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tained that it takes twice as long to destroy this, from Calmet, Robinson, Horne, and other Biblical tire as it does to render an iron tire useless. writers; and she trusts that those who may be Her Majesty has some of her pony carriages and engaged in teaching Bible truths will find it a usepark chairs fitted with the noiseless wheel; and

ful companion to the Scripture Question Books.

N. Y., 11th mo. 1853. MARY S. Wood." amongst the sovereigns of Europe, the Emperor

The work appears well adapted to its purpose. of Russia, the King of Wurtemburg, and Said Pacha have adopted them. The advantages of MARRIED, - At Friends' Meeting, on Twelfth st., these wheels are not confined to luxury, but the on the 23d ult., John M. WETHEREL to Mary comfort to invalids cannot be questioned, nor can Smith, both of this city. the pedestrian do other than bail with gratitude

At New port, on the 24th ult., THOMAS an invention which will enable him to walk in the B. BUFFUM to Lydia R. POTTER, both members city of London without that everlasting din which of Rhode Island Monthly Meeting. now accompanies him wherever he goes; and last though not least, in their favor, is the saving DIED,- In this city, on the 4th of 11th month, of the roads, which are uninjured by the roll of Joseph TROTTER, in the 71st year of his age. A the wheels. We understand that an establishment member of the Northern District Monthly Meeting. is in course of completion, to let carriages thus At his residence, in Somerset, Niagara Co., fitted at the same charges as the noisy ones

New York, on the 7th of 10th month, DANIEL a boon, indeed, for the ladies in their shopping ly Meeting, in the 57th year of his age, after a

BOWERMAN, a valuable member of Hartland Month. escursions. A company is also in formation in protracted illness which he was enabled to bear this city, to be called the “Noiseless Conveyance with Christian fortitude and patience. Company,” for omnibusses and cabs, at the present fares.- London paper.


Though the printed minutes of that meeting FRIENDS' REVIEW.

had not come to hand when this week's number PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 3,1853. was prepared for the press, yet the editor has

been kindly furnished, by a friend who was preThe article relative to the Influence of the Gulf

sent, with copious notes of the proceedings of Stream, which is copied into our present number that body, from which the following selections from the Athenæum, furnishes a striking illustration, in addition to many others, of the adaptation

are made. of our globe to the beneficent purposes for which

The meeting assembled on Second day, the it is designed. Little did Columbus imagine when the early stages of life being in attendance. Of

7th of 11th month, a large number of Friends in he was anxiously exploring the coast in the vicinity of the Mexican gulf for a passage into the

forty-two representatives, all except two answered

to their names. great Pacific, that the barrier which baffled his efforts, and rendered all his labors unavailing, friends, from various Yearly Meetings, viz., from

A number of ministers, and elders, and other was one of the means provided by a bountiful | New England, New York, Ohio, and Indiana, Creator to carry the warmth and fertility of the were present, with minutes or certificates from tropical climate to regions which, without this their respective meetings, who were cordially reprovision, would have been consigned to frost ceived, and kindly requested to consider themand snow.

selves incorporated with the meeting in its ex

ercises. Within a few days a little book has fallen into

The London general epistle, and epistles from the hands of the editor, entitled "Questions for the Yearly Meeting of London, and from all the

“ Bible Classes and Families,” which is for sale at and read, spreading over the meeting a precious

Yearly Meetings on this continent, were received 10 cents a copy, or $1 a dozen, by Samuel S. and William Wood, 261 Pearl Street, New York, and

solemnity, and uniting many hearts in the acby Smith and English, 36 North Sixth Street, and all

knowledgment “one is your master, even Christ, Philadelphia

ye are brethren."

One aged friend, in a very tender and affecThe following introduction explains the object tionate manner, brought to the view of his of the compilation :

younger brethren the experience of more than “ The Compiler of the following pages, whilst four score years, assuring them that no earthly imparting Scriptural instruction to her children, possession is comparable to the treasures which has frequently met with words and passages in the Bible of significant meaning, to which no ex- only by a close walking in the path of self

are in Christ Jesus, and which can be obtained planation is to be found in the Sacred Volume, nor

denial. in any of the books designed for the use of schools, that liave come under her notice.

The meeting directed that 1500 copies of the To aid her in her own labors, she has with much London epistle should be printed for circulation care prepared this little work, gleaning the facts among their members.

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On Third day, the Sth, the meeting, in confor- | been made to the number, and requested to use mity to the proposal of the representatives, ap- every proper effort to procure additional subscrippointed Aaron Stalker as clerk and Allen N. tions, and report at the sitting of the meeting on Tomlinson as assistant for the present year.

the next day.* The queries, with the answers, from the seve- A report from the associated committees of the ral quarters were then read; and the state of Yearly Meetings of New York, Baltimore, Indisociety within that Yearly Meeting being thus ana and North Carolina was received and read, brought into view, much solemnity spread over and being approved, the committee of this meetthe meeting, under which feeling a large portion ing was released. of salutary and pertinent counsel was offered, The Committee on Education made a report, tending to excite in the minds of those present from which it appears that the number of childa serious inquiry how far they were individually ren in the Yearly Meeting between the ages of supporting the testimonies which we have long 5 and 18 years (two monthly meetings not inprofessed in the view of the world. The testi- cluded) is 823. The number of children between mony in regard to a free gospel ministry, and to the ages of 18 and 21, 171; and the number of the worship which is in spirit and in truth, was schools taught by Friends, 41. There are only particularly adverted to, and Friends were ad- eight children over 5 years


who have remonished to prize and maintain their freedom ceived no education. from a worship and ministry founded or exercised The reports sent up by the Quarterly Meetings in the will and wisdom of man.

on the subject of spirituous liquors, show that On Fourth day, the 9th, a meeting for worship there are 121 members of the Yearly Meeting was held, which was attended by a number of who continue in the use of them for other than those residing in the neighborhood, who are not medicinal purposes. Much concern was maniin membership with Friends. This meeting was fested on this account, and Friends were advised considered a solid and satisfactory one.

tenderly to treat with the erring for their conOn Fifth day, 10th, an epistle from the vincement and recovery, Yearly Meeting of Dublin, having just come to Sixth day, 15th.—The committee appointed hand, was read, and an exhortation which it yesterday to complete the subscriptions to the contained, encouraging the frequent perusal of Boarding School fund, now reported having sucthe memoirs and other approved writings of ceeded in obtaining additional subscriptions to Friends, excited considerable attention.

the amount of $6,052, which added to $3,223 The report of the trustees of the Boarding reported yesterday, makes $9,275. There is a School at New Garden was produced and read. permanent fund already invested of $1,775, This report exhibits a more favorable state of which makes the total amount of permanent the school than in several previous years. The fund raised by this meeting $11,050. The number of pupils admitted within the year, was Charity School fund is $1,048, and there is a 128; of whom 79 were members; 11 were the fund of about $3,000 raised in other Yearly children of members, and the remaining 38 were Meetings as a charity fund for the school. The not connected with the society. The indebted total amount of these funds is believed to be rising ness of the school above its assets, is now stated to $20,000, the interest of which is to be annually be $1493.04, whereas last year it was $1909.99, applied for the benefit of the school. showing a gain within the year, of more than Essays of Epistles to all the Yearly Meetings $ 100. The trustees express their earnest desire of Friends on this continent, also to those of to carry on this interesting Institution in a man- London and Dublin, were produced and read, ner consistent with its original design, and that and being satisfactory to the meeting, were dithe children sent there should be furnished with rected to be signed by the clerk and forwarded. such clothing, and accustomed to such language The meeting came to a satisfactory close on the at home, as would render them suitable examples afternoon of that day. when at the school.

The committee continued at the last Yearly Meeting to solicit subscriptions to establish a MOYAMENSING HOUSE OF INDUSTRY. permanent fund for the use of the Boarding The Managers of “The Philadelphia Society School, reported that they had obtained within for the Employment and Instruction of the Poor" the limits of North Carolina Yearly Meeting were obliged to close their House of Industry $3,223, and that about $6,000 more would be early in 8th month last, for want of funds to meet required to make up, together with the amounts its current expenses. The numerous destitute subscribed in other Yearly Meetings, the fund of applicants, principally females, seeking a tempo$20,000, as originally proposed.

rary shelter until employment can be obtained, A lively interest was manifested among the members, and an earnest desire that, if possible,

* The report of the committee having been laid be. the whole amount should be made up before the fore the women's meeting, and they informed of the adjournment of the meeting. The committee mittee of young women to solicit subscriptions. The

action in the case, they united in appointing a comwas accordingly continued, a large addition having success of this committee was very considerable.

For Friends' Review,

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are now applying there, as the inclement winter period, after their appointment, they completed season is at hand. The Managers have opened the incoporation of the Institute according to the house for suffering cases, and appeal to their law, and organized the Board by electing a Pres

. friends who are blessed with abundance for as- ident, Secretary and Treasurer for one year, and sistance, to enable them to defray the expenses classifying themselves as required by the articles of temporary shelter and employment of the des- of incorporation. They also adopted by-laws for titute poor, without respect to color, applying the government of the Board. there for relief,

"The Board then applied for and received from Friends in the country, blessed with enough the executors of the will of Josiah White, deand to spare, would find this institution a good ceased, a transfer, to the Institute, of the title to depository for some of their surplus potatoes, tur- 1140 acres of land, previously purchased for that nips, beans, or such vegetables as they might be purpose, at a cost of $7,760, and the balance of willing to contribute ; Indian meal, salt meat, &c. the Donation, $12,24000Total, in land and would be very acceptable there to feed the hun- and money, $20,000 00. The family of the degry inmates. The treasury being empty and the ceased generously donating $300 to defray the exsupplies very low, provisions would be as accepta- penses incurred in the purchase of the land. ble as money. Cast off clothing, shoes, &c. have

The Board then resolved to commence improve been very useful in rigging up some who come almost naked for relief . Materials for carpet rags purpose would extend, adding thereto the income

ing the farm as far as the funds donated for that are acceptable, to employ the aged in cutting and from the land for the present and ensuing season. sewing them. The articles may be sent to the Moyamensing able fence, and contracted for the breaking up of

They accordingly enclosed 610 acres with a suitHouse of industry, Catharine Street above 7th, all the land enclosed, not already under improveor a note addressed to the matron there, or to Wistar Morris, Treasurer, S. E. corner of 3d and ment; the erection of a small frame house for the Walnut Streets, Philada., stating where contri- use of persons employed on the premises, and butions could be sent for.

subdividing the land enclosed with a hedge, into This institution receives the destitute poor, which is about $2,800.

suitable tracts for farming-the estimated cost of having them and their clothing washed, and they employed in the house until situations can be The Board not deeming it advisable to enter found for them, or they otherwise disposed of.

upon the erection of the school buildings until Friends wanting domestics will please apply the farm was improved, and other preliminary there, or send their address to the matron. And steps taken, have placed the entire sum of those having sewing to do, particularly coarse $10,000, donated for building purposes, at inte

. work, making bags, comfortables, quilting, &c., rest, for the present. or those wishing to purchase coarse shirts, &c. By order of the Board. &c., suitable for laboring people, will aid the in

JOSEPH D. HOAG, President. stitution by applying there. Warm and cold Salem, Iowa, 8th month 10th, 1853. baths are furnished gratuitously to the inmates, and at a very low cost to the outside poor when

The report of the committee on the Indian they can afford to pay, and when too poor, with concern is given in our tentb number. It may out charge. This department is used principally be observed that, to enable the committee to by colored persons, although free to all; the colored children in the large “ Ragged 'School.5 prosecute this interesting concern, the meeting held in the house, are bathed weekly, which is directed that $1200 should be raised the ensuing believed to conduce to their health.

year, and forwarded to William Crossman, TreaA Dispensary is connected with the institution, surer. now closed, but will be opened to administer medicine and medical advice gratuitously to the Report on the Concerns of the People of Color. poor, as soon as funds are received to meet the To the Yearly Meeting : expenses thereof. We would invite all who can Reports have been received from all the to visit the house, and not merely take our word branches of this committee, from which it ap. for its usefulness.

J. pears that they have still been engaged for the Philadelphia, 11th mo 26. 1853.

promotion of the welfare of the people of color, within their respective limits, in advising and assisting them in the way of sebooks, which is

our principal means of being useful to them. (Concluded from page 174.)

It appears that there have been twenty-six First Annual Report of the White's Iowa Man- Schools, mostly for three months each, taught ual Labor Institute.

within their settlements, the past year, affording TO INDIANA YEARLY MEETING OF FRIENDS : instruction to about 450 children. In some

The Trustees of White's Iowa Manual Labor cases Friends have been the Teachers of the Institute report that at the earliest practicable Schools, though in most, they have been taught


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by colored and white persons who are not in , fectingly to be observed, that a baneful excess membership with us.

in drinking spirituous liquors is prevalent The usual branches of a common English ed amongst many of the inhabitants of our land? ucation have been taught in the schools, and the How evident are the corrupting, debasing and progress of the children in learning has been ruinous effects consequent upon the importation, generally satisfactory.

distillation, and retailing of them, whereby inSeveral First-day Schools have been taught temperance is greatly aided and encouraged, to amongst them, and a number of instances of the impoverishment of many, distempering the colored children attending Friends' Schools are constitutions and understandings of many more, also reported.

and increasing vice and dissoluteness in the land, Although the principal labors of Friends have with which many religiously attentive minds been, as heretofore, advisory on the subject of have long been painfully exercised ! Education and Schools, yet the Branches report “It is the fervent desire of the Yearly Meethaving afforded pecuniary assistance to the ing, that Friends in all quarters may be earnestly amount of $240; they also report $235 paid for excited to suffer the affecting importance of this the relief of poor persons of color, in different evil, religiously to impress their minds, and that neighborhoods. One Branch also reports the payment of $15 and tenderness with those who use ardent spirits

Monthly Meetings may labor in the spirit of love for the release of a colored person from unlawful

as an article of drink in barvest, or on other ocimprisonment in Kentucky, and some of them casions, the medical use only excepted, and also mention affording assistance in some settlements with those who sell or grind grain for distillation, in procuring Libraries for their use.

or furnish fruit or other materials for that purSigned on behalf of the Committee,

pose; and also such as aid the business by furGEORGE EVANS, Clerk.

nishing vessels to prepare or hold such liquors, On Third-day, the 4th of 10th month, a com- ket, or vend, or in any wise aid the commerce of

or are concerned in conveying it to or from marmittee, appointed at a previous sitting to prepare that article. And if such labor a memorial to the Legislatures of Indiana, Ohio, to reclaim from the practice or encouragement of Illinois, and Iowa, produced the following, which so desolating an evil, and after the hope of gainwas read, considered and adopted. To procure Meetings may proceed to disown them.”—Books

ing such by brotherly treatment is over, Monthly its presentation, two Friends were nominated of Discipline, pages 59, 60. for each of those bodies :

After so many years' experience, as a Society, Memorial on Intemperance, &c.

we can testify to the practical utility of such a To the Senate and House of Representatives of provision, and to the fact that no difficulty has the State of Indiana. [And the same to Ohio,

been found in carrying it thoroughly into execuIllinois, and Iowa.]

tion. This being our practice, we feel the more The Memorial of Indiana Yearly Meeting,

emboldened to encourage the extension of the composed of that portion of the Religious so same rule to the community at large. ciety of Friends residing in the western part of

As “godliness is profitable anto all things Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Iowa, respectfully having promise of the life that now is, and of represents,

that which is to come,” and as temperance is neThat actuated by a desire to be found faithful cessary to prepare the way for godliness, we are in promoting the great work of righteousness, deeply impressed with the belief that every meapeace and temperance, in the earth, and having sure which will tend to increase virtue and mothe welfare of our beloved country at heart, we rality in the community, and stay the desolating believe it to be our imperative duty to unite with evils of intemperance, will, in the end, be found a large number of our fellow-citizens, who are to result, in every respect, advantageously to the petitioning for legal enactments for the suppres- public. sion of intemperance, and of the commerce in We, therefore, respectfully, but earnestly, mr. intoxicating liquors, except for medicinal and quest that you would enact such a law, or laws, mechanical purposes.

as will entirely prohibit the importation, distillaMore than thirty years since we adopted the tion and sale, of intoxicating liquors, except for following rule of Discipline for the regulation of medicinal and mechanical purposes.

. our members, viz:

In conclusion, feeling that in the making and “Whilst, therefore, we hold it to be an indu- administration of our laws, we are responsible to bitable truth, that moderation and temperance Him who ruleth among the nations of the earth, are inseparable from the Christian religion, we and measureth out retribution upon those who affectionately beseech our members to abstain obey not His Gospel, our prayers are that you

be from all appearance of evil in relation thereto. guided by Best Wisdom to the enactment of such And particularly as respects the use of intoxica. laws as will tend the most effectually to suppress ting liquors of every description. Is it not af. I the evils of intemperance.

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Copy of a Minute on the subject of Slavery, coat of arms had often excited attention, and

adopted by the Nero England Yearly Meeting, many persons had wished to know its origin, as and sent as a Postscript to their Epistle in 1853, it was generally reported that the Bishop had to Indiana Yearly Meeting.

chosen it for himself, and that it bore reference “ The testimony of our religious society against to some event in his early life. One day an inthe iniquitous system of Slavery as it exists in timate acquaintance asked him its meaning, and some parts of our highly favored country, which the Bishop replied by relating the following has now for a long series of years been dear to story : Friends, and, as they have believed, has been Fifty or sixty years ago, there resided a little incumbent upon them faithfully to uphold as a boy at a village on the banks of the Danube. religious testimony, and to be borne upon re- His parents were very poor, and, almost as soon ligious grounds, is, we trust, regarded by Friends as the boy could walk, he was sent into the woods as increasingly important.

to pick up sticks for fuel. When he grew older, It is and must be matter of grief and concern his father taught him to pick the juniper berries, to Friends, that the tendency of the legislation and carry them to a neighboring distiller, who of our country should be in any way designed to wanted them for making hollands. Day by day fjster, perpetuate, or protect this system, so full the poor boy went to his task, and on his road he of evil, or that under any contingency any of us passed by the open windows of the village school, or our fellow-countrymen, and especially those where he saw the schoolmaster teaching a numwho are comparatively free from immediate con- ber of boys about the same age as himself. He nection with it, should be required by such looked at these boys with feelings almost of envy, legislation to aid in its support.

so earnestly did he long to be among them. He We believe Friends are called upon faithfully knew that it was in vain to ask his father to send to maintain the testimony to their abiding con- him to school, for he knew his parents had no viction that Slavery in its nature and in its effects money to pay the schoolmaster; and he often is wholly inconsistent with the principles of our passed the whole day thinking, while he was gaholy religion. How different are its require thering his juniper berries, what he could posments from that divine precept of our blessed sibly do to please the schoolmaster, in the hope Lord, “ All things whatsoever ye would that men of getting some lessons. One day, when he was should do to you, do ye even so to them, for this walking along, he saw two of the boys belonging is the law and the prophets.”.

to the school, trying to set a bird trap, and he A system thus characterized by evil, is so asked them what it was for? The boys told him entirely opposed to our religious profession, that that the schoolmaster was very fond of fieldfares, we cannot sanction or uphold it in any degree, and that they were setting a trap to catch some, without at the same time being unfaithful and This delighted the poor boy, for he recollected inconsistent-hence no compromises, no human that he had often seen a great number of these agreements, no buman enactments even, can birds in the juniper wood, where they came to render its support just or right.

eat the berries, and he had no doubt but he could We repeat, the testimony of the Society of catch some. Friends against Slavery is a religious one, and is The next day the little boy borrowed an old to be borne on religious ground alone—with firm- basket of his mother, and when he went to the ness, yet with meekness—in humility, in love, wood he had the great delight to catch two fieldin faith, and with a single eye to our duty and fares. He put them in the basket, and tying an accountability to Him who created us—

-with no old handkerchief over it, he took them to the view to worldly advantage or to please men, but schoolmaster's house. Just as he arrived at the with singleness of purpose as unto God. door, he saw the two little boys who had been

We believe the testimony of Friends on this setting the trap, and with some alarm he asked subject, consistently borne, is and has been in them if they had caught any birds. They anthe hands of an all wise Providence, among the swered in the negative; and the boy, his heart means by which, as it is to be hoped, the evils of beating with joy, gained admittance to the schoolSlavery are to be done away. How important master's presence. In a few words he told how then that we be faithful herein. We are engaged he had seen the boys setting the trap, how he earnestly to exhort all Friends that they con- had caught the birds to bring them a present to tinue to bear this testimony unflinchingly before his master. the world, and against the requirements of A present my good boy !" cried the schoolSlavery in all their forms, as well as against every master; "you do not look as if you could afford measure calculated to strengthen or perpetuate to make presents

. Tell me your price, and I will this lamentable evil.”

and thank you

"I would rather give them to you, sir, if you

please," said the boy. A worthy Bishop, who lately died, had for his The schoolmaster looked at the boy as he stood arms two fieldfares, with the motto, “ Are not before him, with bare head and feet, and ragged two sparrows sold for a farthing ?” This strangel trowsers that reached only half way down his

it to you,


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