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PARDSHAW CRAGG.

from its green luxuriance, as the traveller now | tosh, Carlyle, and some other authors, I must does from the gloomy desert which it encircles, plead great ignorance of his history, and was turn away to the free homes of Oregon and Mi- certainly never before aware that his labors had nesota. The restriction of the old Missouri been so marvellously crowned. “Surely," I Compromise finds little respect in the eyes of added, “if it were so, how does it happen there Southern propagandists and Northern dema- is so little indication of it in the number of his gogues, and nothing but a revival of Anti-Slave- followers at the present day?" ry feeling on the part of the free States, seems “That,” replied my new friend, “is a question likely to prevent the spread of Slavery north of I cannot undertake to settle, but probably the the line of 36 deg. 30 min. It remains to be Quakers themselves would solve it by the concluseen whether the Bad Lands are not significant sion that the seed fell upon stony ground, so that of the future condition of a whole Territory, when the sun of this world arose, the promised blighted and blasted by that “cleaving curse,' increase was scorched and withered away, which already burns deep into the soil of one because it had no root.' And from what has half the Union, stolen away from its sisterhood come to my knowledge on the subject, this argu. of Freedom, and added to the MAUVAISES ment does not seem untenable, applying it, not TERRES OF SLAVERY.Nat. Era.

to the generation of these first Quakers only, but to the race of inhabitants generally from Fox's time to the present. The doctrines which we

may suppose he enunciated from yonder Cragg A run of fine summer weather some few years were based upon the recognition of an inward ago tempted me to take up my quarters for a Divine revelation, which he declared to be the couple of weeks at the secluded inn on the interpreter of scripture, and the true spiritual margin of Crummock Lake, well known to all guide and teacher witnessed in the hearts and Cumberland tourists as the comfortable and consciences of men. The acceptance of these homely, but withal romantic and delightfully- principles involved the downfall of priests (as a situated Scale Hill. It belongs, I was told, to a profession) and all priestly assumptions and wealthy manufacturing family in Leeds, who supremacy, and moreover, would have rendered have invested some of the profits of their spindles irreconcileable many phases of civil thraldom, in several of the finest estates that adorn the lake hatred of which was deeply intermingled with district.

the religious feelings of that period. The pracOne day, nearly the last of my sojourn at tices and manner of life which Fox and his Scale Hill, I rambled past the rugged banks of coadjutors exhibited to the world as resulting Loweswater, and along the wild road so frightfully from the application of their doctrines, were dissteep at the outset which leads over the moor to tinguished by strict probity, purity, and selfthe valleys beyond. On the way, I overtook a denial. Now repugnant as such an example young pedestrian of affable manners, who seemed might be deemed to have been to popular tastes to possess much information of interest to me re- and passions, those who are acquainted with the specting local history and associations. We nature of the great struggle which then divided compared notes upon the different places I had the nation, will see there was yet much that was visited, and on my asking him at last if he thought in sympathy with the Puritan temper of the I had exhausted the catalogue of “ Lions," he times. "Taking all things into account, one need answered with a smile, that I “ seemed to have hardly wonder that in an age of remarkable religisought out the natural wonders of the neighbor- ous enthusiasm, the teaching, so harmonious in hood with successful diligence, but that there precept and practice, of these earnest apostles, were some places near us which he believed, in came home with special conviction to a comthe eyes of one small sect of Christians at least, munity comparatively shut out from the world, possessed associations of some charm and interest. and hitherto almost untainted by its corruptions ; The most notable was Pardshaw Cragg, the who had not become polite' enough to scoff at rocky eminence across the valley before us, where virtue and make a merit of impiety. But as the George Fox, the founder of Quakerism, is said to dissipated habits and loose morality of succeeding have preached in demonstration of the spirit years gradually crept into their seclusion, and the and in power,' to immense open-air meetings, descendants of the Quaker proselytes came to hundreds if not thousands of all grades in life mingle more with the world, and to be enticed having been converted to his tenets en masse.” away to towns and cities, to exchange the substanHe further added with courtesy, that, if I inclined tial comforts and social purities of their native to visit the spot, he was at my service as guide. valley for the alluring gains of commerce and

To this offer í readily consented, and in walk- the evils attached to its pursuit, it is equally ing on proceeded to observe that whilst the name accountable how easily they suffered themselves of George Fox was familiar to my mind as identified to be estranged from the strict duties and disciwith the peculiar sect which he originated, and pline of their creed, particularly as the national I had also seen him mentioned with respect, or priests, whose craft was in danger, were supported something more than that, by Coleridge, Mackin-I by the law in enforcing conformity and persecu

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ting dissent much in the style and spirit of the Ackworth, and other similar institutions belongInquisition."

ing to the Society. There is also a large stable ** But,” I said, “admitting the soundness of for the use of those members who live too remote these reasons, are you quite sure that Fox's con- to come to a meeting on foot. Nor must I forverts here were so numerous as you describe, or get to mention the library, which, with a praiseis it not possible that the reality has been greatly worthy concern for supplying sound reading for exaggerated in the transmission of the vague the poorer members of the meeting, and at the traditions which are, I assume, your chief authori- same time diffusing general information upon the ty in the matter ?”

history and principles of Friends, has been well “Tradition does confirm the statements I have stored with books of a moral and religious characmade," my friend replied, “ but the facts are as ter open to the gratuitous perusal of the inhabitindisputable as historical narrative can be. Fox ants at large. Such an example cannot be too himself

, in his quaint autobiography, describes highly commended to the adoption of other comhis successful ministry hereabouts with genuine munities. A neat grave-yard is situated on one simplicity: how he disputed with priest Wilkin- side of the meeting-house, planted round with fir son, exposing the rottenness' of his creed, till the trees, and I.observed that some of the graves, poor parson's flock all forsook him, and how at though without any “monumental stone,” on last even Wilkinson also was reached,' and which the mourners are too apt to engrave above became a fellow-laborer with the new evangelist; the dead, and the private journals of several of the same "Not what theywere, but what they should have been,” flock, which are still extant, and some of them in print, bear similar testimony. Even within the bore traces of sorrowing affection not less pure last century, it is known that the Sabbath assem- and simple in the shape of flowers planted on the blies at the meeting-house before us often consist- turf. ted of 400 people, (whilst now I question if a Such a scene was new to me, yet even with a tithe of that number belong to it,) and it is said churchman's predilections, I could not but feel that in some of the mountain districts nearly the that here as surely as amid the precincts of whole population at once flocked to the new a time-honored cathedral, one stood on “holy standard."

ground.” No "spiritual lord” in lawn and mi. By this time we stood in front of the Cragg, tre might have burlesqued the prerogative of which consists of low irregular terraces of lime- God's anointed by the ceremony of consecration; stone rock retreating one above another to the but the place had been trodden by the footsteps number of four or five. Near to the eastern of genius and associated with the triumphs of extremity of the lowest ridge one rock or cliff humble piety. “Ah!” exclaimed my companion rises prominently from the rest, in shape so like with fervor,“ if hero-worship is ever legitimate, a pulpit that you might suppose it had been the Quakers may well accord it to George Fox. artificially hollowed out behind to make standing His character and labors, as your ignorance of room for a preacher. From this eminence my them illustrates, have not been properly appreciguide informed me George Fox had delivered ated beyond the confines of his own sect. A few some of his stirring sermons, and it appears that great minds, it is true, have discerned beneath to this day it goes by the name of "Preacher's the quaint Gothic costume, as well of his ideas Clint.” A large amphitheatre immediately below as of his person, a combination of powers and faaffords standing room for an immense concourse culties which, in the system of the modern tranof people, and is remarkably adapted, as we scendentalist, might almost entitle him to the proved by experiment, for the conveyance of rank of a "representative man.” sound. Far more appropriately than the armed

(To be continued.) and sentried gatherings of the Covenanters do these meetings of Fox's recall the early days of

SPEAK NO ILL. Christianity, when the persecuted church sought the sanctuary of desert places or remote upper

“ Nay, speak no ill ! a kindly word rooms," and when, in spite of all, in one day Can never leave a sting behind : there were added unto them about three thous- And, oh! to breathe each tale we've heard

Is far beneath a noble mind. and souls !”

Full oft a better seed is sown Further over the Cragg, are the ruins of what By choosing thus the kinder plan; is supposed to have been a meeting-house hastily For if but litile good be known, reared for divine worship, by this at first house- Still, let us speak the best we can. less congregation. Afterwards a more commodi

"Give me the heart that fain would hide ous building was erected on the western side of Would fain another's fault efface; the Cragg, where the remnant of Fox's host of How can it pleasure human pride followers at present assemble. Attached to it is To prove humanity but base ? a school-house, originally intended for the educa

No; let us reach a higher mood,

A nobler estimate of man ; tion of children belonging to the meeting, but Be earnest in the search for good, long since superseded by the boarding-school at And speak of all, the best we can.

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Then speak no ill—but lenient be

over the rebels, and others stating that he was deTo others' failings as your own;

feated and obliged to retire. If you're the first the fault to see, Be not the first to make it known :

Mexico.-Late advices from Mexico represent For life is but a passing day,

that great dissatisfaction exists towards Santa Anna. No lip may tell how brief the span

Several States are reported to have pronounced Then, oh! the little time we stay,

against his recent exactions. Let's speak of all the best we can.”

CALIFORNIA.—The steamship Star of the West, from San Juan, arrived at New York on the 9th,

and the Illinois, from Aspinwall, on the 11th inst. SUMMARY OF NEWS.

The former brings San Francisco dates to the 10th,

and the latter, to the 16th ult. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.—By the arrival of the The 1st inst. was celebrated by the citizens of Steamship Asia at New York, on the evening of New Grenada, in honor of the adoption of a new the 8th inst., Liverpool dates to the 27th ult., have Constitution, which was to go into operation on been received.

that day, and by which, many important changes ENGLAND.—The Queen and royal party started,

are made in the administration of public affairs. on the 27th ult., on their visit to Ireland.

The health of the Isthmus is good. Much less J. R. Ingersoll had delivered to the Queen his rain fell during last month than is usual at that letters of recall, and James Buchanan had been

The State printing of California, for the past presented by the Earl of Clarendon.

year, has amounted to upwards of $218,000. Three hundred and seventy railway laborers had

A spring of water, capable of furnishing fifty embarked at Southampton for Sydney, under con- thousand gallons daily, has been discovered in the tract to work for two years on the Sydney railroad, tunnel on Mountain Lake. at five shillings sterling per day. They were ac- A valuable copper mine has been discovered companied by their families.

between Los Angelos and Santa Barbara. SPAIN.-Accounts from Madrid of the 20th ult. Gold dust, in large quantities, has been discovered states that the Minister of Public Works was ac

within the city limits of Sacramento. tively occupied with the railroad question.

The clipper ships Hornet and Flying Cloud,

which left New York together on the 26th of the The Espana publishes letters from Manilla, dated 4th month, arrived at San Francisco on the same June 12th, containing accounts of the operations day, the Hornet beating the Flying Cloud only 45 of Col. Mariana Oscariz, in the sea of Jolo, against minutes. the pirates who infested its coasts. With the boats Advices from Salt Lake had been received at from his steamships, he killed 80 of the pirates, San Francisco. The crops were good. The Mortook 200 prisoners, and liberated 33 Christians mon Temple at Deseret was progressing slowly. from slavery.

OREGON.—The Pacific Railroad Exploring party, Roman STATES.—It has been already announced under the command of Capt. McClellan, U. S. A., by telegraph from Rome, that some agents of Maz- were at the base of Mt. St. Helen's when last zini were arrested there during the night of 8th heard from. mo. 14th. Letters state that these prisoners were The first ox-teams arrived at Portland from across the Advocate Petroni, of Bologna, an energetic the Plains on the Ist ult. The party left St. Josephs, leader of the liberal movement, Sig. Ruiz, ac- Mo., on the 20th of the 4th month. They report countant of Rome; Signorina Ruiz, his sister; the grass good on the whole route, and the immiCastellani, son of the well known jeweler on the grants in good health and spirits. Corso, Rome; Casciani, son of Major C., of the Palatine Guard; together with others of less note,

Sandwich IslanDS.-A card has been posted 29 in all, including some emissaries from Genoa? around the streets of Honolulu, got up by the resiThe charge against the unfortunates is that they dent foreigners, requesting the King and Ministers intended to take advantage of the 15th, when the to resign. French troops were celebrating the féte of St. Na- An earthquake was felt at Honolulu, on the 17th

of the 7th month. poleon, to attempt a coup like that which recently failed at Milan.

It is reported that eleven French men of war are

on the coast, probably destined for these islands, TURKEY:- Intelligence from Constantinople of and that, should any warlike demonstrations be the 19th ult. had been received at Vienna. The made by them, the stars and stripes would be imPorte had accepted the Collective note, with a very mediately run up on the islands. trifling verbal qualification.

DOMESTIC.—The yellow fever appears to be on Rusza.—The Russian Government has ordered the decrease at New Orleans. There were 110 surveys to be made for telegraphic communication deaths by the fever during the twenty-four hours between Petersburg and the ports of the Black Sea. ending at 6 A. M., on the 2d inst. The fever is

raging at Mobile. The number of deaths from this Morocco.—A letter from Ceuja of the 3d ult., cause for the forty-eight hours ending at 6 P. M. states that two Moorish tribes had risen in arms

on the 3d inst., was 62. The population of the against the Emperor, in consequence of their dis- city is said not to exceed twelve thousand. satisfaction with the taxes imposed on them, and At the last session of the North Ohio Methodist particularly with the obligation to deliver to the Episcopal Conference, resolutions were passed Sovereign all the skins of cattle killed within their strongly condemnatory of slavery, and asserting districts. The Emperor had marched against them, it to be the duty of the church to exclude from her but accounts differ as to the result, some accounts communion "all slaveholders who hold their representing the Emperor to have gained a victory ' fellow-men in bondage for the sake of gain.”

FRIENDS REVIEW. ' ?

W.

A RELIGIOUS, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS JOURNAL.

VOL. VII.

PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 24, 1853.

No. 2.

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EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.

was acknowledged in that character by Wiltshire

Monthly Meeting, in the second month, 1817. PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS,

In the year 1824, he accompanied our late be

loved friend, Robert Fowler, in a journey to Paris No. 50 North Fourth Street,

and the South of France; and during the rePHILADELPHIA.

mainder of his life he continued to be engaged Price two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE, in the service of the Gospel, both at home, and or six copies for ten dollars.

Postage on this paper, when paid qnarterly or yearly occasionally amongst his friends in various parts in advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 28 of this country, and in Ireland. cents per annum in other States.

His communications in the ministry, in our

own meetings, were not, for the most part, either A Testimony of Bristol Monthly Meeting, con. frequent or long; but they were delivered under

cerning SAMUEL CAPPER, who died on the a feeling sense of the solemn character of the 29th of Eighth month, 1852, in the 71st year engagement. Whilst embracing within its range of his age; a Minister about 39 years : 'and many of the various aspects of religious truth, whose remains were interred at the Friars', the most prominent feature in his ministry may Bristol, on the 5th of Ninth month.

be said to have been the concern which he felt

to inculcate the inward and spiritual nature of Our beloved friend, Samuel Capper, son of religion, and the importance of those secret exJasper and Anne Capper, was born in Grace-ercises of the soul, which are essential to a growth church Street, London, on the 2d of third month, in grace. Though earnest to prove himself a 1782. We are acquainted with few particulars faithful steward, he maintained, at the same time, of his youthful days; but he is spoken of as a watchful care “not to utter words hastily before having manifested an unpromising disposition in the Lord.” His public approaches to the throne early childhood; yet it would appear that about of Grace were peculiarly solemn. the twelfth year of his age, his parents had the But by far the larger portion of his Gospel comfort of observing that his mind had yielded labors was bestowed on those beyond the pale of to the tendering visitations of Divine love. They our Society. His mind had long been impressed were induced, at his request, to seek a situation with deep religious concern for the lowest and for him in the country; and, in his fourteenth most neglected classes of the community, espeyear, he was apprenticed to Joseph Naish, of cially such as were not in the habit of attending Congresbury, Somersetshire, under whose roof any place of worship. Endeavors were at first he enjoyed the benefit of a careful and Christian made to give effect to his wishes, by inviting guardianship. It is believed that the period of these classes to meetings held in meeting-houses his apprenticeship was often remembered by him and other buildings; but as it was found that with feelings of thankfulness, as one in which their attendance could not in this way his religious character was advanced and deep- rally obtained, he was induced to propose to his ened.

friends the holding of meetings in a tent. The At the age of twenty-one he married Elizabeth, proposition met their approval, and a commodious, daughter of Joseph- Naish, and settled in Bristol, tent was accordingly provided: by this means he where he commenced business as a linen-draper. obtained access, both among our town and counHis prospects were encouraging, but the occupa- try population, to large numbers of those classes tion was not adapted to his habit of mind; and which had been the especial objects of his solicibecoming uneasy with the showy and fashionable tude. During each summer, for the last sevencharacter of his business, in about seven years teen or eighteen years of his life, he was diligent he relinquished the concern. The next eleven in prosecuting this work of faith and labor of years were spent in farming, at Pottern, in Wilt- love; and it is believed that 1 ithin this period shire. On leaving this place, he again settled he held upwards of four hur meetings, in in Bristol, and continued to reside there till the many of the larger towns as wen 'e rural disclose of his life.

tricts of our country; most of them bemg numeHe first appeared as a minister in 1813, and I rously attended.

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We believe that our dear friend was endued | directly in the Divine ordering. But in whatwith a special qualification for this line of service: ever light these vicissitudes may be viewed, his and though often moving forwards in it under a patient and humble submission, under difficulties deep sense of poverty and unworthiness, and a which appeared to himself intended for his furstrong feeling of his own insufficiency, yet, being ther purification, and for the benefit of his family, favored to know his sufficiency to be of God, he —and his constant desire not to permit them to was enabled to preach the Gospel “in demonstra- interfere with those services which he believed tion of the Spirit and of power;" often dwelling, to be required by his Lord, -were, to us, highly in a remarkable manner, on the infinite love of instructive. Close as were these trials, there is God, and the fulness and freeness of that salva- reason to believe he was enabled to avoid further tion which comes by Jesus Christ. At these difficulties by availing himself of the advice of gatherings, a solemn and reverential feeling fre- his friends, and by an endeavor to attend to the quently overspread the assembly; many who dictates of an enlightened conscience; and we came in with a thoughtless air, as if amused with may truly say that integrity and uprightness the novelty of the scene, being gradually brought marked his course, and that he was enabled to to great seriousness.

comply with the apostolic injunction, “Owe no On these occasions, as well as at other times, man anything but to love one another.” our dear friend often felt it his duty to speak of In connection with this subject, we find the the evils which have resulted from the setting up following entries in his journal :of human authority in matters of religion; and 10 mo. 25, 1830.—“Though sensible of great from the attempts which have at different periods solicitude about my own outward concerns, and been made to usurp the offices and prerogatives desirous of being found discharging my duty in of the Saviour, and to substitute a system of life- this respect; yet my mind has been in a very less ceremonies and priestly interference for the solemn frame, and a disposition to continual simple religion of the Gospel. Deeply impressed prayer, even vocally, has been felt, for which I with the importance of this subject, it was his thank my God, even Christ Jesus my Lord, 'who frequent engagement to direct his hearers to jis God over all, blessed for ever.' If this disChrist, as being alike the High Priest and Sin- pensation should pass away, and I still remain offering, the Teacher and Guide of his people, here, Lord ! enable me to do and suffer thy the ever-present Head of his own Church. blessed will, that I may be made a partaker of

It was not alone in the capacity of a minister thy holiness, which is what I long for. My of the Gospel, that Samuel Capper manifested his heart praises thee, Oh my God! and my eyes run allegiance to his Lord and Saviour, and his wil down with tears of tenderness.” lingness to confess Him before men. Often did 10th mo. 16, 1838.—“It seems desirable to he appear as the fearless opposer of evil practices record that we have had a time of close conflict, among his fellow-citizens; and the earnest sup- not seeing in what way, under our present temporter of measures which he considered calculated poral difficulties, we ought to act. It drives us to promote their highest interests. On several home, I hope, to the footstool of Divine Grace. occasions he was zealously engaged in suppressing God graciously grant us to see his will, and give demoralizing public amusements in this city; as us strength to do it. I can say, with thankfulwell such as were characterized by coarse bruta- ness, that I delight in dwelling near unto God in lity, as those which allured into sin by means spirit; and that although He is pleased to keep less revolting, though equally vicious. Under a us (as we feel it) long in suspense, yet I am able deep conviction of the sin and misery resulting to confide in Him. I desire heartily that I may from the excessive use of intoxicating drinks in advance in holiness, and attain to greater simthis country, he was for many years earnest in plicity, and more entire devotion to his guidance." promoting the spread of temperance; and with And we believe this our dear friend's desire equal decision did he give his valuable aid to and exercise was granted. There was in him a measures for the dissemination of pacific princi- growing conformity to the mind of Christ; and ples among the nations of men.

while he was abundant in labors, to the close of He felt a lively interest in the circulation of his earthly pilgrimage, there was also in his daily the Holy Scriptures, and in the labors of the walk an evidence that the light grew brighter and British and Foreign Bible Society.

brighter, as it advanced towards the perfect day. The cultivation of his intellectual powers af- Our dear friend was repeatedly brought into forded him a large amount of pleasure; yet he deep affliction by the illness and death of several was ever ready to resign such pursuits at the call of his beloved children. In reference to one of of apprehended duty.

these events, he writes :On more than one occasions, in passing through 7th mo. 12, 1837.—“Such a day of joy and life, our dear friend experienced the trials and sorrow I never passed. May I be prepared to uncertainties attending commercial pursuits. It join my dear daughter! I felt unable to do any. is not for us to decide in what degree these may thing but indulge the tenderest feelings of behave arisen from causes under his own control, reavement, and rejoice with the purified spirit.” or how far they may be regarded as having been The last domestic sorrow through which he was

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