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ital crimes; and what is quite important, the gard the efforts now making to extend the area of theologians, who assume to be the special guar- slavery-the opprobrium of the western worlddians of the gallows, are not alarmed by it. Our into the extensive regions now opening to settlelaw has now been in operation for some two years. ment and civilization, with unqualified disapproNo one has been hanged, murders have not in- bation. May creased, and all are satisfied.
ve not respectfully ask whether “I do not in the least doubt that Dr. Web
the numerous respectable and conscientious proster will be hereafter remembered as the last vic
fessors of other religious denominations have not tim of the halter in Massachusetts. By-and-by also voices to raise in opposition to the unchriswe shall without doubt abolish hanging in form tian and anti-republican measures now fearfully as it is now abolished in fact.
and tremblingly dependent upon the votes of our “By incarcerating the murderer in prison for Representatives in Congress ? The Society of a twelvemonth, the spirit of revenge dies out, Friends have certainly nothing to glory in ; they the people forget their excitement, and the life have done no more than their duty as Chrisof the prisoner is saved; for no governor in cold tians; but we may be permitted to intimate a beblood will issue his warrant to hang a man after he lief, that sentiments equally clear and strong, if has been in a State prison for a year.”—Lon.Friend. thrown before Congress, from all the Christian
denominations in the Free States, would induce FRIENDS' REVIEW.
that body to stop and reflect, and eventually to PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 11, 1854. reject the disgraceful and iniquitous measure
now pending In our 22d number of the present volume, a notice was inserted relative to a German settlement
Died, at his residence in Miami Co., Ind., on in Texas, which appears likely to form, in the in- the 19th of First month last, BENJAMIN Davis, in terior of that slave devoted country, an anti- the 68th year of his age. slavery nucleus, around which the emigrants
At his residence in the same County and from down trodden Europe may cluster. In the State, on the 4th ult., Thomas M. Davis,
45th year of his age. present number we have inserted a short article
On the 19th day of the 11th mo. last, Ruth drawn from a different source, corroborative of Davis, daughter of Benjamin, in the 23d year of similar facts.
her age. All members of Pipe Creek Monthly Discouraging as the
Meeting: present aspect of our pub
On the 21st of 2d month, of consumption, lic affairs must appear to those who value the fair Lydia, wife of Wm. S. Bates, in the 49th year of fame of our country; and greatly as every philan- her age, a valuable member of Smithfield Monthly thropic spectator must deplore the unhallowed Meeting, Ohio. combinations now laboring to extend the area, spirit, and with Christian resignation she patiently
Quietude was eminently the clothing of her and fortify the power of slavery, we may ration-waited the appointed time, when her purified ally deduce some consolation from the reflection spirit left the wasted tabernacle for its eternal that, though men may make a covenant with home, in perfect peace. death, and an agreement with destruction, there is a power which can frustrate and nullify all their to the President, Senate, and House of Repreunrighteous conspiracies. Deeply and justly as
sentatives of the United States. we deplore the misery impending over the east
The Memorial of the Representatives of the ern world, may we not hope that the convulsions Yearly Meeting of the Society of Friends for prevailing on the east of the Atlantic will drive New England, respectfully showethmany of the hardy and laboring classes to seek
That being assembled at the present time for an asylum in the western world, and to fill up our the discharge of those duties which, as we beextensive forests with a population among whom lieve, are connected with the welfare of our reslave labor will find no place.
ligious body, and for the support of those princi
ples and testimonies which are inculcated by the Through the kindness of one of our New Eng. teachings of our adorable Saviour and his aposland correspondents, a copy of the remonstrance
tles, we have been deeply and sorrowfully afpresented to Congress a few days ago, by our tion in Congress, by which, in the establishment
fected in view of the bills now under considerafriends in New England, against the extension of slavery into the territories west of the Missouri, to legislate, that the area of our country into
of new territorial governments, it is proposed so has been received at this office, and will be found which slavery may be introduced will be extended
. in our columns this week. The remonstrances
It is, we trust, well known to you that the previously published in the Review, and the one Society of Friends throughout the world has introduced this week, bear consistent testimony long believed itself required as a religious duty that the Society of Friends, wherever located, re- to testify against slavery; that no one can hold
are not only now willing to accept from a re, possess to effect it. After that shall be accom-
EXTRAORDINARY MOVEMENT IN SWEDEN.
branch of our industry, has within the last years It is a mistake to suppose that the non-slave- made the most satisfactory progress. The recent holding states are not decidedly averse to slavery, harvests which we have gathered have not, howor that they have not borne with a feeling of im- ever, given a corresponding augmentation to the patience the obligations imposed by the Compro- general weal. Wasted to a great extent by the mise measures of 1821 and 1850. Whatever fabrication of liquor, the abuse of which threatens they may have been induced to do to satisfy the to undermine the most noble faculties of the South and for the sake of domestic concord, they population, those harvests have not availed to exare not less anti-slavery in all their feelings and clude importation of articles of consumption from sentiments; and liberated as they will properly foreign countries, which the soil of our country deem themselves by the passage of the Nebraska might supply in plenty, even beyond the wants bill from all bonds restraining the free expres- of our native consumption. Gentlemen, it is sions of their opinions, and such political action time to pave the way to results which are more as those opinions may require, it cannot be conformable to the public good. All good citizens doubted that they will speedily demand the repeal are in this respect animated by a sentiment which of the fugitive law and will exert the power they'is as noble as it is patriotic. I have received
numerous petitions from all parts of the country, climate, instead of adding to the national wealth entreating me to check the disastrous fabrication or bringing the rich returns that in the season of and the excessive consumption of that liquor. - famine it could not fail to command, is poured in Gentlemen, I shall submit to you a proposition the shape of liquid fire down the throats of the tending to effect that purpose, and I am convinced nation that produced it, and, instead of leaving that you will be eager to meet my paternal inten- them richer and happier, tends to impoverish
them by the waste of labor and capital, and to deNow we are not surprised at this agitation grade them by vicious and debilitating induland alarm, acquainted as we are with the facts gence. A great portion of the harvest of Sweden of the case. Drunkenness has in Sweden at- and of many other countries is applied to a purtained its climax. It is a most extraordinary pose, compared with which it would have been fact that in a country entirely agricultural and better that the corn had never grown, or that it pastoral, drunkenness and crime should greatly had been mildewed in the ear. No way so rapid exceed that of the manufacturing districts of to increase the wealth of nations and the morali. either England or Scotland. In the rural dis- ty of society could be devised as the utter anni. tricts of Sweden the commitments for crime are hilation of the manufacture of ardent spirits, con1 in 460; while in Glasgow and Manchester they stituting as they do an infinite waste and an unare not more than 1 to 5000. In Stockholm, with mixed evil. To this task the King of Sweden is a population of only 80,000, and without manu- about to address himself, and we heartily wish factures of any kind, the commitments are 1 to his Majesty success in the attempt. 78, while the proportion of foundlings and natural “ The man who shall invent a really efficient children in this town is greater than in Paris, antidote to this system of voluntary and daily itself, being more than one-third of the popula- poisoning will deserve a high place among the tion. This fearful demoralization is, however, benefactors of his species. He will increase the explained, when it is stated that by an unhappy riches of nations and the morality of individuals law, every man, upon the payment of 5s to the without the demand of any ext
labor, or the Crown, acquires the right of distilling spirits to sacrifice of any rational or healthful pleasure, but any extent.
In Sweden at this moment, with a merely by a better distribution of those funds population of three millions, there are 150,000 which the industry of a people has created, but stills in operation, in which are distilled annually which their folly dissipates in the consumption thirty millions of gallons, giving ten gallons or of these baneful compounds. Whether he be sixty bottles, to every man, woman, and child in the occupant of a throne or a cottage—the king, the country, while in drunken Scotland the ave the preacher, or the peasant-such a man is rage is only eleven gallons, or sixty-six bottles the great want of the day; and, when be apfor the men alone. Dr. Huss, of Stockholm, in pears, all right-minded persons must respect him, a work recently published, states that it is a whether he come in the shape of a crowned head common thing for a working man to consume or a poor priest of the Roman Catholic Church from five to six glasses of brandy daily, that in Ireland.” many habitual dram-drinkers will consume from The man which the Times desiderates has altwelve to fifteen, and that he has known some ready been found. He may make his acquainwho drank from sixteen to twenty glasses. This tanceship in every house which total abstinence unparalleled intemperance of the lower classes of has blessed—Abstainer's Journal. the Swedish population has originated a terrible disorder, which he designates Alcholismuss Chro
We find the subjoined article in the N. York nicus, and states that no fewer than 139 cases of this disease were treated in one hospital in the Tribune, of the 31st ult. : course of a single year.
THE MAINE LAW.-FRIENDS' MEMORIAL IN ITS All success we say to the King and his subjects in their laudable endeavors to put an end to To the Legislature of the State of New York, in their national disgrace.
Senate and Assembly convened, the Memorial We rejoice to find the Times saying in refer- of the Religious Society of Friends in the ence to the speech of this temperance King :
State of New York and parts adjacent, re"It is a peculiarity of spirit-drinking that the spectfully represents : money spent in it is, at the best, thrown away, and That the Society on whose behalf they now in general, far worse than thrown away. It address you, influenced by the abundant and neither supplies the natural wants of man, nor painful evidence of the demoralizing effects of offers an adequate substitute for them. Indeed, the use of alcholio liquors as a beverage, its tenit is far too favorable a view of the subject to dency to unfit its votaries for a proper discharge treat the money spent on it as if it were cast into of the duties of this life, and finally, to deprive the sea. Yet, even so, there is something ex- them of a participation of the joys that are eterceedingly irritating in the reflection that a great nal, many years since prohibited the manufacture part of a harvest, raised with infinite care and of, and the traffic in, distilled spirituous liquors, pains on an ungrateful soil and in an inhospitable and forbade the sale of grain and other produce
ON TRUE LIBERTY.
GENEROSITY AND BENEVOLENCE.
thing that relates to it. I want to say to you, | as his will and his passions are strengthened by
their children !-J. Mott.
When we are no longer embarrassed by the restless reflections of self, we begin to enjoy true
liberty. To promote these virtues, selfishness, the pre- False wisdom, on the other hand, always on vailing evil of the human heart, must be carefully the watch, ever occupied with self, constantly watched, and perseveringly counteracted in our jealous of its own perfection, suffers severely children, and in our own conduct on all occasions. whenever it is permitted to perceive the smallest
Generosity and benevolence are not of a na- speck of imperfection. ture to be enforced by authority.
Not that the man who is simple minded and do much to promote their growth by our exam-detached from self, fails to labor toward the atple, our influence, our instruction, and by the tainment of perfection ; he is the more successjudicious improvement of those natural feelings ful in proportion as he forgets himself, and never of kindness, which almost all children occasion- dreams of virtue in any other light than as someally display. There are very few, if any, who thing which accomplishes the will of God. do not discover emotions of sympathy and pity The source of all our defect is the love of self; at the sight of sorrow and suffering; these are we refer every thing to that, instead of the love of among the favorable opportunities for awakening God. Whoever, then, will labor to get rid of self, their benevolence and compassion; not only to- to deny him-self, according to the instructions of ward their fellow creatures, but to every living Christ, strikes at once at the root of every evil, thing. And we should be particularly careful to and finds, in this simple abandonment of self, thé lose no such opportunity of cultivating this ten- germ of every good. derness of feeling among themselves.
Then those words of Scripture are heard When a child has received an act of kindness within and understood, “ Where the spirit of the or generosity, an appeal ought instantly to be Lord is, there is liberty.” (2 Cor. iii. 17.) We made to his feelings, and the duty of contri- neglect nothing to cause the kingdom of God to buting in a similar manner to the happiness of come both within and without; but in the midst others, enforced at the moment when the mind of our frailties we are at peace. We would rather is in a proper tone for the exercise of the sym- die than eommit the slightest voluntary sin, but pathetic feelings.
we have no fear for our reputation from the judgIn order to promote sympathetic feelings in ment of man. We court the reproach of Christ children, parents should uniformly manifest an Jesus, and dwell in peace though surrounded by abhorrence of cruelty, under whatever form it uncertainties; the judgments of God do not afmay appear; even when exercised toward the fright us, for we abandon ourselves to them, immost insignificant insect. They should also ploring his mercy according to our attainments watchfully guard against, and endeavor to sup- in confidence, sacrifice, and absolute surrender. press, a revengeful disposition, not only in their The greater the abandonments, the more flowchildren, but also in those around them. For if ing the peace; and in such a large place does a child frequently hears the language of retalia- set us, that we are prepared for everything; wo tion and mutual reproach, can we be surprised if will everything and nothing; we are as guileless he displays an irascible and vindictive temper,' as bates.
But we may
For Friends' Review.
Our illumination from God discovers the light-widow of Mayer for his contributions to the im. est transgressions, but never discourages. We provement of navigation. walk before Him; but if we stumble, we hasten From that time to this, the best treatises on to resume our way, and have no watchword but navigation have all contained rules for finding Onward !
the longitude at sea by means of lunar distances. If we would find God, we must destroy the re- The methods of Lyons, Dunthorne, Witchell, mains of the old Adam within. The Lord held Maskelyne and Bowditch, are nothing else than a little child in his arms, when He declared," of various modes of solving the single problem of such is the kingdom of Heaven.” The sum of the finding the longitude at sea by means of celestial principal directions for attaining true liberty observations, of which the apparent distance of without neglecting our duty is this : do not rea- the moon from the sun or a star is one. son too much ; always have an upright purpose in The essence of the problem is to ascertain the the smallest matters, and pay no attention to the exact time of day at the ship, and likewise the thousand reflections by which we wrap and bury time on a known meridian, that of Greenwich, ourselves in self, under pretence of correcting our Paris, or Washington ; and the difference of faults.-Extracts from Fénélon and Guyon. these times converted into degrees, at the rate of
15 to an hour, gives the longitude required. The
common watch is generally used, merely to conDISCOVERY OF THE LONGITUDE.
nect the time, when the lunar distance is taken,
with that on which the observations for deterIn the U. S. Gazette, of a recent date, we find mining the time of day at the ship are made. a notice of the alleged discovery of a method of Chronometers, which are now brought to a great deducing the longitude by a common watch. The
degree of description, however, turns out to be only an under the meridian to which they are adjusted,
accuracy, are used to preserve the time obscure and imperfect account of the usual pro- and this time compared with that deduced from cess of computing the longitude at sea, from the observations made at sea, enables the mariner to observed altitudes of the moon, and the sun or a ascertain the longitude without the use of lunar star, with their apparent distance measured on distances. But in this we have nothing new. an arc of a great circle.
It is a curious illustration of the originality of this discovery, that the Nautical Almanack, which is used in the process, was first computed
THE NEBRASKA BILL. and published, nearly ninety years ago, to save This bill is exciting much attention, the counpractical navigators the trouble of making the try over. It is not yet through the Senate, and tedious calculations which this mode of deter- according to present appearances, it is likely to mining the longitude, without the aid of this hang there for some time. Certain it is that it ephemeries, rendered indispensable.
will not be permitted to leave that body till its The plan of finding the longitude by lunar ob- odiousness becomes fully unveiled. The South servations, is said to have been suggested by begins to deprecate all responsibility for it, though John Werner, of Nuremberg, in 1514 ; and that willing to accept it as a boon, and supple politiRenierus Gemma Frisius, who was born in 1508, cans in Congress who thought that the moral proposed the observation of the moon's distance sentiment of the non-slaveholding States was from a star as a means of finding the longi- asleep or dead upon the subject of slavery, are tude.
surprised to see it thoroughly awakened and In the beginning of 1755, Tobias Mayer, of aroused. The wickedness of unsealing anew the Gottengen, sent over to England, in Ms., a set of fountains of bitterness, and involving the country solar and lunar tables, accompanied with a num- in an agony of strife without the pretence of an ber of precepts and explanations respecting their excuse, is appreciated even by those who think use; among which we find the method of deter- little of the still more detestable and abominable mining the longitude by lunar distances. He, wickedness of opening to the introduction of slaat the same time, made a claim for one of the very a virgin territory solemnly consecrated to rewards, offered by acts of Parliament, for the freedom by general compact. Many of the newsdiscovery of methods of finding the longitude at paper press that supported the fugitive slave act,
These tables were submitted to N. Mas- denounce the bill and its author. Whatever may kelyne, astronomer royal, and their accuracy be its fate in Congress, it is clear that the people tested by this method of ascertaining the longi- of the North-the free people we mean, not the tude, on two voyages made by Maskelyne him- serfs and hinds of party—are against it, with self; in which the moon's place was computed their whole heart and mind, and will mark its from the tables of Mayer, and the longitude de passage, if it does pass, as an era not to be fortermined by the method now announced as a gotten. new discovery. The tables were published in For our part, seeing that the South has so far 1770, by order of the commissioners of longitude; gained every thing by the Missouri Compromise, and a reward of £3,000 sterling was paid to the land the North nothing, and that Southern men