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climbed a quarter of the height before the poor | In one place the accumulated scoriæ have formed doctor began to complain piteously of the painful a mountain equal in size to that which contains effects of the toilsome ascent through the rarefied the crater; in another direction the fiery torrent air, and to doubt the possibility of accomplishing has fallen precipitously down the whole height of our object. The sharp pains I began to feel my- the mountain-side, and in cooling has cracked self-just such a sensation, in fact, as is produced and rent itself into a thousand wild fantastic by running against the wind in frosty weather-shapes, forming a great gulf of inconceivable exsomewhat staggered my own resolution. How- tent and depth. Why the pastoral name, “ Val ever, I found that the pain subsided as I became di Bue” (Valley, or Tract of the Oxen), should gradually accustomed to the work by making fre- be given to such a place, I am at a loss to conquent halts. We had not proceeded very far in ceive. Such an appellation is, however, quite in this manner when the doctor gave up, lay down keeping with the one which a strange conceit has on his back, panting for breath, and declared he given to the black, desolate plain that on three should die if he went a step further. I was sides surrounded the Fiery Region, namely, greatly disappointed in being thus deprived of “Piana del Frumento” (the Plain of Corn)-a my companion, at a moment when, of all others, ghastly mockery, like crowning a skeleton with the interchange of opinion and sentiment was fowers. desirable and encouraging; but there was no help Mr. Watson now found that the worst part of for it, so, wishing him new strength and ultimate the ascent was accomplished, a considerable unsuccess, I plodded on, and soon lost sight of my dulation afterwards affording facilities, and the friend and his guide, who were hid by the irregu- soil becoming firmer. The ground was covered larities of the surface-or they would shortly af with the most beautiful crystals of sulphur and terwards have seen me in a like predicament, not nitre, as delicate as the hoarfrost, and glowing in so much from want of breath as from the exhaus- the morning sun with an infinite variety of color. tion of strength, for my legs trembled under me, His path lay along the edge of a vast hollow, and positively seemed to refuse their support. perfectly round and smooth, and lined with a The fact is, I had been too eager at first, and did thick crust of crystallized sulphur. After denot remember De Saussure's advice, which I have scending a little way, he again climbed the steep many a time since followed to my comfort—“If side, and thence emerging, stood upon the you wish to reach the summit of a mountain, crater's burning lips,” in breathless admiration. commence your ascent as if you never intended
Never before had I felt such a deep, such an to get there.”
awful sense of the power of the Almighty. The The mouth of the crater was so distinctly visi contrast with the plains below reminded me that ble from where I stood, that I fancied one vigorous effort would complete the task ; but, alas !
“ He can create, and He destroy." my hopes were doomed to cruel disappointment, I beheld a scene which no effort of imagination when the guide, a rough, pleasant lad, coolly can presuppose, no powers of invention prepare answered to my eager question, “How much the nerves to bear its exciting cffects unmoved. farther to go ?” “About half-way.” Campbell Nor was I surprised to hear my friend, the docsays, “ Distance lends enchantment to the view;" tor, who ultimately reached the crater, when I but never was mortal wight more thoroughly dis- was half way down, say that he could not refrain enchanted than I was by this unexpected know- from tears, such was his state of excitement. ledge of the distance before me. “ In that We stood on the edge of a precipitous chasm, case,” I despondingly replied, “it is impossible sharp and rugged as if the mountain had just for me to reach the summit.” I crawled to a been rent asunder. The internal surface, as far friendly block of lava projecting close at hand, and as the eye could penetrate, consisted of a coating sat down, fairly beaten, dejected, and crestfallen. of sulphureous earth, which seemed to be continuOvercome by the journey through the night, and ally burning without being consumed; whilst the fatigue of the morning's work, I fell into a through innumerable fissures jets of flame darted deep sleep, utterly unconscious and oblivious of up, and played over the glowing mass, dazzling the pains and pleasures of my singular situation. the eye by the intense brightness and variety of My repose lasted about five minutes, and then to their coloring. The jagged, irregular outline of what a scene I opened my eyes! Perched upon the whole crater is divided by a vast projecting the silent rock, I seemed to be suspended in mid wall of rock, of most singular appearance, coated air, and for an instant, before I could collect my with the deposit of the fumes which rise from the thoughts, wondered where on earth I had got to great laboratory below. This sublimation, being
. Then first I found leisure to contemplate the chiefly sulphur, appeared in every shade of bright strange, incomparable panorama of the volcano. yellow, orange, and crimson, as it glittered in the The table-land, which extends to a great distance morning sunbeam. Clouds of dense white vapor around the base of the crater, is covered with the rose, from time to time, from the innermost fine sand, like black ash, deposited by the most depths, with a hissing, roaring sound like a ancient eruptions which burst from the crater's mighty cataract. The occasional intermission of mouth, and must have been awful in the extreme. the rising clouds, which steamed forth from the
great gulf, afforded a partial glance of the lurid, to perform these labors in the western world tire raging in the internal abyss. All around, as which he can perform with greater advantage, far as the eye could reach, within the crater, under the stimulus of hope, in his native land. large masses of rock lay tumbled over each other Let free labor in Africa be brought, under proper in chaotic confusion. Such an appearance, when regulations, into competition with the slave labor the volcano is in a quiescent state, cannot fail to of the United States, and the fetters of slavery will impress a spectator with a fearful idea of the in- not long hold together. Enlightened self-interest conceivable powers set in operation when the
will dissolve them. pent-up fires burst their bonds, and through this chasm, which is said to be nearly three miles in extent, the mountain hurls back the rocks buried Meeting House, East Grove, Henry county, Iowa,
MARRIED,-On the 22d of last month, at Friends' within it by the fury of some earlier commotion. Joshua Jefferis, of Wayne county, Indiana, to For myself, I can only say, that the glorious view Rachel LEWELLING, of the former place.
Ι from the dizzy height on the one side, and on
At Friends' Meeting House, in Fall Rivthe other the bewildering noise, the dazzling er, Mass., on the 14th of Eleventh month, CLARK glare, and the sulphureous vapor, concurred to Suove tó ELIZABETH SLADE, both members of raise a mingled feeling of admiration, awe, and Swansey Monthly Meeting. terror.-Morning Chronicle.
DIED,-On the 17th ult., at his residence, Farn. FRIENDS' REVIEW. ham, Canada East, of a lingering and distressing
illness of about two months, CHARLES TABER, in PHILADELPHIA, FIRST MONTH 14, 1854. the 71st year of his age, a valuable minister and
member of Farnham Monthly Meeting:
This beloved Friend manifested much love and We present to our readers this week, the first devotion to the cause of truth, and in the conportion of a communication from a correspondent, strainings of gospel love labored much, both at who has long taken a deep interest in the im- home and abroad, for the good of mankind, and provement of the condition of the African race. the earth. This zeal and devotedness appeared
the advancement of the Redeemer's kingdom in The fact that the slavery which has blackened our to increase with his advancing years. When laid prosperous country, and exposed our profession of upon his dying bed he was frequently engaged to freedom and liberality to the censure and ridicule offer encouragement and admonition to those who
visited him. When near his close, he expressed of people less free and enlightened than we sup a humble assurance that the Lord would be with pose ourselves to be, owes its support and con- him through the valley and shadow of death; and tinuance to the market for its productions, is too this assurance was apparently answered in his obvious to require illustration or argument; and peaceful and tranquil passage from works to
rewards. of the products of slave labor in the United States, it is well known that cotton constitutes an import
At Fall River, Mass., on the 28th of 11th ant part; so important, indeed, that we may fairly a worthy member of Swansey Monthly Meeting
month, in the 79th year of his age, HENRY SLADE, question whether the system could be much of Friends. longer sustained without it. Well may we regret At his residence in Sandwich, New Hamp. that an article so valuable in itself, and so con- shire, on the morning of the 25th of 11th month ducive to domestic convenience and comfort, last, after a short but distressing illness, which he should be made the basis, either wholly or in part
, resignation, John Folsom, in the 720 year of his
was enabled to bear with Christian patience and of an institution so oppressive and degrading as age, an esteemed member of Sandwich Monthly American slavery. There is certainly no reason Meeting. why this portion of the means which a bountiful
On the 5th inst., in Gorham, Me., SARAH Providence has furnished for our use and conve- Jane, wife of George Hamblin, of typhus fever, a nience, may not be cultivated, as well as anything worthy member of Windham Monthly Meeting. else, by the hands of freemen.
On the 22d of 12th month, 1853, at her The soil and climate of Africa are shown to be residence in Henry county, Iowa, of inflammation remarkably suited to the production of cotton; and of the lungs, which she bore with patience and some of our English philanthropists have recently the 45th year of her age, a member of East Grove
resignation, Rachel, wife of Ezra A. Stevens, in turned their atteution to that continent, as a source Monthly Meeting of Friends. from which they hope to procure a supply for their factories; and thus obviate the necessity of
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. resorting to the slave-fed markets of the United States. It may be hoped that the time will
The following suggestion, contained in the come,
late and at no distant day, when the native African message
of Governor Bigler to the Legislawill no longer be carried across the Atlantic, and ture of Pennsylvania, appears worthy of attensubjected to all the horrors of a middle passage, I tion, and, if not acted upon during the present
session, may probably be called up at a future, mother and child is usually strong. The mother day :
is not always a wise coun
unsellor, but she must be “The utility of establishing an agricultural presumed to be the most constant and sincere college, with a model farm attached, wherein the friend the child has. Let, then, the latter enjoy principles of a scientific cultivation of the soil the parental oversight during childhood, that it and manual labor in that pursuit would be joined may be better prepared, by good principles and to the usual academical studies, has been
strongly industrious habits, to act its part afterward.” urged upon my attention. Such an institution and system of education, it is believed, would at The following bill is said to be now before the the same time improve the physical and moral Legislature of Georgia, and one of nearly similar condition of the professional and mercantile classes, and promote the social and intellectual import appears to be under consideration in Tenattainments of the agriculturist, mechanic and laborer, in addition to the vast benefits it would T Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and confer upon the pursuit of the farmer. These House of Representatives of the State of Geor
. considerations, and others which will doubtless gia, in General Assembly met, and it is hereby be presented by the advocates of the proposed in- enacted by the authority of the same, that the stitution, will commend the subject to your fa- children not exceeding five years of age, of any vorable consideration. It is believed that such woman slave, and such woman slave, shall not be an institution can be successfully organized un- separately sold, or exposed to sale, under execuder the auspices of the State and county socie- tion or other legal process, order or decree, or at ties."
any sale made by an executor, administrator,
guardian, or other trustee, but shall be placed MELIORATION OF SLAVE LAWS.
together, in one of the parts into which the esThe following extract from the message of the less such division cannot in any wise be effected
tate to which they belong is to be divided, unGovernor of South Carolina to the Legislature, without such separation. may be regarded, whatever may be its result, as “ Sec. 2. And be it enacted by the authority an evidence of a disposition on the part of that aforesaid, that by consent of the ordinary, slaves, functionary, to improve the condition of the ser- living in a different county from a deceased owner, vile class. Though clearly convinced that sla- may be sold in the county in which said slaves
may reside, upon application being made for such very, however modified, is essentially and intrin
purpose. sically unjust, and that the protection which the "Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, that all best laws can afford to the slave, must be sadly laws and parts of laws militating against this act, defective; still we may justly hail with satisfac- be and the same are hereby repealed.” tion every demonstration that the growing humanity of the age is extending its softening influence over the regions of slavery:
The following letter from Samuel Bownas was
addressed to a female friend, who “The code very properly provides that slave
appears from children of tender years shall, at judicial and its contents to have been then young in the some other sales, be offered with their mothers, ministry. where the defendant in execution, &c., is the The small time I had with thee, furnished me owner both of the mother and children; and with an opportunity of observing the disposition that at such sales slaves must be offered and, if of thy mind, and gave me a taste of thy minispracticable, sold in families. But it is allowable try, both which, under proper cultivation, I think for either of the parties in interest to impair, may be improved, so as to render thee a member to a great extent, these very salutary enactments. of good service in the body; in order to which, The provisions, in my judgment, should be abso- and that thou mayest in thy public engagements lute, at least as it respects mothers and children appear in the beauty of the Spirit, without any of ten years of age and under, and husband and mixture of the flesh, I will give thee a short wife, where the latter relation is admitted by the sketch of some of my' hits and misses, when, in owner of the slaves.
my youth, I publicly appeared in the gallery; the "These are relations which moral duty re- observation of which, I hopė, may tend to thy quires us to respect, and it can be no violation of profit and instruction. policy to conform municipal law to good morals. I was seldom, for near two years after my It is universally conceded that slaves are reason- mouth was first opened to preach the Gospel, able beings—with the moral feelings, it is true, without some degree of Divine love and virtue often obtuse, but susceptible of improvement on my mind, but after I was called out to the The husband and wife generally cherish affection service of visiting meetings abroad, I found for each other, and the mutual attachment of my mind very often barren and weak, and as
ON THE GOSPEL MINISTRY.
I then thought, void of all good, in which state, entirely new to me ; for nothing can be said (being companion to my dear friend J. A. J.) that hath not been said, and it is the renewed I cried out that I was deceived, to his great evidence of the Spirit that makes it savory, both surprise ; be fearing my affliction would be too to us and our hearers. hard for me. I had imprudently thought, that Superfluous words, tones and gestures-ahs ! having such aboundings of Divine love and and groans—I was never under any temptation life when I was daily at my work, I should be to make use of; but the impertinence of self much more favored therewith when abroad in sometimes, to my shame and trouble, would the service of the Gospel, disengaged from all appear in my imprudently affecting eloquent other employments; but finding the reverse, I terms and scholastic expressions, which seemed wished myself at home again, rather than tra- to me, in that weak state, to adorn my doctrine, velling in such a barren state as I was then in, and recommend it better to the audience : all though at times I had eminent enjoyments; this proceeded from an affectation of appearing but, alas! they were soon gone. In due time, an able or skilful minister; a piece of unprofitI was favored with the design of Providence able vanity; but I soon found it most safe and in dealing thus with me; and the very cattle in edifying, to use no more words but what I well the field, by weaning their young and turning understood, and could properly apply, and that them to shift for themselves, taught me, that it truth shines brightest in a plain dress. No emwas meet I should be left to myself, and not always bellishments of ours can add to its lustre. be kept to the breast and dandled upon the knee I have also, sometimes, for want of a patient like an infant; but that it was needful that I and humble waiting to see my way opened, and should grow and advance above this infant state, discover clearly the leading of the Divine to a degree more fit for service.
Gift, warmed myself with sparks of my owa When I was thoroughly informed in this point, kindling, to a degree of zeal and passion, and I longed to be a man ; yea, sometimes, I verily begun to thresh the assemblies, judging and thought I was so; but met often with great dis- charging the unfaithful, whether any such or appointments therein, by undertaking matters none were there it was all one to me:) thus, in above my growth and experience; and the weak the dark, mistaking the cause of that uneasiness part appearing at times to my great shame and and straitness I found in myself, imagining confusion, humbled me again for some time; but myself loaded and oppressed by dark and recovering strength and courage, I began, as I unfaithful spirits in the assembly, after wearythought, to advance above the danger of making ing myself with denouncing, judgments upon such blunders : a confidence arising in me, on them, I have sat down in sadness and trouble : imprudently comparing my service and growth and though I have found this sort of preaching as a minister, with others, that were in the please many, and was commended, it was ever work before me; supposing myself (and it was afflicting to me, when on reflection, I found the self that did suppose) more eminent than they; true cause of that uneasiness was in my own thus self prevailed, to my shame and sorrow; breast. Yet, it may sometimes happen, that but my Master's kindness and gracious regard the unfaithful may bring great grief and uneawere soon after evidently manifested in letting siness upon us, and this may be hard to bear; me plainly see the weakness and folly of taking but let us take care we move not till the cloud the honor to ourselves, which alone is due to is removed from off the tabernacle, because it is Him, when we have been drawn forth in the unsafe going forward till then. beauty of the Gospel, beyond what we ourselves, I have, from experience, found it my safest or those that heard us, did expect. Now I per- and best way, carefully to attend to my gift, ceived the necessity of guarding against the in- endeavoring to keep my place without judgclinations of the flesh, which would sometimes ing others ; patiently bearing my own burden, be decking itself with the jewels of the Spirit, and earnestly desiring I may judge nothing saying, I did this, or that, fishing for and seek before its time, but that my understanding may ing the praise of men more than of God. I also be opened to see the true cause of my own saw a danger of falling into a formal way of barrenness, that I may be enabled to address preaching a form of words, almost without myself suitably to the Father of Spirits for help; variation, which, though sound, and perhaps that first, if it be in myself it may be removed, pleasing to many, yet wanting the renewing of then the effect will cease; or secondly, if the Divine virtue, are tasteless and unprofitable to weakness or backsliding of others, be the cause the hearers; and the view I had of the unpro- of our barrenness and seeming dejection when fitableness of such a ministry, would have car. we are sympathizing with the true seed in its ried me too far, to my own disadvantage, bad I oppressed state, that we may patiently wait the not also been favored with a clear prospect of Lord's time, to receive a word from him fitly the lawfulness, expediency and necessity, of to speak to the present state of the people; or, speaking the same matter, or preaching the thirdly, if the people's too imprudent expectasame doctrine to-day, (being divinely opened tion of what cannot be had, unless I am favourand engaged thereto) as yesterday, though thened with a superior aid, qualifying me to answer
their desires—I say, if by any or all of these , is lavishly bestowed upon one, who am only the causes, at times, I am shut up, the best way I instrument by which the Lord of the Harvest have ever found is to be patient in waiting the works; but find it my safest way, humbly to Lord's time for relief. To seek it in our own make thereof an offering unto Him who is wor. time, will be but adding sorrow to affliction. thy forever.
To conclude; the most safe way I ever yet Thus, dear friend, I have stained some paper found in the exercise of my gift, is, to stand up, with a few observations on my own conduct, aimas little regarding any thing besides my opening ing at thy good; and conclude with desires, thou as I can; and deliver it, in my beginning, just mayest endeavor to improve thy skill in this as I do other matters in my common discourse, work, and rightly divide the word of Truth, so not endeavoring to beautify it either in matter, as neither thou thyself, nor those that hear thee, tone or address; and as I keep my place, and go may have cause of shame or uneasiness. on as doctrine is opened in my understanding, I find it safest not to speak too fast, or too loud,
CONNAUGHT HARVEST. lest I lose sight of or outrun my guide, and so lose the sight or sense of that inward strength I A small pamphlet, with the above title, was felt increasing in my mind. This care seems to published at Belfast, Ireland, within the past me necessary to my taking the Apostle's advice, “Let him that ministers, do it of that ability year. It is the production of John Edgar, a which God giveth;” this has a double significa clergyman who has been seven years connected tion: first, respecting the matter which we de with different agencies for effecting reformation liver; if we keep to our openings, we shall be in Connaught. It relates chiefly to the operafurnished with suitable doctrine; secondly, the tions of the “Belfast Ladies' Relief Association wisdom and strength of the spirit and power of for Connaught;” and this Association, it may be the gospel will be felt in it, and, at times, by our thus going on according to the ability God gives, observed, was constituted during the time when the very spirit and marrow of religion will ap- that portion of Ireland was swept of a great part pear plainly laid open to the understanding of of its population by famine. the hearers; but when we raise our voices, or hurry on, above or beyond that inward strength less connected and circumstantial than might
Although the information which it contains is we feel in our minds, we are apt to cloud our own minds, lose sight of or outrun our guide, and have been desired, it presents a portrait of the then run into a wilderness of words, which I efforts still making in that oppressed province, have too often done, and found the consequence to maintain and perpetuate the domination of a of such imprudence poverty and death ; though degrading hierarchy, which it is presumable will even this kind of preaching is, by soine unskil.
. ful auditors, admired. They will say, “0, how be interesting to many of our readers. matter flowed from him ! how full was he” (of
While the freedom which true religion confers emptiness and confusion, say I, “of power and always operates to the improvement of the econoauthority," say they; or rather the passion and mical and social, as well as the moral condition of blind zeal of the creature; the fleshly part pot mankind, a false and superstitious theology is albeing thoroughly mortified and subdued. But when
I am so happy as to begin with the Spirit, most equally destructive to moral and physical and follow its leadings in my ministry, I feel prosperity. strength by degrees cover all my weaknesses ; Sphere, Principles and Agency of Reformawisdom, illuminating my mind, hides all my tion.—The Belfast Ladies' Relief Association for folly, so that nothing appears inconsistent with Connaught is what is often sought but seldom the beauty and wisdom of the Spirit. This is the found—a happy union of Christians of many vestment, the Urim and Thummim, that covers creeds, working cordially for a Christian end. A the whole man that is to be covered; so that no common love for their perishing brethren united weakness will prevail or appear in our ministry. them in 1846, and as they became partakers of When I am thus conducted (which sometimes each other's sympathy and joy, seeing abundant happens), though I may be accounted, in my blessings on their labors, they felt how good and beginning, a dull
, heavy, or lifeless preacher, yet pleasant it is to dwell together in unity. I rarely miss of concluding with peace and in- They commenced, in the days of famine, by ward satisfaction; and feeling the gradual in- giving food to the dying ; but they deplored the erease of Divine virtue, in the patient exercise fleeting nature and the many ills of such aid, of my gift; finding myself both furnished with and, therefore, they adopted their present system matter and skill to divide the word aright; both of giving to females the means of earning their which coming from the Spirit, and not being the bread; and, while teaching them industry, giving produce of my own wisdom or apprehension, I them a knowledge of the truth which saves. dare assume no part of that honor 10 myself, Theirs is an institution both secular and reliwhich, at such times, by an imprudent audience gious. They do not interfere with systems of