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and occasionally visits at the house by men who out of the knowledge of their old associates and introduce themselves as former refuge boys, and outgrown their former tastes. express their gratitude for what the institution This is the third time the Managers of the did for them.

Society for the Reformation of Juvenile DelinThe method and spirit of the treatment pursued quents have had to provide buildings. They rein the Refuge are expressed in the subjoined ex- mained on the Arsenal site till 1839, when they tract from one of the Annual Reports of the Socie- removed to their present location at the foot of ty:-“It takes the place of a parent, and it en-twenty-third street, on the East River. They are forces the mild and salutary discipline of a parent. now compelled to move again. The city has enIts main object, that of reformation, is never lost compassed them, and the premises are altogether sight of, in any of its regulations, in all its dis- insufficient for the exigencies of the day. For cipline. From the entrance of the child he be- a portion of the year the Male Department is comes subject to a routine of duties having in obliged to close its doors. The vast increase of view mental education, moral improvement, and vice and destitution among our youthful populamechanical skill. Order and method, it is the tion, as shown in the Reports of the Chief of effect of the system practically to enforce. His Police, warned the Managers to fulfil their duty habits of life" undergo a great and thorough by striving to erect extensive buildings, arranged change. At such tender age, past impressions for the separate accommodation of the various are not ineffaceable, and custom, assisted by prin- grades of outcasts and delinquents, in which ciple, soon changes a character. When again he marked discriminations in discipline might be ingoes into the world to take his place among men, troduced, fresh incentives supplied to good behahe goes without the brand of infamy on his brow. vior, and the reformatory powers of the instituHis misdeeds have been forgotten; he starts tion greatly augmented. Fifteen years has been afresh from a new and equal platform; his for- the term of occupation on each of the former lomer associations have been ruptured; the haunts cations, about the usual period for a general reof vice are not familiar; he has an intelligence building of the city or, at least, the adaptation that has been cultivated: he at least recognizes of its tenements to new purposes. The House the principles of virtue and right; he has the of Refuge is now safely, conveniently and admicunning of his right hand to furnish him with rably located where streets cannot cut through honest means of life. To the world he has been the premises, and the tide of the city's populaa slumberer, and the world has an opinion to tion can never dash against its walls. The site, form of a stranger.

which may be said to have been unoccupied, beHe knows that it rests with himsetf to deter- ing no longer available as a place of interment, mine what that opinion shall be, and light, and was conveyed to the Institution by the Common knowledye, and habits are between him and Council, the Society conveying to the city at the evil."

same time a piece of ground on Ward's Island, The subsequent disposition of the children we containing ten acres, which is now used as a regard as an important part of the process of Potter's Field. This portion of Randall's Island restoration. After an average residence in the is topographically a separate and distinct location, house of a year or more, the boys are bound out and the occupation of it for a House of Refuge in the country to farming or trades, the girls to will not interfere in any way with the occupation domestic service. By this means, they are of the north end for Farm Schools or


other brought under the influence of moral families to kindred purpose. We mean to be good neighwhich they would never have had access under bors with the Governors of the Alms House, only other circumstances. To the girl, the influence that we intend to compete with them in the supof a well ordered family, the tone of refinement, ply of apprentices, and gain, if we can, the rethe moral atmosphere which surrounds her in all putation of furnishing the most useful and best her domestic employments, are a particularly va- behaved children. Our formidable wall of enluable means of awakening a sense of delicacy closure will protect our children from the contaand an appreciation of the beauty of a virtuous mination of theirs, or vice versa, as the case womanly character.

With our older boys, a different course is pur- The new House of Refuge when completed, sued. They would be unmanageable as appren- is expected to furnish accommodations for one tices, and would run away. They are shipped, with their own and friends' consent, on whaling

thousand children. voyages. Remarkable success has attended these

The very energy which under other circumstances would have led them to ruin is here Fond as you are of books, there is only one turned to good account. The discipline of the that you will value at last; and with your head long voyage, the excitement of the new life, and on your pillow, you will hardly care to be told, companionship with men of generous indepen- that a new volume of the great history is pubdent spirit, constitute the appliances which they lished, or a marvellous epic, out-peering all its need, and when they come home, they have grown predecessors. “No; read me the twenty-third

may be.



Psalm. Let me hear the fourteenth of John.”, present dependent condition, supplies a melan. When your strength sinks yet lower—when your choly picture of British justice and humanity. interess in all under the sun has faded away, and Still, deeply as the advocates of religion and huebbing life affords not even a parting tear-it manity must deplore the acts of violence and will, for a moment, rally the worn faculties to wrong which have marked the intercourse behear the whisper, “ My flesh and my heart faileth; but God is the strength of my heart, and globe, it is some consolation to learn that a way

tween the people of these opposite regions of the my portion forever.” “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will has been opened, through the instrumentality of fear no evil : for thou art with me; thy rod and British missionaries, to diffuse the Holy Scriptures, thy staff, they comfort me.” And when all is and the sacred truths they unfold, among a peoover-when to orphan children and desolate kin- ple so involved in the darkness of paganism. If dred the world is grown a great sepulchre, and the labors of a comparatively few devoted mesthe most tender friends are vain comforters— sengers of the gospel have been productive of the when letters of condolence lie unopened, and happy results attributed to them, how incalculawords of compassion fall like hail-stones on the ble must the benefits have proved if the professheart, the first thing that sends a warm ray into ors of Christianity who visited that continent, had the gloom, and brings to the eye, tears that are been generally endued with the spirit of the not bitter, is when Jesus himself breaks the gospel ? silence, and you hear, “I am the resurrection and the life: he that believeth on me, though he were dead, yet shall he live.”'

In the 5th volume of the Review, page 148, was

copied an Address from the American Peace SoFRIENDS' REVIEW.

ciety, together with the form of a Petition to the

Senate and House of Representatives, urging PHILADELPHIA, ELEVENTH MONTH 5, 1853. them to procure, whenever practicable, the inser

tion of a provision, in their treaties with foreign BALTIMORE YEARLY MEETING.--When this week's nations, for referring to arbitrators all questions number was prepared for the press, no written which may arise between them, which they cancommunication relative to the proceedings of that not adjust by diplomacy. There was also introbody, had come to hand. The editor, however, duced into our 6th volume, p. 351, a report on the has learned from severalfriends who were present,

same subject from a committee of the Legislature that the Meeting, which convened on the 24th of of Vermont. In the present number, a place is last month, was quite as large as it has usually given to an Address from the same Society urging been during several of the latter years; a number immediate action, on the part of the advocates of of ministers from other Yearly Meetings being in universal peace, to secure without needless delay attendance. Though the information obtained is such !contracts with all the governments with not sufficiently specific to authorize any attempt

which the United States have treaty stipulations, to detail the proceedings, we have the satisfaction as will prevent in future a resort to arms for the to understand that a comfortable degree of har

decision of disputed questions. mony and Christian feeling was manifested. The

Convinced as the editor has long been, that the Meeting came to a close on Fifth day evening, the true and effectual antidote to national contests 27th of the month.

lies much deeper than national policy or diploWhen the printed minutes come to hand, as it is matic stipulations can reach—even the subjugaexpected they soon will, further notice of the tion of the passions, from which wars and fightMeeting will probably be given.

ings spring-a subjugation which nothing less than the spirit and power of Christianity can effec

tually accomplish; still, he must cordially second The article "Darkness and Dawn in India, ," and approve every well-directed effort to attract which is copied into this number, with some slight the attention of the community to the cultivation abridgments, from the S. S. Journal, may, with the of peaceful relations with all the world. Though needful allowance for the partiality of the author, the passions, in which wars originate, are unquesbe regarded as evidence that the English are ren- tionably a part of the fallen nature of man, yet the dering some returns to the benighted inhabitants concentration and development of these passions of India, for the injuries and oppression which into actual operation, are greatly indebted to artihave been dealt out to them.

ficial excitement; and we cannot shut our eyes to The population of India have been estimated at the conviction that we are surrounded by circum150,000,000, of whom two-thirds are said to be stances calculated to produce that excitement. British subjects. The manner in which these al. The frequent exhibition of military parades, the most countless millions were brought into their provision in all the States to secure at least the

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nominal instruction of the young men in the use The iron chains of caste have been snapped of arms, the elevation of candidates to high civil asunder as a thread of tow is broken when it stations on account of their heroism, and the ap- toucheth the fire. The haughty Brahmin has plause bestowed upon military achievements, all been penetrated by the living word; and, alive these have a powerful influence in stimulating alike to the terror of the law and the tidings of the spirit of war in the ardent and inconsiderate the gospel, he has ceased to be the teacher of minds of youth. Whatever, therefore, operates to

heathen error, and, laying aside the badges of his counteract these tendencies, and to exalt and priesthood, he has sat down as an humble disciestablish in the youthful mind, the superior excel-ple at the feet of Him who is meek and lowly of

heart, and learned of him. lency of peace, deserves encouragement.

The eager merchant of India has found the

pearl of great price, and parted with all his subMARRIED,-On the 19th of last month, at Spring

stance to obtain its possession. The humble Meeting, Hendricks Co., Indiana, Elias Stuart Shudra has attained to the liberty of the children to ADALINE W. KENDALL, members of Millrun of God, and has found his delight in the service Monthly Meeting.

of Christ. The despised outcast, recovered and On the same day, at Friends' Meeting, enobled by the truth, has been gathered into the at Grassyrun, Clinton Co., Ohio, David Walthall fold of the good Shepherd. The besotted devoto Louisa, daughter of John and Hannah Carter. tee has been cleansed from the ashes of his hu

miliation and hypocrisy. The deluded pilgrim DIED,—At Oak Ridge, near Rahway, N. J., on

has been arrested on his long and fruitless journey the 18th of last month, John Pearce, in the 89th to the shrines of superstition, and has turned his year of his age, a member of Rahway and Plain- face towards Zion, the heavenly Jerusalem. The field Monthly Meeting.

self-tormentor has cast aside the instruments of his torture, and looked upon Him who was

“wounded for our transgressions, and bruised for THE D.

our iniquities.” The sensitive and scrupulous BudOne of the greatest boons the missionaries hist has become tender to his own soul, and to the have bestowed on India is the translation of the exalted Saviour in heaven he has committed his Scriptures into the various languages of that spirit. The watchful Magi have seen the Star land. This is a pledge of the missionary's confi- hovering over Bethlehem, and they have been so dence in the self-evidencing power of the Bible, guided by it as to come and worship Him who is and of his desire to give the Holy Scriptures to born King of the Jews. The fierce followers of the Indian nations in their divine purity, free of the false prophet of Mecca have been delivered all admixture or alloy. The entire Bible has from their errors, and they have acknowledged, been translated into ten languages, and the New both by their lips and by their lives, Jesus of Testament into fourteen. The natives, on Nazareth to be Lord and Christ. The souls of opening the Scriptures, are astonished to find children have been here wooed to the Saviour; that they treat of plain and important matters and out of the mouths of babes and sucklings which they can understand, and not of unin- hath the Lord perfected praise. The young telligible mysteries like their own sacred books; man, rejoicing in his youth, with his heart cheerwhile they regard the readiness with which we ing him, and walking in the ways of his heart, distribute them and permit them to be read as a and in the sight of his eyes, has been brought to proof of our own belief that they are divine. know that for all these things God will bring him

The creation of a vernacular Christian litera-into judgment. The aged man, found in the ture is another boon conferred by the missionaries market at the eleventh hour, has been called to on India. And closely connected with the ope- the vineyard, and participated in the bounty of rations of the press is the erection of schools and its great Master. The church, the school, and seminaries of Christian and general knowledge. the public highway, the hamlet and the city, There now exist in India, in connection with stations and itineracies, the early morn, the noon the missionary enterprise, 2007 schools, with of day, and the advance of night, -all diversities 79,259 pupils, being triple the number of those of place, of instrumentality, and of time,-have instructed by government. The mission stations been acknowledged and blessed by the great are now 316 in number. At all these the gos- Head of the Church. Though self-deceivers and pel is preached, as well as in extensive itinera- hypocrites have not been unknown, many converts cies through villages, towns, and provinces. The have been genuine. They have been truly the number of ordained missionaries is 48, and of monuments of the Lord's meroy. They have native catechists, 698. Numerous native con- witnessed a good confession before many witgregations have been formed, as the result of nesses. Some of them have taken joyfully the this agency. At least 338 have already been spoiling of their goods. Many of them have lost established in India, with a body of 18,480 friends, property and employment, suffered civil communicants, and a constituency of 112,425 excommunication, and been reproached, hated, nominal native Christians, old and young. and maligned. We testify in regard to them.

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that which we have seen, and that which we have On the 10th of 1st month, 1830, he writes:heard. They are witnesses to the truth-modern“ May I be more and more concerned to wait confessors. Their conversion and conduct con- daily, and oftener than the day, for a renewal of firm our faith and encourage our hope; and re- strength; for without Divine assistance, my enbuke the adversaries of the gospel. "We rejoice deavor to discharge my very important duties over them, when they repent and turn unto the aright, will be unavailing.” Lord. We may glory in them as the “first- The 4th of the 2nd mo. was the 18th anni. fruits of India unto Christ,' acknowledging His versary of his birth, on which he remarks :grace in bringing them to maturity; saluting “Desires have arisen in my mind that I may them, however humble may be their circumstances, press forward with increasing ardor; and in a as our brethren beloved in the Lord, seeking for state of child-like simplicity place my dependance them by fervent prayer the divine blessing, and upon Him who is mighty to save, and able to deconsecrating them to the divine service. Pre- liver.” cious are they in themselves, and precious as a Previous to the expiration of his apprenticeforetaste of that great harvest of souls which will ship, he offered himself as an assistant in the certainly, and perhaps speedily, be reaped in School, under the belief that it was right for India.''* -S. S. Journal.

him so to do. He was appointed to that station, and fulfilled his duties to the satisfaction of the

Committee. A Testimony of Kingston Monthly Meeting, Eng- On the 1st of 1st mo. 1837, we find the followland, concerning John SHARP, deceased.

ing memorandum :-“Give me, O Lord ! a wilHe was the son of Isaac and Mary Sharp, of lingness to make a full surrender of my soul to Brighton, and was born there, on the 4th of the Thee, and to withhold nothing which thou art 2nd month, 1812.

pleased to call for at my hand.” He further reWe believe it right to give forth a testimony

marks:- -“ It seems to me increasingly evident concerning this our dear friend.

that the time is drawing near, in which, if obeIn his watchful and circumspect life, we have dience keep pace with knowledge, it will devolve seen the truth of the Apostle's declaration, that upon me to make, in some way, a more public “ the just shall live by faith,”—faith in the good- acknowledgment of a desire to be found on the ness and mercy of God, through Jesus Christ our Lord's side, endeavoring to fill up, in humble Lord; and in the immediate guidance of his dependance upon Him, that place in the Society, Holy Spirit, manifesting, to the attentive and and in the Church, which he may be pleased to obedient mind, the path of duty, into which it manifest as his will concerning me.”. is evident this our dear friend was turned in

As time passed on, his increase in religious early life.

experience became apparent; and in his memoHe was educated at Friends' School, Islington randa desires are expressed for an evidence of Road; and previous to attaining his fourteenth the forgiveness of his sins, for the sake of Him year

expressed a wish to become an appren-

66 why his own self bare our sins in his own body tice in the Institution, which took place after its on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should removal to Croydon. His conduct during this live unto righteousness.” interesting period of his life was such as to gain nah Irwin, on the 22nd of the 8th month, 1837;

He was united in marriage to his friend Hanfor him the regard and esteem of his friends.

, From his own private memoranda, it appears

and in the year 1812, he was appointed to the he was early favored with some precious visita- important station of Superintendent of the tions of heavenly love; and, by a submission to School, under the care of the Quarterly Meetthe operation of the Holy Spirit, the work of ing of London and Middlesex, an office for which righteousness was carried forward in his heart. he proved himself to be fully qualified. The in

He was diligent in the discharge of his various tegrity and uprightness of his conduct, the imduties; and by early rising and steady applica- partial justice which he kindly administered to tion he acquired much valuable information, and the children and others of the establishment, became well qualified to impart instruction to were conspicuous, and afforded much satisfaction those who were placed under his care.

to the Committee. The following extract from his journal, dated

Our dear friend's first public communication 4th of 10th month, 1829, shows his fervent de- in the ministry was in the year 1843, under, as sires for Divine direction :-“Began the day he expressed himself, “a renewed evidence that with secret prayer to the Lord, for assistance in the Lord hath not forgotten to be gracious; that the discharge of my duty. Oh! for the conti- He hath not in anger shut up his tender mernued aid of the Holy Spirit, to enable me to walk cies; but that like as a father pitieth his chilin the narrow way, that leads to life and everlast-dren, so the Lord pitieth them that fear llim.” ing happiness.”

On the 23rd of 1st month, 1819, he wrote:

“Oh, Lord, I am oppressed! undertake for me. “The darkness and the Dawn in India," by John I desire to serve thee faithfully, and to commit Wilson, Bombay.

my all to thee. Give me to see more and more

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clearly the way in which thou wouldst have mes apprentices and assistants, he was remarkably walk; grant the restraining as well as the con- gifted; and he was successfully occupied in the straining influence of thy Holy Spirit; preserve endeavor to train them up in the nurture and me in humility and fear; and enable me to run admonition of the Lord.” They loved and esin the way of thy commandments.”

teemed him; and


there are who have cause He was recorded a minister by this Meeting, to remember him with feelings of gratitude and in the year 1849. Upon this weighty subject love. he wrote as follows:-“I have turned over some He took a large share in the instruction of the of the pages of my past experience, and contem- children in the knowledge of the Holy Scripplate, with adoration and gratitude the evidences tures. The simple, but interesting, manner in of Almighty goodness in protecting and preserv- which this was imparted was well calculated to ing me thus far.

It was from Him, promote religious feelings in their tender minds. as I reverently believe, that I received, in early At the evening reading of the Scriptures, and life, the intimation that, if faithful, I should at the writings of our worthy predecessors,

he some time be called to the sacred work of the sionally extended counsel and encouragement; ministry; it was from Him, I am also enabled to whilst at other times the voice of prayer and believe, that I did receive the call to that work; thanksgiving was heard on their behalf. and it is to Him that I now desire, in humility In the autumn of 1852, illness was prevalent and fear, but with sincerity of heart, to devote in the School, for several months, which, in adthe residue of my days. Oh! for an increase of dition to the very serious illness of his beloved watchfulness over my own thoughts, over my own wife, deeply affected him. Much was he tried family, and over the large household under my as one chilă after another was attacked with fecharge. And may I be favored also to watch verish symptoms. He watched over them as with increasing diligence, to discover the point with parental care and love, until he was himself ings of the Divine finger to any service which much overdone, and seriously unwell. On the may be allotted, either in public or more pri- following day, he was confined to his bed; and vately.”

much anxiety was awakened on his behalf. In In the spring of 1850, he was appointed, with the afternoon of the succeeding day he went into four other Friends, by the Meeting for Sufferings, an adjoining room, to see his dear invalid wife. to visit the Two Months Meeting of Friends of This last interview proved a sorrowful source of Pyrmont and Minden. In alluding to it in his consolation to them both. They parted to meet journal, he says:—“I went out poor, and re- no more on earth. Typhus fever rapidly inturned empty; but through Divine goodness we creased to a fearful extent. The mental powers were not left to ourselves : in the time of need a of this faithful servant of the Lord soon gave little help was granted, as from the sanctuary, way. An attack of apoplexy followed, and a reand a degree of ability to labor, beyond what I lease from suffering was nigh at hand. There could have asked or thought; for which my soul were, however, brief intervals of consciousness, desires, in reverent gratitude, to return thanks during which he sweetly recognized some of his to our Almighty Helper."

relatives and friends who were permitted (at In 1852, the Meeting for Sufferings appointed times) to enter the chamber of death; and on a deputation to visit those who profess our prin- one of these occasions, when asked by his brociples in the South of France. Our dear friend ther, who tenderly waited on him, if he “felt believed it to be his religious duty to offer to ac- peaceful,” he replied, with emphasis, “0, yes." company them on that service, which was quite The exemplary life of this dear friend terminated satisfactory to the Meeting, and his friends. In on the 6th of 1st month, 1853, in the 41st year this visit he was much interested, and frequently of his age. He had been recorded a minister engaged in the ministry. He was favored to re- three years. His remains were interred at Croyturn home, with the sweet reward of peace. don, on the First-day following; and the occa

The private journal of our beloved friend sion was a solemn and instructive one, long to be clearly portrays the spirit of watchfulness and remembered. prayer in which he dwelt, and his daily endea- In concluding this testimony concerning our vors rightly to discharge all his civil and reli- friend, endeared to us by the ties of Christian gious duties, as a husband, a father, and as the regard and fellowship, we cannot do less than head of so large and important an establishment. express the sense we feel of the great loss we

We have to testify that his ministry was sound have sustained by his removal, as in the midst and edifying, evidently under the Divine anoint-of his days, even when his usefulness in the ing, and seasoned with grace, to the tendering Church and in his vocation was increasingly our spirits before the Lord. He occasionally vi- conspicuous. sited some neighboring Meetings; but feeling There are some still left behind who watched the weight of responsibility that was resting in him the early bud, the opening flower, and the upon him, he was very careful not to leave home fruit ripened for Heaven, where, we undoubtingwithout some pressing call to religious service. ly believe, his redeemed spirit is at rest, with his

For the extension of judicious care over the Šaviour and his God, for evermore.

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