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FRIENDS' REVIEW.

A RELIGIOUS, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS JOURNAL.

VOL. VII.

PIIILADELPHIA, ELEVENTII MONTH 12, 1853.

No. 9,

EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.

silence, to feel that which is beyond words. Our hearts were contrited; and, after a considerable

time, dear Stephen addressed them, Enoch PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS,

Jacobsen interpreting sentence by sentence. No. 50 North Fourth Street,

These simple-hearted people were much affected PHILADELPHIA.

and yet comforted. I added a few words toPrice two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,

wards the close. or six copies for ten dollars.

" We went next to the farther end of the Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly town, to call upon Enoch's mother. His sister, in adrance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 who is married, and has four children, lives with cents per annum in other States.

her; and his youngest sister was also there. We

had a religious opportunity with them, in which SOME ACCOUNT OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF Stephen had much valuable matter to communiTHE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS IN NORWAY. cate. They seemed contrited. (Continued from page 115.;

“8th month, 27th. We went a little way out In the 8th month, 1818, our friends Stephen of Stavanger to Lars Larsen's to attend the usual Grellet and William Allen, accompanied, agree-selves, and about as many women; also two chil

meeting. There were seven men, besides ourably to the expectation indicated in the forego- bdren. After we had remained some time in ing letter, by Enoch Jacobsen, arrived at Sta- silence, S. Grellet spoke in ministry, Enoch, as vanger. Of the visit to that place and their usual, interpreting; prayer was then vocally labors among the few professors with Friends, the offered, which was also interpreted. Towards subjoined accounts are chiefly extracted from the lishing a system of discipline, adapted to the

the close of the meeting, the propriety of estabLife of William Allen.

circumstances of those professing with Friends “In the afternoon, we went to wait upon a in this place, was submitted to them. Several person, who is a Lutheran, and holds the office expressed their concurrence with our proposal ; of dean. We spent about an hour with him, they appeared in a tender state, and I believe and were kindly received. We conversed about were much comforted. Bible Society business. He says that there is a “A few plain rules of discipline were accordgreat want óf Bibles amongst them; and that, ingly prepared; and, being much approved by out of five or six hundred families in Stavanger, the little community, were gladly received and not more than fifty have a Bible; that the adopted.” people are willing to subscribe and pay for them; The help thus afforded to these sincere-hearted and some have actually paid; but they cannot people was evidently very seasonable : and W. get them from the so-called Bible Society of A. speaks with satisfaction of the religious inChristiana. We purpose to attend to this sub- tercourse which he and S. G. had with them. ject when we go there.

The dean ex- From other information it appears that the - pressed great regard for our religious Society as first meeting for discipline was held at Stavanger,

a body; and, after this conference, which seemed on the 29th of the 8th month, 1818, when eight of considerable importance, we parted in love. individuals were recognized as members of the 1. “We then went to the house of Lars Larsen, Society. Elias Tasted was appointed clerk of a carpenter, who is considered firmly settled in the two months' meeting. He had been married the principles of Friends. A young man, a on the 15th of the 7th month, this being the fisherman, who lives with him, also professes with first marriage amongst Friends in Norway.* us, and had been rowing a considerable distance The queries and other matters relating to the in his boat, till his hands were blistered, to give discipline, were sent to Christiana, that they notice of the meeting to-morrow. We sat down might correspond with the meeting at Stavanger; together to wait upon the Lord, and, presently,

Four of this little company afterwards emigated two young women, in the station of servants, to America. Elias Tasted and his wife are all that came in also; and, truly,' we were favored in remain of them now, in the year 1818, at Stavanger.

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but this correspondence was only kept up about coffee with them about seven o'clock. He and two years.

his wife seem pious, well-disposed persons. We Of this meeting, W. Allen remarks, "Feel afterwards had a religious opportunity with about ings of sweetness and solennity prevailed, and seven or eight of them, when there was somethe business was through satisfactorily." thing precious to be felt."

8th month, 30th. W. Allen says, “The Proceeding on their journey, W. A. remarks, Friends here hold two meetings on First Day. “One of our drivers is a steady, intelligent man, They have hired a large room, which is well and a schoolmaster. The plan for the country adapted for the purpose. More came this morn- schools is to have a schoolmaster for the parish, ing than we expected, and there were about fifty who keeps a school for a week at one farm-house,

The people were remarkably then a week at the next; and so, taking them quiet, and it was a satisfactory time. After in course, all the children following from one dinner, I felt sweetly comforted with a sense of house to another, he is about a year in making the Divine presence and love; and, about three his round. The most remote of the children o'clock, we prepared to go to the afternoon meet- have only about three miles to go. He had no ing I was apprehensive that it would be Testament, and was made happy in being precrowded, curiosity having been excited by the sented with one. Their Catechisms, &c., are meeting in the morning; and, moreover, they the principal books read in the schools. Among have no public worship in the afternoon, every the higher classes in Norway, there appears to be third First Day, because the preacher goes to a tendency to scepticism; and among the lower, another place, and this happened to be the case to bigotry. to-day.

9th month 23d. "Fifth day. Having ar

. “When we reached the place, we found it rived at Christiania two days previously, we went rather difficult to get in; the room was soon to Canute Halversen’s, a person professing with filled, and many were on the stairs. Indeed, I Friends, to attend their small meeting, which is was afraid of some mischief, from squeezing, held in a room well adapted for the purpose. more than two hundred being in the room : most There were about eight men present, besides ourof them were standing. Considering all circum- selves, and four women. I felt something sweet stances they behaved as well as we could expect; and peaceful.” and Stephen had a long and satisfactory commu- In a visit to one of the prisons in Christiania, nication in ministry. After it was over, the W. A. remarks, “We were shocked to find about people seemed desirous of shaking hands with twenty young persons confined here, not for any us, and nothing but respect was shewn us. crime, but merely because they had neglected to Enoch acquitted himself exceedingly well as an learn their Catechism, and consequently could interpreter.

not be confirmed by the priest. Thus they were 8th month 31st. "In the afternoon, we had sent, literally and avowedly, to be prepared for a precious religious opportunity with those who confirmation, to a place where they were confined are considered members of our Society. About with felons and criminals of all descriptions. twelve were present. These poor people were Some amongst them were from twenty to thirty very tender and broken, and we parted with years of age. The officers who accompanied us them under strong feelings of sympathy and joined in expressing their abhorrence of this affection."

measure; but in this country, such is the sway 9th month 7th. They arrived at Christian- of the clergy, that a person not confirmed is sand. Here they do not appear to have found almost considered an outlaw. We stated our any Friends; but W. A. mcntions some of feelings very freely, and have reason to think those persons called “Saints.” “They attend that the matter will be taken up. public worship, but have also their own meetings. “ In the afternoon, we had a solid religious We have not found it our place to go after them; opportunity with Enoch Jacobsen, Canute and but, as some of them had wished to see us, we Ann Halversen, and the young lawyer, Soren consented to go, and found between thirty and Schutz, who are to become the first members of forty assembled to meet us; most of them were our Society here, according to the principles men. They listened very attentively to what we agreed to at Stavanger. It ended satisfactorily. said. Some of them seemed in a very tender, In the closing pause, I had to offer them a little feeling state; and all were respectful and loving." encouragement. We afterwards went some dis

On their way to Christiania, they stopped at tance to take tea at the house of a merchant, Arendal, a great sea-port. Amongst other oc- named Ericksen, who, with some of his family, currences here, he remarks on some of his own were piously disposed, and seemed leaning toexercises, “ On returning to the inn, I retired to wards the principles of Friends. We had a premy chamber, and felt my mind, which had been cious religious nieeting with them.” low before, comfortably stayed on God.

9th mo. 27. - “We went to meeting at ten. “A person, who is one of those denominated There were about twelve men present, and seven ‘Saints,' called upon us, and asked us to visit women. My mind was low; but I thought we them, which we agreed to do, and went to take I were favored with the Lord's presence amongst

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In the afternoon, a few more persons at- | possessed of a sincere desire to be found traveltended than in the morning. I ventured to pre- ling Zion-ward. What a mercy is this, to know cede my dear companion in addressing them, and that the Lord is yet with Zion, willing to comfort had solid peace in this movement.”

all her mourners, and to satisfy her poor with In the 12th month, 1821, our dear friend, bread, wherever scattered, up and down, on the Thomas Shillitoe, arrived at Christiania, being face of this earth. engaged on religious service in Norway, &c. He “In the afternoon meeting, for some time, I appears to have continued to labor, in and near had hard work to come at any true settlement of that city, nearly six months, attending the little mind; but, after awhile, I was favored to get meetings of Friends regularly as they occurred, under exercise; and, in time, life was felt to both on First days and during the week. His arise. We had four strangers, in addition to our notice of his religious services on these occa- usual number. The meeting closed under a sense sions, in his Journal, is extremely brief; nor that He who promised to be with the two or does he mention either the names or number of three, had, in mercy, been mindful of us.” those who attended, except in a very few in

(To be continued.) stances. He appears to have had useful service in visiting persons of power and influence in and

MEMOIR OF JONATHAN HUTCHINSON. about the city; to have labored for the correc

(Continued from page 85.) tion of their faults with much plainness; and, in general, this, his faithfulness, appears to have 1827, 5th mo. 5. To .. been duly appreciated. He was treated with

Shouldst thou ask the cause of my not writing, much kindness and hospitality.

it might seem strange for a man out of business On arriving at Christiania, he was taken by to ascribe it to too much occupation. And yet, Enoch Jacobsen to a tavern, where he was ex- if I mistake not, this has been the principal ocpected to lodge; but feeling uncomfortable there, casion, my mind having, for a long time past, he was kindly accommodated at Hans Ericksen's, been so involved in suffering as in no very inconwhere he remained during the whole of his stay siderable degree to seal my lips and restrain my in that city.

pen. Of these trials I account the general illness Their religious meetings were sometimes at- with which both my own and my son's family tended by a few strangers, in addition to those were visited last autumn, to make but a small who usually attended; Enoch Jacobsen acting as part. Indeed, I viewed with composure, perhaps interpreter. On one occasion, he remarks, In I ought to say with hope, the probability that I the afternoon, I was led to speak so pointedly to might be gently passing away. My afdictions, a state, present, as tried me not a little, after I if such I may call them, have proceeded froni took my seat again ; fearing I had been led other sources; and I will not conceal from thee, astray, in what I had thus communicated, by the as a father in the truth, that sympathy with the grand adversary. This buffeting I was permit- suffering of many individuals, and solicitude for ted to endure, doubtless in great wisdom, to hum-the state of our poor, yet dear little religious ble and keep down the creature; until a Friend, society, in divers places, have often brought me who might observe the sadness of countenance I into, and generally kept me in, a reduced and manifested, informed me that what I had to de- j stripped situation of spiritual feeling; so that the liver in the meeting was as applicable to the con- caution for which thou hast kindly given me creduct and general character of an individual pre- dit, may perhaps, as to outward religious acts, sent, as it could have been had I been acquainted either by word or writing, have on the whole with his whole proceedings for a long time past, rather increased than diminished. and that the individual received it as belonging It is not a very difficult thing to assent with to himself.

the understanding to important truths of any " I thought I never more sensibly felt, than kind; but really to feel the force of these truths during my labors this afternoon, the necessity of is another thing—to be made truly sensible that the instrument becoming like a clean tube, of ourselves we can really do nothing; and to through which liquor passes from one vessel to see that, with the addition of a living and poweranother, free from the defilements of all crea- ful ministry, for such we have, it is impossible, turely wisdom or activity, and from all the ob- without the blessing of the Lord and their own structions of the creaturely will, in doing or not obedience, either to raise or to support a single doing."

spiritual character, or even to keep alive our own First Day. “Attended the usual meetings, souls; for it is not in man that walketh to direct and passed the evening comfortably in the family his steps. I am in; the day closing with the language of, When we consider that time is needful to give

Return to thy rest, O my soul; for the Lord these important and humiliating religious expehath dealt bountifully with thee.'

riences, that it is also not until the lapse of years First Day (the day of the month is rarely that some of our greatest outward trials overtake given in this journal). “The meeting this morn- us, in the dissolution of our oldest and closest ing was a season of Divine refreshment to those friendships, the loss of adult children, and other

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painful circumstances; when all this is daily re- | knowledge of Himself, of ourselves, and of each flected

on,

does it not seem as if some of life's other, may so enable us to walk with acceptance bitterest cups — some of affliction's severest before Him, during the remainder of our stay in strokes, and some of nature's greatest bereave- it, as that we may ultimately receive in a better ments—were reserved for the latter stages of our world, in such mode and degree as may be conprobationary course? And if we view this scale sistent with his holy will, a full consummation of of discipline as intended, or at least calculated, that happiness whereof, though most undeserving, to wean us more effectually from the present He has given us an earnest and a foretaste here world, and prepare us for a better, by putting below!" those Christian virtues of faith, hope, and love, To

“Though I believe it is better which we have long professed, to the closest trial that many of our sorrows should be borne, and just before we quit the stage, is not this some- our prayers uttered in secret, yet I believe there what analogous to what is practiced in the schools are times when we may with seriousness and of literature and science, where the hardest les discretion open our minds to a friend. Led to sons are given to the highest class of learners ? it by our mutual sympathies, I therefore incline

7th mo. 7th. To . “Ah, my dear friend, to tell thee, my dear friend, that thou hast not unworthiness is indeed engraven on my heart in been mistaken in supposing that the shades of characters never to be obliterated; but blessed the evening sometimes appear to me rather sombe the name of a gracious God, the covenant of bre—that, at other times, I seem to myself feeble his mercy is also, I trust, indelibly engraven and sore broken. Again, the waters are so deep, there; so that, although in days past sin has and the tossing from wave to wave so incessant, greatly and grievously abounded, yet, since the that there is no standing; whilst, at the same kindness and goodness of the Most High appeared time, the surrounding darkness is too palpable to my benighted soul, grace has much more and dense even for prayer to penetrate. All this abounded to his praise and my own humiliation. has of latter days come within the range

of

my May I never desire to rise above this state of self- experience, and was perhaps never more my abasement until time, with all its trials and temp- experience than at the time thy last letter arrived, tations, is at an end; and until, should such be which was the more welcome to me, because it my favored experience, death shall be swallowed not only spoke distinctly of such trials as these, up in victory! Then, indeed, and not till then, but of the possibility of preservation in the midst all will be happiness without alloy. In the mean- of them. This brings to my recollection the retime, let us consider the feeling of a little peace markable language of the evangelical prophet to with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, an a tried remnant formerly: “Wherefore, glorify

: unspeakable favor; and even the more negative ye the Lord in the fires, even the name of the sense of no condemnation, is a thing by no means Lord God of Israel, in the isles of the sea.' to be despised.”

That I may ever be found among the rem. To . "It may not be always easy for nant, however small its number, who under all the Christian to resemble what I think is fábled circumstances are desirous of pleasing and serving of the nightingale—sing with his breast upon the Lord, is, I think, my continual and earnest the thorn which presses it; nor may it be much desire. On the closest examination I cannot more easy for him to sing the songs of Zion in a discover, great as my weakness is, any change in

And yet, though difficult, I have this secret bent and purpose of my heart, which thought these things, or things comparable to I therefore reverently hope is fixed trusting in them, may not be impossible. All things it is the Lord; and trusting also that, through the said are possible to him that believeth. May it continued assistance of his grace, all may yet, not therefore be possible for the believer to sing before very long, end well for time and eternity. the sweetest of all melodies, the song of resigna- Thus impressed, I therefore conclude to wade tion in the hour of adversity and trial? May it and struggle on, deep and dark though the opnot be possible for him to take down the harp posing waters be; for we know that, although from the willows, and, contrasting the goodness we are every way unworthy of the notice and and mercy which have followed him all his life love of our Redeemer, yet he is altogether worthy long with his own imbecility and unworthiness, of ours. We know also that every blessing we chant the praises of his Preserver and Redeemer can enjoy, temporal or spiritual, must proceed beside the proud waters of Babylon, even though from him. Forsaking and forgetting him, to her swelling waves, many in number and mighty whom then shall we go? I think I never before in strength, should despise his humble and soli- so clearly comprehended or so highly appreciated tary strain

the important gospel doctrine of the forgiveness « There are resting-places for the Lord's ser- of sins, as during the cloudy and otherwise comvants and children, though they may at times fortless season of which I have attempted to give but resemble a sunny island in a stormy main,' thee some idea. In the midst of surrounding or 'a spot of azure in a cloudy sky.'. Oh, that gloom, this cheering and soul sustaining doctrine the Gracious Being who, even whilst inhabitants has been like a lantern to my feet, health and of this vale of tears, has brought us to some marrow to my bones, all in all to me. Grant me

strange land.

but this, O my Redeemer! I have been ready ADDRESS ON SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS.
to cry, and I have nothing else to hope, to fear,
or to pray for. Blessed indeed is the man whose

We find by the Cayuga Chief, of the 27th ult., transgressions are blotted out, and whose sins are that our pious friend Joseph Tallcot, whose de. pardoned: Fea, happy, thrice happy, is the man cease was announced near the close of our last to whom the Lord imputeth not sin. Covered volume, presented to the Presbyterian Synod, with the robe of righteousness, clothed in the convened at Geneva, New York, in the year 1816, wedding garment of salvation and praise, even the following address on the subject of spirituous the forgiven sinner may triumphantly exclaim, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly! Thy poor liquors.

, unworthy servant leaning on thy mercy is ready!" The summer of 1816, it may be remembered, (To be continued.)

was remarkably cold; so that from the backward

ness of the spring, the coolness of the summer, DURABILITY OF WOOD,

and the early frosts of autumn, the crops of InThe piles under the London Bridge have been dian corn were greatly reduced ; and in some

; driven 500 years, and on examining them in places nearly cut off. The difficulty in procuring 1816, they were found to be little decayed. Old food, to which the poorer classes were subjected, in Saroy Place, in the city of London, was built consequence of the deficiency of the supply, while 650 years ago, and the wooden piles, consisting the distilleries were still in operation, aroused of oak, elm, beach, and chestnut, were found upon recent examination to be perfectly sound. the sympathy of our philanthropic friend, and inOf the durability of timber in a wet state, the duced him to prepare and present the subjoined piles of a bridge built by the Emperor Trajan, address :over the Danube, afford a striking example. One of these piles was taken up and found to be petri

" A serious and affectionate Address to the pious fied to the depth of three-fourths of an inch; but

and influential part of the community, in the the rest of the wood was not different from its western parts of the State of New York, former state, though it had been driven 1600

relative to Ardent Spirits. years. - Daily Register.

Being lately in Connecticut, I was informed that the ruinous effects of ardent spirit had much awakened the attention of the people. Many of

the clergy, and others, were engaged in discourA father presented his son to a sagacious pre- aging by their example, by the circulation of ceptor (a friend of the writer) with something tracts, and by the influence of associations, not like the following statement—"I have heard, sir, only drunkenness, but also the familiar use of a high character of you, and I wish to place my that article. As the subject has not obtained so son under your charge. I am sorry to say that much concern, and interest, in our western counhe has been at other schools, and has made no try, as in some other places, permit me to invite progress, he has not much talent, and is very you to consider whether there is not something idie.' The injudicious parent said other things farther for us to do. reproachfully of his son. The gentleman to It commonly answers but little purpose to exwhom he was introduced with this statement, postulate with the intemperate ;-—it is to the sosaw that nothing could be so disheartening to ber and influential part of the community we the youth as the idea of inability, coupled with must look to promote a reformation. Dr. Rush, a settled character for idleness, and he put to and others, suppose that 4000 or more of our him some of the most simple questions in arith- citizens are annually sacrificed to strong drinking! metie, which, being within the merest child's How numerous the friends and connections of capability, were answered correctly. He then those who suffer and mourn! How many distold the father there must be some mistake, for consolate widowspining under poverty and want! the boy evidently had talent; and immediately How many tender infant minds, who promised the boy's countenance lighted up with hope. to be ornaments to their country, are now He entered the school, cheered with encourage- rupted, vitiated, and rendered nuisances to soinents, became industrious, and acquitted himself ciety : and all this by means of strong drink! well in his studies. Had this boy been received Thousands of the benevolent and humane of with his father's injudicious endorsement, he different religious denominations, being affected would, in all probability, have remained dispia with this great evil, have been induced to contririted, indolent, and perverse. The mind and bute as little as possible to it, and to counteract the moral feeling enchained by a narrow-minded it as far as is in their power. Some by relinand ill-natured severity, were liberated by wis- quishing their distilleries ; some by relinquishing, dom and kindness, and the result was hapry.- their trade in it; others by declining the use of S. S. Journal.

it in raising their buildings and carrying on their

EFFECT OF ENCOURAGEMENT.

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