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some curious lights thrown on the social condi- , new course, and have jeered at the supposed tion of old Norwich in the time of the war. And want of ease and comfort with which Mrs. Opie some lawyers and politicians-Sir James Mack- seemed to be oppressed when first wedded to her intosh for one-who went that circuit in their new attire, and to habits so at variance with early professional days, used to talk of the city those which had characterized the former part of and its illustrious citizens in a strain of compli- her life. That the change, however, resulted ment which had much amusement, if not satire, otherwise than from a sincere conviction of duty in it. They kindly brought fresh ideas to Nor- is a most gratuitous assumption, as is amply wich, and in return were duly venerated, and proved by the consistency of all her subsequent extremely amused by so perfect a specimen of a conduct, due allowance being of course made for provincial city up in a corner, which called itself the difficulties with which so vast a change could Athens.'

not be otherwise than accompanied. “Such is Norwich said to have been during “We may here remark, on the authority of the youthful days of Amelia Alderson, and she one who knew her well, that there is every reagrew up a fine, intellectual, and even beautiful son to believe in the depth and reality of the woman, having amongst her friends the character change, which sceptics alone would call in quesof a cheerful and fashionable, but noble-minded tion. The change was real, and led her to forand benevolent lady. At the age of 29, she be- sake the world and all its vanities, whilst she was came the second wife of John Opie, Esq., R. A., still able to enjoy the social and intellectual pleawho had begun to acquire the reputation of a sure in which she had formerly so much delightpainter of some note. Mr. Opie was a native of ed, subject to the restraining influences of the St. Agnes, near Truro, in Cornwall, where, while Spirit of truth. Her pious life may well be a yet very young, he exhibited a considerable tal- lesson to many who have never been exposed to ent for art, insomuch that his genius attracted the same fascinating allurements and pleasures the attention of Dr. Walcot (Peter Pindar), who as Amelia Opie. became his ardent patron, and who prophesied “Mrs. Opie's literary labors were now directed that his young friend would turn out one of the into a different channel. In the place of novels, greatest painters the world had seen. In this, having a somewhat indefinite morale, she devoted however, the worthy doctor was mistaken. The herself to the direct injunction of Christian dugreat talent which had been evinced by the con- ties, and warns her fellow-creatures against the tinental lovers of the fine arts was not then so vices into which all are in danger of falling. generally known in this country, as it came to be Hence we have her powerfully written Illustraa few years subsequently, and the standard, there- tions of Lying,' published in the year 1825, a fore, by which the doctor measured the excellen. work which has been thought to be well calculacies of his protege was not of the very highest ted to make a deep impression on the minds of order. Mr. Opie, however, was no mean artist, youthful readers. In 1828, Mrs. Opie published nevertheless, and perhaps, when we consider the à volume under the title of Detraction Disnecessarily limited experience which fell to his played,' the object of which was, as said, to exshare, we may venture to assert that the stride pose that most common of all vices in every rank which he made towards eminence was enormous. or class of society, from the peer to the peasant, He visited London in 1781, and acquired celeb- from the master to the valet, from the mistress rity by some pictures in the Exhibition of the to the maid, from the most learned to the most Royal Academy, and by some which he painted ignorant, from the man of genius to the meanest for the Boydell and Macklin galleries. In 1786, capacity. As to Mrs. Opie's abilities as a writer, he was admitted an associate of the Royal Acad- there are many opinions; all, however, acknowemy, and an academician in the following year. ledge that her works evince a great power to er.

“ Two or three years after her marriage, Mrs. cite the feelings of the reader; and in the late Opie began to acquire some reputation as a wri- Miss Sedgwick's letters, written from abroad, ter. Amongst her literary productions, which and published in 1841, occur the following reearned her a continental reputation, were her marks : 'I owed Mrs. Opie a grudge for having • Simple Tales,' in four volumes, 1806; New made me in my youth, cry my eyes out over her Tales, four volumes, 1818; “Temper, or Do- stories, but her fair cheerful face forced me to mestic Scenes,' a tale in three volumes; “Tales forget it. She long foreswore the world and its of the Heart,' four volumes, &c.

vanities, and adopted the Quaker faith and cos“As years rolled on, they brought with them tume; but I fancied that her elaborate simplicity, a change in Mrs. Opie which astonished the lit- and the fashionable little train in her pretty satin erary and religious world. Many of her former gown, indicated how much easier it is to adopt a works were, as we have been informed, called in theory than to change one's habits.' from the publishers, and Mrs. Opie, it was “Of Mrs. Opie's character, during the quarter whispered, had forsaken the fashionable world, of a century that she spent as a member of the and allied herself with the Society of Friends. Society of Friends, a writer in the Daily News Some have attributed this change to any other observes : "She tended her father unremittingly cause than a conviction of the rightfulness of her in his decline; she improved greatly in balance

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sea.

Sea; the

of mind and evenness of spirits during her long| COLONIZATION IN AFRICA AND THE RUM TRADE. and close intimacy with the Gurneys; and there

('oncluded from page 319. never was any doubt about her beneficent disposition, shown by her family devotedness, no less

That, in case a purchase could be effected

without the rum, than by her bounty to the poor. Her 'majestic

I should cause the amount put form moved through the narrowest streets of the on board by the Society, to be started into the ancient city; and her bright face was seen light

These were my instructions. ing up the most wretched abodes. The face

On arriving at Cape Palmas, I found the nanever lost its brightness, nor the heart its youth- tives ready and willing to dispose of their terrifulness and gaiety. She was a merry laugher in tory, to receive our laws, &c." The palaver was her old age, and even, if the truth be spoken, opened, but broken up in consequence of the still a bit of a romp—ready for bo-peep and hide- lack of the usual dash of rum. It was again and-seek, in the midst of a morning call, or at opened, and although I had used all influence the end of a grave conversation. She enjoyed with lobby members for some day or two, yet showing prim young Quaker girls her ornaments, hours were spent in this Rum Palaver, ere we plumes, and satins, and telling when she wore could come to terms; and I venture to say, few them; and, when in Paris, she ingenuously ex- more earnest and effective temperance lectures hibited in her letters to her Quaker friends the were ever delivered, than on that same Cape conflict in her feelings when Louis Philippe, at- Palmas, on that famous palaver-day. After the tended by his staff, stopped to converse with her purchase, the vessel was discharged of all its in the streets of Paris, and when the Queen of cargo, excepting 16 bbls. of rum. Agreeably to the French requested her to appoint an evening my instructions, I went on board, and had these for a party at the Tuileries. She made a plea- hoisted on deck, their bungs knocked out, and sant joke of the staring of the Parisians at her their contents discharged into the

scuplittle grey bonnet, and sighed and prayed that pers of the old brig Ann streaming for near half she might not be puffed up by all the rest. She an hour with pure New England white face, much was not really spoilable, and her later years were

to the distress of the little fry alongside, and to full of grace and kindliness. She suffered much the disgust of the Jack Tars on board, who confrom rheumatic lameness, but with great cheer- sidered me little less than mad. Four bbls. fulness on the whole-almost merrily. She was were landed, one placed in the apothecary shop cordially respected, and will be vividly remem- for use in making tinctures, &c., and the other bered for life by many who have long forgotten three stowed away in the dark end of our wareher early fame, or perhaps had scarcely heard of house, where I saw them intact, more than three it. She was a striking picture in the childhood years afterwards, and they were inventoried as a of some who are now elderly, when her stately part of the apothecary establishment to my sucform was seen, half a century ago, among the old cessor. elms in her father's garden; and she will ever On the 29th page of the appendix to the third be a picture in the minds of such young people Annual Report of the Maryland State Colonizaas saw her seated, as upright as ever, but with tion Society, you will see the deed of Maryland her crutches behind her, at her sofa-table, in her in Liberia, and a schedule of the articles paid in cheerful room on the Castle Meadow, any time consideration therefor, among which no rum is. within the last few years. The Taylors, the I enclose you a copy of the Constitution of MaSayers, the Smiths, the Enfields—have long ryland in Liberia, into which you will see the been gone; and now, with Amelia Opie, dies the temperance principle is engrafted as a part and last claim of the humbled city to the literary p:rcel. By articles 2 and 3, you can see that prominence which was so dear to it in the last no one can become a citizen without signing the century.'

total abstinence pledge, and no person can hold “ Such is the best history we have been able an office who traffics in ardent spirits, or uses it, to obtain of the life of this remarkable lady, who except in cases of sickness. died with the love and respect of all who had the So far as I know, this principle has been advantage of an acquaintance with her many ex- strictly adhered to in the administration of the cellencies. Our account is gathered from many laws of that colony under the Constitution. sources, but is not so minute as we could have Doubtless there have been cases of the clandesdesired.”- London Friend.

tine introduction of different liquors into the colony, and that some few have always been op

posed to the law on that subject, but smuggling All excess is ill ; but drunkenness is of the cannot be entirely suppressed, and liberty of worst sort. It spoils health, dismounts the mind, opinion and speech is tolerated in Maryland in and unmans men. It reveals secrets, is quarrel. Liberia. Since the agitation of the subject of some, lascivious, impudent, dangerous, and mad. independence, many have advocated a change of In fine, he that is drunk is not a man ; because the Constitution in regard to the traffic in spirits, he is so long void of reason, that distinguishes a but I believe a majority are opposed to any man from a beast.

PENN. change.

a

THE SEVENTEEN YEAR LOCUST.

It is hardly necessary to say, the Maryland State Colonization Society has, from the beginning, maintained one uniform, consistent course

This insect is well known to belong to a difin regard to this matter, conforming entirely ferent family, and to be quite unlike the locust with their public documents.

of the East, so destructive to vegetation in AraYour fourth interrogatory seems to infer that bia, Syria, Persia, and in Egypt. This was a the Maryland State Colonization Society, and winged grasshopper, annual, voracious, and mithe Chesapeake and Liberia Trading Company, gratory, and is still a common article of food in are connected through me. This is not so.

I

those countries, especially in times of scarcity. am the Agent of both Associations, it is true, Our locust, on the other hand, lives in colonies, but I cannot see how that connects them any Dr. Smith, of Baltimore, has ascertained the lo

each colony being confined to its own district. more than it would either of them to the Church, Masonic or Odd Fellow Associations, to which i cation, and the year of maturity, of at least fifmight belong; or that the Pennsylvania Coloni- teen such colonies in our country; and as each of zation Society is connected with the Methodist these has a different year of appearing, it follows Church, of which you are a preacher. But this

that every year in the seventeen, except two, is is not important, as I can assure you that since

“ locust year” in some portion of the country. the organization of the Chesapeake and Liberia In Pennsylvania for instance, there are at least Trading Company, I have been its only Agent, two colonies, the periods of return being for made all its contracts, and fitted out every ves- Pittsburg and vicinity, 1815, 1832, and 1819. sel transporting emigrants to Liberia, (and it has So, the duration of our locust's life is not sent no vessel without emigrants,) and in no one

one year only, like the Egyptian, but seventeen instance has that Company bought or sold, or in years, all but a few weeks of which is passed any way been interested in any distilled liquor,

in the pupa state beneath the surface of the as an article of trade or use on board, except as

earth. a medicine in case of sickness among the emi.

It is remarkable that just so many years and grants. The Company, at the commencement of months should be required to mature this little its operations, shipped largely of merchandize animal; but so it is, and so nicely adapted is its fitted for the Liberia trade and consumption, but economy to this precise time, that it may be never liquor of any kind, save porter and ale, and doubted, if exhumed even a few days before its these seldom.

appointed period, whether it would survive the I believe I have answered ycur questions en- injury. Some fifteen or twenty days since, a tirely, and I hope to your satisfaction; that they friend, residing in the western part of Philadelwill seem answered to the satisfaction of those phia, presented the writer with four locusts in who induced you to ask them, I have little hope.

the pupa state, which he bad taken carefully The promulgation of temperance principles in from just beneath the earth's surface in his garAnnual Reports by the Maryland State Coloni- den. The insects were lively; moved forwards zation Society, under the direction of its Presi- slowly and awkwardly, but backwards with much dent, for over twenty years, we must consider as greater facility. They were placed upon the “Moses and the Prophets," and those disposed to earth, under a broad glass with an open top, doubt and cavil, would hardly be convinced, through which twigs were inserted into the though one rose from the dead.

earth, with the hope and expectation that they I have extended this communication far be- would ascend these, and cast their tunic. They yond the limits intended, and the pressure of seemed restless, and when visited a few hours business has forced me to write even worse than after, had made efforts to penetrate the earth, common, but I trust you can decipher it, at least not one being on the sticks. It was warm, and enough for your purpose, whatever it may be.

they had been placed where the sun never comes;

they were now transferred to a spot where the Your very ob't serv't,

sun had lately fallen, but not in his rays. ToJAMES HALL, Agent, &c.

wards evening they seemed feeble, and one was Colonization IIerald.]

unable to help himself from his back, upon which he had tumbled. Not an effort seemed to have been made to climb a twig, but, in obedi

ence to their instinct, they strove to re-enter the France is becoming every day more and more earth, from which, in violation of a law of their a cotton producing country. The very full and being, they had been taken a few days too soon. explicit details given by our Paris correspondent, I was not disappointed on the following morning some weeks since, on the increased cultivation to find that they had all perished. of cotton in Algeria, certainly denote that not But though we may not disinter this little without reason does the French government be- creature too soon, yet, when it has eaten its fill

, lieve that in a few years France will grow on its when its organs are mature, and its time is fully own soil cotton enough for its own manufactur-come, it is wonderful with what exactness in ing wants.—Daily Register.

time, with what vigor and persistence under op

With much respect,

AFRICAN COTTON.

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States.

position, it strives to obey the law under which

RANK OF THE UNITED STATES, it has been placed

According to tkeir Population, and Capital of Early on the morning of the 29th of May,

each State, 1851, (which was overcast but warm,) the writer Rank.

Pop. in 1850.

Capitals. was in one of the green and shaded lanes a mile 1 New York, 3,079,000 Albany. or two north of Philadelphia, and heard the first 2 Pennsylvania, 2,312,000 Harrisburg low murmurs from a few of the ten thousands of 3 Ohio,

1,977,000 Columbus. this insect which clung to or crawled upon the 4 Virginia,

1,381,000 Richmond shrubs and boughs of a garden and adjacent 5 Tennessee, 1,003,000 Nashville. grove. The sound was distinct but ventrilo- 6 Kentucky, 1,002,000 Frankfort. quous, always seeming distant even though the 7 Massachusetts, 993,000 Boston. insect was within a few feet. Others joined the 8 Indiana, 989,000 Indianopolis. choir, and soon the murmur swelled and height 9 Georgia, 879,000 Milledgeville. ered into a bum much resembling that of a boy's 10 North Carolina, 869,000 Raleigh. top- The sun began to break through the 11 Illinois, 852,000 Springfield. clouds, and the insect chorus every minute grew 12 Alabama, 772,000 Montgomery. louder and more guttural, till the whole colony 13 Missouri, 684.000

Jefferson City. seemed to have united in producing a melody, 14 South Carolina, 655,000 Columbia. by no means disagreeable, but not unlike that of 15 Mississippi, 593,000 Jackson. a distant frog-pond. And here, on a well rolled 16 Maine, 583,000 Augusta. gravelled walk, was exhibited abundant evidence 17 Maryland, 583,000 Annapolis. of the untired and successful labors of this tiny 18 Louisiana, 501,000 New Orleans. creature to escape from the earth; for, insect as 19 New Jersey, 400,000 Trenton. he is, he had outlived the former lord of the 20 Michigan, 396,000 Detroit. soil; the tree from which he had fallen had dis

New Haven,

21 Connecticut, appeared; the loose turf he had penetrated

571,000

Hartford. seventeen years before, in his descent, was re. 22 N. Hampshire, 318,000 Concord. placed by a thick bed of gravel, well compacted; 23 Vermont, 314,000 Montpelier. and in his return from his dark abode to the joy 24 Wisconsin, 304,000. Madison. and light of day, a matured and perfect being, 25 Arkansas, 208,000 Little Rock. he had encountered this (to all human reason) 26 California, 200,000

SJose? Vallejo? insuperable barrier. But he was not deterred 27 Iowa,

192,000 Iowa City. from an effort; he used the means, that He, who 28 Texas,

188,000 Austin. cares for all his creatures, had bestowed upon 29 Rhode Island, 148,000 Providence,&c him; and with what success might be seen by 30 Delaware, 92,000

Dover. the hundreds of perforations in the gravel walk! 31 Florida,

88,000 Tallahassee. The sight was impressive to me, and, I confess, Territories, &c., 161,000 an incentive to press steadily on through what- Indians,56 tribes in all, 300,000 ever obstructions may be placed in the way, knowing that “in due season we shall reap if Total pop. of U.S., 23,495,000 we faint not.” The locust takes no food in its winged state;

DON'T MURMUR, CHRISTIAN. has no sting, properly so called; and, with one exception, is quite harmless. Yet, it should be Chrysostom propounds this question—Was known to the boys everywhere, that hardly a Job miserable when he had lost all that God had day passes without one or more receiving a given him?" and gives this answer—"No; he wound from this insect, which has caused a pain. had still that God who gave him all.” And is ful and speedy death.' It occurs in this wise : not Christ thy treasure ? is not heaven thine inthe female is furnished with a strong sharp in- heritance ? and wilt thou murmur? Hast thou strument, called an ovipositer, with which she not much in hand, and more in hope ? hast thou scores the young twigs of trees for the purpose not much in possession, but more in reversion ? of depositing her eggs; being thus armed, it is and wilt thou murmur? Hath not God given not strange that, when collected in numbers, and thee a changed heart, a renewed nature, and a thrust into hat

Hath the boy's head, she should sanctified soul ? and wilt thou murmur?

upon sometimes drive her lancet into the scalp, pro- not God given thee Himself to satisfy thee, His ducing a fatal inflammation.

Son to save thee, His Spirit to lead thee, His grace to adorn thee, His covenant to assure thee,

His mercy to pardon thee? and wilt thou murThe more merciful acts thou dost, the more mur? Hath he not made thee a friend, a bromercy thou wilt receive : and if with a charitable ther, a son, a bride, an heir? and wilt thou. employment of thy temporal riches, thou gainest murmur? Hath not God often turned thy waeternal treasure, thy purchase is infinite : thou ter into wine, thy brass into silver, thy silver wilt have found the art of multiplying indeed. into gold ? and wilt thou murmur? When thou

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wast dead, did not he quicken thee? and when ble ground. The compromise had no relation to thou wast lost, did not he seek thee? and when future acquisitions; yet when a large territory was thou wast wounded, did not he heal thee? and afterwards wrested from Mexico, the extension of when thou wast falling, did not he support thee? | the Missouri compromise line to the Pacific, was and when thou wast down, did not he raise thee? claimed, not to establish freedom on the north of and when thou wast staggering, did not he esta- that parallel-for that was not then disputed, blish thee? and when thou wast erring, did not but to afford an excuse for the introduction of slahe reduce thee? and when thou wast tempted, did not he succor thee? and when thou wast in very on the south of it. danger, did not he deliver thee? and wilt thou As Mexico had abolished slavery in all parts murmur? What! thou that art so highly ad- under its jurisdiction, the territory acquired from vanced, and exalted above many thousands in that republic came into the possession of the Unithe world ? Murmuring is a black garment, and ted States as free soil. Of course, the admission it becomes none so ill as saints.-Brooks.

of slavery into any portion of the territory thus

obtained, was not simply its toleration where alFRIENDS' REVIEW. ready established, but its introduction into a re

gion from which it was previously excluded. PHILADELPHIA, SECOND MONTH 4, 1854.

Such a measure, if sanctioned by the federal gove The readers of the Review are presented this ernment, would have been a concession to the week with the first moiety of an able and elabo- amidst the unfounded claims in favor of the "pe

slaveholding interest not previously made. But rate address from some members of Congress to culiar institution”-peculiar, indeed, in a governtheir constituents. This address, though of con

ment founded upon the avowed equal rights of all siderable extent, appears to embody too much interesting information, on the subject which it em

men, to life and liberty,–

,-no pretension was raised braces, to be withheld from our readers.

to any authority to unsettle or call in question the It is difficult to believe, that another occasion

provision of the Missouri compromise, by which will or can arise, within the time of the existing

slavery was forever excluded from the territory

embraced in Douglas's bill. generation, equally calculated to excite the feelings and awaken the fears of all who have a pro- ing majority of our citizens, if their sentiments

There is no reasonable doubt that an overwhelmper regard for the virtue or permanent prosperity of the people of these United States, with the could be known, are convinced of the glaring inmeasure recently submitted to the Senate at

justice, as well as impolicy, of slave holding; and Washington.

as it is probable that the adoption or rejection of If Douglas's bill, for the establishment of one or

the Nebraska bill will depend upon the a pathetic more territorial governments on the west of Mis-acquiescence or active opposition of the people souri, or any other with similar provisions in re

at large, it is devoutly to be hoped that the public lation to slavery, should obtain the concurrence

voice may be effectually raised in reprobation of of the federal government, it will unquestionably

this iniquitous measure. be considered, on all hands, as a triumph of the slaveholding interesi, so complete and conclusive, The brief notice which appears in one of our as to leave little more for that interest to ask, or columns, respecting the culture of cotton in Algefor the advocates of freedom to hope. Indeed, ria, is a corroboration of some of the remarks of the introduction of such a bill into Congress, indi- our correspondent C., as given in preceding numcates a confidence, on the part of the slavehold- bers. If the French can raise cotton in Algeria, ing power, that renders even plausible pretences where labor is not so cheap as in many other no longer necessary. When the act of 1820, usu- parts of Africa, surely the English also may obally termed the Missouri compromise act, was tain it from parts of the same continent which are passed, there is no reason to believe that any accessible to them. statesman or politician in the Union, imagined that any subsequent action of Congress could open to the inroads of slavery, that part of Louisiana,

NOTICE—The Annual Meeting of the Auxiliary which lay north of 36 deg. 30 min. N. latitude, Bible Association of Friends of Philadelphia Missouri excepted. We are not to forget that this Quarterly Meeting will be held at the Mulberry compromise made no provision, and entered into Street Meeting House, on Second day the 13th no engagement, for admitting, at any future time, inst., at 7} o'clock, P. M. Friends of both sexes the introduction of slavery on the south of 36 deg. are particularly invited to attend. 30 min. All Louisiana north of that line was dedica

THEOPH. E. BEESLEY, Secry. ted forever to freedom; all south of it was debatea- Philad'a., 2d mo. 4, 1854—2t.

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