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and by the divine and natural claims of religion | learned that our friends upon their arrival at Pe. and of liberty.
tersburg, obtained an interview with Count Nes. We remonstrate on the ground that the par- selrode, through whose agency, they, after the ties whose rights and interests are, and are to be, delay of two or three days, were introduced to the affected, cannot be restored to the position of Emperor. Their message was received in a courequality occupied by them respectively, before teous and friendly manner, the Emperor expressthe enactments solemnly established in 1820. The security for freedom then given to the one in case it could be done without a sacrifice of
ing a strong desire to prevent the ravages of war, party, cannot be taken away without the grossest violation of justice, good faith and law.
honor. Whether this effort for the preservation We remonstrate, because the deliberate and of peace will be productive of any immediate reunnecessary extension of Slavery would be posi- sults, remains to be seen, but we can hardly suptive guilt, and, as committed by Congress, the pose that these or any other well-directed endeaguilt of the whole country, and not of any parti- vors to stay the rage of war, and to extend and cular State alone; and we feel bound to protest, establish the dominion of peace, will be eventu• in the name of religion and humanity, against ally lost. And here it may be remembered, as a such legislation.
subject of serious regret, that while the professors The responsibility of determining the prevail- of christianity unanimously agree, that the time ing institutions of future generations of many must come, when, according to the prophetic demillions of immortal beings is inconceivably clarations of Isaiah and Micah, they shall beat their great and solemn. We remonstrate against pre- swords into plough-shares, and their spears into paring the way, or providing the means, of establishing Slavery as a part of the radical and pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword organic life of a vast future empire in our land. against nation, neither shall they learn war any
We remonstrate against such a procedure, as more; and while probably none of them expect tending to produce alienation of feeling between any other dispensation than that already offered different sections of our beloved country, great to our acceptance, * so few comparatively of these agitation and perilous dissension, and exposing professors, or even of those who are the ostensius to the righteous judgments of Almighty ble teachers of the people, raise their voices, in a God.
clear and unequivocal manner, in support of the This memorial bears the signatures of one practical principles on which alone a permanent hundred and fifty.one clergymen of various de- and inviolable peace,-a consummation which we nominations.
all agree is devoutly to be wished-can be main
tained. FRIENDS' REVIEW.
If the professed ministers of the gospel could
cordially unite in proclaiming and inculcating the PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 18, 1854.
principles of inviolable peace, and in raising their The strictures on water baptism, &c., a portion voices against all those measures of their own or of which appears in the present number, were co
other governments, which are promotive of war, pied more than forty years ago, by a well known there can be no reasonable doubt that much would and valuable Friend of Burlington, long since often stimulates rulers to acts which their sober
be effected towards dissipating the illusion which numbered with those who have been, in whose family the manuscript has been preserved to the of honor reaped from the field of blood, must van
judgments cannot fail to condemn. The illusion present time. For some reason, which cannot
ish when public opinion shall be adjusted by the now be explained, the name of the writer whose
standard of the gospel. letter gave occasion to these strictures, is left blank, as are also the time and place where the circumstance alluded to occurred. It is, howev
*«• The abolition of war will not be the effect of any
sudden or resistless visitation from heaven on the er, readily inferred, that George Dillwyn was then character of men—not of any mystical influence workengaged in religious service on the continent of ing with all the omnipotence of a charm, on the pas. Europe; but whether in Germany or in France, sive hearts of those who are the subjects of it-not of is uncertain. The channel through which this the earth at some distant period of its bistory, and
any blind or overruling fatality which will come upon MS. has come into the Editor's hands, leaves no about which we of the present day have nothing to room to question its authenticity.
do but to look silently on without concern and without co-operation. It will be brought about by the ac
tivity of men. It will be done by the philanthropy In the 21th number of the current volume, no- of thinking Christians. The subject will be brought tice is given of a deputation from the Meeting
to the test of Christian principle; the public will be
enlightened by the mild dissemination of gospel sentifor Sufferings in London, to the Emperor of Rus-ments through the land."- Macnamara's Prize Essia. From private sources we have recently I say; marked as a quotation.
For Friends' Review,
The proceedings of the federal government in ination may be procured at this Office and at the relation to the territories of Kansas and Nebraska,
THE SUMMER TERM will commence on Fourth occupying so large a space, as they do, of the day the 10th of Fifth month next. Applications public attention, the Editor considers it as due for admission may be addressed to Jonathan Richto his readers that they should find in the pages ards, Superintendent, at the School, or to of the Review, a considerable portion of the un
Secretary of the Board of Managers, answerable arguments by which the proposed re
3d mo. 18-tf. 39 Market St. Philadelphia. peal of the Missouri compromise has been assailed. With this view, the speech of Charles
INDIAN CIVILIZATION. Sumner, delivered in the Senate on the 17th inst.,
A Friend and his wife are wanted to reside at has been selected. This speech is accordingly Tunessassah, to be engaged in managing the abridged for the purpose, and the first portion Farm belonging to the Committee of Philadelphia appears in our columns this week. It is to be Yearly Meeting, and the domestic concerns of the hoped that we shall not often hereafter find occa
family. sion to fill so much of our paper with strictures
Also, a well qualified Friend to teach the School.
Application may be made to on this revolting subject. But the question is
Joseph ELKINTON, 377 South 2d St., forced upon our attention by the advocates of
Thomas Evans, 180 Arch St., slavery extension. The measure in contempla
Philada. 2d mo. 11th, 1854. tion appears nothing less than an effort to break down the barrier which was universally understood as a limit to the bitter waters of slavery.
CURRENT FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE MEDITER
RANEAN. It is with particular satisfaction that a place is
It has been long known and regarded as a cugiven, in our columns, to the remonstrance of the rious phenomena, that a current is constantly clergymen of New York and its vicinity, against flowing, at the Strait of Gibralter, from the Atthe repeal of the Missouri compromise. It is prescribed as about five miles in width, and the
lantic into the Mediterranean. This strait is desumeable that the voices of such men will not be raised in vain.
current in the middle, where it is the most rapid, is said to be two miles an hour; the current is re
ported to be perceptible at the distance of thirDied, -At her residence in Wayne County, Ind. ty miles from the Straits. of consumption, 2d month 19th, ELIZABETH A current also flows into the Mediterranean Beeson, wife of Thomas E. Beeson, aged 70 years. sea from the Euxine; but as that sea receives An esteemed member of Springfield Monthly several rivers, as the Don, the Dnieper, the DanMeeting.
ube, the current at Constantinople, presents no of consumption, 2d mo. 23d, at the resi- great difficulty. But the stream constantly flowdence of her father, Henry County, Ia., ELIZABETH ing from the Atlantic through the Strait of Gib. CHAMNESS, daughter of Joseph Chamness, a member of Springfield Monthly Meeting, aged 26 ralter, has long been an object of inquiry among years.
philosophers. On the 27th of last month, of a short_ill- the following manner: He took a pan of water
Dr. Halley attempted to solve the difficulty in ness, at her residence in Randolph County, Ind. salted to the medium of the ocean, in which he MATILDA, wife of Eli Reece, aged nearly 52 years, a member of Cherry Grove Monthly Meeting.
placed a thermometer, and by means of a pan of
coals, brought the water to the temperature of WANTED.
the air in one of the warmest days of an English
He then attached his vessel of water The committee having charge of Friends' Establishment among the Shawnee Indians, are de- to one arm of a balance, and by a weight on the sirous of employing two young men to labor on other he ascertained the quantity of water carthe farm, (practical farmers are desirable.)- ried off in vapor, in two hours. Hence he inferThey also want to engage a teacher in the School, red that 1-10th of an inch in depth was evaporated and a female to assist in the family; a middle in twelve hours; which makes about 6,914 tons aged man and his wife for teacher and assistant from a surface of one square mile. Supposing in the family would be preferable. Application then, the evaporation to continue during twelve to be made to Simon Hadley, or John Hadley, Jr.; hours of the twenty-four, the other twelve being Sligo, Clinton County, Ohio, who will give any information necessary. Friends of good character, balanced by the descending dew, and computing and of religious experience are desirable. the surface of the Mediterranean at 761,760
square miles, the evaporation in a summer's day HAVERFORD SCHOOL.
from the whole surface, would be 5266 millions The Semi-Annual Examination will commence
of tons. He next estimated the quantity of water on Second day 4th mo. 10th, and close on the fol- which flows down the Thames, above the tide, by lowing Fourth day. Copies of the order of Exam- taking the breadth and depth of the channel and
assigning to the current a velocity of two miles | more water is carried off in vapor, than is poured an hour. He hence inferred that 20,300,000 by the rivers, into the Mediterranean; this of tons per day, were discharged by that river. course would render the water of the latter more Supposing lastly that each of the nine large riv- saline, and therefore specifically heavier, than ers, whose waters are poured into the Mediterra- that of the former. To illustrate the action of nean, supplies ten times as much as the Thames, the water in these immense basins, connected the result would be that 1827 millions of tons, by a narrow Strait, we may have recourse to an or a little more than one-third of the quantity easy experiment. Take a glass tube bent near evaporated, were daily supplied by these rivers. the middle so as to form two parallel branches
, In regard to calculations of this kind, Goldsmith like the letter U, open at both ends; and pour remarks: “This solution would, no doubt, be quicksilver into one end, and water into the other, satisfactory did not the ocean and the Euxine in such quantities that they may meet and balevaporate as well as the Mediterranean; and as ance each other in the horizontal part of the tube; these are subject to the same drain, it must fol- it will then be seen that the column of water low that all the seas will in this respect be upon stands nearly fourteen times as high as that of a par, therefore there must be some other cause mercury. If we fill one branch with oil of olives, for this unperceived drain and continued sup- and the other with water, the height of the for
But here the shrewd Dr. seems to have mer will be about one-tenth greater than that of overlooked an important circumstance. The the water. If we vary the experiment by substiMediterranean is in a much warmer latitude tuting a box, divided into two compartments by than the mean of the ocean, and of course the a vertical partition, having a hole near the botevaporation from the former must greatly exceed tom and another near the top; the latter being that which arises from an equal surface of the closed by a cork, and then pour water into one latter. The uncertainty of the conclusion, drawn compartment, and oil of olives into the other; from such experiments and calculations as those it will be seen that the face of the oil stands of Dr. Halley, arises chiefly from the impossibili- higher than the surface of the water. For the ty of determining what quantity of water the heights of the balancing column will be reciprorivers discharge into the Mediterranean. An cally as the specific gravities of the respective liessential element, upon which nothing is cer- quids, or as 1000 to 915. If then the cork be tainly known, is introduced into the calculation. removed so as to form a connection between the The conclusion, of course, however apparently liquids near the surface, the oil being the higher sustained by calculation, is actually in great surface, will flow in and spread over the face of measure conjectural.
the water. This will of course diminish the alA very formidable objection to the theory titude and consequently the weight of the colwhich attempts to account for the constant cur- umn of oil; hence the pressures on the opposite rent at the Strait of Gibralter, by evaporation sides of the aperture near the bottom will be alone, was first suggested, as far as I know, by rendered unequal
, the action of the water preWais, of the Royal Society of Stockholm, in an dominating. Hence the water will flow in at the essay published in the Annual Register for 1760. bottom while the oil flows in the opposite direcThe water flowing from the Atlantic is salt, but tion at the top, and these currents will continue the vapor carried off, is fresh ; consequently upon till the respective fluids acquire the same lerel this theory, the water of the Mediterranean must in the two compartments. be growing more saline. The author last quoted Another illustration is furnished by the comestimated, that upon the theory in question, the mon experiment of placing a lighted candle in Mediterranean would in 500 years be converted the door way between a warm and cold room; into a bed of salt. This estimate, however, has too setting it successively on the floor, and near the much uncertainty in its elements, to be entitled top of the door ; when the bending of the flame to entire reliance. Still, we cannot resist the will render it evident that a current sets in, near conclusion, that with salt water constantly flowing the floor, from the cold room into the warm, and in, and fresh water, in the state of vapor, pass- another, near the top, flows in the opposite direcing off, the water of the Mediterranean would be tion. growing more saline. Let us then, following the Now considering the great basins of the Atlanreasoning of Wais, but not copying his words or tic and the Mediterranean to be filled with waconfining ourselves to his illustrations, suppose ter having a greater specific gravity in the latter the waters of the Mediterranean something more than in the former, as must be the case if the saline than those of the Atlantic, and enquire latter is more saline than the other, and imagiwhether upon hydrostatic principles, the phenom- ning these divided by a partition placed across enon in question may not be explained. the Strait of Gibralter, it is manifest that the
In regard to the supposition of greater saltness, surface of the Atlantic, being the less saline and it may be observed that the experiments and calo therefore the lighter, will rise to a greater height culations of Dr. Halley render it probable that than the surface of the Mediterranean, like the
oil in the tube, or in one compartment of the box. * Hist. of Earth, &c. Vol. 1, p. 188.
The consequence must be that the water in the
Atlantic being the higher, will flow near the sur-I sight. And let not such an experience as this face over the lower surface in the adjoining ba- appear strange unto the reader, seeing 'no man sin, while the water in the latter, being specifi- can keep alive (unto God) his own soul.' cally heavier, will flow, at and near the bottom, 1828. 4th mo. “ As the bullock unaccustomed in the opposite direction ; and this circulation to the yoke is generally impatient at its being must continue, like the motion of the oil and wa- laid upon him, so man, under the early visitations ter in the box, or that of condensed and rarified of afliction, or the first restraints of the cross, air in the adjoining rooms, until a complete equi- is uneasy at their weight, and reluctant to bear librium is effected. But if the water carried off them. Resistance, however, proving vain, and by evaporation, exceeds the quantity supplied by only increasing the suffering, submission is at the rivers
, and the rains, this process is continu- length resorted to as affording the only prosally destroying the equilibrium; hence the cir- pect of relief; and well it is for us when we are culation which tends to restore the equilibrium thus wise, as death or destruction might be exis rendered perpetual.
pected to follow an unavailing and continued opposition. "Who may stand in thy sight when
once thou art angry?' And when this submisMEMOIR OF JONATHAN HUTCHINSON. sion, another name for resignation, is accompanied (Continued from page 251.)
by prayer, then our trouble, whatever be its na“Of all the weights and burdens which the ture, becomes transformed into the light and Christian traveller has to bear in his pilgrimage easy yoke of Christ Jesus our Lord. Through through this world, perhaps on a due estimate, his assistance vouchsafed to our humble petitions, none will be found to be heavier than himself; we learn to bear the burden of it cheerfully; we nor any thing which in the retrospect oppresses go forth to the portion of labor assigned us with him with greater sorrow and a deeper humilia- willingness, or bend under our secret sorrows,
if tion than the sense of his own unworthiness, a these be our lot, without repining. Blessed and word of no lofty sound, yet when contemplated happy experience! in its causes, its effects and its associations, of a
1833. 11th mo.
irresolute and fal
poor, very comprehensive and significant import.
len creature is desirous of obtaining a crown im“I am aware that both in speaking and wri, I
mortal, by 'fighting the good fight of faith' man nature, and of religious society. But when against those potent enemies, the world, the flesh I consider the description of the heart of man, terrific vicissitudes, the flesh in its corruptions,
and the devil; the world, in all its seductive and as given by Him who best knew it; when I con- and the devil, in the plenitude of his malevotemplate the beatitudes and the woes of the gos- lence and power. O! merciful and omnipotent pel as pronounced by the same high authority; Lord God, be pleased to assist a trembling sinor when I turn from these and fix my
attention on the states to which the precious promises and can be obtained; but through thy aid in Christ
ner in this unequal warfare, or the victory never awful threatenings of the Old Testament scrip- Jesus, we may be made more than conquerors. tures were addressed, (without adverting to my With thee all things are possible, and thy own experiences) I find myself justified in the conclusion, that humility was made for man, but strength is made perfect in human weakness. As pride was not; and that in all stations and cirt without thee nothing that is truly good can proscumstances into which he can possibly be brought, that is evil shall ever be able to prevail
per, so against thy holy will and power, nothing it especially becomes his precarious and depen
“O most gracious God! be pleased for thy On a view of the weakness and corruption of great name's sake, thy dear Son's sake, and my buman nature, abstractedly considered,
my poor immortal soul's sake, to forgive the manifold inmind has at seasons been brought to the borders firmities of a vain and roving imagination. Parof despair, so that I have even been almost dis- don, I humbly and reverently pray thee, the couraged from lifting
up either my eyes or my mighty sins of my youth by actual transgression ; ; hands towards heaven, by the fear of hypocrisy, and if it be not
too much to implore even of thy and under the solemn consideration, that the infinite mercy, love me freely. When I groan very thoughts of the wicked are an abomination the unspeakable groan incline thine ear to hear ; to the Lord. Yet when by this humbling process when
I shed, alas how seldom !--the tear of I have become so far reduced as to prostrate my
contrition, put it into thy bottle; and if ever at Felf at the footstool of Divine merey, as a help thy command and by the assistance of thy grace, besaj hopeless sinner, my plea thougey oftentimes I have performed te least work of failuh anda neilent one, has not been rejected by the sin obedience, let it be recorded in thy book of re
the prayer of the membrance, that through the intercession of destitute and not despise their
He has thy appointed Mediator, I may finally be embolon me, and blessed be his holy dened to render up my account with humble dunghill, and permitted me again to live in his dame for ever, has raised the beggar from the confidence and trembling joy."
(To be continued.)
Extracts from the speech of Charles Sumner, on parties. But since this broken series of meathe Nebraska bill
, delivered 2d mo. 21, in the sures has been adduced as an apology for the proU. S. Senate.
position now before us, I desire to say, that such
as they are, they cannot, by any effort of interThe question presented for your consideration pretation, by any distorting wand of power, by is not surpassed in grandeur by any which has any perverse alchemy, be transmuted into a reoccurred in our national history since the Decla- peal of that original prohibition of Slavery. ration of Independence. In every aspect it as
On this head there are several points to which sumes gigantic proportions, whether we simply I would merely call attention, and then pass on. consider the extent of territory it concerns, or First : The Slavery enactments of 1850 did not the public faith, or national policy which it af- pretend, in terms, to touch, much less to change, fects, or that higher question-that Question of the condition of the Louisiana Territory, which Questions—as far above others as Liberty is above was already fixed by Congressional enactment, the common things of life—which it opens anew but simply acted upon " newly acquired Territofor judgment.
ries,” the condition of which was not already It concerns an immense region, larger than the fixed by Congressional enactment. The new original thirteen States, vieing in extent with all transactions related to different subject matters. the existing Free States, stretching over prairie, Secondly: The enactments do not directly touch field and forest—interlaced by silver streams, the subject of Slavery, during the territorial exskirted by protecting mountains, and constituting istence of Utah and New Mexico ; but they prothe heart of the North American continent-on- vide respectively that when admitted as States, ly a little smaller, let me add, than three great they shall be received" with or without Slavery.' Ěuropean countries combined-Italy, Spain and Here certainly can be no overthrow of an France.
act of Congress which directly concerns It is with regard to this territory, that you are Territory during its Territorial escistence. Thirdnow called to exercise the highest function of the ly: During all the discussion of these mealawgiver, by establishing those rules of polity sures in Congress, and afterwards before the peo which will determine future character.
ple and through the public press, at the North Such a measure, at any time, would deserve and the South alike, no person was heard to intithe most careful attention. But, at the present mate that the prohibition of Slavery in the Mis. moment, it justly excites a peculiar interest, from souri act was in any way disturbed. And Fourththe effort made—on pretenses unsustained by ly: The acts themselves contain a formal provision facts-in violation of solemn covenants, and of that“nothing herein contained shall be construed the early principles of our fathers--to open this to impair or qualify anything" in a certain artiimmense region to Slavery.
cle of the resolutions annexing Texas, wherein According to existing law this territory is now it is expressly declared that in Territory north of guarded against Slavery by a positive prohibition, the Missouri Compromise line, “Slavery or in
, embodied in the Act of Congress approved March voluntary servitude, except for crime, shall be 6, 1820, preparatory to the admission of Mis- prohibited.” souri into the Union.
But I do not dwell on these things. These It is now proposed to throw aside this prohibi- pretenses have been already amply refuted by tion; but there seems to be a singular indeci- Senators who have preceded me. It is clear, be. sion as to the way in which the deed shall be yond all contradiction, that the prohibition of
From the time of its first introduction, in Slavery in this Territory has not been superseded the report of the Committees on Territories, the or in any way annulled by the Slavery acts of proposition has assumed different shapes; and it 1850. The proposition before you is, therefore, promises to assume as many as Proteus ; now, original in its character, without sanction from one thing in form, and now another; but, in ev- any former legislation ; and it must, according.
; ery form and shape identical in substance; but ly, be judged by its merits, as an original propowith one end and aim-the overthrow of the sition. Prohibition of Slavery.
On two distinct grounds, “both strong against All this is done on pretenses founded apon the the deed,” I arraign this proposition : First, Slavery enactments of 1850. Now, I am not in the name of public faith, as an infraction of here to speak in behalf of those measures, or to the solemn obligations assumed beyond recall by lean in any way upon their support. Relating the South on the admission of Missouri into the to different subject-matters, contained in differ- Union as a Slave State ; Secondly, I arraign it ent acts, which prevailed successively, at differ- in the name of Freedom, as an unjustifiable deent times, and by different votes—some persons parture from the original anti-slavery policy of voting for one measure, and some voting for our fathers. These two heads I propose to conanother, and very few for all, they cannot be re-sider in their order, glancing under the latter at garded as a unit, embodying conditions of com- the objections to the prohibition of Slavery in the pact, or compromise, if you please, adopted equal. Territories. ly by all parties, and, therefore, obligatory on all Here let it be remembered that the friends of