« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
a diligent and devoted laborer in the Gospel,, exercise in them, I may acknowledge with thank
I they were, during the remainder of her life, often fulness (although many times very low seasons parted for the work's sake. Although his sensi- are my portion), that I have been frequently tive mind keenly felt the consequent privation, favored to experience the blessed Saviour's voice he bore these separations with Christian patience to be sweet, and his countenance to be comely! and resignation; always encouraging her in the When these high privileges are dispensed, how performance of apprehended duty.
do all the discouragements disappear and filee In 1811 they removed to Sunderland, and in away!" 1822 to Liverpool. Thomas Robson continued Here we see it strikingly set forth, that there to reside at the latter place, until the year 1844, is real support, and even at times, rich consolawhen he took up his abode at Huddersfield, and tion in the midst of trials, experienced by the there spent the remainder of the bright and humble Christian traveller, who, amidst many peaceful evening of his life.
infirmities, it may be, of flesh and of spirit, is As an elder and father in the church, he was endeavoring to follow his Saviour, and can occasionally engaged to accompany friends in the sincerely adopt the words of David, “The law of ministry, in their journeys in the service of the thy mouth is better unto me than thousands of Gospel. On such occasions, by the extent to gold and silver.” That this was the case with which he was enabled to unite with them in their the subject of the present little memoir, is abunmental exercises, and by the love and interest he dantly evident from the following memoranda: evinced on behalf of the visited, these services First month 2d, 1834. “I continue to feel were rendered truly valuable and acceptable to very thoughtful respecting my outward situation. his companions, and gained for him the affection My prayers are for right direction, that I may be and esteem of a large number of his friends where safely guided and employed during the few rethey travelled. He sometimes accompanied his maining days I may yet be permitted to live; dear wife on journeys of this kind, including one they cannot be very many, in the common course of her visits on the European Continent, and one of nature, being now in the 66th ycar
my age. of those which she paid to Friends in America. I am very desirous that my future time may be Having spent nearly four years in the latter spent agreeably to the will of my Heavenly Faengagement, he became well acquainted with, and ther, even if it be greatly in the cross to my own deeply interested in the friends on that side of will—for when this is the case, hard things are the Atlantic, with some of whom he kept up a made easy, and bitter things sweet." correspondence till near the termination of his First month 6th, 7th and 8th. “These days life. A minister who afterwards visited that have been spent partly in attending to the poor, country, in writing from the house of a friend in reading, &c. I endeavor to maintain a wrestling the State of New York, says,
speaks state; I cannot be satisfied without in some dewith much interest of T. and E. Robson's visit gree feeling a sense of divine favor. This mornand tarriance under their roof, and the privilege ing, at meeting, was permitted to enjoy someshe enjoyed in accompanying them to several thing of those refreshings, which come from the meetings, T. R. preaching as loudly by example divine presence.” and conversation as E. R. did in word and doc- Sixth month, 13th. “In meeting, I endeavor trine.'
to maintain the struggle, in order to experience In 1833, T. R. accompanied his dear partner the silence which is truly profitable; and herein in one of these visits to the western counties of I am seldom disappointed. The divine blessing England, in allusion to which he says, in his has often been experienced, and sometimes great memoranda : “I had great satisfaction in attend- consolation has been the result of these exercises, ing my dear wife on this long journey; being for which gratitude and thankfulness to the frequently favored to feel our minds divinely blessed Author thereof are due. May I not be supported and encouraged, as we passed along deficient herein." from place to place. *
• The preceding
First month 1st, 1835. “Desires were raised part of this year, before entering on the above that I might now, at the commencement of this named journey, was spent under much discourage- year, and through the whole of it, should my ment on account of my outward situation and life be spared, increase in circumspection and trials, my dear wife also being much absent from religious fervor towards my Heavenly Father, home, engaged in company with her valued friend that His will may be done in all things.” Abigail Dockray, in visiting the families of friends 1837. « Trials continue to attend my path, in Manchester, which occupied a good deal of which greatly depress and discourage my mind; time. These long separations are often very may they have the right effect in centering it trying to my depressed mind, but I wish to bear fully on the right and permanent foundation, all my
afflictions with submission and resignation, which cannot be moved.” so as not to bring upon myself condemnation; In the Twelfth month, 1843, his precious but I often feel very weak and in danger of fall- partner was suddenly removed by death. This, ing short herein. In attending all our meetings the greatest of all his bereavements, he was enaregularly, and endeavoring to keep up a right I bled to bear with meek submission to the will of
his Heavenly Father. Several of his children, of his usual employment, so long as strength was having paid him a visit soon after this afflictive permitted. erent, he writes, in allusion to their departure, Seventh month, 21st, 1845. “Spent in read-"When they left, I felt indeed stripped, and ing, writing, and gardening, and in retirementmy spirits sank; but what an unspeakable com- all of which, as occasion occurs, afford me delight; fort it is, that there is One who remaineth, to but above all, when favored to enjoy of the Diwhom may my constant application be!" vine communion, this transcends every other
His diligence in the attendance of meetings joy." for worship, even in very advanced age, and The following memorandum, made on his last under the pressure of bodily infirmities, was very birth day, shows how sen-ible he was that there exemplary; and indeed, with reference to the is no stage of life, or of Christian experience, greater portion of his life, he might have used when it is safe to relax in watchfulness unto the language of David, “Lord, I have loved the prayer. “I this day complete my 83d yearhabitation of thy house, and the place where may it be my care, through watchfulness and thine honor dwelleth." That this preference increased circumspection, the few remaining days for the things which are not seen, but are eternal, that I may be permitted to live, to be entirely and the desire for spiritual refreshment, which conformed to the will of my gracious Heavenly prompted him to the performance of this duty, Father.” were graciously and abundantly rewarded, is strik- The fruit of this habitual communion with God ingly evident, both from extracts already given, was apparent in the increasing meekness and and from memoranda made during the last few gentleness of his spirit. Grateful love and conyears of his life, where such remarks as the fol- tented cheerfulness shone forth in his daily walk. lowing often occur-remarks well calculated to He continued to the very last to feel a lively remind those who are in the practice of absenting interest in passing events, and especially in the themselves from religious meetings, of the loss welfare of our religious Society everywhere. He they may be themselves sustaining. “Attended was well versed in its history and biography, and
, week-day meeting—a favored season in silence— few individuals had a better knowledge of its my mind felt grateful for such an unmerited authors—the perusal of their works having long mercy.” “Attended week-day meeting-silent, been to him a source of comfort, instruction, and but a sweet and precious season to me-meeting pleasure-particularly during the latter years
of very small.”
"Week-day meeting small but his life, when retirement from ordinary occupafavored.” “First-day-attended meeting twice, tions afforded him leisure for this employment.
” and walked to and from. They were sweet sea- His reading, however, was by no means confined
Oh soul ! how much owest thou to these writings; he derived much satisfaction unto thy Lord! Yea, everything! and may all from the perusal of some of the works of pious be freely and fully surrendered, without the least authors of different denominations of Christians. reserve, that
my whole life and conduct may be He was naturally of a social turn, and had much under his precious control and government.” pleasure in the company of his friends, by whom "First-day. Attended both meetings-silent. his society was not less esteemed. The morning extremely wet, but I did not much enjoyment in the present life, and had no wish suffer by it. Afternoon fine. Walked to and to leave it, though he often expressed his wilfrom both, and was amply rewarded by being lingness to do so, if he might" only be found Staciously noticed in both, feeling my mind con- ready.” To be prepared for the end was his trited and comforted, all through the Lord's chief concern; and thus, as with his loins girded, merciful influence; for which gratitude and and his light burning, he was found watching, thankfulness are due to Him from whom all bles- when his gracious Lord saw meet, without fursings flow.''
ther discipline, to beckon his aged servant home. Under date 5th month, 14th, 1846, he men- He had been suffering from a complaint in the tions increased indisposition; so much so as to foot, for some weeks previous to his departure, think it best to consult his medical man; in allu- but had mostly got out to meetings, and pursued sion to which he makes the following memoran- his usual employments; and the day before, he dum. “Walked to and from week-day meeting, wrote a long letter to his only surviving sister, and was greatly cheered by a good meeting-it to whom he was tenderly attached. The next seemed to put all in order.'
morning he was persuaded to keep his bed longer These sweet and heavenly enjoyments were than usual. He requested his attendant to read not, however, obtained without daily watchful- a certain portion of John Griffith’s journal, conness, and seeking for communion with the Father taining a valuable letter from David Hall, menof spirits at other times, besides the occasions tioning the page near which it might be found; afforded by the attendance of meetings. In the he spoke of Friends being by that time assembleu latter part of his life, it was his practice, after in a Yearly Meeting capacity, and conversed breakfast and reading, to spend about an hour in cheerfully with the medical man. After he was his quiet parlor, in silent waiting and retirement. gone, feeling rather unwell, he wished to be left
The following extract may serve as a specimen alone, in order that he might get a little sleep
sons to me.
He had great before rising; and about ten minutes afterward, I have the art, at Delhi, of making glass globes his attendant hearing a slight noise, went into silvered in the inside. But enamelling is carthe room, when she found that a change had ried to the highest perfection all over India, and taken place, and, almost immediately he gently is chiefly used to ornament arms and jewellery in ceased to breathe-without tasting, as it would gold and in silver. The art of pottery has not seem, the pains of death, he was translated, we made more progress than glass, and one reason reverently believe, through the love and mercy assigned for it is, that the Hindoos, owing to of his Redeemer, to be for ever with the Lord. their extraordinary religious scruples, will not
Ann. Monitor. use a vessel the second time, and therefore they
naturally decline to incur any expense for ordiARTS AND MANUFACTURES OF INDIA.
nary utensils of pottery. Nevertheless, they manu(Concluded from page 104.)
facture pottery that the best English judges have In chemical arts, the Hindoos are much greater warmly admired for its extreme elegance of adepts than is generally known. Besides the or- shape. «The ancient potter's wheel is the indinary metals, they know how to prepare the strument with which the Hindoo works; and oxides of iron, lead, tin, zinc; potash, soda, nitre, while it revolves, with the aid of his naked hands sal-ammoniac, alum, sulphates of metals, and ace- he fashions vessels of elegant forms, many of tates, carbonates, and mineral acids. They by which have been admired as being of classical no means excel, even if they equal, Europeans in shapes, and some of them would appear almost as these products; but it is indeed marvellous that if they were of Etruscan origin ; but there is no a Hindoo, with no other tools than his hatchet reason to believe that the Hindoos have ever had and his hands, proceeds to smelt iron, which he anything but their own unerring taste to guide will convert into steel, capable of competing with them. This beauty of form is equally conspicuthe best prepared in Europe.' Mr. Heath says, ous in the pottery of Sewan, near Patna, as in that the iron is forged by repeated hammering, that of Azimghur, or of Ahmedabad, of Mirzauntil it forms an apparently unpromising bar of poor or of Moradabad.' Some of the painted and iron, from which an English manufacturer of steel gilt pottery of India is greatly admired. would turn with contempt, but which the Hindoo Dyeing, calico-printing, and printing in gold, converts into cast steel of the very best quality. are all arts in which the Hindoos have excelled To effect this, he cuts it into small pieces, of from time immemorial. In calico-printing, we are which he puts a pound, more or less, into a cru- told that they work with a skill which produced cible, with dried wood of the Cassia auriculata, much to be admired even in the midst of the proand a few green leaves of Asclepias gigantea ; or ductions of the world;' and that, although the
a where that is not to be had, of the Convolvulus art is now practised to such perfection in this laurifolia. The object of this is to furnish car- country, the Indian patterns still retain their own bon to the iron. The same able authority also pırticular beauties, and command a crowd of admentions the fact, that iron is converted into mirers.' In lacquering, the Hindoos also excel, cast steel by the natives of India in two hours and the art of paper-making has very long been and a half, with an application of heat that in this practised by them. They make paper • both of country would be considered quite inadequate to cotton and of the substitutes for hemp and fax. produce such an effect; while at Sheffield it re. In the Himalayas it is made of the inner bark of quires at least four hours to melt blistered steel Daphne cannabina, and in sheets of immense size. in wind-furnaces of the best construction, although a large collection was exhibited from different the crucibles in which the steel is melted are at parts of India, but although well adapted for writa white heat when the metal is put into them; ing on in India, it is not suited for Europe, in and in the Indian process, the crucibles are put consequence of the difference in the ink used. into the furnace quite cold.' Professor Royle re- In the fine arts, the Hindoos are
admirable marks, that this Indian steel • has long formed an delineators of objects in natural history,' and article of commerce from the west of India to the paint on ivory in beautiful style. In sculpture
, Persian Gulf; and there is every probability of they are very able, but not in statuary (proper) its being used in larger quantities, if it were easily --that is, statues and busts. They are, however, procurable in sufficient quantities, as manufac- admirable engravers, especially of gems, turers here have expressed a desire to employ it. mosaics and inlaid-work are hardly to be sur
The Hindoos do not appear to have made much passed. progress in the art of manufacturing glass, al- On a general survey of the artistic productions though they have practised it from ancient days. of India, we are mainly impressed with the exThey chiefly use it for ornaments, such as armlets treme beauty, variety, and harmony of the patand anklets, and it is generally of a greenish hue. terns of every article. As Professor Royle reAs oxide of iron extensively pervades the Indian marks: “Whether in a common chintz, or in a soils, it is thought probable that this in some mea- fabric of silk, or one enriched with silver or gold, sure militates against the production of good glass. or with imitations of gems, in all we see the utmost The natives, however, can work up English variety kept in bounds by the nicest taste; for broken glass even into barometer tubes, &c., and even the most flowery and gorgeous appear verer
to exceed what is suitable to the material and the British government purchased nearly two hunpurpose to which it is to be applied. Mr. Digby dred specimens for the use of the Schools of
. Wyatt supposes the happy effects of Indian de- Design established under its authority.- Chamsigners to be due to the refinement of taste engen- | bers' Journal. dered by their traditional education, and that this precludes their toleration of any departure from A Testimony of Ilardshaw East Monthly Meetthose harmonious proportions which the practice of has sanctioned as most pleasing and agreeages
ing, England, concerning Ann MILNER, de
ceased. able. . . . . Even without any mechanical improvements, which may assist in cheapening some This our dear friend was the offspring of paof their products, there are enough, which are rents who were, by profession, Presbyterians, and the produce of their patient habits and wonder- who exercised a pious care over their children. ful delicacy of hand, and are also examples of Whilst advancing in years she gave way to the purity of taste, which may command a sale in Eu- propensities of her fallen nature; manifesting a ropean markets. Though the muslins, both plain fondness for gay attire, and for attending the and flowered, are greatly admired, yet, as being theatre and musical entertainments. the produce of many months of hand-labor, they In some memoranda left by her, she says, in are unable to compete in price with those which reference to this period, “ The Lord followed me are the produce of European machinery; but as with his reproofs, and his light in my conscience they are still preferred in India, a few may con- enlightened my darkness, and I often retired, and tinue to be bought in Europe. Their calico wept bitterly on account of my sins.” prints, flowered silks, and rich kimkhobs, being In the year 1803, our dear friend was united much admired for their patterns, may be applied in marriage to Thomas Milner, of Liverpool ; but to a variety of ornamental purposes; if not of dress, this union was of short duration, as, in about four still of decorative furniture. The shawls of Cash- years after it, she was left a widow with three mere still continue unrivalled, and command the children, for whose religious welfare she was highest prices. The embroidery being equal to carnestly concerned. anything produced elsewhere, only requires that In her scarch after Truth she joined the Methothe things embroidered be fitted for European use, dists, to many of whom she became much attached; since the cheapness of all handwork in India will yet, not feeling satisfied, from the impression that insure the prices being reasonable. The manu- she was attending too much to outward worship, facture of lace at Nagercoil may safely be under-seeking that without which is to be found within, taken; and the carpets, rugs, and carved furniture, and her attention being turned to Friends, she would coinmand à ready sale if offered at rates began to frequent our meetings. moderate in proportion to the cost in India. The In the year 1814 she was received into memWootz steel might be largely consumed, and the bership in our religious Society; and in 1816 she highly-wrought arms would be bought as curiosi- first spoke as a minister, in which capacity her ties, as well as for the artistic skill displayed in offerings were made in great simplicity, and the cutlery as in the inlaying. Well-shaped pot- evinced much lively concern for the spiritual weltery, and the highly-finished Bidery ware, as well | fare of those present, whose minds she labored to as the lacquered boxes of Cashmere, would all be turn to the immediate teachings of Jesus Christ. bought, as also the various works of Bombay in. She was of a retiring and diffident disposition, laying, of ivory, horn, ebony, and sandal-wood, having very humble views of herself; and she likewise mats and japanned boxes. To these we was beloved as a pattern of Christian self-denial, may add the polished agate-ware of Cambay, the cheerfulness, and watchfulness. inlaid marbles of Arga, and the enamels of Cutch, During an illness in 1848, she remarked, “ReScinde, and the north-west of India ; also the membering the Lord's good providence towards filigree-work of Cuttack, Decca, and Delhi, as me, as I lay awake in the night, I was melted into well as of other places, ; likewise some native tears, under a sweet feeling of his good presence jewellery, if made in the forms fitted for Euro- around me, and of my own unworthiness; and pean use. Even the toys would command a sale: whilst endeavoring to raise my heart in thankand the models of fruits, as well as the figures of fulness, the language revived, and dwelt with me natives of different castes and trades, would find with much comfort, “Because I live, thou shalt purchasers if they could be easily procured.' live also.'
We cannot help thinking the above observa- In the last year of her life she was much con. tions are sound, and there is therefore a prospect fined at home, yet free from bodily pain and of a new and prosperous future for the ingenious mental conflict. Two days before her removal Hindoos. Be that as it may, it is universally she remarked, “ It is not shown me how this illadmitted that the collection of Indian articles at ness may terminate, but I am in the hands of the the Exhibition has been in itself highly instruc-| Great Physician : His goodness and mercy have tive as well as interesting. Mr. Owen Jones followed me, and if any have cause to extol his stated, that the opportunity of studying them mercy, none more than myself. I have nothing has been a boon to the whole of Europe. The to boast of but short-comings, and had there been
about 37 years.
greater faithfulness, I should have had greater | which should enable an industrious and energetic ability; but we need not as the bulrush bow slave to purchase his freedom at a moderate price, down the head; but look up, and lift up our whenever he became possessed of the means. hearts unto Him." * * “ This morning the lan- Such a provision must evidently operate to encouguage sweetly arose, Bind the sacrifice with
rage cords, even to the horns of the altar;' and surely highest object of a slave's ambition; and such
the hope of attaining by laudable means that the cords of my heavenly Father's love have not hope must lead to the cultivation both of his menbeen wanting towards me; I can say, 'Glory to the Lord.'"
tal and physical powers. With the laws existing A short time before the solemn close, on her in our slaveholding States, those qualities and attendant inquiring whether anything could be acquirements on the part of a slave, which are done to help her, she sweetly replied, “ My dear calculated to increase his worth to himself and to Redeemer is helping me."
the community, are precisely those which will She peacefully departed this life at Grappen- enhance his price, and consequently augment the hall, the 27th of first month, 1853, and was in difficulty of gaining his freedom by purchase. terred in Friends' burying-ground at Warrington, The consequence of this state of things is, that an the 30th of the same, aged 77 years; a minister energetic slave, panting for freedom, will employ
his sagacity and energy in devising and carrying
into effect the means of escape. Many cases are FRIENDS REVIEW. reported in which great sagacity and perseverance PHILADELPHIA,ELEVENTH MONTH 26,1853.
have been manifested. The principle of political
economy, that the demand for an article will bring In the notice which appears in our paper this it into the market, operates in this case as in others. week, of the visit recently paid to Brazil by our
But let it be understood that industry, economy, friends John Candler and Wilson Burgess, we find and those acquirements which give efficiency to an allusion to a provision in the Brazilian laws, labor, furnish the most available means of escaping which might be introduced with advantage into from bondage, and it will be found that the negro the codes of our slaveholding States. The practice race have other faculties capable of development of permitting slaves to find the most lucrative besides those of art and deception. employments they can, upon condition of paying to their masters a stipulated sum, yearly or Markien, -In Friends: Meeting, Baltimore, on monthly, is said to be extensively used in some the 17th inst., George A. Warder to Mary E., of our Southern States; but the provision of the daughter of Joseph King, Jr., all of that city. Brazilian law which operates most favorably to the slave, is totally wanting here. Though a Died,On the 1st inst., at the residence of her slave, thus hiring his own time, should by indus- Ereb ETH Garretson, 'a member of Miami
father, near Waynesville, Warren County, Ohio, try and frugality accumulate a sum more than Monthly Meeting, in the 19th year of her equal to his market value, he is still dependent In bringing to view the demise of this upon the good will or caprice of his master for ble young person, one who knew her well, says his freedom. He can appeal to no tribunal but of her, " that she was an example of plainness
, the pleasure of his master to determine the price of remembrance: who yet knew well her own
of modesty, and of meekness; an ornament worthy 10 be allotted to his bones and muscles. It is even frailties, and whose sole dependence was upon questionable, or more than questionable, whether the mercy of God, in Christ Jesus.” in any State of the Union, a slave would be legally At Nantucket, Second day morning, 11th protected in the possession of the portion of his month, 7th, REUBEN Joy, a very worthy and exearnings which may remain after the stipulated emplary member of Nantucket Monthly Meeting, sum has been paid. In some of the States express months of his life, he was confined mostly to his
aged nearly 85 years. During the last thirty-three provision is made to prevent slaves from acquiring bed by a fractured limb, which he bore with pa: property. We have a recent instance, reported tience and resignation, often expressing in the public papers, of a slave who had made a
friends and those who visited him, his firm relicontract with his master for the purchase of his for the many mercies vouchsafed unto him.
ance upon his Saviour's love, and his thankfulness freedom, and had actually paid a part of the price, but who was afterwards sold, and upon the inves- Edith, wife of William Price, in the 55th year.dk
on the 2d inst., of a lingering illness, tigation of the case, it was judicially decided that her age, a highly esteemed member of Smithfield the master was not bound by his contract. Monthly Meeting, Ohio.
If slavery must continue to be a legalized insti- She was long impressed with the belief that she tution in our model republic, it appears very
would not recover, and dropped many expressions sirable that we should be wise or humble enough alone can give support in the trying hour. Having
indicating that her mind was centered on Him who to copy from our southern neighbors a provision' thus attained a state of peaceful resignation, she
age. very amia