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naked legs. "You are a singular boy!" said he, tional for a man who already sleeps soundly “ but if you will not take money, you must tell through the whole night, to take an habitual me what I can do for you, as I cannot accept narcotic for the purpose of improving his repose; your present without doing something for you in or for a man who finds no difficulty in maintainreturn. Is there anything that I can do for you ?" | ing the erect posture by the natural action of the

“Oh yes !" said the boy with delight; "" you muscles of his back, to construct an artificial supcan do for me what I should like better than any port for the purpose of relieving them of the thing else!”

strain which they are adapted to bear. Every “What is that?” asked the schoolmaster one knows that, in either of these cases,


organ smiling,

thus assisted will gradually lose its own indepen“ Teach me to read,” cried the boy, falling on dent vigor, and will come at last to require the his knees; "oh, dear, kind sir, teach me to read.” artificial support, without which it could at first

The schoolmaster complied. The boy came to have discharged its full share of duty. And exhim at all his leisure hours, and learnt so rapidly, perience shows, in like manner, that those who that the schoolmaster recommended him to a have long been habituated to the “moderate use nobleman who resided in the neighborhood. This of alcoholic beverages with their meals, are selgentleman, who was as noble in his mind as in dom able to discontinue them without a tempohis birth, patronized the poor boy, and sent him rary loss of appetite and of digestive power; unto Ratisbon. The boy profited by his opportuni- less, indeed, their place be supplied by the more ties, and when he rose, as he soon did, to wealth wholesome excitement of fresh air and exercise. and honors, he adopted two fieldfares in his arms. The whole tendency of modern pathological

“What do you mean?” cried the Bishop's research has been to show, that the human frame, friend.

if endowed with an ordinary amount of inherent “ I mean,” returned the Bishop, with a smile, vigor, is no otherwise incident to disease, than as “that the poor boy was MYSELF."-- Epis. Rec.

it is in various ways subjected to the agency of Had this poor boy, instead of being born on mal play of its functions; and that although old

causes which produce a departure from the northe banks of the Danube, within the dominions

age and decay are inevitable, diseases are not, of a German despot, drawn his first breath on the being preventible in the precise proportion in shores of the Savannah or Cooper river, in the which we are able to discover and eradicate their most free and enlightened republic on the earth, causes.

In chronic disease we find that the organ has, and been covered with a skin not colored like so to speak, grown to its perverted action ; so our own, the good natured schoolmaster would that no curative measure is permanently benefiprobably have told him that, however grateful cial, which does not first act by withdrawing the he felt for his proffered gift, the laws of his cause of original departure from the healthy state, country sternly prohibited a compliance with his and by placing the organ in the best condition for request; and that if he should teach him to read by all that we know of the causes of disease, in

its recovery. We are fully justified, therefore, he would himself be subjected to a fine which he asserting that the habitual use of Alcoholic liquors could not afford. And if the schoolmaster's fond-by healthy individuals, even in small quantities, ness for birds had overpowered his regard for the is likely, when sufficiently protracted, to favor laws of the land, no literary instruction which the development of such chronic disorders as could have been imparted to him, could possibly movement of the circulating current, or are liable

originally depend upon an irregularity in the have opened the poor boy's way to eminence and to be augmented by it.--"Physiology of Tempewealth.

rance and Total Abstinence,'' by Dr. Carpenter.


The Burlington (Vermont) Courier says, that ALCOHOLIC LIQUORS.

last year, when the present gaoler took charge of Now if bitter beer, or any other favorite malt the gaol, there were seven in its cells, and that liquor habitually taken in“ moderation,” has any there have since been, at different times, thirty influence at all upon the functional activity of others; but now, since the Vermont Maine Law the stomach, that influence must be either to in- has had time to produce its legitimate effects, crease, to diminish, or to prevent that which is locks and keys are useless, as the gaol is without natural to it. From the language used by the a tenant. This is the third gaol in Vermont advocates of these liquors, it may be presumed which has been emptied by the new prohibitory that they would choose the former of these alter- liquor law, and the editor very properly adds : natives; and it will then be for them to reply to "The simple truth is, the sale of liquor peoples the question,-What good can arise from habitu- gaols-prohibiting its sale empties them; and it ally exciting an organ, that is already in a state is in the power of the people to say which they of healthful activity? It would be just as ra- will have."


EXTRACT FROM A LETTER OF J. ROBERTS. selves, and been placed at the head of powerful
Monrovia, July 6, 1853. tribes

But while a slave, he is subject to the will of Why the United States are so indifferent to the his master, may be punished severely, and often advantages which must, in the nature of things, unjustly, with impunity—his labor is not his before a great many years, result from the traffic own, and the degradation he feels blunts his enof this coast, is really unaccountable. It does ergies, and unfits him for usefulness as a memappear to me in view of many considerations, ber of community. Slavery, however, in its both in relation to colonization and commerce, mildest form, is unjust and unkoly, and whenthat the establishing of a speedy and direct com- ever it comes within my reach, shall have against munication between the United States and Libe- it the whole weight of 'my influence. We shall ria, is even now a matter of no little importance. doubtless have considerable difficulty with some The rapidity with which commerce is increasing of the chiefs, in regard to this matter; but I am along this coast, is almost incredible—though quite sanguine we shall succeed. I'he fact is, easily accounted for. Thousands and thousands Liberia is now the Canada of Africa for fugitive of the inhabitants of the coast, and of the inte slaves. Slaves are constantly taking refuge witkin rior-who once obtained their supply of foreign our jurisdiction. goods by means of the slave trade—now that tha:

You are quite right in regard to the incorrect. odious traffic, at least on this part of the African ness of Mr. Hanson's statement respecting the coast, is abolished, have necessarily to turn quantity of palm oil annually exported from the their attention to legitimate commerce—the col- African coast. I question whether it exceeds

, lection of palm oil, camwood, ivory, &c., to pro- even now, seventy or eighty thousand tons. Licure their accustomed supply of foreign merchan. beria yields at present about eight thousand tons, dise.

which is an increase of at least 25 per cent. A few days since, an old Chief, who had come within the last three years. Three years more down with a large caravan from the interior, at the present rate will give us, I should think, some eighty or a hundred miles, called on me, about 50 per cent. Liberia, my dear sir, is a and in the course of conversation, remarked that child of Providence, as the past clearly shows; he had felt exceedingly indignant toward the and though she may yet, in her progress, have to Liberians for interfering with the slave trade. contend against crafty men and sore difficulties, llis grandfather and his father, he said, for she will be sustained, and outlive them all.miany, many years, had sold slaves, and they Colonization Herald. were rich, but the Liberiars had made him poor; he had, therefore, intended never to visit Mon

GOOD AND BAD ROADS. rovia, or have anything to do with the Ameri

He was now convinced, however, that the Governor Clinton estimated, soon after the slave trade was very cruel; that it has producel completion of the Erie Canal, that western New a great deal of distress and suffering among the York had been enriched by that great work to country people: and when he used to sell slaves an amount of one hundred millions of dollars. he often felt much disquietude, and he was now What the entire benefit may be up to the present very glad that the Liberians had interposed to time, it is difficult to say, when the increased prevent the foreign slave trade; but, says the value of farms, and of the cities it has created, old fellow, with an arch smile, “ Merica man are all taken into account. We mention this as must no talk slave palaver gin, s'pose we no sell a single example of the influence which facilities him Spanyar man.” Meaning, of course, we for carriage to market actually exert on the value must not interfere with domestic slave trade. of every man's real estate. Yet the canal-boat

For the last year, he said, he had employed conveys the single farmer's products to market the slaves he would have sold, had an opportu- only a few times during the whole twelve months ; nity offered, in cultivating large rice fields, and while the common highway is used by him duin making palm oil, collecting cam wood, &c., ring alınost every day in the year. Speculators which he found yielded him more than the amount who own lands, deem it of high importance to he would have received for his slaves, had he secure a railway in the neighborhood; but they sold them. And this sentiment is almost daily seem to forget that excellent roads exert an equal expressed by many of the chiefs in our neigh. or greater influence on the value of their proborhood. The great trouble now is, and to which perty. We have known single hundred-acre we are turning attention, the extinction of do- farms increased in price more than one thousand mestic slavery among the native tribes. Truly, dollars each in a single year, by the construction domestic slavery in Africa is not what it is in of a first-rate road through them, where the pubthe United States. In Africa, the master and lic way was before a collection of ruts and pud. slave not uncommonly eat out of the same dish ales; and every one may observe the difference -the slave sometimes aspires and gains the hand in the market price of land on a well-kept road of his master's daughter; and many instances and on a poor and impassable one, in the same are known where slaves have distinguished them.'immediate neighborhood.






Why is it then, that the great mass of our | dwelt so long on this subject had not the evil farming population bestow so little thought on been one of really serious magnitude. the construction of their roads-except it be, Throwing aside the countless conveniencies perhaps, to contrive to work out their highway merely, that are afforded by good and easy travel- . taxes with as little labor as possible? The an- ing, and the saving of time, team, barness, and swer must be, that it results from an entire blind- wagons; throwing all these out of the estimate, ness to their own interests a total want of the difference in the value of real estate in a thought in the right direction—for a tithe of the single township, between the best and the worst skill and labor that they bestow on a crop of po- public roads, would often amount to a quarter of tatoes, would often accomplish a more valuable a million of dollars. For who would not rather result in securing good roads.

give fifty dollars an acre where the roads were One great loss arises from sacrificing the whole all fine, than forty, where sloughs were only conpublic interest to the interest of a single land- nected by ruts, and ruts by puddles, the one a owner. In other words, the road is made crooked, thriving, the other a slip-shod population ? Now, or made to pass over a hill, that it may not spoil a township of six miles square would be twenty the shape of some particular corn-field or calf- three thousand acres; ten dollars of increased pasture. We have known a greatly travelled value on each of these would be two hundred and road to be changed from a short diagonal through thirty thousand—a sum that would pay for a a certain politician's field, to a circuitous route large amount of road-making, and the thought of through mud and around stumps, in order to which ought to stimulate every mortar-bed builleave the field entire—and the public were com- der to a wiser consideration of the subject, and in pelled during every hour of the day, and for 365 every sense of the word to mend our ways.— days in each year, and so far as they know, Country Gentleman. through all coming time, to travel a needless distance, in order that Squire Bumpkin might ar

NEWS FROM INDIA IN TEN DAYS-PASSENrange his pig-lot to better advantage.

GERS IN THREE WEEKS.Within a twelvemonth In another case, one of the main avenues to a of the present date a railway will be completed populous village is made to ascend a hill and from Ostend to Trieste, a distance of 1,500 miles, then pass down again, in doing which it makes in which there are even now only two considerable a right-angle and traverses a distance of half a breaks. Letters, passengers and parcels will then mile more than would have been required on a level, obliquely through a valley.

little more than two days from the shores A little

occupy calculation has shown that the yearly cost in

of the Channel to those of the Adriatic; four days time, and in wear and tear of horses and car- the railway from Alexandria to Cairo, now rapidly

more will take them to Egypt, and by the aid of riages, would more than pay the interest on the whole furm thus saved from a few trian- the Red Sea, and in twelve days thereafter be safe

advancing, they inay within 36 bours be afloat on gular fields.

in Bombay, or within three weeks of their leaving There are numerous instances in all parts of

London. Within this date the electric telegraph, the country, where the same one-sided interest has sent the never-ceasing throng of travel and will have reached Suez, and the 4000 miles of wire

now preparing to be laid across the Mediterranean, of loaded teams up over a fatiguing hill, in order which have already reached Calcutta will connect that the road might lie on “the line of lots;' and where a slight flexure of a few rods to the every great town in India with the port of Bomright or left, frequently without any increase in bay; so that before the year 1856 expires we shall right or left, frequently without any increase in have communication by electric telegraph in 10 distance, would save a perpetually increasing or 11 days' time with every part of India, and by amount of hard scrabble, and jerk, and overstrained muscle. Not three miles from the resi

a steamer and rail from Bumbay in 21.-Lor

don Morning Chron. dence of the writer, is just such a hill, over which an important road passes from a large village to a near and thronged railway-station- ON THE RECENT DEATH OF A FRIEND. and over this hill these villagers will have to

“Behold, I com as a thief.” climb incessantly, until farmer Somebody at the foot of the hill is willing to have eleven yards of

Not on a bed of languishing

With hours passed in painhis cornfield encroached upon to make a level road.

And where there ever is a hope Within ten miles of this spot, there are more That we shall rise again; than ten similar illustrations of folly. Yet the community in which these absurdities exist

Not drooping, or in sadness,

Nor dreaming he was nighare reputed unusually intelligent on general sub

When came the pallid messenger jects—we believe they have only followed the With his mandate from on high. common fashion of utter thoughtlessness and of

And what recks it to the soul tha:'s frec, full-developed stupidity, which seems to prevail

How sudden falls the blow, pretty extensively all over the country on the

When in unerring wisdom, He subject of road-making. We should not have

Decrees it shall be so.


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'Tis ours, while in this transient state

Austria.- Austria was concentrating a force on To scan his holy word

the Servian frontier. The Servian Government And here like faithful servants wait

had ordered the population to arm, and had inThe coming of our Lord.


formed the Porte that neither Austria nor Russia District of Belmont.

would be permitted to occupy Servia.

The Porte has informed Austria that Turkey SUMMARY OF NEWS.

will expect her to prohibit the Russians from sup.

plying the Montenegrins with arms through port FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.—The steamship Cana Cattaro. da, with Liverpool dates to the 12th ult., arrived

It is said that Austria offers to remain neutral at Halifax, on the 24th. The Emperor of Russia had declared war against trian refugees in the army.

on condition that the Porte will not employ AusTurkey. Several battles had already taken place, both in Europe and Asia, in all of which the Turks ITALY.-The news from the East has created had been victorious. On the 2d and 3d ult., the great excitement among the young soldiers of the Turks crossed the Danube, from Turtukai to Olte- French army of occupation, and also among the nitza, to the number of 18,000 men, and were attack oldest veterans of the service, and numerous ed on the 4th by Gen. Parlof, w jih 9000 men. The applications have been transmitted to the compebattle lasted three hours, the Turks remaining mas- tent authorities for permission to witness the opeters of the field. In a subsequent battle, the main rations of the Turkish army. body of the Russians, from 20,000 to 40,000 strong, INDIA AND CHINA.-The India mail had arrived under Gen. Danenberg, was defeated by the Turks, at Alexandria with Bombay dates to 10th month and driven back to Bucharest

. In this engagement 14th, and Hong-Kong to 9th month 27th. fourteen Russian superior officers were killed.

The English troops in Burmah were in a state Kalarche was occupied by 4000 Turks; 2000 of siege, and the steamers were continually fired had established themselves on the island in front upon in going up and down the river. The counof Giurgivo, and 12,000 were in Lesser Wallachia. try was in possession of the followers of Meatoon There are rumors of several other movements of and other chiefs of rank, who stated that they the Turks at different ports along the Danube.- were acting under the authority of the King of Skirmishes were constantly occurring at the out- Ava. posts. Three several engagements had also taken place the 9th month, by a band of the insurgents. The

Shanghai has been occupied, since the 7th of in Asia, in all of which the Russians were defeat, Government troops had been completely routed ed. In the last of these, the Russians fled and at Amoy by the revolutionists. were pursued by the Turks, who planted the Sultan's standard and made their quarters at Orel rived at New Orleans on the 26th of uith month,

California. The steamship United States arli, eight hours distance from Ciorockdere, where with San Francisco dates to 11th month 1st. The the battle began. The policy of Russia is supposed to be to draw cisco, on 11th month 1st

, by both routes, amounted

total amount of treasure shipped from San Fran. the Turks from their present advantageous positions, and bring them io a battle that shall decide to $2,750,000, exclusive of that in the hands of the campaign. The intention of Omar Pasha is to

passengers. keep his promise to drive the Russians from the The Sonora fillibustering expedition attracted Principalities, and to make his head quarters at little sympathy, and it would probably prove a Bucharest

failure. Diplomacy lags hopelessly in the rear of the Emigration to Australia had ceased. fighting; and even yet hopes to adjust inatters, but not till' after a decisive battle shall have been been lost in the Arctic Ocean. A portion of her

The whaling ship Citizen, of New Bedford, has fought.

crew were saved after enduring terrible suffer. Typhus fever was raging in the Russian ranks, ing. and had reduced the fighting men to 85,000. It SANDWICH ISLANDS. — Another change in the would require six weeks for reinforcements to Ministry has been made, Prince Kamehameha reach them.

having resigned the office of Prime Minister, and The Porte has decided that foreign refugees can- John Young having been appointed his sucnot be employed in Europe, but that they may cessor. serve in Asia.

Domestic.-A sixpenny saving bank has been ENGLAND.-In view of the important news from established in New York, and is realizing an unthe East, it was expected that Parliament would expected success. Its effect in encouraging in. assemble forth with.

dustry, economy, temperance and thrift among the The British fleet at Spitshead had been ordered poor youth of the city, is said to be very apparent. to be ready for sea by the ulth ult. Its destina- The sixpenny deposits now amount to $23,000. tion was not known.

The official returns of the vote on the Prohibi. FRANCE.— The trial of the conspirators in the tory Law in Wisconsin, as far as received, show a celebrated Opera plot has adduced clear evidence majority for the law

The Free Democrat of an actual conspiracy and plot to assassinate the says that the full returns will increase this majority Emperor Napoleon.

to two thousand. The metal foundries in France were strongly The majority of both Houses of the New York urging the Government to reduce the duty on me- Legislature, is in favor of the Maine Law. So the tals. This had caused a speculation in British | Tribune claims, and the Herald reluctantly adIron.

mits it.






No. 13.



Maria Dahl, under an apprehension that they

had already been subjected to the suffering PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS, awarded by the court, on account of the manner No. 50 North Fourth Street,

of their marriage; but these dear Friends posiPHILADELPHIA.

tively declined receiving the kind offer, on two Price two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,

grounds; first, that the threatened suffering had or six copies for ten dollars.

not yet been inflicted; and secondly, that they Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly were in circumstances not requiring such aid. in advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 It was therefore directed to be given to other cents per annum in other States.

poor persons.

On the same occasion, an appeal was made on SOME ACCOUNT OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF behalf of our suffering fellow professors, to those

in authority at Stavanger, in a paper written by (Continued from page 170.;

a Friend of Newcastle-on-Tyne, which was atAmong the persecutions to which Friends of tended with a favourable result. It was as folNorway were exposed, we find it noted about

lows : 1810 that two estimable young Friends, Endre To the justices, magistrates, and persons in I. Dahl and Maria Endberg, having been mar-authority at Stavanger, and such other places in ried agreeably to the order of our Society, were, Norway, where there may be any of the Society for that cause, sentenced to an imprisonment of of Friends, commonly called Quakers, residing. ten days, to be kept on bread and water; which minister of the aforesaid religious Society at

“The undersigned, being an acknowledged treatment was to be repeated as often as the Newcastle-on-Tyne, in Great Britain, sendeth magistrate should appoint, until all expenses re- greeting. quired of them should be paid. The marriage Permit me to plead with you on behalf of also was directed to be annulled. But this sen- my fellow professors of the same faith, your tence was finally set aside by the King. Soren formed, are at times treated as evil doers, and

countrymen; some of whom, as I have been inEricksen, of Stagland, who had a wife and six punished as such by fine and imprisonment, children, was prosecuted for not baptizing two merely because they conscientiously endeavor to of his children; and one horse, six cows, and serve God in the way which they believe is acsome sheep were distrained. These were nearly ceptable to Him, but which happens not to be

in accordance with the practice of the professors all the cattle he possessed. The value is said to of the Lutheran Church, of which, as I underhave been £13 English ; showing, we should stand, yourselves, with the majority of the people suppose, the very high value of money there. of your nation, are members.

bout this time, the heavy sufferings to which “To compel men to worship God in a manner the Friends of Stavanger were subjected, excited which they are persuaded would not be acceptathe tender sympathy of Friends in England. Our ble unto Him, the God of the spirits of all flesh, late dear friend, Jonathan Backhouse, of Dar- and to practice rites and ceremonies in the effilington, sought to alleviate their sufferings a cacy of which they have not faith, and which little, by a donation of ten pounds; of which, they are conscientiously persuaded are not called seven pounds were directed to be given to Soren for at their hands by our Lord Jesus Christ, Ericksen, of Stagland, in consideration of the whom God hath given to be the Head over all

ery heavy distraint upon him. Elias Tasted things to his own church; this would only be to remarks that he felt diffident in receiving the grieve and oppress tender consciences, and cankind, benevolent gift; and with great tenderness not promote true religion ; for, as the apostle deand love, wished his thankfulness to be conveyed clares, in these things every man should be fully to the liberal-minded donor. Three pounds were persuaded in his own mind, for whatsoever is tendered to the new married couple, Endre and not of faith is sin.'

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