Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

persecute

[ocr errors]

offer any opinion upon the questions now at issue | her favor. I have, myself, acted as my predebetween the Imperial Government of Russia and cessors had done, and the Treaty of Adrianople

, that of any other country ; but estimating the in 1829, was as explicit as the former ones in exalted position in which Divine Providence has this respect. Turkey, on her part, recognized placed thee, and the solemn responsibilities de this right of religious interference, and fulfilled volving upon thee, not only as an earthly po- her engagements until within the last year or tentate, but also as a believer in that gospel two, when, for the first time, she gave me reawhich proclaims peace on earth,' and 'good. son to complain. I will not now advert to the will toward men,' we implore Him, by whom parties who were her principal instigators on that 'Kings reign and Princes decree justice,' so to occasion ; suffice it to say that it became my duty influence thy heart and direct thy councils at to interfere, and to claim from Turkey the fulthis momentous crisis, that thou mayest prac- filment of her engagements. My representatically exhibit to the nations, and even to those tions were pressing but friendly, and I have who do not profess the “like precious faith,' the every reason to believe that matters would soon efficacy of the gospel of Christ, and the universal have been settled, if Turkey had not been inapplication of his command, Love your enemies; duced by other parties to believe that I had ulbless them that curse you; do good to them that terior objects in view; that I was aiming at conhate you; and pray for them which despitefully quest, aggrandizement, and the ruin of Turkey. use you and

you;

that ye may be the I have solemnly disclaimed, and do now as 80children of

your

Father which is in Heaven.' lemnly disclaim, every such motive. I do not “The more fully the Christian is persuaded of desire war; I ahhor'it as sincerely as you do, the justice of his own cause, the greater his mag- and am ready to forget the past, if only the opnanimity in the exercise of forbearance. May portunity be afforded me. the Lord make thee the honored instrument of “ I have great esteem for your country, and a exemplifying this true nobility; thereby securing sincere affection for your Queen, whom I admire to thyself and to thy vast dominions that true not only as a Sovereign, but as a lady, a wife, glory and those rich blessings which could never and a mother. I have placed full confidence in result from the most successful appeal to arms. her, and have acted towards her in a frank and

“ Thus, 0 mighty Prince, may the miseries friendly spirit. I felt it my duty to call her atand devastation of war be averted; and, in that tention to future dangers, which I considered as solemn day when every one of us shall give likely, sooner or later, tó arise in the East, in account of himself to God,' may the benediction consequence of the existing state of things. What of the Redeemer apply to thee," Blessed are the on my part was prudent foresight, has been unpeacemakers, for they shall be called the chil- fairly construed in your country into a designing dren of God,' and mayest thou be permitted policy, and an ambitious desire of conquest. This through a Saviour's love to exchange an earthly has deeply wounded my feelings and afflicted my for a heavenly crown—a crown of glory which heart. Personal insults and invectives I regard fadeth not away.'

with indifference. It is beneath my dignity to London, First month 11, 1854.

notice them. And I am ready to forgive all that [Here follow the signatures.]

is personal to me, and to hold out my hand to The Emperor, after listening with kind atten- my enemies in the true Christian spirit. I cantion to the Address, said he wished to offer some not understand what cause of complaint your explanation of his views as to the causes of the nation has against Russia. I am anxious to avoid present unhappy differences. His observations war by all possible means; I will not attack, and in the course of the conversation were nearly as shall only act in self-defence; but I cannot be follows:

indifferent to what concerns the honor of my “We received the blessings of Christianity country. I have a duty to perform as a Sovefrom the Greek Empire, and this has established, reign. As a Christian, I am ready to comply and maintained ever since, a link of connection, with the precepts of religion. On the present both moral and religious, between Russia and that occasion, my great duty is to attend to the intepower. The ties that have thus united the two rests and honor of my country.” countries have subsisted for 900 years, and were The Deputation then remarked, that as their not severed by the conquest of Russia by the mission was not of a political character, but inTartars; and when at a later period, our country tended simply to convey to the Emperor the succeeded in shaking off that yoke, and the sentiments of their own Society, as a religious Greek Empire, in its turn, fell under the sway body, they did not feel it to be their place to of the Turks, we still continued to take a lively enter into any of the questions involved in the interest in the welfare of our co-religionists there; present dispute; but, with the Emperor's perand when Russia became powerful enough to re-mission, they would be glad to call his attention sist the Turks, and to dictate the terms of peace, specially to a few points. we paid particular attention to the well-being of that they and many others in their own country the Greek Church, and procured the insertion in had incurred the disfavor of the supporters of successive treaties, of most important articles in the present military system, by advocating the

6

a

[ocr errors]

*

They said settlement of international disputes by arbitra- 1 treaties concluded by his predecessors and him. tion. They also remarked, that seeing that self. The bond which unites Russia with her whilst Mahometanism avowedly justifies the em- co-religionists in the East, has existed 900 years. ployment of the sword in propagating its doc. It was through the ancient Greek Empire that trines, Christianity is emphatically a religion of Christianity came to us; and from that time a peace, there appeared (with reference to the constant community of religious interests was present dispute) a peculiar propriety in a Chris- maintained between Russia and the Byzantine tian Emperor exercising forbearance and forgive- Empire to its fall. Since Russia freed herself ness; and they added that, in the event of a from the Tartar yoke, she has constantly labored European war, amongst the thousands who would to meliorate the condition of her co-religionists; be its victims, those who were the principal and in these labors she has been successful. Shé causes of it would probably not be the greatest cannot refuse her religious sympathy with them, sufferers, but that the heaviest calamities would or renounce a legitimate influence, acquired at fall on innocent men with their wives and chil- the price of her people's blood. But the Emdren.

peror demands nothing more. He asks nothing The Emperor, before quitting the apartment, from the Turks; and he would be happy to see informed the deputation that the Empress was England render entire justice to the motives by desirous of seeing them. They were, accord- which he has been actuated. He does not beingly, at once introduced to the Empress and to lieve that he has ever given her the least cause the Grand-Duchess Olga, with whom they had of complaint; and he appeals to the testimony of an agreeable interview.

all English residents in his country, who, as his The deputation were subsequently informed Majesty is convinced, will not hesitate to declare through Baron Nicolay, that the Emperor de- that they have always been well satisfied with sired to transmit to the Society of Friends a the treatment they have experienced in Russia. written reply to their address ; which was ac

(Signed) NESSELRODE. cordingly forwarded to them previously to their Petersburgh, 13th of February, 1854. departure from Petersburgh.

A copy of this document, is subjoined.

Extracts from the speech of Charles Sumner, on (Signed) JOSEPH STURGE, of Birmingham,

the Nebraska bill, delivered 2d mo. 21, in the ROBERT CHARLETON, of Bristol,

U. S. Senate.
HENRY PEASE, of Darlington.

(Continued from page 430.) London, 25th Second month, 1851.

A simple statement of facts, derived from the

journals of Congress and contemporary records, COPY OF THE EMPEROR'S REPLY.

will show the origin and nature of this compact, His Majesty, the Emperor, has received, with the influences by which it was established, and lively satisfaction, the address presented by the the obligations which it imposed. deputation from the Society of Friends, as the At the first session of the Fifteenth Congress, expression of sentiments entirely consonant with a bill was reported to the House of Representathose by which he is himself animated. His tives, authorizing the people of the Missouri TerMajesty, as well as themselves, has a horror of ritory to form a Constitution and State Governwar, and sincerely desires the maintenance of ment, for the admission of such State into the peace. In order to preserve it he is ready to Union ; but, at the session, no final action was forget personal insults and offences, to be the had thereon. At the next session, in February, first to offer his hand to his enemies, and to 1819, the bill was again brought forward, when make all concessions compatible with bis honor. an eminent Representative of New York, moved His Majesty will not attack; he will only defend a clause prohibiting any further introduction of himself, and will be always disposed to listen to slaves into the proposed State, and securing the offers of peace.

Freedom to the children born within the State The Emperor deeply regrets the existing con- after its admission into the Union, on attaining dition of affairs, and casts its responsibility far twenty-five years of age. This important profrom him. He has always desired to maintain position, which assumed a power not only to proa good understanding with England. He has a hibit the ingress of Slavery into the State itself, sincere affection for the Queen, whom he es- but also to abolish it there, was passed in the teems as a sovereign, a woman, a wife and a affirmative, after a vehement debate of three mother; and he has given her unequivocal proofs days. On a division of the question, the first of his confidence and regard. His Majesty re- part, prohibiting the further introduction of pudiates all ambitious designs of conquest, or of slaves, was adopted by 87 yeas to 76 nays; the unjust interference with the affairs of Turkey. second part, providing for the emancipation of He claims from that power nothing more than children, was adopted by 82 yeas to 78 nays. he has a right to demand by virtue of explicit Other propositions to thwart the operations of

these amendments were voted down, and on the * This reply was given in the French language, but is translated by the Editor of the Review for the benefit 17th of February the bill was read a third time, of his readers.

and passed, with these important restrictions.

[ocr errors]

a

yeas,

In the Senate, after debate, the provision for Message, two several Committees of the House the emancipation of children was struck out by were constituted, one to consider the application 31 yeas to 7 nays; the other provision, against of Maine, and the other of Missouri, to enter the the further introduction of Slavery, was struck Union as separate and independent States. With out by 22 yeas to 16 nays. The bill was returned only the delay of a single day, the bill for the adto the House, which, on March 2nd, by a vote of mission of Missouri was reported to the House 78 nays to 76 refused its concurrence. The without the restriction of Slavery ; but, as if Senate adhered to their amendments, and the shrinking from the immediate discussion of the House, by 78 yeas to 66 nays, adhered to their great question it involved, afterwards on the modisagreement; and so at this session the Missou- tion of Mr. Mercer, of Virginia, its consideration ri bill was lost; and here was a temporary tri- was postponed for several weeks; all which, be umph of Freedom.

it observed, is in open contrast with the manner Meanwhile, the same controversy was renewed in which the present discussion has been precipon the bill pending at the same time for the or- | itated upon Congress. Meanwhile, the Maine ganization of the Territory of Arkansas, then bill, when reported to the House, was promptly known as the southern part of the Territory of acted upon, and sent to the Senate. Missouri. The restrictions already adopted in In the interval between the report of the Misthe Missouri bill were moved by Mr. Taylor, of souri bill, and its consideration by the House, a New York, afterwards Speaker; but after at least Committee was constituted, on motion of six close votes, on the Yeas and Nays, in one of Mr. Taylor, of New York, to inquire into which the House was equally divided, 88 Yeas the expediency of prohibiting the introduction of to 88 Nays, they were Ìost. Another proposi- Slavery into the Territories west of the Mississiption by Mr. Taylor, simpler in form, that Slave-pi. This Committee, at the end of a fortnight

, ry should not hereafter be introduced into this was discharged from further consideration of the territory, was lost by 90 Nays to 86 Yeas; and subject, which, it was understood, would enter inthe Arkansas bill on Feb. 25th, was read the third to the postponed debate on the Missouri bill. time and passed. In the Senate, Mr. Burrill, of This early effort to interdict Slavery in the TerRhode Island, moved as an amendment, the pro- ritories by a special law is worthy of notice, on hibition of the further introduction of Slavery account of some of the expressions of opinion into this Territory, which was lost by 19 Nays to which it drew forth. In the course of his re14 Yeas. And thus, without any provision for marks Mr. Taylor declared that Freedom, Arkansas was organized as a Territory; “He presumed there were no members-he and here was a triumph of Slavery.

knew of none—who doubted the constitutional At the same session, Alabama was admitted as power of Congress to impose such a restriction a Slave State, without any restriction or objec- on the Territories.” tion.

A generous voice from Virginia recognized at It was in the discussion on the Arkansas bill, once the right and duty of Congress. This was at this session, that we find the earliest sugges- from Charles Fenton Mercer, who declared that tion of a Compromise. Defeated in his efforts to “When the question proposed should come prohibit Slavery in the Territory, Mr. Taylor fairly before the House, he should support the stated that “he thought it important that some proposition. Ile should record his vote against line should be designated beyond which Slavery suffering the dark cloud of inhumanity, which should not be permitted." He suggested its now darkened his country, from rolling on prohibition hereafter in all territories of the Uni- the peaceful shores of the Mississippi. ted States north of 36° 30' north latitude. This At length, on the 26th of January, 1820, the proposition, though withdrawn after debate, was House resolved itself into Committee of the at once welcomed by Mr. Livermore, of New Whole on the Missouri bill, and proceeded with Hampshire," as made in the true spirit of Com- its discussion, day by day, till the 28th of Febpromise.” It was opposed by Mr. Rhea, of Ten- ruary, when it was reported back with amendnessee, on behalf of Slavery, who avowed himself ments. But meanwhile, the same question was against every restriction ; and also by Mr. Ogle, presented to the Senate, where a conclusion was of Pennsylvania, on behalf of Freedom, who was reached earlier than in the House. A clause “ against any Compromise by which Slavery, in for the admission of Missouri was tacked to the any of the Territories, should be recognized or Maine bill. To this an amendment was moved sanctioned by Congress.”

by Mr. Roberts, of Pennsylvania, prohibiting the The suggestions of Compromise were at this further introduction of Slavery into the State, time vain ; each party was determined. The which, after a fortnight's debate was defeated by North, by the prevailing voice of its representa- 27 nays to 16 yeas. . tives, claimed all for Freedom; the South, by its The debate in the Senate was of unusual interpotential command of the Senate, claimed all for est and splendor. It was especially illustrated slavery.

by an effort of transcendent power, from that Congress came together in December, 1819. great lawyer and orator, William Pinkney. ReOn the day after the receipt of the President's 'cently returned from a succession of missions to

beyond

a

[ocr errors]

BY BERNARD BARTON.

tears.

Foreign Courts, and at this time the acknowledg-, test vote of 24 Yeas to 20 Nays. The Yeas emed chief of the American bar, particularly skill. braced every Southern Senator except Nathaniel ed in questions of constitutional law, his course Macon, of North Carolina, and William Smith of as a Senator from Maryland was calculated to pro- South Carolina. The Nays embraced every duce a profound impression. In a speech which Northern Senator except the two Senators from drew to this chamber an admiring throng for two Illinois, and one Senator from Rhode Island, and days, and which at the time was fondly compared one from New Hampshire. And this, Sir, is the with the best examples of Greece and Rome, he record of the first stage in the adoption of the first authoritatively proposed and developed the Missouri Compromise. First openly announced Missouri Compromise. His masterly effort was and vindicated on the floor of the Senate by a mainly directed against the restriction upon Mis- distinguished Southern statesman, it was forced souri, but it began and ended with the idea of on the North by an almost unanimous Southern Compromise. "Notwithstanding," he says, "oc-vote. casional appearances of rather an unfavorable de

(To be continued.) scription, I have long since persuaded myself that the Vissouri question, as it is called, might be laid to rest, with innocence and safety, by

A MEMORIAL OF MARY DYER, some conciliatory Compromise at least, by which, as is our duty, we might reconcile the extremes one of the early worthies and martyrs of the Society of

Friends. of conflicting views and feelings, without any sacrifice of constitutional principles." And he closed with the hope that the restriction on Mis- We too have had our martyrs. Such wert thou, souri would not be passed, but that the whole

Illustrious woman! though the starry crown question "might be disposed of in a manner sat- of martyrdom has sate on many a brow,

In the world's eye of far more wide renown. isfactory to all, by a prospective prohibition of Slavery in the Territory to the north and west of Yet the same spirit grac'd thy fameless end, Vissouri."

Which shone in Latimer, and his compeers; This authoritative proposition of Compromise, upon whose hallow'd memories still attend from the most powerful advocate of the uncondi

Manhood's warm reverence, childhood's guileless tional admission of Missouri, was made in the Senate on the 21st of January. From various Well did they win them: may they keep them long! indications, it seems to have found prompt favor Their names require not praise obscure as mine; in that body. Finally, on the 16th of February, Nor does my muse their cherish'd memories wrong the union of Maine and Missouri in one bill pre

By this imperfect aim to honor thine. vailed in the Senate, by 23 Yeas to 21 Nays. On Heroic martyr of a sect despis’d! the next day, Mr. Thomas, of Illinois, who had Thy name and memory to my heart are dear : always voted with the South against any restric- Thy fearless zeal, in artless childhood priz’d, tion upon Missouri, introduced the famous clause The lapse of years has taught me to revere. prohibiting Slavery north of 36° 30, which now Thy Christian worth demands no poet's lay, constitutes the eighth section of the Missouri act.

Historian's pen, nor sculptor's boasted art :
An effort was made to include the Arkansas Ter- What could the proudest tribute these can pay
ritory within this prohibition; but the South To thy immortal spirit now impart ?
united against this extension of the area of
Freedom, and it was defeated by 24 Nays to 20 Yet seems it like a sacred debt to give

The brief memorial thou may'st well supply ;
Yeas. The prohibition, as moved by Mr. Thomas, whose life display'd how Christians ought to live;
then prevailed, by 34 Yeas to only 10 Nays. Whose death-how Christian martyrs calmly die.
Among those in the affirmative were both the
Senators from each of the slave States, Louisiana,
Tennessee, Kentucky, Delaware, Maryland, and

LAST LINES OF COWPER.
Alabama, and also one of the Senators from each

The following are said to be the last Lines that of the slave States, Mississippi and North Caro

Cowper wrote. lina, including in the honorable list the familiar

To Jesus, the crown of my hope,
names of William Pinkney, James Brown, and

My soul is in haste to be gone;
William Rufus King.

O bear me, ye Cherubims, up,
'This bill, as thus amended, is the first legis-

And wast me away to His throne.
lative embodiment of the Missouri Compact or

My Saviour, whom absent, I love;
Compromise, the essential conditions of which

Whom, not having seen, I adore;

I
were the admission of Missouri as a State, with- Whose name is exalted above
out any restriction of Slavery; and the prohibi. All glory, dominion and pow's.
tion of Slavery in all the remaining Territory of

Dissolve thou the bands that detain
Louisiana north of 36° 30'. This bill, thus com-

My soul from her portion in Thee;
posed, containing these two propositions—this Oh! 'strike off the adamant chain,
double measure—finally passed the Senate by a

And make me eternally free.

[ocr errors]

SUMMARY OF NEWS.

The governments of Denmark and of Sweden

have ordered their citizens in the Russian naval FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.—The U.S. steamship

service to return home. Washington arrived at New York on the 16th, and the British steamer Arabia, at Halifax, on the

A treaty of commerce has been signed between

France and Belgium. 15th inst., bringing Liverpool dates respectively

SPAIN. - A formidable insurrection broke out at to the 1st and 4th inst.

Saragossa on the 20th ult. The infantry regiment Preparations for carrying on the war against of Cordova, in garrison at Saragossa, with its Russia on a stupendous scale continue to be made Colonel Brigadier Juan Jose de Hore at its head, by England and France. The French and Eng. had risen in armed insurrection at the castle of lish fleets, destined for the Baltic, consisting of Aljaferia, where it was quartered, and had occuforty English and the same number of French pied the approaches to the castle and the stone vessels, the whole under the command of Sir bridge over the Ebro. Later accounts state that Charles Napier, were assembling at Spithead. the insurgents in the castle of Aljaferia surren

The ice on the Baltic was breaking up, and the dered at discretion on the morning of the 21st ult., Russian fleet at Cronstadt, being liberated, was and that the insurrection was completely put preparing to sail, probably for the purpose of down. A great number of arrests had been made, gaining the sea before the arrival of the combined and all Spain was placed under martial law. Neets.

General Concha was deeply implicated in the reA rumor prevailed that the Czar had laid an yolt. He had quitted Spain and arrived at Bore

deaux. embargo on British ships in Russian ports.

Austria has decided to joir the Western Powers The Isthmus.—The steamship George Law, from against Russia.

Aspin wall, arrived'at New York on the morning of The Allied Powers demand that Russia shall the 14th inst. The extension of the Parama Rail. evacuate the Turkish territory before the 30th road and the increase of facilities by thai route are prox.

-rapidly augmenting the travel by it. The mails by The Russians are making ostentatious prepara- The Empire City, weighing over nine tons, lest As. tions to cross the Danube, and Omar Pacha is pintall at 9 A. M., and arrived at Panama before preparing to check the advance.

nighi. The Turkish troops no longer occupy any place, Texas.-Late accounis from Texas slate, that in except Kalafat, north of the Danube.

consequence of the great influx of emigranis, a scar. There has been considerable fighting in small city of provisions prevails throughout the interior parties wherever they came in contact, but no- of that Siale. Corn was selling at from $I 25 to thing has transpired of importance.

$175 per bushel, and the demand for groceries and Another convoy of 16,000 troops was preparing provisions generally, was very great. to leave Constantinople for Batoum.

DOMESTIC.-CONGRESS - In the Senate, on the Several British ships-of-war have been ordered | 13th inst., numerous petitions were presented from Malta to Piræus, to look after the Greek in- against the repeal of the Missouri Compromise of surgents. The insurrection has received a check 1820. The Pacific Railroad bill was reported and by being defeated at Arta by the Turks.

was made the special order of the day for the 27th Prince Paskiewitch had been appointed to the inst. On the 141h, a memorial was presented from chief command of the Danubian army.

Massachusetts, signed by three thousand clergymen Orders have been forwarded to the Russian fleet against the passage of the Nebraska bill. in the Black Sea neither to seek nor avoid a col

On the 16th, petitions were presented against the lision with the allied fleets.

Nebraska bill, and others in favor of securing reliThe Russian army of the Oxus had halted two gious liberty to American citizens in foreign coun. marches north of Khiva. The Khans of Bokhara iries. Senator Wade gave notice that he would, at and Khiva had been brought to terms, and an of- an early day, offer an amendment to the Homestead fensive and defensive alliance had been con. bill, granting public lands to foreigners who may cluded between them, the Russians, and Dost hereafter conie to this country, as well as to those Mahommed.

who are already here. The British Ambassador had left Petersburg On the 17th, a bill authorizing the leasing or without seeing the Emperor, his passports having renting of suitable buildings for the accommodation been sent him. The French Ambassador demanded to be Philadelphia, was passed.

of the United States Courts and Post Oilice in treated in the same way, but the Czar expressed In the House of Representatives, on the 17th, the the wish to see him. An interview took place, appropriation for the Assay office at New York was during which he was invested with the insignia stricken out of the Deficiency bill. of the order of St. Alexander Mowsky.

PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE.-The bill amendThe Sheik El Islam has advanced 100,000,000 ing the school law was taken up in the Senate, on piastres to the Sultan of Turkey, and proffered the 17th inst., and passed as far as the fortieth sec. further assistance if needed.

tion. On the 17th, the prohibitory liquor law bill One English and two French officers have been

was made the special order for the 21st ins:. The appointed to actual command on the Danube. Nebraska resolutions coming up in order on second

The negotiations between Russia and Sweden reading, Senator Piatt, of Wyoming, addressed the had not terminated. Russia makes the same de Senate at some length in favor of the resolutions. mand on Sweden as on Prussia—that of closing They were then postponed to the 20th. her ports against the ships of England and France In the House, on the 16th inst., the bill from ihe -and fears are entertained that she will make a Senate, providing for the sale of the Public Works demonstration against Stockholm, for the purpose of the Siate was taken up and made the order of of enforcing this demand.

the day for the 23d,

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »