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business, and by declining to sell the produce of the habitual and universal drinking of spirits their farms for the purpose of distillation. Indeed, that has made drunkards; and while this habit some have been so scrupulous, and tender in their continues, no rational man can expect that infeelings towards their poor weak fellow men, that temperance will be rooted out.” It is much in they have declined any use of ardent spirits, even the power of influential men in each neighborhood for medicine. Dr. Rush says that many by using to render the practice of drinking strong liquors it for medicine, acquire a habit that destroys unfashionable and despicable. But for want of them. It is now proved by large, long, and consideration, or for want of resolution and firm. solid experience, that factories, agriculture, and ness in opposing so pernicious a practice, they mechanical business of all kinds, are better carried continue in it themselves, and even in places of on without than with spirituous liquors, and that public resort, what then can we expect of our health does not require it. It is also satisfactorily young men and the community at large? Does proved that when the benevolent design care- not even the fate of our republic rest on the exfully explained in a tender, friendly manner to ample of our influential men ? "Vain and vilaborers, they will generally be accommodating, sionary are all those theories which promise men and cheerfully co-operate in promoting a reforma- liberty and happiness, while the first principles tion. It is farther proved, that those who have of morality cease to be regarded. Moral corabandoned the customary use of ardent spirits, ruption has destroyed republics of ancient and reflect with peculiar satisfaction on this part of modern times, till few, if any, are left, except our their conduct. Why shall we then continue in a own, and in this the same cause will bave the necdless practice which is productive of such in same effects, if not remedied. It is the virtue finite unhappiness? Why will not every humane, of the people which must support republics." feeling mind, follow without hesitation the ex- It appears that in the year 1810, our consump- , ample of those who have tried the experiment tion of ardent spirits was 33,000,000 of gallons ! with such satisfactory success?
most of which was of our own manufacturing. Every distiller, and every dealer in spirituous Of course many millions of bushels of precious liquors, increases its consumption. Are there not grain, designed for the sustenance of man, were too many taverns and retailers of that article ?— converted into a destructive liquor which deIf the public receives an emolument for licenses, stroys men, both body and soul.
What a waste, does it not lose more by the imporеrishment of and worse than waste, of the bounties of heaven! its members ? Instances have been known of How shall I express my grief for those who are store-keepers impoverishing their customers with now, in a time of scarcity, and while the rod is it, so that they could never pay their merchant, shaking over our heads, still perverting the boun, nor he get a living amongst them.
ties of heaven. Good effects have been produced I do not flatter myself with the prospect of new in some places by our pious ministers and others, laws that will produce a reformation, until people in reminding individuals, from time to time, in a become interested on the subject. If we had the friendly, Christian manner, of the injury they are best laws we could wish, they would be of little doing their fellow creatures, and that God will use unless people were disposed to put them in reward every man according to his works.practice. Many useful and respectable men are Have we not cause to fear, that an almighty $uin the habit of frequent moderate drinking, with perintending Providence will withhold the in. out materially injuring their health or moral crease of our fields, and visit us with famine, if character: but these are the very men who do we continue to abuse and pervert the blessings great injury to the weak--who, if they follow the ex- and bounty of his band? Can the farmer ask & ample of their superiors, and take a little, cannot blessing on his labor, when the fruits of his fields, resist the temptation to moie ; so thousands go on intended for the support of life, are converted to ruin for want of the example to "touch not— into an article of death, and a destroyer of mohandle not.”
rals? Without morals, what are all pretensious What can be more affecting and pathetic than to religion, but a mere delusion? Should we the moans and lamentations of some poor crea- not reflect with humility and reverence on the tures over themselves in their sober hours, when dealings of Providence with us the season past? convicted in their minds, and given to see the Is there not a cause? May we consider the conawful consequence of their doings. But, alas ! sequence of the persevering impiety and the imhow powerful is habit! we see but few, very few, penitence of the antediluvians, and be disposed reform. What a mark of prudence and wisdom, to follow the example of the Ninevites, by humthen, to guard with the utmost caution against bling ourselves and turning away from the evils acquiring so baneful a habit. Many of these of our ways. The sin of drunkenness is great in were men of talents-respectable, useful men; our land; and who is clear of giving it countenthey did not intend to be drunkards ;—they ab- ance in some way or other ? horred the idea ; the habit insensibly stoleon, and " Men and brethren what shall we do?” Is fixed its chains. "Were the present race of in- there not something farther to be done? If we temperate persons annihilated from the face of the cannot effect as much as we wish, let us not decarth, would not our babits make more? It is 'spise the day of small things. The two mites
were an acceptable offering; every man can be ay if they would make it known on the West Coast good example: single grains of sand limit the of Africa, that all the cotton brought to the ocean. We read of martyrs who labored, suffer- Missionary House would be bought and paid for ed and died, in support of truth and righteous- there; and requested that they would undertake Dess. We hear of the extensive, benevolent, and the purchase of it till I could find some other bumane exertions of our fellow citizens of the agency, money being placed in their hands for present day, in promoting the happiness and me that purpose. They at once consented, money liorating the evils of the human family. Shall was furnished, and the first season about 235 lbs. we of this fertile, favored western country, sit of clean cotton were collected; the next season still and view with comparative indifference the produced upwards of 14,000 lbs., and the misbroken walls of Zion ? or shall we not rather sionaries then wrote for agents to attend to it, as arise; and while we build every man over against the trouble had become too great for them to his house, let us invite our neighbors to follow superintend it. our example—and “the Lord our God will pros- Immediately, some friends of Africa guaranper us: and those who turn many to righteous teed the salaries of two agents, who were sent Dess shall shine as the stars for ever and ever.” out to superintend the collecting, cleaning, pack
The Synod was held about twenty-five miles ing, and shipping of the cotton. from J. Tallcot's residence, yet the gravity of bad advice, several weeks ago, that upwards' of
And although this is only the third season, I the assembly, or the novelty of the measure, did 17,000 lbs. were then gathered; half the season not prevent him from presenting this address in not being yet over: and one of the missionaries person; and the respectable body to which it now writes to say, that I may fully calculate was offered, treated the communication and its upon three times as much next year, so much author with marked respect and attention, which the collection and cultivation of cotton.
has the attention of the natives been turned to justly excited his gratitude.
I have undertaken to represent the African A few days after returning home he received Improvement Society and various native Afri. a paper containing his address, together with the cans, in the sale of their produce, and have Tesolutions of the Synod, fully approving the taken the son of one of them to teach him my
business. sentiments which it expressed, and solemnly de
This being the first public sale of produce colclaring that from that time they would abandon lected under the above circumstances, I think I the use of ardent spirits, except for medicinal may be excused giving this explanation, in my purposes—that they would speak against its com- anxiety to secure such an attendance, and realise mon use, from the pulpit--that they would such prices as will stimulate the native Africans
to a further collection of similar and other proseek for and give preference to laborers who ductions, and thereby ameliorate their own conwould comply with their views on this sub- dition, benefit their country, and, at the same ject, and use all the influence they bad, to pre- time, be of some advantage to our own. vail with others to follow their example.
LEGITIMATE COMMERCE US. THE SLAVE-TRADE. AFRICAN PRODUCE.—In our Saturday's pub
The following circular, issued by Thomas lication, we called attention to a sale which was Clegg, manufacturer at Manchester, accompanied about to take place in Manchester, of various a notice of a public sale of cotton, arrow-root,
articles recently imported from Africa, comprisand Cayenne pepper, on the 30th of August :-ing twenty bags of cotton of native growth.
The sale took place yesterday, in one of the Manchester, England, August 23rd, 1853.
rooms of the Royal Exchange, and was well atSir: In calling your attention to the enclosed tended. There were 124 boxes of arrowroot, notice of sale, I beg leave to state that, a few weighing about 50 lbs. each box. Very different years ago, I entertained the idea that the most opinions have been expressed respecting its effectual way to exterminate slavery in Africa quality, by competent judges of other descripwas to convince the native chiefs that it would tions; but we learn, from those who have made be more profitable to employ their people than special trial of it, that its quality is very good, to sell them.
and that a connoisseur could scarcely distinguish I subsequently heard that abundance of cotton it, in taste, from Bermuda arrowroot, which is grew wild in Africa, which never got plucked, admitted to be the best. All the 124 boxes but ripened, fell to the ground, rotted, and found buyers, passing into thirteen or fourteen sprung up again, to share the same fate each hands, at 7d. per pound, which is a price only succeeding season.
reached by superior descriptions. Several parcels Under the advice of Mr. Thomas Bazley and of Cayenne pepper passed into four hands, at 1s. others, I wrote to the Missionary Society, to ask per pound, which is considered to be somewhat
under its value. Of the 20 bags of cotton | been too long and too exclusively directed to the offered, five were respectively of different color punishment, rather than the reformation of delinand quality, and each bag was therefore submit- quents. The apostle declares that rulers are apted as a separate lot. The lowest quality fetched pointed for the punishment of evil doers and for 4d. per pound, the second sold for 5.d.
, for the the praise of them that do well. Hence it would third 6. d. were obtained, and for the best 7d. seem that the encouragement of virtue is quite as were given. The remaining 15 bags went off at legitimate an object of government, using the 6 d. per pound. We understand that the cotton is considered to have fetched a fair price, and term in its broadest signification, as the punishsuch as will encourage the natives in its more
ment of vice. Restraint and punishment are at extensive cultivation. The value of the cotton, best, as William Penn remarks, the coarsest part and other commodities, will be returned to Africa of government. One great object with those who in British produce, consisting cbiefly of Man- are striving to correct the evils which have found chester goods.- Manchester Examinerand Times, their way into society, should be to render a virAug. 31, 1853.
tuous life possible to all. Hope is generally a Cotton, in Africa, is not a deciduous plant, more powerful as well as a more healthy stimubut a shrub, which continues in full perfection lant to action than fear. But hope is almost exfor several years, and will only require pruningcluded from those who are sunk into the lowest so as to keep it within such a reasonable height state of poverty and moral degradation, as well as as to enable the natives to pick the cotton with from those who have been branded with the chaease. It will flourish in perfection near the coast, so that little else is required of the natives but racter of criminals. To raise this class, and parsuch slight attention as will ensure the cultiva- ticularly such members of it as are yet in the tion of the shrub in the best way, and the pick- early stages of life, into a condition in which hope ing at the proper season.”
has room to exercise its animating influence, and
to point out and smooth the way to usefulness and FRIENDS' REVIEW. respectability, is a task worthy the efforts of Chris
tian philanthropists; but a task equalled by few PHILADELPHIA, ELEVENTH MONTH 12, 1853. in the perseverance and self-sacrifices which it
demands. The article relative to the outcast poor, abridged from the New York Tribune, of which a part ap- The article entitled, Precious Stones of Scrip. pears in the present number, has lain for some ture, which was forwarded by a correspondent weeks on our files, but was crowded out by other whose communications are always welcome, matter. This article pourtrays in strong colors, though probably a little too scientific for some of the miserable condition to which the outcast poor, our readers, will no doubt be found interesting to in a particular locality, are reduced, and the stre- many others. nuous efforts used by a benevolent individual, amidst dishculties and discouragements, to extend MARRIED,-At Friends: Meeting House, West to a most degraded class, the comforts of civilized | Union, Morgan County, Indiana, on the 20th ult., life, and to lure them into the paths of virtue.
STEPHEN THATCHER to Ann H. HADLEY. Little do many of those, who are moving quiet
At Friends' Meeting House. Spiceland, ly and smoothly along the ways of respectable life, Henry Co., Indiana, on the 26th of 10th month, surrounded with the friendships and comforts of bers of Spiceland Monthly Meeting.
NATHAN P. Gause to Eliza F. DAVIS, both memvirtuous society, know what hardships, temptations and incentives to vice, lie in the road of Henry Co., Indiana, on the 28th of 9th month,
At Friends' Meeting House, Spiceland, others. It is scarcely possible for those who have THOMAS A. Wilson to Ruth S. Foster, both memenjoyed the advantages of a pious education, who bers of Spiceland Monthly Meeting. have been trained from childhood in habits of industry and moral rectitude, and who have been
DIED, --At Flushing, L. I., on the 10th of 9th placed by parents or guardians, in a situation to month, Henry Hallock, in the 53d year of his
age, attain, by reasonable exertion, a good share of the conveniences and comforts of life, to appreciate month, Mary King, widow of Joseph King, in the
At the same place, on the 10th of 8th the trials, the hardships and temptations unavoi- 80th year of her age. Both members of New dably attendant upon neglected education, vicious York Monthly Meeting. example, and abject poverty. A course which to On the 13th of 4th month last, at her resione class, may seem easy and natural, may and dence, in Pickering, Canada West, of pulmonary often must appear to another class, almost if not Elder, in the 64th year of her age.
consumptiou, CHARITY WOODRUFF, a valuable
While her altogether impracticable. The efforts of the com- vital powers were sinking under the fatal disease, munity, and particularly of governments, have it was particularly encouraging to observe the
peaceful serenity with which she approached , and direction of the Ladies' Home Missionary the solemn close.
Society, of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Died, -At his residence, in Columbiana Co., | After a diligent search, a room lately used as a Ohio, on the 12th of 10th month, RICHARD TULLIS, gin shop, on the corner of Cross and Little in the sath year of his age, an exemplary mem- Water-sts., (a portion of the present House of ber of Carmel Monthly Meeting.
Industry,) was rented and cleansed, to serve as a
chapel. Mr. Pease immediately exerted himself TIIE OUTCAST POOR.
with self-denying assiduity, to conciliate the
abandoned inhabitants and their friendless childA late number of the New York Tribune, con
ren, so as to form a congregation and Sunday tains under the above caption, a report of the School. Managers of the Five Points House of Industry A considerable attendance was .at once obunder the charge of L. M. Pease. The intro- tained, both of children and adults, in all the ductory portion of this report, exhibits a por- dition, and what was worse, in the disorderly
filthiness and raggedness of their every day contrait of the wretchedness and degradation of that drunken, profane and savage habits which none class of the population for whose relief the House had ever taught them to lay aside, even for an of Industry was established, which the editor of hour. It was nearly impossible, with the utmost
, the Review will spare his readers the pain of energy and perseverance, to obtain a hearing bebeholding through the medium of this periodical. of Christian kindness, a moment's serious and
fore such an audience, or to win, by all the arts The subjoined extract from the report, however, respectful attention from one of the degraded is offered to our readers, with the occasional al- unfortunates who composed it. When successful teration or omission of an expression, in cases in this, the missionary seemed scarcely to have where the original phraseology appears unsuited made any progress, for the utter impossibility of
escape from their mode of life, except through to the pages of the Review:
the gates of death, was forced upon him in the “ The system now operating under our super- first attempt at practical exhortation, and somevision, and which we would commend to public times with piteous eloquence by the despairing support, as the only one able to meet the wants victims themselves. None, of course, would enof the outcast poor, may be explained in the trust them with work, far less admit them into fewest words. It is no other than the GOSPEL houses or work-shops. The case of the children of Christ, at once taught and exemplified in its was hardly better, for the beginning of virtue for application to their peculiar circumstances. Its them must be in forsaking such miserable subsisfirst measure is to make a virtuous life by honest tence and shelter, as the parental den afforded, labor possible. Its great end, the moral and for homeless vagrancy, beggary, and the house spiritual redemption of the nature, is sought of correction. through the influence of pure, unsectarian Chris- Mr. Pease met the difficulties and trials of his tianity. While we discard as absurd and unchris- appointed work as an agent of Christ, whose tian, the offer of doctrines to the starving in the mission was there appointed and must be fulfilled. place of bread, or the injunction of morality Perceiving at once that an honest living was the without providing some way to reconcile it with first requisite for an honest life, with the objects subsistence, we are no less firmly persuaded that of his mission, he exerted himself to find emin spiritual Christianity is the only hope of re- ployment with charitable persons for some of the demption for those outcasts, even as to their more promising, and took several of them to his temporal condition, and that morality itself, aided house, where he fed and clothed them from his by all exterior advantages, if not the product of own scanty means. vital religion, can take no permanent root among At the same time, he urged the requirements them, but will wither like a branch torn from its of the case upon the Society under which he tree.
acted. It was replied that their constitution did But the best exposition of the system is a nar- not authorize them to act as a charitable, but only rative of its development and results. We pro- as a religious association. Instruction was all ceed with a succinct statement of the experience they had to give. Anything further must be of Mr. Pease in dealing with the physical, done on his own responsibility, and at his own moral and spiritual necessities of the “FIVE expense. POINTS:"
Repulsed here, Mr. Pease betook himself to In the spring of 1850, L. M. Pease, a minis- the employers of female labor in the City, to ter of some nine years standing in the Methodist obtain work for his poor clients.
After some Episcopal Church, was appointed by the New difficulty, a manufacturer of shirts was found, York Annual Conference to commence a mission who consented to accept Mr. Pease's personal rein Centre-st., or its vicinity, among the poor and sponsibility for the materials, and on that secuneglected inhabitants of that part of the City. rity to try the experiment of giving out work to This mission was established under the patronage the Five Points. He nowy suinmoned the
wretched women of the neighborhood to his money. All were appropriated. But by the chapel for work-honest work—a thing unknown assistance of Justice Osborne and Alderman Boand impossible to them till that day. The notice gert of the Police Court, N. B. Blunt, District was circulated personally from house to house, Attorney, and J. McManus, an opening was and given out by the preacher on the Sabbath, made on Little Water Street adjoining the that on Monday morning, at 7 o'clock, the chapel chapel, and two houses were emptied of their would be opened as a work-room for all who de- loathsome tenants, and hired to Mr. Pease at sired to gain an honest living. Before the hour $350 each. Policeman McManus proceeded appointed, twenty women were waiting before with his work, until every house in the square the door, and about thirty-five commenced work was emptied, and labelled “ To Let.” on the first day. A few regulations were im- “After the two houses had been cleansed, Mr. posed. No one should be permitted to work, and Mrs. Pease immediately removed thither, who came intoxicated. All who work should added to their own furniture a large number of begin by taking the pledge of total abstinence. cots, and brought in about thirty of their aban. Any one relapsing into drunkenness should be doned proteges, on the first day. One dollar and discharged. Every one must attend regularly twenty-five cents per week, were deducted from some place of worship on the Sabbath.
the earnings of each adult, to meet the expense The women did well; the rules were generally of board, the remainder being paid over to them observed; very few relapsed; and from that day weekly. From the first, all inmates, though free to this not an article of work has been purloined to leave the institution at any time, were kept by one of these persons. But the Ladies' Home under strict and continued surveillance while Missionary Society were not all well pleased connected with it, and required to attend family with this appropriation of their Chapel and their and public worship with regularity. This was Missionary. Certain of its Directors accordingly the last of July, 1850. called to remonstrate, and to dissuade him from About the first of September following, Mr. what they esteemed a mistaken and worldly Pease felt it his duty to urge upon the Ladies' policy. They reminded him that he had not Home Missionary Society the necessity of a day been employed to carry on a shirt manufactory, school for the Five Points children, within their but to preach the Gospel. Mr. Pease however own forbidding neighborhood, out of which it was claimed the right to perform this as extra labor, useless to invite them for such a purpose.
Their in addition to the faithful discharge of the pecu- reply was the same as before, but did not disliar duties of a Christian minister; and thus the courage him. He immediately set about the matter dropped.
enterprise on his own responsibility. Daniel The remedy, however, did not yet go deep Burgess & Co., booksellers in John-st., made the enough. To work under his supervision by day, first donation, in schoolbooks, sufficient to stock and return at night to a gin shop, tended little the school-room. Colton, the well known pubto the improvement of their morals or reputa- lisher of maps, made the second donation. But tion. They must have a home, . And that the most important event in the history of the home must be at the Five Points. To a better mission, was the intervention of James Donelson, neighborhood their present condition would Esq., a prominent and wealthy member of the render them at once à nuisance, and unwilling Presbyterian denomination, who, at about this to remove.
time, having heard of the operations of Mr. The lonely missionary felt this work resting Pease, visited the Five Points, and became wholly upon himself. Ile had no human helper, deeply interested in the mission. It happened save à devoted and generous wife; he had no that the venerable Mrs. Bedell, widow of the means save a small salary, barely sufficient for a late Dr. Bedell of Philadelphia, who had been decent subsistence; he had no numerous and in- among the earliest patrons of missionary effort fluential friends on whom to rely; the very at the Five Points, had about two years presociety whose servant he was, pointedly declined viously raised the sum of $700 to establish a to countenance his designs. In any circum- school in that quarter; but until this time no stances, the responsibility of that which he now proper agency had been found for applying the determined to do, would have been formidable, fund. Through Mr. Donelson, this woney was and the danger extreme; in his circumstances now appropriated to the expenses of the school they were overwhelming; and it is not too much founded by Mr. Pease. The salary of the teacher, to say, that few men have ever lived who would and all other expenses, from the outset, were as, not have shrunk from the enterprise as a piece sumed ; and soon after, a second teacher, granted of madness. Following the footsteps of their at first by the Ladies' Home Missionary Society, Divine Master with an unhesitating and uncalcu- but discontinued on their part after six months, lating self-sacrifice superior to our praise, Mr. was added permanently to the school.
For two and Mrs. Pease determined to remove to the years and a half Mr. Donelson continued its Five Points, and make their own dwelling an patron, visiting it almost daily, and disbursing asylum for the outcasts.
considerable sums for its support. Since which, Not a tenement, however, could be had for impaired health and the urgent claims of private