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his attendants attired him in his official uniform, | quite gratified, saying that the spirit and design
At every meal after this, during my stay, all quite removed. I then informed him fully of at the table waited for me to ask a blessing. All myself, my occupation and my object in visiting the members and dependants of Lo's household his camp. At the same time I opened my car- assembled in the large hall morning and evening, pet-bag and laid its contents on his table. The when he or one of his secretaries read a portion books were the four Gospels and Acts, the book either from the book of Genesis—that being the of Genesis, and many other tracts and books on only part of the Bible yet discovered among them the Christian religion.
-or from some of the religious tracts written by He appeared quite pleased in looking at them, Fai-ping-uong himself. After reading, during and said the doctrines he believed were the same which all present sit and listen attentively, they with ours. Notice of my arrival had been sent all join in chaunting a hymn, always closing to the second officer in command, and he soon with the doxology above translated. Then each came in a large handsome sedan, borne by four one takes the cushion from his chair, and putting coolies, and with quite a train of soldiers and at- it down before him on the brick or tile floor, tendants going before and following. He came kneels on it in a very solemn manner, with his in, and a seat was placed for him at the right of eyes closed, while Lo himself, or the secretary, Lo. The uniform of the two was nearly alike, prays audibly, the rest remaining perfectly silent. being a yellow silk or satin cap, covering the It was the most impressive scene I ever whole head and extending in a sort of cape half witnessed, from the reflections and association to way down the back, leaving only the face ex- which it gave rise, and which I must leave for posed. It had a binding of red satin all around the imagination of your readers to supply. The the edge an inch-and-a-half wide, and looked in only drawback to its solemnity to my mind shape somewhat like the representations of the but none in theirs-was the accompaniment to caps or helmets of Egyptian heroes, or of the hu- the chaunting, consisting of all the discordant man heads on the monsters of Layard's Nineveh. sounds of gongs, drums, cymbals, horns and Next was a long richly figured satin gown, reach. various other instruments, but ill-suited, in our ing to the ankles, and over this a red figured estimation, to produce that devotional feeling so satin waistcoat, or jacket-like garment, with important in Christian worship. In the middle sleeves conveniently loose and short.
of the room in which we ate was a table, placed You know they eschew “shaving the head," on which were twelve bowls-three each of rice, that being one of the abominations introduced by of meat, of vegetables, and of tea. the "fiendish Tartars.” So they have their long On inquiring the meaning of this, I was told hair all twisted or braided up, and fastened on it was designed as an offering to the supreine the top of the head by a piece of yellow silk, Ruler-one of each kind respectively for the answering the purpose of a turban without being Father, Son and Holy Spirit. After being as full; the common soldiers wear red silk on allowed to remain thus for some time they were the head. Breakfast was soon announced, and I removed, but whether eaten or not by others I did was conducted into an adjoining room to a square not learn. The fact of their presenting offerings table, with seats for two at each side. I was of this kind is proof presumptive that they have as politely invited to sit down first, and then seven yet no knowledge of the New Testament-a need others, the secretaries and officers of Lo, also which I supplied as far as practicable on that visit, took their seats. I had heard the insurgents with what effect time only can reveal. were in the habit of saying grace before eating, The second time I took as many more copies of and I wanted to see how this would be done, but the books as I could well carry, and the third presently one of them took his chopsticks and re- time I took the medicines and a small case of quested me to do the same, for, as a mark of ci- surgical instruments which I had brought with vility, they would not eat till I had begun. me from Shanghai. The demand for medical aid
I mentioned to them what information we was greater than I had the means of supplying, foreigners had received about their practice of but I afforded relief to the many applicants as far. asking a blessing, and they immediately replied as within my power. A successful surgical operait was true, and that it had just been done in the tion on one poor fellow's eyes excited much interroom from which we came. I then recollected est and gratification. that after I had left that apartment I heard human My boatmen had so thoroughly imbibed the voices chanting, with the usual Chinese musical dread of the “long-haired men -so industriousinstruments accompanying, and learned that this ly cherished by the accounts of their cruelty, was a form of grace before meat. I thereupon which the Imperialist Mandarios circulate in informed them that it was our custom to ask a their proclamations, far and wide—that no asblessing at the table, and if they had no objections surances of safety I could give them, would induce I would do so at that time. They very cheerfully them to go any nearer the city. So, to accomplish assented, and after I had finished they seemed my object, I was under the necessity of making
three several visits on foot to my boat, two miles | knowledge God in their callings, vex themselves distant, in doing which it was unavoidable to in vain, and who, when the fret and worry and pass the Imperialist lines, not very far from their sweltering of their jaded day is done, find that camp, as their tents lay spread out on the hills they have accomplished less, and that little far to my left, and within gun-shot of the river more painfully than their wiser brethren, who bank, along wbich my path lay.
took time to pray. The man must be busier I took my final leave of Lo-ta-yun at night, than Daniel who has not time to pray, and wiser and he, after having hospitably entertained me than Daniel who can do what Daniel did without during my stay, gave me three live fowls and prayer to help him. Daniel was in a place where two hams, for my food on the way back to Shang- prayer was eminently needfal. He was in Babyhai. He also had my carpet bag filled with the lon, a place of luxury and revelry, and from his books that had been published by the order of position in society he was peculiarly exposed to Fai-ping-wong, and with the royal proclamations the idolatrous and voluptuous temptations around he bad issued. Lo also wrote a friendly letter to him. It was difficult, and ere long it was danhis “foreign brethren” at this place, which was gerous, to maintain his singularity. But so far translated and so widely published that you have as there was any seduction in the pleasures of doubtless seen it long before this.
that luxurious and wicked city, prayer kept him These were all given to a servant who followed separate; and so far as there was any danger in me to the outer gate of his head-quarters, where withholding countenance from its idol-orgies, was a horse saddled and bridled waiting for me, prayer made him bold. Though the clash of with several Lieutenants and several hundred cymbals and the shouts of the revellers were commen, each one having a lantern and armed with ing in at the window, they did not disturb his swords, matchlocks and the long spear whose devotion; and though he had not forgotten the polished blades gleamed in the light of the torches King's decree and the lions' den, he did not and lanterns. With this imposing procession I close the lattice, nor try to conceal his faith and was escorted through many winding streets, and his worship; and, secure alike from spiritual deat length through the west gate of the city to the triment and personal danger, the Lord hid his bank of the river, where was a boat waiting to praying servant in the hollow of his hand.convey me down to my own.— Taylor's Letter. American Missionary.
DANIEL A MODEL TO MEN OF BUSINESS. TEACHING NEGROES TO READ AND WRITE. Daniel was a busy statesman. Darius had Yesterday morning Mrs. Margaret Douglas made him his chief minister. He had charge of was arraigned before the Circuit Court, on a the royal revenue, and was virtual ruler of the charge of teaching negro children to read and empire. But amidst all the cares of office, he main- write, contrary to the statute in such cases made tained his wonted practice of praying thrice a and provided, and against the peace and dignity day. For these prayers nothing was neglected of the Commonwealth of Virginia. By some The administration of justice was not standing means, a report had been previously cireulated still; the accounts did not run into confusion that the lady bad determined not to employ the There was no mutiny in the army, no rebellion services of counsel, but to rely solely on her own in the provinces, from any mismanagement of legal abilities in condueting ber defenee. his. And though disappointed rivals were ready unnecessary to say that this announcement, to found an impeachment on the slightest tlaw, so unusual in our Anti-Bloomer, and Anti80 wise, and prompt
, and impartial was his pro- Woman's Rights community, succeeded in cedure, that they at last concluded, “We shall filling our Court room with persons to witness find no occasion against this Daniel, except we the novel spectacle. As she entered the Court find it against him concerning the law of his room and took her seat among the Attorneys at God.” He found leisure to rule the realm of the bar, a most profound sensation was created, Babylon, and leisure to pray three times a day. and an unbounded curiosity to obtain a glimpse Some would say that he must have been a first- at the intrepid female, who could thus boldly rate business man, to find so much time for encroach upon the prerogatives hitherto reserved prayer. It would be nearer the truth to say to coats and pantaloons, was visible in every counthat it was his taking so much time to pray tenance. The jury had no sooner been emwhich made him so diligent and successful in pannelled than the lady, without waiting for the business. It was from God that Daniel got his examination of witnesses, or the opening remarks knowledge, his wisdom, and his skill. In the of the Attorney for the Commonwealth, procomposure and serenity which these frequent ceeded in a clear and melodious voice to the conapproaches to God imparted to his spirit, as well sideration of the charges set forth in the inas in the supernatural sagacity and forethought, dictment. and power of arrangement, which God gave in The surprise of the whole legal fraternity was direct answer to his prayers, he had a decided so great, at this sudden revolution in the time advantage orer those men who, refusing to ac- honored practice of the Courts, that she had pro. gressed considerably into the merits of the case, such it was, by what she had deemed disbefore his Honor recovered himself sufficiently tinguished precedents. Having concluded her to inform her that it would be more regular to address she retired from the Court, and the case suspend her remarks until after the examination was briefly concluded by the attorney for the of witnesses was concluded. The lady readily Commonwealth. As usual, the Jury could not assented to the proposition of his Honor, and agree, and were adjourned over till next mornthe witnesses for the Commonwealth were called ing. to the stand. By their testimony it appeared The Jury-in the case of the Commonwealth that, some months ago, information reached his vs. Mrs. Margaret Douglas, for teaching negroes Honor, the Mayor, Simon S. Stubbs, Esq., of a to read and write contrary to law-found the school for the education of blacks being in suc- defendant guilty and fined her $1. The Judge, cessful operation in the City of Norfolk, under in passing sentence according to the statute, will the superintendence of Mrs.Douglas. A warrant condemn her to imprisonment for not less than was immediately issued, with directions to the six months.- Norfolk News, 24th. officers to bring all parties concerned before him, By subsequent information it appears that the in order that the matter might be investigated. people of Norfolk, more humane than their laws, Upon repairing to the residence of Mrs. Douglas, have prevailed on the authorities there to comthe officers found some eighteen or twenty youthful descendants of Ham engaged in literary mute Margaret Douglas' punishment from impursuits, all of whom, with their teachers, Mrs. prisonment to exile; and that she has joined her Douglas and her daughter, were taken into daughter at New York. It is sincerely to be custody and carried to the Mayor's office. After a full investigation of the matter, his Honor de hoped that these persecuted females may find cided to dismiss the complaint in order that a friends and protectors in the State which they Grand Jury might have an opportunity of giving have chosen as an asylum. Of one thing they it coosideration. At the meeting of the Grand may rest assured, the laws of New York will not Jury a true bill was found against Mrs. Douglas visit as a crime the instruction of free colored and her daughter, but the latter having pre- children in the knowledge of letters; and hapviously gone to New-York, process could not be served upon her. On the part of the defence, pily there are no slaves there to excite the jealthe lady examined several prominent and re-ousy or the fears of the magisterial class. spectable gentlemen, members of the Church, for the purpose of showing that the practice of teaching blacks had been sanctified by the customs of the members of the different Churches in the this capital. In the young men's seminary are 32
There are four Christian congregations now at city in having Sunday Schools exclusively for that purpose. It did not appear from the evidence pupils; and in the female seminary, 30. From of any of the gentlemen called upon by Mrs. these institutions have gone forth useful pastors, Douglas, that they had actually seen negroes
colporteurs, and teachers; and also, twenty taught from books in any of the Sunday Schools young women, heads of families, well educated
and of the city, but the fact, as stated by them, that in various parts of Asia Minor. The Turks are
pious, who are centres of light and influence nearly all the negroes attending the Sunday beginning to be sensibly impressed with the Schools could read, gave rise to a violent sus character of the Protestant movement. The depicion that many of the ladies and gentlemen of our city, moving in the higher circles of society, and of the American Tract Society, is in the
pot of the British and Foreign Bible Society, had been guilty of as flagrant a violation of the most frequented and central part of Stamboul, law, as could be imputed to Mrs. Douglas and the Turkish quarter of the city, where, until reher daughter. At the conclusion of the evidence, the attorney hold property. It is quite common for Turks to
cently, no Frank was allowed to reside, or to for the Commonwealth kindly gave way
for Mrs. Douglas to continue her appeal to the Jury, Even the learned Moolabs believe that Moham
enter this depot, and to read Christian books. which was done on the part of the lady in a medanism bas nearly run out its day. -- Macedomanner that would have reflected credit on Miss
nian, Lucy Stone, or any other member of the "strong minded” sisterhood. She disdained to deny the charge preferred against her or to shirk the responsibility in any way whatever, but gloried In Clayton county, Iowa, an immense lead in the philanthropic duties in which she has been mine was lately discovered by Messrs. Holmes engaged. She denied, however, any knowledge and Dickson, who have taken out 120,000 of the existing laws upon the subject, and con- pounds of mineral within the last four weeks, fidently expected that the Jury would not pro- and have another 100,000 pounds in sight. The nounce her guilty for having committed no other lead is considered good for 1,000,000 pounds. offense than that of being betrayed into error, if It is said to be found on the surface of the upper
GREAT LEAD MINE IN IOWA.
strata of magnesian limestone, and about eighty | more generally appreciated, in the intercourse befeet below the surface of the earth, at the highest tween our favored race and the wandering inhabi. point of the ridge running east and west, and tants of the woods. American history furnishes directly across the ridge. The mineral is said to ample testimony, that when justice and kindness be of the best quality, bringing at the rate of $31 have been fairly tried, they have proved effectual per thousand pounds. It has now become the for the preservation of peace with the native tribes. settled conviction, at least of a great many, that And when such relations have been inviolably the whole country formerly reserved by the gov- maintained, as in the settlement of Pennsylvania ernment for mineral purposes will prove to be rich in lead ore, and of the best quality.- Cin- and New Jersey, the intercourse was conducted cinnati Enquirer.
to the advantage of both parties; whereas, the hostilities which marked the colonization of most
sections of our country, were necessarily injurious FRIENDS' REVIEW.
to both, whoever was victorious. PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 1853. To such of our readers as are acquainted with
the very prevalent propensity of the natives to inThe Extract from the Report of the Secretary of dulge in the use of intoxicating liquors, and with the Interior, which appears in our columns this the deplorable results of that propensity, it must week, may justly excite in the minds of our sober be satisfactory to observe the remark that the laws readers, some serious reflections in regard to the of most Indian tribes are severe upon this subject, condition of the relatively small number now re- and that they are rigidly enforced. Probably no maining, of the numerous tribes that once roamed single measure can be suggested which would at large over the immense regions of this Western more powerfully conduce to the improvement of world; and the responsibilities resting upon those the Indians, than the total exclusion of intoxicating who, in consequence of their superior intelli- liquors. gence, have found themselves the undisputed pos- The intimation that the removal of the Semisessors of the soil from which the native races noles will probably require the aid of military have been removed, and mostly by means to force, naturally excites an apprehension that the which the religion we profess can furnish no ade- measure of suffering, on the part of these people, quate sanction.
is not yet complete. That the rapidly growing population of the United States, swelled by constant immigrations SUMMARY OF THE PRESIDENT's Message.-(Conclufrom Europe, should go on to circumscribe, and ded from page 217.) — Attention is asked to imreduce to still narrower limits, the possessions of provements in the collection of outstanding debts the untutored Indian, appears to be a part of the in- due to the United States; to the construction of evitable order of events. The hunter cannot repel marine hospitals; the establishment of a mint at the encroachments of the agriculturalist. The California, and an assay office at New York; as game which occupies his fenceless fields, and on likewise to the prosecution of the coast survey. which he relies for subsistence, will vanish, or Though we are declared not only to be at peace recede before the tide of civilization. Little re- with all foreign countries, but exempt from seriflection can be required to elicit the conclusion, ous cause of disquietude, in regard to our domestic that the only practicable mode of preserving the relations, yet the sentiment is expressed that the Red men of our country from utter extinction, is to Navy of the United States is not in a condition of introduce among them, the arts and habits of civil- strength and efficiency commensurate with the ized life. Thus only can an elastic force be im- magnitude of our commercial relations. An aug, parted to the native tribes, capable of resisting the mentation or modification of the army is also repressure from without.
commended. The Secretary remarks that "the time is rapidly In the administration of the Post Office Departapproaching when this must be the fixed policy ment, for the fiscal year ending with the middle of the government, since their roaming disposition of 1853, the gross expenditure was $7,982,756, and cannot be much longer gratified or tolerated.” | the gross receipts $5,942,734 ; showing an excess The indulgence of this roaming disposition, on of expenditures over receipts, of more than two the part of the natives, may be a great inconve- millions of dollars. nience to the white settlers, but to themselves if Numerous frauds on the Pension Bureau ara persisted in, it must be eventually fatal.
reported, which require the attention of Congress. It is pleasing to observe the recommendation of Within the fiscal year 9,819,411 acres of public a mild and pacific policy; and it is much to be land have been surveyed; 10,363,891, brought regretted that the superior efficacy of mildness and into the market; and 25,316,992 acres, disposed conciliation to force and violence, has not been lof in various ways. The profits from the sale of
public lands, to the 30th of 6th month last are Died,—On the 1st of Fifth mo., at the residence stated at $53,289,465.
of her father, ELIZABETH Davis, daughter of John The extension of the land system over Utah and) and Lydia Davis, a member of Wabash Monthly
Meeting, aged 24 years.
FARM TO BE LET, IN INDIANA.- The Trusscience and art, have largely contributed to the tees of "White's Indiana Manual Labor Institute," improvements of the age, are commended to the wish to let the improved part of the land, on reason
It consists of about 40 favorable attention of Congress. Such modifica- able terms, for three years.
acres of good tillable soil, with a House and Barn, tion of the judiciary system as will adapt it to the such as are common in a new country; out-buildings, present greatly extended domain of the United a well and pump, and a few bearing fruit trees. States, is commended to early attention.
Application may be made to
ALFRED JOHNSON, The subject of internal improvements by the 12th mo, 24. Wabash, Wabash Co., Indiana. general government, is stated to have been the basis of much discussion and division among EXTRACT from the Annual Report of the Secrestatesmen, and a policy opposed to appropriations
tary of the Interior. by the general government, for local improve
During the past year the Indians have been ments, is recommended. As surveys are going on for the purpose of as- have occurred, and the depredations committed by
more pacific than was expected ; few outbreaks certaining whether any practicable route across those in new territories and along the routes to the Rocky Mountains, for the location of a railroad, Oregon and California have been comparatively can be found; and the formation of such a con-small. nection is of acknowledged importance to the By kind, humane and just treatment, their general interests, the President advises, that in condition may be improved, and the hostile feelcase a safe and practicable route, between the ing, so often manifested by them, and so freAtlantic and Pacific States should be discovered, quently engendered by a mischievous course of such aid should be furnished as falls within the conduct on the part of the whites, and the dereconstitutional power of the federal government; If they cannot be conciliated, soothed, and civil
liction of duty of public officers, may be subdued. remarking, however, that the power is doubtful, ized in this way, they surely will not be by coerand the propriety more than questionable, of the cion, oppression and injustice. Their attention general government undertaking, even within the should be diverted from a wild, predatory life, territories, to administer the affairs of a rail road, and, if possible, directed to agricultural pursuits. canal or other similar construction.
To give the Indian stability of character, to make The remaining portion of the message is chiefly him an independent, responsible moral being, allotted to observations and speculations, the prac- should be the study of those who are entrusted tical bearing and importance of which are not with his guardianship. very obvious. It may, however, be observed that The time is rapidly approaching when this some of the means indicated for preserving the must be the fixed policy of the government, since integrity of the Union, are of more than doubtful their roaming disposition cannot be gratified or expediency.
tolerated much longer. Their territorial limits
are daily becoming more circumscribed, and unMARRIED, -At Friends' Meeting, Gilead, Mor- less they learn the arts of husbandry, their conrow.county, Ohio, on the 2d of Eleventh month, dition in a few years will be destitute and de1853, John Morris, of Marion county, to Pkis- graded, and their utter extermination must soon CILLA ANN FARRINGTON, both members of Gilead follow. Monthly Meeting
Their number, within the limits of the United At Friends' Meeting house, in Dover, N. States, is estimated at 400,000, of whom about Hampshire, on the 30th of Eleventh month, Ed- 18,000 are east of the Mississippi River, princiWARD
A. Frye, of Boston, to Esther J. Whittier, pally in New York, Michigan, Wisconsin, North a member of Dover Monthly Meeting.
Carolina, Mississippi and Florida. About 110,000 At Friends' Meeting house, in North Fair are in Minnesota, and along our inner frontier to Haven, Mass., on the 7th inst., Robert STEERE, Texas; those of the Plains and Rocky Mountains of Providence, R. I., to Abbie E. WILBUR, of the are estimated at 63,000, and those in Texas at former place.
29,000 ; California at 100,000; Washington and
Oregon at 23,000; New Mexico at 45,000, DIED:--On the 4th of Tenth month, in the 51st and Utah at 12,000. A formidable number of year of his age, David M11.es, a much esteemed elder and member of Wabash Monthly Meeting.
savages to control and properly direct. Being in attendance of Indiana Yearly Meeting, dollars were appropriated, to enable the Presi
By the Act of March 30, 1853, fifty thousand while returning from a committee which met in the evening, he fell through a railroad bridge, and dent to enter into negotiations with the Indian expired in about sixteen hours afterwards. tribes, west of the States of Missouri and Iowa,