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deeply and largely on many subjects ; nor did he, the staunch and consistent advocate of religious neglect the wholesome cultivation even of his liberty, which he advanced by suffering, and by imagination. He was fond of poetry, and I ven- preaching the truths of the gospel. ture to assert that the beauties of nature were to "The power of Cromwell died with him, being him clothed in almost double brightness. No founded on usurpation, and supported by the man better understood the meaning of the poet's sword; that of George Fox still survives, and words, My Father made them all.'

continues to spread in ever widening circles ; His ministry was very peculiar, being a large being founded on religious principles that are in gift in few words. His communications were al- their nature imperishable. most uniformly very short; seldom continued for more than a few minutes ; but they were remark

The following notice is cut from the N. Y. ably full of matter, evangelical in substance

, sim- Tribune. It may be hoped that the member of ple in manner, and lively through the


power the Holy Spirit.

the House, to whom allusion is made, will escape “Surely this beloved friend, this humble de- the sting of the rebuke by casting his vote in voted Christian, rests in Jesus; surely when Christ favor of Freedom. who is our life shall appear, he will appear

with Him in glory. May I die the death of the righteous, and may my last end be like his ! Amen Seven years ago, the sham Democracy of and Amen."

New Hampshire carried that State after a desperate struggle. The Legislature thus chosen

made haste to pass the following Resolves, which CONTRAST BETWEEN GEORGE FOX AND OLIVER

received the vote of every · Democratic' memCROMWELL.

ber of either House : Janney, in his “Life of George Fox," (re

Resolved by the Senate and House of Repcently published,) draws the following contrast:resentatives, in General Court convened, That

“ Among all the great men and master spirits, we regard the Institution of Slavery as a moral, whose minds were developed during the trou. social and political evil, and as such we deeply bled and eventful period of the civil war in Eng- regret its existence, and are willing to concur in land, none were more remarkable for their qual. all reasonable and constitutional measures that ities and their success, nor do any afford a more


tend to its removal. striking contrast in their characters, than George

** Resolved, That in all territory which may Fox and Oliver Cromwell. Both were endowed hereafter be added to or acquired by the United with great talents, and subjected to deep spirit- States, where Slavery does not exist at the time ual conflicts; but how different were the results of such addition or acquirement, neither Slavery in their principles and conduct. Cromwell took nor involuntary servitude, except for the punishup arms to resist his sovereign, signed the war. ment of crime, whereof the party has been conrant for his execution, became the chief actor victed, ought ever to exist, but the same should in some of the bloodiest battles on record, and, remain free; and we are opposed to the extenin his Irish campaign, showed towards his ene- sion of Slavery over any such territory; and mies greater severity than had ever perhaps been that we also approve of the vote of our Senators exercised by the pagan leaders of antiquity.'* Yet and Representatives in Congress in favor of the being under the influence of a delusive fanati. Wilmot Proviso. . cism, he could thank God for victories stained

Resolved, That our Senators in Congress be with crime, saying, "God made them as stubble instructed, and our Representatives requested, to our swords ;' This is no other than the work by all expedient and constitutional means and of God, and he must be a very atheist that does measures, to sustain the principles herein above not acknowledge it.'

set forth.

" Moses NORRIS, JR. “George Fox, being called to a spiritual war- “ Speaker of the House of Representatives. fare, and becoming a subject of Christ's peaceable

HARRY HIBBARD, kingdom, did not meddle with the powers of the

President of the Senate. earth, nor could he take up the sword, even in

“Approved June 30, 1847. self-defence. Like his Divine Master, he was

“ JARED W. WILLIAMS, Governor." willing to suffer for the truth, giving his cheek

--And that same Moses Norris, that same Jato the smiter, and not returning insult with injured W. Williams have just voted to repeal the ry, but overcoming evil with good.'

Missouri Restriction which excludes Slavery from “ Cromwell having attained to absolute power, Kansas and Nebraska, while that very Harry professed to be the guardian of the church, and Hibbard stands ready to follow up the blow by a the champion of religious freedom; yet he suf- similar vote in the House ! fered his name and his power to be used for the persecution of the Friends, thus destroying the

A man of clear reputation, though his bark liberty he professed to guard. George Fox was be split, yet saves his cargo; he has something • D'Aubigne's Cromwell, 263.

left towards setting up again; and so is in a ca

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pacity to receive comfort, not only from his own doing something, and that something probably industry, but from the friendship of others. A no trivial affair, to diminish the temptation to ex. sound piece of timber, if thought not fit for one tend or perpetuate this nefarious institution. use, will yet be laid by for another; and an honest man will probably, at one time or other,

In the 233 number of the current volume an be thought good for something. — Government of the Tongue.

account, copied from what was supposed a reli

able source, was inserted, relative to the burning, FRIENDS' REVIEW.

in a horrible manner, of a negro, for the offense

of striking a white man. No date was given to PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 25, 1854. the alleged transaction, but it was of course sup

posed to be a recent event. Since that notice was Our readers will find in the present number, a published a letter has come to hand, from one specific report of the deputation from the Meeting who subscribes himself a subscriber and constant for Sufferings of London, detailing more fully reader of the Review, enclosing a slip from a than had been previously published, the circum- southern paper, which represents the story as a stances of their interview with the Emperor of j fabrication. Russia. This report is given in full this week, at As the Editor has always studiously guarded the expense of a little repetition of former intelli- against permitting this periodical to be, in any gence. Whatever politicians may think of this instance, a vehicle for incorrect information, and interference, on the part of our religious society, certainly has no disposition to im pute imaginary with the measures which have thrown the Euro- evils to the system of slavery–for unhappily the pean world into commotion, we can hardly fail real and undeniable concomitants of that instituto perceive that the Czar was sensibly touched tion are amply sufficient to satiate any inclinawith the force of the appeal. The pains which tion for the horrible which he has ever indulgedhe took, both by verbal communication and his the earliest opportunity is taken to present to our written reply, to place his own conduct and mo- readers the southern exposition of the case. tives in a favorable light, furnish unequivocal The circumstance, out of which this story is evidence that he was not insensible of the truths said to have been manufactured, is referred to the which their address presented so vividly to his year 1841; at which time, we are told, two fugiview.

tive slaves, who for some time eluded pursuit in May we not yet hope that the rulers of England a sparsely settled parish in Louisiana, became a and France will lay hold of the pacific declara- terror to the neighborhood, committing a number tions which this address elicited from the Empe- of atrocious crimes, among which were several ror, to renew their efforts for the maintenance or murders of unoffending individuals. They were restoration of peace?

at length captured separately, an interval of about What publicity may be given in Russia to this a week occurring between them, and were both address can hardly be known on this side of the burned alive, without legal trial; and the narraAtlantic, but we may reasonably conclude that tive adds that the torch was applied to the first the dissemination of the noble and Christian sen pile by a woman, whose husband had been murtiments which it contains, will carry conviction dered by them. The account of a large number to the minds of those who candidly peruse and of slaves being assembled to witness the execuconsider them.

tion, and of the addresses from magistrates and

ministers is totally denied. The few negroes The Editor will take the liberty of soliciting present, are said to have manifested more indig. the attention of his readers, and particularly those nation towards the criminals, than did the whites. of the western States, to the article on the culture One respectable planter, we are informed, who of flax. An opportunity is evidently now given witnessed the last execution, was opposed to this to farmers to engage in a profitable branch of summary proceeding, and wished the culprit to be agriculture, and at the same time to promote by subjected to a legal trial. free labor the production of an article for domestic consumption which appears well calculated to supercede, to great extent, the use of one of the in the 22nd year of her age, Mary J., daughter of

Died,-On the 14th inst. of pulmonary disease, great staples of slavery.

Enoch Lewis, a member of the Western District While our country is agitated throughout its Monihly Meeting, in this city. length and breadth by the recent attempt at

In the removal of this amiable and interesting Washington, to extend the area and fortify the young woman, the community has lost one whose

strong and cultivated mind afforded a rational prosstrength of this iniquitous system, we are now pect of extensive usefulness. But the blossom was presented with the means and the opportunity of nipped before the fruit was fully developed.

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Died, On the 26th of 4th month last* of pulmona

The Summer Term will commence on Fourth ry disease, which she bore with Christian patience day the 10th of Fifth month next. Applications and fortitude, Mary, widow of William Hornaday, for admission may be addressed to Jonathan Richand a member of Cane Creek Monthly Meeting; ards, Superintendent, at the School, or to N. C., in the 61st year of her age.

Charles YARNALL, In Cumberland, R. I., on the 21 inst., Ebe

Secretary of the Board of Managers, NEZER METCALF, in the 73d year of his age, an es.

3d mo. 25-tf. 39 Market St. Philadelphia. teemed member of Providence Monthly Meeting.

At Valencia, Brazil, on the 26th of 12th to the Senate and House of Representatives of month Jast, SETH KEILY son of Eli Kelly, of

the United States of America in Congress asBlackstone, Mass., and a member of Smithfield

sembled. Monthly Meeting, in the 30th year of his age. His many virtues endeared him to his family and a nu- The Memorial of the Society of Friends of Inmerous circle of friends.

diana Yearly Meeting, composed of that part of —, Near Richmond, Ind., on the 25th ult., of the said Society residing in the western part of pulmonary disease, Priscilla wife of Henry Jay, Ohio, Indiana, and Iowa, by their Meeting for aged about 25 years, an esteemed member of Dover Sufferings, representing the said Yearly Meeting Monthly Meeting.

in its recess. On the 29th of first month last, at his resi. dence in Henry County, Ind., Nathan Davis, in the ists observe with much regret, that a Bill has

Respectfully RepresentsThat your Memorial630 year of his age, an esteemed member of Spice been introduced into Congress for organizing two land Montbly Meeting.

Territorial Governments, out of that section of

country called Nebraska, in which, if the Bill A Teacher is wanted at Haverford School to should pass into a law as proposed, Slavery may take charge of the Introductory classes and assist be admitted and legalized. in the Discipline. To a competent Friend, a desirable position is justice of Slavery, and the many evils

, social and

From a deep sense of the wrongfulness and inoffered. Apply to

Thomas KIMBER, 50 North 4th street. moral, springing from the system, our forefathers
M. C. Cope, 286 Filbert Street.

in christian profession were induced to abolish it JEREMIAH Hacker, 144 South 4th street. themselves, and to recommend to all others to Philada. 30 no. 25th.- tf.

do the same.


now, after many years of ob

servation and experience, our sense of the unWEST TOWN SCHOOL.

righteousness and impolicy of the system has not The Committee to superintend the Boarding changed. We cannot, therefore, behold any efSchool at West Town, will meet in Philadelphia, fort to extend its limits, or provide for its peron Sixth day, the 7th of Fourth month, at 7 o'clock petuity, without concern and anxiety, mingled P. M.-the Committee on Instruction, at 4 P. M. with sincere and earnest disapprobation. -and the Committee on Admission at 5 P. M. The Visiting Committee will attend the semi-borders being extended, and its

Greatly could we desire that in place of its


easy, annual examination of the Schools, on Third, it might be circumscribed within narrower and Fourth and Fifth days of the same week. Thomas KIMBER, Clerk. .

narrower bounds, until it should disappear from Philada. 3d mo. 25th 1854.-2t

the earth ; and that all men might come to enjoy,

not in name only, but in truth, those inalienable WANTED.

rights with which they are declared to be enThe committee having charge of Friends? Es dowed by their Creator, “ life, liberty and the

' tablishment among the Shawnee Indians, are de- pursuit of happiness.” sirous of employing two young men to labor on

We therefore believe it to be our duty to raise the farm, (practical farmers are desirable.)– our voice respectfully, yet earnestly, against those They also want to engage a teacher in the School, provisions in the Bill which will admit Slavery and a female to assist in the family; a middle into the proposed Territories; and to implore aged man and his wife for teacher and assistant Congress not to pass it into a law with those proin the family would be preferable. Application visions. to be made to Simon Hadley, or John Hadley, Jr., Sligo, Clinton County, Ohio, who will give any in

It would appear, moreover, that the passage formation necessary. Friends of good character,

of a law under which Slavery might be introand of religious experience are desirable. duced into the said Territories, would operate as

a repeal of that part of the Act of 1820, admitHAVERFORD SCHOOL.

ting the State of Missouri into the Union, by The Semi-Annual Examination will commence

which Slavery was forever prohibited north of on Second day 4th mo. 10th, and close on the fol- 36° 30' north latitude; and that the good faith of lowing Fourth day. Copies of the order of Exam Congress in passing that Act would be thereby ination may be procured at this Office and at the violated. School.

Confident we are that it is by righteousness * Friends who furnish obituaries are requested to only that a nation can be permanently exalted ; forward them seasonably.

and that a departure from the great principles of

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equity, integrity and truth, is not only a reproach pject by any demand for the prepared fiber. Reto any people, but if continued in, will lead ulti- cent investigations have shown that more than mately to their ruin.

two hundred thousand acres have been occupied Whilst

, therefore, we thus lay before you our the past year in our Western States with the solemn remonstrance against the measure propo- Flax crop, it being grown entirely for the seed; sed, we crave for you, and for our beloved coun- in many places the stock and its fiber being try, the blessings of Heaven ; and that

you may


away. In Ohio alone over eighty thoube endued with that wisdom which is from above, sand acres have been under Flax cultivation for to guide you in counsel and assist you in judg- the supply of the Linseed Oil Mills in Cincinment; and may the fear of the Most High, who nati, Dayton, and other parts of the State. ruleth in the kingdoms of men, and giveth it to · But while the seed is a valuable and important whomsoever he will, be ever with you.

portion of the Flax crop, the fiber is deemed in Signed on behalf of the meeting aforesaid, Europe even more so; and in many places the held

at Whitewater, near Richmond, Indiana, on latter is only cared for, from a false impression, the 22d day of the Second month, 1854. that the two objects are incompatible with each DAVID Hunt, Clerk. other. The reports and exertions of the Irish

Flax Society, however, and the experience of maAMERICAN FLAX GROWING.

ny parts of Europe, and of all modern science, The American Linen Company, composed of jured by a sufficient maturity of the Flax plant to

have shown that, so far from the fiber being insome of the best business firms in this City, Bal-l'fit the seed for the market, the reverse is the timore, Philadelphia, Boston, and Fall River,


and with (their mills are at Fall River,) have issued a cir

proper management both can be

advantageously preserved. cular to the farmers of America, to encourage

We are therefore desirous of calling the urthem to grow flax, which we copy in another place for the information of our readers. The farmers generally in the West, to this long ne

gent attention of the growers of Flax and of the Company furnish samples with prices affixed, and promise to pay those prices for all the flax Offer direct inducements to them, so to modify

, offered within a year; so that the grower has their method of cultivation as to accomplish the nothing to fear from an over-stocked market.

end in view. The American Linen Company have expended “The secret lies in the proper preparation of over $450,000, and expect to make the sum the ground before sowing the seed. If the farover half a million, in completing the best man-mer would give the land a fall plowing, and leavufacturing establishment in the world for spin- ing it over the winter to mellow, then plow it ning and weaving shirtings, sheetings, table-linens, and goods for men's wear. They will re

deeply again in the spring, reducing it as fine as quire nearly two million of pounds of Vint, and possible without too much labor, he would, on hope to manufacture from half to three-fourths good ground, average twenty bushels of seed to

the acre. of a million of dollars' worth of goods per an- to such attentions, and amply repays them; the

The Flax plant is peculiarly sensitire num; and they particularly desire to do this from American filax, but at present are unable to

roots striking downward almost as deep and procure a supply: It is not grown in the coun. straight, where the ground is open and mellow,

. be said that a country of such unbounded ex- seed as well as the fiber, every dollar so spent in try. Shall this be said another year? Shall it as the stalk shoots upward. It is not too much

to say, that taking into consideration the increased tent of cheap rich soil must import the raw flax for its own manufacturing? There is no time plowing and pulverizing the ground would yield

ten fold in the harvest gathered. to be lost. Farmers prepare your ground for The land best suited for Flax is an open, flax !-N. Y. Tribune.

rich loam, with a clay sub-soil if possible. In the next place for the fiber: If the farmer would

SOW 2 bushels or 2) to the acre, on rich ground Circular.-Having made extensive arrange- so prepared, he would, while obtaining 20 bushments, within the past two years, for the spin-els of seed, also obtain 2 tons to 25 tons of fax ning and weaving of Flax, and the manufacture straw per acre. At present, with the poor prepof Linen Goods, which will enable us to consume aration and thin sowing, not over 1 or 11 tons annually a much larger amount of the raw mate- are obtained on an average. Every ton of straw rial than is at present prepared or sent to market yields 300 pounds of flax-fiber, so that he would in this country, we have been obliged to import then obtain if he chose to rot and prepare it, from Europe several hundred tons of the Blax as was done in the days of our grandfathers, about fiber to supply our immediate consumption. This 600 or 650 pounds per acre of flax-fiber rotted necessity has existed, not from the fact of the and scutched. This would give, by the slight growth of Flax being unadapted to our soil or addition of fall plowing, enriching if the land climate, but because the attention of our farmers needs it, and after sowing a light brush harrowing has not for many years been drawn to the sub-'or rolling, a great increase of profit to the farmer.”


From the London Friend.


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We propose, in order to give the growers an idea of our wants to deposit with well-known Deputation from the Meeting for Sufferingsparties in each State adequate samples of the

to the Emperor of Russia. Flax fiber grown in our own and other countries, The above deputation left London on the 20th and imported by us within the past few months; of First month, and proceeded by way of Berlin, and to affix to each sample the cash price we Königsberg and Riga, to Petersburgh, where paid for those qualities, when laid down in New they arrived on the 2d of last month. York, adding the charges for commission, freight,

As the Mission was undertaken simply on reduties, exchange and other expenses. We will ligious grounds, and was wholly irrespective of then bind ourselves to pay for twelve months political considerations, it was thought best not from this date the same prices in cash for all the to communicate before leaving England, either Flax fiber of equal qualities to the samples so with the Russian Ambassador in London, or deposited, which may be prepared and forwarded with any member of the British Government; to New York by western parties; or to pay such and the like reason induced the deputation, on prices less the freight and other charges to New arriving in Petersburgh, to make a direct appliYork, on all Flax so delivered to our agents in cation to Count Nesselrode, without the interLouisville, Cincinnati or Chicago.

vention of the British Ambassador, Sir HamilBy this means the western farmer will secure ton Seymour. Their motives were, however, to himself not only the profits that have been subsequently stated, in personal interviews, both found sufficient to remunerate the European cul- to the Government at home, and to its repretivator, but the many charges to which such ar- sentative in Russia. ticles are subject in their transit; and also may, Through the prompt courtesy of Count Nesselwith proper management, obtain a larger amount rode, an interview was arranged for the preof Flax Seed per acre than he now realizes. And sentation of the address, of which the following we fully believe, that, after having been induced is a copy, at the winter palace on the 10th inst. by the above extraordinary offer to try the experiment for one year, he will find Flax to be

To Nicholas, Emperor of all the Russias. the most profitable crop that he can turn his at

“May it please the Emperor, tention to

“We, the undersigned, Members of a meetWe propose taking the Flax at some rate : ing representing the religious Society of Friends unless it should fall too far below the lowest sam- (commonly called Quakers) in Great Britain, ple furnished, to be of any advantage for us to venture to approach the Imperial presence, unwanufacture. We wish all the Flax either pulled the constraining love of Christ our Saviour.

der a deep conviction of religious duty, and in or else cut with a cradle so carefully as to preserve the stalk uninjured and the ends, even ; the many proofs of condescension and Christian

“We are moreover encouraged so to do, by the seed taken off by a rippling comb, or by pass- kindness manifested by thy late illustrious broavoid the present destructive effects of thrash- ther, the Emperor Alexander, as well as by thy ing; the Flax to be water-rotted and scutched;

honored mother, to some of our brethren in reto be sent in bales and packages so as to be all ligious profession. ready for heckling on reaching our mill.

“ It is well known that, apart from political AMERICAN LINEN COMPANY,

considerations, we have, as a Christian Church,

uniformly upheld a testimony against war, on Per Walter Paine, 3d, Treasurer. the simple ground that it is utterly condemned Fall River, Mass., March 8, 1854.

by the precepts of Christianity, as well as altogether incompatible with the spirit of its Divine

Founder, who is emphatically styled the ‘Prince Those whom God has favored with superior of Peace. This conviction we have repeatedly faculties, and made eminent for quickness of per- pressed upon our own rulers, and often, in the ception, and accuracy of distinction, will cer- language of bold but respectful remonstrance, tainly be regarded as culpable in his eye, for de have we urged upon them the maintenance of fects and deviations which, in souls less enlight- Peace, as the true policy, as well as manifest ened, may be guiltless.

duty, of a Christian government. Johnson. "And now, ( Great Prince, permit us to ex

press the sorrow which fills our hearts, as Chris

tians and as men, in contemplating the probaThou hast been permitted to partake of the bility of war in any portion of the continent of feast of life; its good things are distributed in Europe. Deeply to be deplored would it be various portions among the guests; thou hast were that peace, which to a very large extent thy allotted share; complain not when thy por- has happily prevailed so many years, exchanged tion is removed; it is not permitted to any one for the unspeakable horrors of war, with all its to remain always at the banquet.

attendant moral evil and physical suffering. BLAIR. " It is not our business, nor do we presume to

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