
ry, as well as of the traffic. “Enoch JACOBSEN."
The following extract affords a glimpse of the
state of religion among the people of Rio JaA VISIT TO BRAZIL.
neiro : Narrative of a recent Visit to Brazil, Candler and Wilson Burgess : to present an
“ As we were walking in the “Rua direitta,' address on the Slave Trade and Ślavery, is a Brazilian gentleman accosted us in imperfect suert by the religious Society of Friends. English, informing us that he had been in Eng
land and knew that we were Quakers. They An extract from this pamphlet relating to the ask me,' he continued, who you are ; I tell
I geography and government of Brazil, was intro- them Quakers, Friends very good people. I duced into the 46th number of our preceding knew a Quaker in London (William Allen) a Foluwe. The object of the visit as indicated by very good man indeed.'. Finding him disposed the title, was not then mentioned. As the voy- the way to the National Library,
to be familiar, we told him that we were seeking age described in the narrative was one of phi- with you," he said. Taking us by the arm he lanthropy, with particular reference to slavery conducted us to a narrow paved court-way which and the slave trade, it is supposed that some fur- we had just avoided. A Roman Catholic church, ther extracts may prove acceptable to many read- in which high mass was performing, opened by ers of the Review.
its principal entrance into the court, and a num
ber of persons stood bare-headed before the The voyagers arrived at Rio Janeiro, on the
doors. We requested him not to take us that 9th of 10th month, 1852, and the officer who way, as we could not take off our hats in honor cleared their baggage, upon reading their letter of the service, and we desired not to give offence. of introduction, remarked:
• Never mind,' was his rejoinder, leave that to
On coming to the people, he took off his “I am glad of your mission: I have been
own hat, and as we passed through them, he said, striving with others these 20 years to put down "These are my friends, you must give dispensathe slave trade; we cannot go as far as you do tion;' and we were suffered to go on without in regard to slavery; our circumstances forbid it; molestation. Such dispensation is not permitted
; but I will do what I can to help you.
in Portugal. The truth is that in Brazil, though
. It was observed that the authorities of Brazil a strictly Roman Catholic country, in which no were desirous of having it understood that the natives are protestants, there is a large amount address with which our friends were charged, of religious as well as of civil liberty. English had relation to the slave trade, and not to sla- and American protestants are allowed to build very. Having applied to the Secretary of For- places of public worship so long as the exterior
is simple, without a steeple and without bells, eign Affairs, for an opportunity to present their and to worship in their own manner; nor are the address to the Emperor, he returned the follow- Roman Catholics forbidden, if they please, to ating note, in which it is observable that he refers tend a protestant service. Free permission is to the slave trade alone, as the object of their given by law to the circulation of the Holy
tures: an agent of the American Bible Society mission.
sells them at a moderate price at a store in the “ The Minister of Foreign Affairs presents city, and a Roman Catholic bookseller advertises his compliments to Messrs. Wilson Burgess and for sale the Bibles of the British and Foreign John Candler, and informs them that his Majes- Bible Society. We found, on inquiry, that the ty the Emperor will receive them on Saturday, demand was small, and that the Bibles were obthe 16th current, at 5 o'clock, P. M., at the Pa-jected to, as wanting the Apocrypha. So little lace of St. Christopher; and then Messrs. Wil- aid is afforded by the State to a persecuting spison Burgess and John Candler may present to rit on the part of the Roman bishops and clergy, him, in the name of the Religious Society of that a travelling agent for the selling of Bibles which they are commissioners, the congratula- might pass through the country unmolested. tions (felicitations] for the measures which the The fault of the Brazilians in regard to religion imperial government has taken in opposition to is not intolerance, but indifference: the common the trade in negroes. *
people, as in all Popish countries, are deeply suThe 14th of October, 1852."
perstitious; the upper or educated class, who
rule the nation, are spoken of by those who ob• This note is given in the pamphlet in the French serve them, as influenced greatly by the literalanguage.
ture of France, and strongly disposed to infide
lity. In such a nation, under the combined in-| Emperor,—'I thank you very much.' Here the fluences of Popery, infidelity, and slavery, it interview ended, and we retired. would be vain to expect a commendable state of morals.”
“On returning from the palace, we called on
Euezbio, the late Minister of Justice to the EmFrom this
pire, an earnest opposer of the African slaveprinciples had made some progress in that city trade, who expressed his gratification at receiving within the last eighteen years; for we find that such a visit; and intimated his determination, when Daniel Wheeler was there on his way to though no longer in office, to continue his efforts the Polynesian islands, in 1834, he could find no to suppress a practice so disgraceful to the Bra
zilian name.” person who was willing to incur the risk of being
(To be continued.) found in possession of the Spanish Bibles which he was desirous of distributing. He also un- PERPETUAL PEACE BETWEEN ENGLAND AND THE derstood that a number of copies of the Scriptures in the Portuguese language, which were at Here is an object important almost beyond one time brought into the country, were believed conception-perpetual peace between these leading to have been destroyed under pretence that the nations of Christendom. Consider its feasibility
as well as its vast importance, and say whether we translation was too imperfect for circulation.
ought not to do all we can for its accomplishment. Of their interview with the Emperor, and pre
Look at the evils to be averted. War has ever sentation of their address, the following notice is
been a most fearful scourge. We can hardly
credit or conceive how much evil it has done. given :
It has entailed on Europe alone about $10,000,“ A servant in attendance directed us to an 000,000 of 'war-debts; and her war-system is ante-room. After waiting half an hour, a gen- still costing her, in a time of peace, full tleman of the household desired us to follow him $1,000,000,000 a year. There is no end to its to the hall of audience, where he said we should evils. It crushes or cripples all the great infind the Emperor. This was our only introduc- terests of mankind-agriculture, manufactures, tion. A fine tall man, dressed in plain clothes, commerce, education, virtue, religion, every enbut with a diamond star on his breast, seeing us terprise of benevolence or reform. enter, kindly walked a few paces to meet us. The special bearings of this question on the We knew him to be the Emperor. The gentle spread of Christianity must be obvious to every men who attend him on occasions of audience, one. When war, a few years ago, was seriously stood at a distant part of the room. Holding threatened between us and England, one of our the parchment in our hands, we addressed him leading religious newspapers proclaimed its bein the following manner. May it please the lief, that such a war would put back the world's Emperor to permit us briefly to explain the cause conversion a whole century; and it is certain, of our coming to Brazil? We are Members of that our last war with Great Britain, and even the Society of Friends, in England. That So- our late war with Mexico, neither of them three ciety has long felt a deep sympathy for the years in duration, still sacrificed on both sides wrongs of Africa in the existence of the slave- more property and more lives than the Church trade in different countries, and deplores also the of Christ has in five centuries expended in continuance of slavery. Influenced by this feel- spreading the gospel among the heathen! Eng. ing, it has believed it to be a religious duty to land and America, God's chosen pioneers in the prepare an Address to the Sovereigns and Rulers world's freedom, improvement and salvation, of Christian nations on the subject. This ad- must continue peace with each other, or this dress has been presented to many of the Courts great work, the crowning glory of our age, will of Europe; and we are deputed to present it to inevitably be arrested in its progress. the Emperor of Brazil. Will the Emperor con- Well did Mr. Everett lately say before the descend to receive it at our hands ?' The Em-U. S. Senate : “I do beseech you to let us have peror, taking the parchment, said, 'I will receive twenty-five years at least of peace; and in these it with pleasure, and read it. May we be al- twenty-five years we shall exhibit a spectacle of lowed to congratulate the Emperor, and to ex- national prosperity such as the world has never press our thankfulness that the slave-trade is ex- seen on so large a scale.” We would fain secure tinguished, or nearly so, in Brazil ?' The Em- this great boon through all coming ages; and if peror—' I wish to see it abolished all over the peace for only one quarter of a century can work world.' May we also express our desire that such wonders, what glorious results might we He who rules in the heavens, by whom Kings expect from perpetual peace between these two rule and decree justice, may be pleased to bless nations ? the Emperor and Empress, and their children, Such peace we deem it clearly possible to and give prosperity and peace to Brazil ? The secure by stipulated arbitration—a provision in
the treaties between these nations for the adjust-, between those two great countries, and eventually ment of all their future difficulties in the last throughout Christendom and the world; for the resort, by reference to umpires This point we vast advantages of such security against war would have long urged upon the public mind, until we be sure in time to bring all civilized nations into begin at length to gain a favorable hearing from the measure, as a simple yet effective league of rulers themselves, the men who hold this whole general and permanent peace. This whole quesquestion in their hands. In 1851, Hon. H. S. tion now turns on the popular will in the United Foote, of Mississippi, as Chairman of the States. Our government will propose such a
. Senate's Committee on Foreign Relations, re-treaty whenever the mass of our people shall unported, as their unanimous recommendation, equivocally demand it; and we have the best " that it would be proper and desirable for the reason to believe, that the people of England will government of these United States, whenever receive it with acclamation. practicable, to secure, in its treaties with other Shall we, then, lose such a golden opportunity? nations, a provision for referring to the decision If not, we must seize the passing moment; for it of umpires all future misunderstandings that will soon be too late to secure this provision in cannot be satisfactorily adjusted by amicable ne- the pending treaty. England and America must gotiation;" and in February, 1853, Hon. J. R. start this measure; and now is the best time UNDERWOOD, of Kentucky, from the same Com- they have ever had, or perhaps can ever have, to mittee, made a long and very able report, which start it with success. It can be done, if the
peoclosed with recommending, " that the Senate ad- ple will it. Say you the people do wish it? So vise the President to secure, whenever it may be we think; but our rulers do not know this, and practicable, a stipulation in all treaties hereafter will not act till they do. The President himself
а entered into with other nations, providing for is merely an agent of the people, and will move the adjustment of any misunderstanding or con- in such a matter only in accordance with their troversy that may arise between the contracting known or supposed wishes; and hence, if they parties, by referring the same to the decision of really desire him to take this important step, they disinterested and impartial arbitrators, to be mu- ought as a body to say so in ways that shall leave tually chosen.” During the last six months, four no posible doubt. The whole people should lift of our State Legislatures—all before whom the up their voice to bim in earnest entreaty for this subject was properly brought-have passed, with great measure of peace. It is an object clearly great unanimity, resolves strongly in favor of the common to them all; a movement that knows no same measure; and there is good reason to be- North or South, no East or West; a question on lieve, that public opinion, both in England and which no issues of party, sect or section, can posthe United States, would, if duly called forth, sibly be made. The whole country needs it; and sanction and applaud such a precaution against we should take means to satisfy our rulers, that future wars. The late President, and his Sec- the people as a body desire it, and will applaud retary of State, declared their own readiness, af- the men who shall secure it for them. ter a careful examination of the subject, to insert Hence we propose, 1. To get up petitions to such a provision in the treaty pending at the the President from all parts of the land, a large time, but not completed, between us and Great State Memorial from every State in the Union; Britain. Several years ago, Lord Joun Rus- 2. To enlist our leading presses in zealous advoSEL, then Premier of England, said distinctly to cacy of the movement;——3. To scatter broadcast a deputation that brought this measure to his over the country our Society's publications, parspecial notice, 'if the United States should think ticularly on this and some kindred topics ;-4. proper to make such a proposal, the British Gov- To take whatever steps, if any be
in ernment would take it into most serious consid- conjunction with our English friends, to secure eration;' and as the result of a similar interview the concurrence of their government in carrying lately had by leading friends of peace in England this important measure into effect. We shall be with the British Foreign Secretary, we are as- obliged not only to use the press extensively, but sured by one of the most distinguished members to send forth a number of well qualified agents, of Parliament, as his 'confident belief, that, if our and to ask the spontaneous energetic co-operation Government are prepared to insert an arbitration of our friends throughout the land. clause in the pending treaties, it will be accepted For this movement, we expect to need some by theirs.'
$10,000; and, if successful, it will be worth in Thus the result is now in the hands of our own its results ten thousand times this amount. For Executive. If they will just propose, in the very a similar movement, our co-workers in England important treaty soon to be negotiated, a provi- have just raised $50,000, six individuals subscribsion for the adjustment of all future difficulties ing each $2,500; and will not the friends of God by arbitration as the last resort, the British Gov- and man in America contribute one-fifth as much ernment will doubtless accept it, our Senate will for an object so immensely important? Can they readily confirm it, and thus will be started under give their money
to better purthe best possible auspices, a measure likely, if pose? We verily believe the full success of this adopted in good faith, to insure perpetual amity I measure will draw after it, in the long train of coming ages, results more important to our coun-l in all, four hundred inmates. The whole numtry, to Christendom and the world, than the ber admitted to the present date is 5,580, learwhole amount of good that has yet been accom- ing over five thousand as the number of those plished by all the united enterprises of Christian who have received the benefit of its reformatory benevolence and reform, during the last fifty instruction and discipline. A few have been reyears.
moved from our charge by death,* a small numTo the President of the United States :
ber transferred to the Alms House Department,
some given up to friends, and the rest indented WE THE UNDERSIGNED, legal voters of
as apprentices during minority. respectfully request you to propose to all nations with whom we have intercourse, a provision in Board of thirty Managers, elected annually by
The affairs of the Society are conducted by a our treaties with them for referring to the ballot, each subscriber to the Institution being decision of umpires all misunderstandings that entitled to a vote. In addition, a large Commitcannot be satisfactorily adjusted by amicable tee of ladies is annually appointed, a sub-commitnegotiation,
tee of whom visit the Girls' House every week.
Some of these ladies have served since the comSOCIETY FOR THE REFORMATION OF JUVENILE mencement of the operations of the Society, and DELINQUENTS OF NEW YORK.
their counsels and influence have been of incalThough this Society has been in existence culable value upon the hearts and minds and more than a quarter of a century, it has hitherto manners of the female inmates of the House of attracted but little attention from the editor of Refuge during all these years. the Review. But the 28th report of the Mana
The annual income of 24,000 or 25,000 dolgers having recently fallen into his hands, though lars, is drawn from various sources, including a presented about the beginning of the year, he considerable amount derived from the labor of has judged proper to furnish his readers with a
the boys. brief notice of this valuable association, derived
It is not easy for us to estimate the good that from the above mentioned report.
has been accomplished by the IIouse of Refuge “The Society for the Prevention of Pauper-existence. A very large majority of its five thou
during the twenty-eight years that it has been in ism,” instituted in 1818, gave rise to this asso- sand graduates of both sexes have been saved ciation. The Managers of the Society, in the without doubt, whereas the greater part probably ministration of its beneficence, had had their at- would otherwise have been lost to themselves and tention directed particularly to the subject of ju- others, ruined for time and eternity, and fated, venile vagrancy, and to the condition of youth by the law of their moral nature, to spread, imprisoned for petty offences among the adepts wherever they should go, the leprosy of evil, and professors of crime. A committee of the One of the pleasantest circumstances connected Society, appointed in the year 1823, presented, with our labors is the evidence we are constantly in a report of masterly ability, a graphic picture receiving of an entire change of character that of these evils, and proposed a practical remedy has taken place in children who have been under in the plan of this Institution. The Society for our care, as shown by letters from them, by inthe Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents was formation from those with whom they are living, thereupon organized, which was incorporated by an Act of the Legislature, passed 1824. An ap
* The following extract from the Physician's report, peal to the benevolence of our citizens was re- affords a moving view of the condition of some of the sponded to by subscriptions to the amount of children, previously to their admission into this $16,000, to be swelled in subsequent years, by asylum : legacies, &c., to an amount exceeding $30,000. in this Institution since the last Annual Report, viz.,
« Four deaths have occurred among the children A piece of ground, containing about four acres, one from disease of the heart, and three from consumpwhich had been ceded by the city to the United tion. All of them were children of a feeble constituStates for a Government Arsenal, was obtained, tion and of strumous habits. One or two of them came the city transferring the same to the Society for into the Refuge from the Alms House, where they had
seen nothing but want and suffering; the others from occupation as a House of Refuge, and the Socie- the haunts of vice and misery. All’were children of ty paying the United States $6,000, for the tender age, falling thus early victims to the grave by buildings that were upon it. The house was diseases brought on by early neglect and the want of opened on the first day of the year 1825. Six the necessaries of life. Here they found a home, and boys and three girls were the number of children known. Here, too, they found sympathizing friends
with it many comforts which they had never before received into the house at the opening of its who wearied not in their assiduous attentions to them doors. In a few years, additional buildings be- during their long and painful illness. Their last days ing provided, the number increased to an average were made comfortable, and although their dying of two hundred. For several years past, the
cheeks were not moistened with kindred tears, yet house has been constantly full-overflowingly so, forts; and when their spirits fled, respectfully took
the stranger hand was extended to them full of comin the Boys' Department—and accommodating their bodies and placed them peacefully in the grave."