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education or Christian missions. The teaching of being a crown of glory, was a badge of servility even of reading is not a part of their plan; but and hopeless bondage, the delicate little girl for. the intelligent reading of Holy Scripture is; and got her timidity, while maintaining her rights, therefore young pupils are taught to read, and in defiance of the priest's whip; and with the thus qualified for partaking in the advantages of curse of the altar, and denunciations of eternal Scriptural instruction.

vengeance in her ears, continued her attendance They have, for each of their schools, two on the Scriptural schools. agents, a teacher sent from Ulster, chiefly on the Deception. The courage and constancy of the

— ground of her benevolent activity and Christian children shine brightly in contrast with the worth, and a patroness, devoting her influence equivocations and deceptions of their parents, and energy to the best interests of her pupils. when, as they say, the priest drives them off

These, in the use of the Bible, without a cate their knees at confession, or extorts from them chism of any church, and by the power of the promises of withdrawing their children from truth in love, labor daily for the salvation of school. There are cases, no doubt, in which a their pupils, while they train them to profitable bold man goes to confession, and refuses to proindustry, their principle and aim being—“Not mise ; but these, alas ! are only exceptions; for slothful in business, fervent in spirit, serving the the greater number stay away from confession, Lord.

the required promise, with the intention Difficulties and Opposition.—Many of the dif- of keeping it for a few days; or else, having ficulties with which they have struggled are hap- withdrawn their children before confession, they pily gone-many of the reasons why Connaught deny, with a safe conscience they think, that was pre-eminent in degradation and wretched they have children at the industrial school. ness are gone forever.

One mother hides her children as she sees the Tens of thousands of her most wretched, hope- priest coming, lest their guileless lips should proless poor, are away to foreign lands—away to the claim her falsehood. Another tells them to grave. Flocks of sheep graze where their cheer- gather berries along the road to school, to put less hovels stood. Where once was the busy the priest's spies off their guard; and a third village, there is not one grey stone. Extensive sends half a dozen of eggs each day with her improvements have been made in her agriculture; little girl, which she teaches her to tell the priest new proprietors, men of substance, possess much she is going to sell. of her land; the rate of wages has risen ; a spirit These falsehoods are prompted, not wholly by of enterprise is abroad; the aspect of the pro- a fear of the curse of the priest, but chiefly, pervince is changed.

haps, by the fear of the scorn and malice of Still, however, there remains, alas ! too much neighbors. ground of solemn appeal to the hearts of all to Persecution.--Honor, therefore, to the noble whom poverty, ignorance, spiritual destitution, little Connaught girls, who, in defiance of all and bondage never appeal in vain.

that the Romish priest and his accomplices can Whatever other ills have been driven from inflict, continue, even at the peril of life, to atConnaught, Popery is there still, with all its tend the Scriptural school. priests, palsying human energy, darkening hu- A girl, aged thirteen, died lately, in County man intellect, crushing human liberty, besotting Galway, of the effects of a cruel beating, by two human mind.

ruffians, for attending a Scriptural school. None Without one solitary exception, the Scriptural of her neighbors would assist in carrying her schools have had to contend against every oppo- corpse, or digging her grave; and men and wosition which the priest of Rome commands; and, men assailed her bereaved parents, friends, and now that industry has been triumphantly intro-school-fellows at her funeral, with shouts of exulduced into Connaught, history must tell that it tation and laughter. has been introduced in defiance of the stern and A poor widow, three of whose children atreckless opposition of the Romish priesthood. tended an industrial school, had a cabin rented Every little girl of the West, earning her three from a Romanist. He and his family, after tryshillings weekly, and well instructed in sacred ing in vain every means to withdraw the childtruth, is a living witness, in the persecution ren, threatened at length to turn them out of which she, and her parents for her sake, endured, doors; and one morning, before the poor family that, if the priest of Rome had had his will, she were out of bed, the gable end of their cabin would have been still ignorant, and idle, and rag- was driven in, and scarcely had they time to es. ged, penniless, and hopelessly poor.

cape, amidst shouts of laughter, when the roof The Connaught Girl.—The Connaught girl fel, leaving widow and orphan children without has shown a spirit worthy of martyrs. She has a shelter or a home. get an example which, if Spain, and France, and Encouragement and Discouragement. In such Italy, and Austria would follow, even they might circumstances, is it surprising that a teacher yet be free.

should, at times, see little girls coming, with While athletic men quailed before the blow or streaming eyes, to deliver up their work, and frown of the priest, and the boar head, instead I casting back a hopeless look on the scenes they

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loved so well, as they passed away, perhaps fore-1 One poor girl, brought into this school, says a ever, to cold, dark, cheerless Popery. The teacher, seemed the very picture of disease and teacher could only, with a bursting heart, speak starvation. Her father was dead, and her brother to them words of kindness, and follow them with refused her sufficient food, because she was too her

prayer, that this parting might not be the weak to work in the fields. In half a year she learnlast, and that those who profess to bar the gates ed to work so nicely, that she bought her own food, of bliss might try in vain to exclude them from and was soon so changed, that no one would have light and love for evermore.

known her. When going to America, she told That prayer went up to the ears of Him whose me, with tears, that, but for the school, she Bible the little girl carried away when she left would have continued wretched, ignorant, and her sewing behind. She has its truth in her

poor. memory and heart; the violence which tore her Another girl, whose father lately sent for her from school can never tear her from its associa- from America, came to the school at first from tions, remembrances and influences. That has field work, savage and wild; she could not read been done for her soul which can never be un- or sew; now she is a beautiful worker, and she done ; the missionary of the Cross, among the reads her New Testament well. The same teacher ignorant and indifferent, finds her, in her wel- adds, “Many girls have gone from this school to come looks, and Christian sympathy and refresh- situations, and have all turned out well.” ing conversation, like a well in the wilderness. “I know many of our scholars," says another If she escape away by emigration, from the land teacher, “who are the sole support of their famiwhich Rome defiles, she leaves the priest and his lies. Catherine supports her father, mother, and terrors behind; or, if called by her Father in two brothers, her father having long had no emheaven to the better land, she encourages her ployment. She earns from five to six shillings sister to go to the Scriptural school; and they, weekly. She is a most deserving girl, and takes as is the case with three in a single school, obey great delight in reading her Bible. Jane is the a voice coming to them from the threshold of only support of her widowed mother, as is Mary heaven, and learn, from the Book of Heaven, to too; and Anne's wages are all that she and her be followers of those who through faith and pa- father, sister, and nephew, have to depend on. tience inherit the promises.

The scholars, at present, seem more anxious than Industrial Progress.—Connaught is largely ever to read the Bible. A number have taken enjoying the rewards which the courage and con- Testaments home to learn texts. stancy of her young females so nobly won. They “ I have been,” says a patroness, “among my clung to their industrial teacher through terrors, old pupils settled in situations here, and the accursings, whippings; and now, by TWENTY counts given of all are very good. THOUSAND POUNDS A YEAR, earned by their “My sister, in removing, has engaged our needles, not only are they—many of them poor scholars to fill all the situations of her household, orphans—comfortably clothed and fed, but, in not except that of nurse. She knows them well, and, a few cases, whole families kept out of the work- from their steadiness under persecution, and genehouse. They continued, amidst insults and suf- ral good conduct, she expects much comfort with ferings, to read the Bible, commit it to memory, them. sing its truths in sacred song, profit by the daily “ Three months since, a girl of fifteen left her and Sunday school; and their dress, manners, home, and has since lived with one of our old character, and influence testify how great and pupils, once a Romanist, and supports herself by varied are the blessings they have gained.. sewing, for fear of being forced to mass. Proofs of Progress. The patroness of a school, “On

every
side

one sees the good effects of whose pupils earn from seven to eight hundred having brought this work into Connaught. Our pounds annually, says that the work of some of poor girls at last know the value of time; and, them equals French embroidery; and that from even in the streets, you see girls at their appleher whole district, once among the poorest in stalls busy at their hoops. Ireland, there is not a single individual in the “The knowledge and conduct of some of our workhouse. Aged women have kept out of it by scholars are truly cheering. A poor family had learning to sew. About 350 girls, she says, have paid no rent for six years, and would have been been taught by her school. To the orphans and turned out long since, only that there being thirpoorest children she advanced clothes, and £25 teen children in the case, procured them pity. I for seed potatoes, which, by weekly instalments, entreated the parents to send some of them to they are honestly repaying.

school. Four could attend, but only one could án agent of the Sunday School Society lately come at first, because all the clothing of the four put the question to a large industrial school would only cover one. She and another came What have you gained by learning to work ? and by turns, and while one was at school the rest many voices replied-But for the school, we

were in bed.

Some clothing was given to a would be in the poor-house.

second, and when they had earned a little, all The good effected by these schools is best il. were clothed, and they attended till they were lustrated by individual cases.

able to work well. Only one attends now, the .

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rest getting work from the agent. They earn has made great progress among the Brazilian peofrom ten to twelve shillings weekly, have cows, ple. It will finally triumph; and it is probable pigs, and all comforts. They continue to read that what Mr. Venable dreaded will happentheir Bibles at home; but it is difficult for them, that the United States will become the only naor any at a distance, to attend our school regu- tion where slavery is kept in existence.Boston larly, as the priest spends much of his time on Commonwealth. the public roads, hunting and cursing any whom he suspects."

PUBLIC PRAYER. (To be continued.)

“But above all,” says William Penn, “he ANTI-SLAVERY IN BRAZIL.

(George Fox) excelled in prayer. The inA member of the last Congress gave as a rear and solemnity of his address and behaviour, the

wardness and weight of his spirit, the reverence son for objecting to the annexation of Cuba, that he did not wish the United States to become the fewness and fulness of his words, have often only nation on earth where chattel slavery is struck even strangers with admiration ; as they

used to reach others with consolation. The most cherished. He preferred to have Cuba remain as it is, in order that slavery may continue to exist awful, living, reverent frame I ever felt or beunder the Spanish government. Spain, Brazil, beld, I must say, was his, in prayer. And truly

, and the United States might be able to keep each it was a testimony that he knew and lived nearer other in countenance, he thought, and success- Him most, will see most reason to approach Him

the Lord than other men, for they that know fully defy the judgment of the civilized world. But those who undertake to fortify slavery

with reverence and fear." against the growing power of justice in human affairs, will at length understand that they have OUR FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION. engaged in a hopeless warfare. The world moves, The Detroit Democrat has been making figures and slavery must disappear from the face of the upon the late Census returns, showing the distriearth. It is giving way in Brazil. In that nation bution of the foreign born population of the an efficient anti-slavery society has been for some United States, in the various states. The statime in operation; and a Brazilian newspaper tistics are interesting, and we therefore avail gives the following particulars of a bill which ourselves of the Democrat's compilation. It passed the Chamber of Deputies last year. It shows the incorrectness of a very general impresmust pass another House to become a law :- sion, both at the West and the East, that the

“ It is decreed by the General Legislative As-proportion of people of foreign birth is much sembly of Brazil :

greater in the Western States than in New Eng1. That all the children born after the date of land and New York. Not only is this untrue, the law shall be free.

but the reverse is true. The following table from 2. All those shall be considered free who are the census of 1850, will show the foreign born born in other countries, and come to Brazil after population of each State, and the total free poputhis date.

lation : 3. Every one who serves from birth to seven Maine, Foreign 31,456, Total 583,169; New years of age, any of those included in Article 1, Hampshire, 32,831, 314,120 ; Vermont, 13,571, or who has to serve so many years, at the end of 387,976; Massachusetts, 160,909, 994,514; fourteen years shall be emancipated, and live as Rhode Island, 23,111, 147,545; Connecticut, he chooses.

37,462, 370,792; New York, 651,801, 3,097,4. Every slave paying for his liberty a sum 358 ; New Jersey, 58,364, 489,326 ; Pennsylequal to that which he cost his master, or who vania, 294,371, 2,311,786; Delaware, 5,211, shall gain it by honorable or gratuitous title, the 89,242; Maryland, 53,288, 492,666 ; District master shall be obliged to give him a free paper, of Columbia, 4,967, 48,006; Virginia, 22,394, under penalty of Article 179 of the Criminal 948,774; North Carolina, 2,524, 680,491; Code.

South Carolina, 8,662, 283,523; Georgia, 5,907, 5. Where there is no stipulated price, or fixed 524,499; Florida, 2,757, 48,135; Alabama, value of the slave, it shall be determined by arbi- 7,638, 428,779; Mississippi, 4,596, 296,648; trators, one of whom shall be the public promotor Louisiana, 66,413, 277,954; Texas, 16,774, of the town.

154,431; Arkansas, 1,628, 162,797; Tennes7. The government is authorized to give pre- see, 5,740, 763,154; Kentucky, 29,189, 771,cise regulations for the execution of this law, and 421 ; Ohio, 218,512, 1,930,461; Michigan, also to form establishments necessary for taking 54,852, 397,654, Indiana, 54,426, 988,416; care of those who, born after this date, may be Ilinois, 110,593, 851,471; Missouri, 72,474, abandoned by the owners of slaves.

594,622 ; Iowa, 21,222, 192,214; Wisconsin, 8. Opposing laws and regulations are repealed.” 106,695, 305,391; California, 22,358, 92,597 ;

This bill must pass both Chambers to become Territories, 7,260, 92,292. law; but that it was adopted by the Chamber of It will be seen by this table that Michigan has Deputies, shows that the anti-slavery sentiment only 54,428 foreign born residents, in a popula

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tion of nearly 400,000, or a little more than 1 in , are about as one to 20 to the Irish; while in the 8; while Massachusetts has 160,909 in a popu- North West, the Germans are more than twice as lation of less than a million, or over 1 in 6. numerous as the Irish; and the English are more

So with the other Western States. Iowa has than two thirds as numerous.-Sandusky Reg. about 1 in 9; Missouri 1 in 8; Illinois a trifle over this; Indiana 1 in 17; and Ohio 1 in 9.

THE TONGUE INSTRUCTED. Wisconsin alone has a much larger proportion of Guard well thy lips; none, none can know foreigners, namely, a little more than 1 in 3.

Prov. xiii. 3. In the Eastern States the proportion varies What evils from the tongue may flow; considerably. In Maine and New Hampshire it What guilt, what grief may be incurred

James iii. 5,6. is still less than in Indiana ; while in Massachu

Judges xi. 35. setts it is much larger than in any Western State, By one incautious, hasty word. Mark vi. 22-27. except Wisconsin, being more than 1 in 6; in Be « slow to speak ;"look well within, Rhode Island some less than 1 in 6; and in Con

Prov. x. 19. necticut about 1 in 8. Taking all the New Eng. To check what there may lead to sin; land States together, the proportion is very

James i. 26.

Col. iv. 2. nearly the same as in all the Northwestern States And pray unceasingly for aid,

Lest, unawares, thou be betrayed. Psal. cxli. 3. together. . In the great State of New York, the propor

“Condemn not, judge not,”—not to man

James iv. 11. tion is as 64 in 30, or 1 in 41; being double the Is given his brother's faults to scan; 1. Cor. iv. 5. proportion of foreign born that occurs in the One task is thine, and one alone,– Matt, vi. 3. whole district north west of Ohio. In Pennsyl- | To search out and subdue thine own. John viii. 7. vania the proportion is about as 1 in 8.

Indulge no murmurings; oh, restrain 1 Cor. x. 10. As we go further south the proportion is less; Those lips so ready to complain; Lam. iii. 23. the manual labor being done by slaves does not And, if they can be numbered, count Psal. cvi. 7.

iii. 23. allow the same inducement for foreign laborers Of one day's mercies the amount. to immigrate into slaveholding countries. Lou- Shun vain discussions, trifling themes; isiana is an exception, however. For her foreign

Matt. xii. 56. born population is to her native, as 1 is to 4; Dwell not on earthly hopes or schemes ;

Deut. vi. 7. being greater than New York, and next to Wis- Let words of meekness, wisdom, love, consin.

James iii. 13. This result is not as we expected, when the The heart's true renovation prove. Luke vi, 45. census was taken. It had been our impression Set God before thee; every word Gen. xvii. 1. that a much larger proportion of the foreign im- Thy lips pronounce, by him is heard; Psal. cxxxix. 4. migration found its way west.

Oh, couldst thou realize this thought, Job xxxiv. 21. But there another question touching the What care, what caution would be taught !

Luke xii. 3. distribution of this immigrant population, still more interesting to us than those already an- « Time is short,”— this day may be 1 Cor. vii. 29. swered, and of which the census returns furnish The very last assign’d to thee: Eph. v. 16. the solution. This question is, What descrip- So speak, that shouldst thou ne'er speak more,

Col. v. 6. tions of the immigration remain at the east, and Thou may'st not this day's words deplore. what come west.

Rom. xiv. 12. The Irish are the most numerous class of for

SUMMARY OF NEWS. eign born population; being nearly one-half, or 961,719 in 2,210,828. Where are the greatest

FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.—The British steamship number of the Irish located? The census an- Canada arrived at Boston on the 6th inst., bringing

Liverpool dates to the 24th ult. swers that in Michigan there are 13,430, or one

The combined French, British, and Turkish in 30 of the whole population.

fleets entered the Black Sea on the 10th ult., their Taking all New England, the Irish are as destination being Sebastapol. Three ships of follows:-In Maine, about one in 42; in New each squadron remained for the protection of ConHampshire, one in 27; in Vermont, one in 20; stantinople. in Massachusetts, one in 8; in Rhode Island, one Black Sea by the combined fleets would be con

The Czar having declared that the entry of the in 9; and in Connecticut, one in 13.

sidered as equivalent to a declaration of war, the In the North West as follows :-In Ohio, one immediate withdrawal of the Russian Ministers in about 39; Michigan, one in 30; Indiana, one from Paris and London was looked for. in 76; Illinois, one in 31; Wisconsin, one in 15. The Russian government has ordered that all Thus it is seen, that of the whole foreign popu- foreign merchant ships going to Ottoman ports in

the Black Sea, and carrying munitions of war, lation of New England, two thirds are Irish; shall be seized, though under neutral flags. Turwhile of the North West, less than one fourth key, on the contrary, has extended the term of 45 are from Ireland.

days before Russian merchantmen shall be deIn New England, the English or the Germans clared prizes.

merce.

An insurrection had broken out in the Crimea DOMESTIC.-Another extensive fire occurred at in favor of Turkey.

New York on the morning of the 8th inst. It origi. The provinces of Bessarabia, Kherson and Tau- nated in Metropolitan Hall and was soon commuris had been placed by the Czar under martial nicated to the large new hotel, known as the La law.

Farge House, both of which buildings were soon The Turkish army in Asia had crossed the a mass of smouldering ruins. The fire then spread Georgian frontiers and marched upon Tiflis. Eri- to the dwelling-houses on the opposite side of the van, the capital of Russian Armenia, was occu- street. pied by the Turks, the Russians having abandoned The new steamship San Francisco, which left it on their approach.

New York on the 21st ult. for San Francisco, via The Paris journals publish what purports to be the Straits of Magellan, was seen on the 26th'ult., a letter of instruction from the four Powers to their 300 miles east of Cape Henlopen, completely disAmbassadors at Constantinople, calling on Turkey abled, everything swept above deck, and her boats to acquiesce in a peaceful settlement, with the as- gone.' The San Francisco had on board about 500 surance that Russia intends no infringement of the soldiers belonging to the American army, besides Turkish sovereignty. It proposes that negotiations a large number of officers, their families and other shall take place in a neutral country, and that the passengers. The Secretary of War, on receipt of opening of the conference shall be the signal for this intelligence, immediately took measures for an armistice. It is reported that the Sultan refuses sending vessels to the assistance of the steamer, the proposed armistice, but consents to send a and as the San Francisco was a new and staunchrepresentative to the conference. It is rumored built vessel, it is hoped that she will hold together that the Czar also will send a representative. until aid arrives, and that those on board will be

The declaration of war by Persia against the finally rescued from their perilous situation. Turks is said to have been in consequence of a

CONGRESS.— In Senate, on the 3d inst., several direct promise by the Czar to remit the debt and petitions were presented asking for the construcrestore to the Shah the disputed territory: The tion of a ship canal round the Falls of Niagara. Shah places 30,000 troops at the disposal of the They were referred to the Committee on ComCzar.

A bill for dividing the State of Ohio into England. - The vacancy in the Cabinet caused two judicial districts, was taken up and passed. by the resignation of Lord Palmerston, had not This bill passed the Senate at the last session of been filled. The people appear desirous that Ab-Congress, but failed in its passage through the erdeen should resign and Parliament be sum- House. moned.

On the 4th, Senator Douglas, from the Commit. Severe weather had been experienced on the tee on Territories, reported back, with amend. Irish coast, and several shipwrecks had occurred. ments, a bill to establish a territorial government The Niagara, with 150 passengers, went ashore at for Nebraska. The subject of the right of S. S. Wexford. The passengers and cargo were saved. Phelps, of Vermont, to a seat as a Senator from

FRANCE.- About one-half the grain which had that State, after some discussion, was referred to arrived to complete the deficit caused by the fail- the Judiciary Committee. A petition adopted at a ure of the harvest, has been got in.

large meeting of citizens of Boston, asking for a SPAIN.-Pierre Soulé, the American Minister to reduction of ocean postage, was referred and orSpain, had fought a duel with the French Minis- dered to be printed. ter, and his son had also had a duel with the Duke In the House of Representatives, on the 6th inst., of Alba. Both duels are said to have been owing to the joint resolution of thanks to Capt. Ingraham, some remarks made respecting the dress of the for his conduct in the Koszta affair, coming up for wife of the American Minister. Query: If our discussion, Gerrit Smith addressed the House in a Ministers can find no more useful or worthy em- strong anti-slavery speech, which was listened to ployment, might they not as well be permitied to by the members with the utmost attention and reremain at home, and thus save the expense of spect. A number of private bills were read and salary and outfit?

referred. DENMARK.- A line of defence is to be thrown PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE.-The two houses up around Copenhagen, seaward, as in 1848, in of the Legislature of this State commenced their anticipation of hostilities on the Baltic in the sessions on the 3d inst. The House of Representspring.

atives met at 11 o'clock, and, after the roll had Prussia.—The Minister of Commerce has given been called, proceeded to the election of a Speak notice that the treaty of commerce and navigation er. E. B. Chase, of Susquehanna, received 49 of September, 1814, concluded between the Zoll- votes and was declared elected, the votes for all verein and Belgium, expires with the current the other candidates being 29. William Jack, of year, and that negotiations for its renewal had led Blair, the Clerk of the last House, was re-elected to no satisfactory result.

unanimously. AUSTRIA.—There is a deficit of fifty millions in McCaslin was elected Speaker by a vote of 18;

The Senate convened at 3 o'clock. Maxwell the Austrian budget.

his opponent, John C. Kunkle, having received 15 China.-Dates from Shanghai to 11th mo. 2d

votes. have been received. Shanghai continued in possession of the insurgents. At Amoy, the insur- received and read. A memorial from citizens of

On the 4th, the Message of the Governor was gents had been defeated by the Imperialists.

Philadelphia, for the consolidation of the City and The Russian Japan squadron of four ships was County of Philadelphia, was, with a bill on the anchored at Nangaski. The Russians were hos- same subject, referred to a special committee pitably received, and were remaining there at the composed of the members from the City and last accounts.

County of Philadelphia.

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