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Robert Lindsay and FREDERIC Mackie. - It is, passage by Congress of any bill, which will perstated in the British Friend, of last month, that mit the introduction of slavery, either now or at these Friends have completed their service in any future period, into any portion of the terriNew Zealand, and had proceeded to Sidney, in tory of Nebraska, or in anywise infringe upon New South Wales.

the eighth section of the "Act passed in the year

1820, commonly called the Missouri ComproMARRIED,—At Friends Meeting House, at Sand- mise Act, which declares, “ that in all that terribank, Indiana, on the 19th ult., John A. OUTLAND, tory ceded by France to the United States, under of Parke county, Indiana, to Isabel, daughter of the name of Louisiana, which lies North of 36 Jesse and Zilpha Pul, of Sandbank.

deg. 30 min., North latitude, not included within

the limits of the State contemplated by this Act, DIED, —At Pawtucket, on the 5th inst., Jethro Slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than F. MITCHELL, of Middletown, R. I., an esteemed as the punishment of crime, shall be and is heremember and elder of Rhode Island Monthly Meet- by forever prohibited.” ing, aged nearly 76 years.

On the 20th of Twelfth month, at her residence, in Raysville, Henry county, Indiana, of

The following report, though rather out of typhoid fever, Hannah, wife of Joel Pusey, in the season is published in the “Review” at the re61st year of her age, a valuable member of Spice- quest of the Managers :land Monthly Meeting. This dear friend sustained, through life, the brightness of the Chris- The Philadelphia Association of Friends for the

' tian character, and she awaited the approaches

Instruction of Poor Children. of the undeniable messenger, with calmness and

At a meeting of the Association, held First hope, declaring that death 'had no terror, nor would the grave have any victory. She was

month, 2nd, 1854, the following Friends were enabled to impart much weighty and useful appointed officers for the ensuing year, viz: counsel to those who visited he

Clerk.-Edward Richie.
On the 8th of Twelfth month last, at his

Treasurer.-Richard Richardson. residence, in Chatham county, N. C., Thomas Managers. -John M. Whitall, Joel Cadbury, Stout, a member of Cane Creek Monthly Meet- Israel H. Johnson, Richd. Richardson, Thomas ing, aged about 71 years.

Lippincott, Mark Balderston, James Kite, Chas. On the 30th of Seventh month last, of pul- J. Allen, Samuel Walton, Benjamin H. Pitfield, monary disease, Huldah, wife of Jacob Votaw, Joseph S. Elkinton, Edward Sharpless. in the 27th year of her age, a member of Missine

Annual Report. wa Monthly Meeting, Indiana. Reposing on the mercy of God; through a crucified and risen Sa. To the Philadelphia Association of Friends for viour she evinced as she approached the solemn

the Instruction of Poor Children, close, a foretaste of the joys to come-retaining The Managers Report : her understanding and ihe power of expression to the last.

That the Schools have been continued under On the 22d of the Twelfth month last, of that a new Principal has been appointed in the

the care of the same teachers as last year, except pulmonary consumption, LUCINDA, wife of Hanuel Hunt, in the 38th year of her age, a valuable Infant department; the former Principal having member of Richland Monthly Meeting, Iowa. resigned, after having faithfully served the As

sociation for nearly sixteen years. The Schools

have been visited by committees of the Board The subjoined Memorial has been prepared for twice a month; and from their reports it appears, signatures, and it is sincerely to be hoped that it that, in general, good order has been maintained, will arrest the attention of our philanthropic citi- and that the scholars are advancing as fast as can zens, and that they will speedily express their the irregularity of their attendance. During the

be expected from their circumstances in life, and decided opposition to the flagrant violation of the last few months, more attention has been given faith of government, as well as disregard of the to the writing of the children in the Infant deprosperity of our common country, which is at-partment, and their improvement in this branch tempted by the bill now before Congress for the has been quite remarkable. The difficulty of

satisfactorily conducting this School, both as reestablishment of territorial governments in Ne-gards the behaviour of the children, and their braska.

advancement in their studies, has from time to To the Senate and House of Representatives of time claimed the attention of the Board ; and we

the United States of America, in Congress as- have latterly been endeavouring to render this sembled :

department more efficient. In this effort we The undersigned citizens of the State of *

_have, we believe, the cordial co-operation of the

*. respectfnlly, but carnestly remonstrate against the teachers.

The system of teaching Geography in concert • The name to be filled with the pen.

has been lately introduced in both rooms, we

hope to advantage. In the Girls' School in-, in the Greek Classics. It is curious that our creased attention has been given to Mental English word spirit has a similar origin from the Arithmetic, and one day in the week continues Latin spiritus, and that from spiro to breathe. to be devoted to sewing. These two branches The


before us affords a beautiful exwe consider especially important to children of ample of the manner in which our Redeemer the class that come under our care. A few of condescended to adapt his discourse to the weakthe more advanced girls being desirous to learn ness of his hearers. His illustrations were freEnglish Grammar, they have lately commenced gently drawn from passing objects, the lilies of the study of it.

the field, the sparrows, the fields white unto The average attendance during the year has harvest. In the present case the wind, whose been 42 in the Girls' School, and 61 in the In- voice was heard in the stillness of night, afforded fant department. The number now on the list, both an illustration and an argument. It is plain is 68 in the former, and 86 in the latter School

. from the previous verses that Nicodemus habitaA small sum has been expended for dry-goods ally referred everything to the senses. Spiritual to be made up into clothing by the scholars. operations were incomprehensible to him. Our This clothing and several pairs of shoes have Saviour, condescending to his low estate, reminds been distributed amongst the most destitute of him that in the case of the wind, which one of the children. The cost of the shoes was $14.91. his senses was wholly unable to discover, he did

We have received $10 from the estate of not refuse to confide in other testimony-he Abm. Keyser, of Germantown, being part of a knew of its existence by its results—“So is every sum left to his executor, in trust, to be dis- one that is born of the spirit.” tributed among such benevolent institutions in The use of words both in their primitive and this city as he might think proper.

derived meaning is very frequent in the New Our income has for several years been inade- Testament, as in other" Greek writings ; and quate for the support of the Schools; and during although this circumstance may rarely occasion the last two years it has been materially reduced, difficulty in ascertaining the true meaning of the owing to the store No. 12 North Front street writer, it may properly suggest a caution how we having been for a considerable time without a tamper with our excellent version of the Holy tenant. We trust, however, that the deficiency Scriptures. The faithfulness of this translation will be fully made up by the liberality of Friends; has been so well tested by the criticisms of friends and it would be encouraging to the Managers to and opponents that it may fairly be considered receive from those who may feel disposed to aid as no longer in question ; nor, when we recall the their efforts in this way, such donations as would various unsuccessful attempts to improve it, can render our regular income sufficient for main- we look for advantage from its revision. taining the Schools to the full extent of their While, however, we rely with confidence upon usefulness.

the accuracy of our version, much satisfaction is Signed by direction and on behalf of the Board to be derived from the careful perusal of the New of Managers, CHARLES J. ALLEN, Clerk. Testament in the original Greek. It will often Philadelphia, 12th mo. 29th, 1853.

happen that while the meaning of a word is correctly rendered, something of its full force is

abated by the translation ; and this is especially JOHN III. v. 8, AND OUR ENGLISH VERSION.

true of compound words which abound in Greek. In a note to the last No. of the “Review,” it It may not be possible to convey all the ideas was suggested that the Greek word, in this pas- suggested by the original word without inconsage, rendered wind, might “ be more literally venient circumlocution. He, therefore, who is if not more correctly” translated spirit. This able, by an analysis of the word, to discover its remark having called my attention to the text, I primitive as well as its derived meaning, will have again been struck with its exceeding beauty often perceive a beauty or appropriateness and force as given in our English version. An in its use which is lost to others. Let a single examination of the original does not lead me to example illustrate my meaning. In Matthew ii., concur with the suggestion. The word pneuma v. 6, the prophecy of Micah, respecting our is derived from pneo, to breathe or blow. Hence Saviour, is quoted, " for out of thee shall come a its original meaning is air in motion, whether the Governor that shall rule (or as in the margin breath or the wind. In the former of these feed) my people Israel.” Now it is by no means senses it is used 2 Thess. ii. v. 8. It is easy to unclear that this version could be improved-yet derstand how the word, in addition to its literal | recurring to the Greek we find the word renderor primitive meaning, came to be applied to the ed rule or feed is poimanei, and tracing this to breath of life, life itself, the life-giving spirit, the its roots we get the original meaning of the comsoul, the spirit released from the flesh, (as in pound word, “ to take charge of a flock as a Luke xxiv. v. 39,) and finally in its most ex. shepherd;" combining the ideas of ruling and alted sense to the Spirit of Truth, the Comforter feeding, and making the passage parallel to that or the Holy Spirit. Instances of its use in all in which He who is thus spoken of describes these senses excepting the last, frequently occur himself as "the good Shepherd."


may be

The facilities for the study of Greek have lately, apostle did, with being the chief of sinners. But been much increased, and are afforded, I believe, when brought to such a sight and sense as this, in most of the large institutions under the care may the repenting and returning prodigal never of Friends in this country. Although very few forget that he has a Saviour, a Mediator, an Ad

to become proficients in it, a com- vocate with the Father; and may he never forparatively small portion of time diligently im- get tremblingly to rejoice in him: for if there proved will admit the student to the true enjoy- be a class of mankind who are more than others ment resulting from an intelligent perusal of the the objects of redeeming love and mercy, it New Testament in the original.

might seem to be these sinners, the unworthiest P. K. D. and vilest of the human race.

So that to my own often depressed mind, I would say,


hast received mercy, and hast tasted that the (Continued from page 251.)

Lord is gracious, see that thou faint not, nor He is the happy man whose life e'en now

grow weary in well doing.'" Shows somewhat of that happier life to come;


-Whatever may be my expewhom peace, the fruit

rience, I still believe the only true and safe rest Of virtue, and whom virtue, fruit of faith,

to consist in an unlimited surrender and submisPrepare for happiness; bespeak him one Content, indeed, to sojourn while he must

sion to the Divine will. And Oh! when my Below the skies, but having there his home.

poor heart is now and then softened into this

Cowper's Task. disposition, how precious is the experience! " To .. :--The kind attentions and opi- Yes, my dear friend, though under a sense of nions of my friends sometimes humble me; for the greatest unworthiness, I may do myself the though I think I behold in the practice of Chris- justice to say, that the experience just alluded to tianity a beautiful and inestimable object to aim is indeed prized by me above all price; so that at, and am at times concerned to recommend the neither gold, nor gems, spices nor perfumes, nor, glorious attainment of it to others, yet, in press could it be obtained, even the superadded favor ing after it, my own conflicts are such that I can of all the princes in the universe, bear, in my pretty often feelingly apply to myself this line of present estimate of things, any comparison with one of our admired poets :

that situation of mind, wherein the denial of our · For me scarce hoping to obtain that rest.'

own will, and the doing that of the Creator, is

felt to be not more a duty than a delight. But Is it not strange that, after all I have in mercy do not imagine from this luxuriance of expression, suffered, there should yet be in me the least in- that I am constantly, or even frequently, a pos. clination to deviate from the paths of holiness sessor of the inestimable enjoyment described. and peace, or to linger in the way of manifested No, I neither deserve, nor is it possible that I duty ? In spite of self-love, this is most surpri- could bear, such a fruition long together, and sing, and must surely rank among the most in therefore it may be that the intervals wherein it contestable proofs of a fallen nature, and of the is vouchsafed, seem consequent need I have of a compassionate and powerful Redeemer. These considerations are

• Like angels’ visits, few and far between.' humbling to the natural mind; but let us not Yet let the tribute of thanksgiving and praise faint, though I am ready to think that not only ascend before the throne of mercy, that such seamyself, but many others cannot dwell much too sons are ever known by the inhabitants of this low to be just above despair.

This might ap

lower world, and that even in its remotest solipear almost, to some, a frightful sentiment, but tudes; and thou wouldst find it difficult, my it will not, I believe, much alarm thee; for it friend, to meet with one more secluded, both as may probably form a part of thy experience, that to body and mind, than Gedney often is to me; those who know the most of their Creator and but, peace, my heart! the hand is blest that themselves, are by this knowledge baptized into gives and takes away.” deep humiliation : yea, such at seasons is their To

:-Former experience has conabasement, under a view of the Divine meroy vinced me that though we may have to travel and forbearance on the one hand, and their own over dreary ground we must not think of taking omissions and commissions on the other, that, up a rest here, indeed that no rest can be found with the poor publican, they are not only ready upon it, but more probably a total discomfiture to smite upon the breast, but are even prepared and overthrow both of faith and practice, and I to go a little way with the scribe also, in con- am not yet willing to die a death so inglorious ; cluding themselves not as other men are. for the Christian warfare, erroneous as the gene

“ Here their paths divide: it was the effect of ral notion is concerning it, appears to me both his self-righteousness to think himself better than noble and dignified. Thus thinking, I have fled others, but it is that of the Christian's self-know- from despondency to resources ; and whilst I ledge to feel himself worse than those with whom seize with eager gratitude the proffered hand of he was acquainted; 80 that, taking all things friendship, I search the Scriptures, and endeainto acccount, he charges himself, as the great vor to bow my soul before Him, who is not only

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described therein as “ walking in darkness,” but At the present session a new Nebraska Bill has as the succor of the afflicted. I trust these en- been reported by the Senate Committee on Terdeavors have not been entirely fruitless, as I ritories, which, should it unhappily receive the find myself enabled to lift up my head in hope sanction of Congress, will open all the unorganized that all may still work together for good, to which territory of the Union to the ingress of Slavery. I am further encouraged by the apprehension, We arraign this bill as a gross violation of a that some important truths have been in the sacred pledge; as a criminal betrayal of precious course of the present dispensation, more deeply rights; as part and parcel of an atrocious plot to than ever impressed upon my mind.

exclude from a vast unoccupied region emigrants It appears to me a good sign when we can from the Old World, and free laborers from our relish scenes of affliction, and when we find the own states, and convert it into a dreary region of attention of our minds turning from the dazzling despotism, inhabited by masters and slaves. objects, and slippery ways of gaiety and greatness, Take your maps, fellow-citizens, we entreat and gently inclining, (for He whose tender mer- you, and see what country it is which this bill cies are over all his works does not break that gratuitously, and recklessly, proposes to open to which is willing to bend,)-I therefore say Slavery. gently inclining, as I have somewhere seen it From the south-western corner of Missouri agreeably expressed

pursue the parallel of 36 deg. 30 min. north lati“ To bend to sorrow's path for that alone, tude, westwardly across the Arkansas, across the

Leads to the land where sorrow is unknown.” north fork of the Canadian to the north-eastern This, though a true, appears a strange doctrine, angle of Texas; then follow the north-eastern not only to the votaries of pleasure, but to those boundary of Texas to the western limit of New who are at ease in their possessions and have Mexico; then proceed along that western line to nothing to vex them. It would once have ap- its northern termination; then again turn westpeared strange to me; and though the avidity wardly, and follow the northern line of New with which, in my most ignorant and unbelieving Mexico to the crest of the Rocky Mountains ; days I pursued through a variety of its fleeting then ascend northwardly along the crest of that forms, transitory and unsubstantial enjoyments; mountain range to the line which separates the

; though the blind eagerness received an early and United States from the British possessions in a severe check, yet I have even in the cool of North America, on the 49th parallel of north the day painfully to acknowledge my journeyings latitude; then pursue your course eastwardly from the land of bondage to have been by tardy along that line to the White Earth river, which and devious steps, and my progress towards à falls into the Missouri from the north ; descend better country to have been, to be, attended with that river to its confluence with the Missouri; many, I fear, voluntary interruptions ; and after descend the Missouri, along the western boundary all that I have seen, heard, and felt, I find it to of Minnesota, of Iowa, of Missouri, to the point be still a trial and at times no small one, to use where it ceases to be a boundary line, and enters this world as not abusing it ; and amidst divers the state to which it gives its name; then conother instances wherein danger lies, as it were tinue your southward course along the western in ambush, not to love the dear relations and limit of that state to the point from which you friends which remain to me, out of the divine set out. You have now made the circuit of the will or with a selfish and unsanctified affection. proposed Territory of Nebraska. You have tra('o be continued.)

versed the vast distance of more than three thousand miles. You have traced the outline of an

area of 485,000 square miles ; more than twelve The Representatives of Ohio, to their Constituents.

times as great as that of Ohio.

This immense region, occupying the very heart Washington, Thursday, January 19, 1854. of the North American continent, and larger, by

Fellow CITIZENS :-As Senators and Repre- 33,000 square miles, than all the existing free sentatives in the Congress of the United States, states, excluding California--this immense reit is our duty to warn our constituencies when- gion, embracing all the unorganized territory of ever imminent danger menaces the freedom of the nation, except the comparatively insignificant our institutions, or the permanency of our Union: district of Indian territory north of Red River, such danger as, we firmly believe, now impends, and between Arkansas and Texas, and now for and we carnestly solicit your prompt attention more than thirty years regarded, by the comto it.

mon consent of the American people, as conAt the last session of Congress, a bill for the secrated to freedom, by statute and by compactorganization of the Territory of Nebraska, passed this immense region the bill now before the the House of Representatives, with an overwhelm- Senate, without reason and without excuse, but ing majority. That bill was based on the principle in flagrant disregard of sound policy and sacred of excluding slavery from the new territory. "It faith, proposes to open to Slavery: was not taken up for consideration in the Senate, We beg your attention, fellow citizens, to a few and consequently failed to become a law. historical facts.




The original settled policy of the United States, | ney-General. Each of these eminent men, three clearly indicated by the Jefferson Proviso of of them being from Slave States, gave a written 1781, and by the ordinance of 1787, was non- opinion, affirming its constitutionality, and thereextension of Slavery.

upon the act received the sanction of the Presi. In 1803, Louisiana was acquired by purchase dent, himself also from a Slave State. from France. At that time there were some Nothing is more certain in history than the twenty-five or thirty thousand slaves in this Ter- fact, that Missouri could not have been admitted ritory, most of them within what is now the State as a Slave State, had not certain members from of Louisiana; a few only further north, on the the Free States been reconciled to the measure west bank of the Mississippi. Congress, instead by the incorporation of this prohibition into the of providing for the abolition of Slavery in this act of admission. Nothing is more certain than Territory, permitted its continuance. In 1812 the that this prohibition has been regarded and acState of Louisiana was organized, and admitted cepted by the whole country as a solemn compact into the Union with Slavery.

against the extension of Slavery into any part of In 1818, six years later, the inhabitants of the the Territory acquired from France, lying north Territory of Missouri applied to Congress for au- of 36 deg. 30 min., and not included in the new thority to form a State Constitution, and for ad- State of Missouri. The same Act let it be ever mission into the Union. There were at that time remembered, which authorized the formation of a in the whole territory acquired from France, out- Constitution for that State without a clause forside of the State of Louisiana, not three thousand bidding Slavery, consecrated beyond question and slaves.

beyond honest recall, the whole remainder of the There was no apology in the circumstances of Territory to Freedom and to Free Institutions the country for the continuance of Slavery. The for ever. For more than thirty years—during original national policy was against it; and not more than half the period of our national existence less the plain language of the treaty under which under our present Constitution, this compact has the Territory had been acquired from France. been universally regarded and acted upon as

It was proposed, therefore, to incorporate in the inviolable American law. In conformity with it bill, authorizing the formation of a State-govern- Iowa was admitted as a Free State, and Minnesota ment, a provision requiring that the Constitution has been organized as a Free Territory. of the new State should contain an article pro- It is a strange and ominous fact, well calculated viding for the abolition of existing slavery, and to awaken the worst apprehensions, and the most prohibiting the further introduction of slaves. fearful forebodings of future calamity, that it is

This provision was vehemently and pertina- now deliberately purposed to repeal this prohibiciously opposed; but finally prevailed in the tion, by implication or directly-the latter cerHouse of Representatives by a decided vote. In tainly the manlier way—and thus to subvert this the Senate it was rejected, and in consequence compact, and allow Slavery in all the yet unorof the disagreement between the two houses, the ganized territory. bill was lost.

We cannot, in this address, review the various At the next session of Congress the contro- pretences under which it was attempted to cloak

! versy was renewed with increased violence. It this monstrous wrong; but we must not altuwas terminated at length by a compromise. Mis-gether omit to notice one. souri was allowed to come into the Union with It is said that the territory of Nebraska susslavery, but a section was inserted in the act tains the same relations to slavery as did the terauthorizing her admission, excluding slavery for- ritory acquired from Mexico prior to 1850, and

i ever, from all the territory acquired from France, that the pro-slavery clauses of the bill are necesnot included in the new State, lying north of sary to carry into effect the compromises of that 36 deg. 30 min. We quote the prohibitory sec year. tion:

No assertion could be more groundless. “Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That in all Three acquisitions of territory have been made that territory ceded by France to the United by treaty. The first was from France. Out of States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies this territory have been created the three slave north of 36 deg. 30 min. of north latitude, and States of Louisiana, Arkansas, and Missouri, and included within the limits of the state contem- the single free State of Iowa. The controversy, plated by this act, slavery and involuntary servi- which arose in relation to the then unorganized tude, otherwise than as the punishment of crimes, portion of this territory was closed in 1820, by shall be, and is hereby forever prohibited.”—Act the Missouri act, containing the Slavery prohibiMarch 6, 1820, 3 U. S. Statutes at Large, 545. tion as has been already stated. This contro

The question of the constitutionality of this versy related only to territory acquired from prohibition was submitted by President Monroe France. The act by which it was terminated, to his Cabinet. John Quincy Adams was then was confined by its own express terms to the Secretary of State; John C. Calhoun was Secre- same territory, and had no relation to any other. tary of War; William H. Crawford was Secretary The second acquisition was from Spain. Floof the Treasury; and William Wirt was Attor. 'rida, the territory thus acquired, was yielded to

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