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SUMMARY OF NEWS.

The rains continued, retarding greatly the operaFOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.—The American steam-tions of the miners. ship Pacific arrived at New York on the evening

Col. Walkins and Captain Davidson had been of the 230 ult. bringing Liverpool dates to the 8ih arrested at San Francisco, charged with being con. ult. The Pacific encountered very heavy westerly nected with the Walker expedition. They were gales. She passed hundreds of icebergs on the held to bail in the sum of $10,000 each. banks of Newfoundland, and a vast pack of field

The advices from Ensenada are to 2d mo. 15th. ice, by which she was detained for several hours. On the 14th, the U. S. ships Columbus and Ports.

Russia.—The Czar has published a Manifesto to mouth arrived at Ensenada. On this arrival, his subjects, reiterating his former assertions of his Walker spiked his guns and started for San Thomas, desire to preserve peace, and reflecting severely with one hundred and forty men and a single field on France and England for the course they have piece, leaving behind the sick and wounded. Many taken. The relative positions of the Russian and of Walker's men had deserted, and those remaining Turkish armies continue unchanged. Operations with him had little hope of success. of magnitude are retarded by the weather, but OREGON - Dates from Portland to 20 mo. 15ih aconstant succession of minor rencounters are re- had been received. A bill had passed the Legisla. ported. In almost all these rencounters the Turks lure ordering a vote to be taken, in the 6th month, are the aggressors, and generally come off victors. on the question of forming a state government. The From all indications, however, the Russians, slow-miners about Jacksonville have commenced a canal ly as they more, are preparing for a grand stroke, 10 bring Applegate Creek to that foirn throngh a notwithstanding that a Russian despatch from rich mining district. Krajova, says, " that they still maintain the defensive, and as yet show no disposition to attack braska bill continue to be held throughout the

Domestic.—Meetings in opposition to the Ne. Kalafai.” Other accounts state that the Russians were busied in preparing pontoons and other

Northern States. Resolutions againsi ils passage means for the passage of the river. Two columns have been passed unanimously by the Legislature

of Louisiara. of Russians, which had been detached for the purpose of attacking a Turkish corps posted near the CONGRESS.-SENATE.-On the 20th and 21st ull., village of Cuperceni, meeting in the dark, at- a large number of petitions against the Nebraska tacked each other in mistake for the Turks. Some bill were presented. On the 21s1, memorials were hundreds were killed before the mistake was dis presented from the Maryland Mechanical Institute covered.

and the Philatielphia Philosophical Society, praying There is nothing new from Asia, or in regard to that arrangements be inade with Great Britain for the movements of the fleets. The Greek insur- an internalional coinage upon the decimal principle rection had been so much checked as to be no of the United States. On the 22d, the joint reso. longer considered formidable.

lution from the House was reported by the Naval ENGLAND.—The Chancellor of the Excheqner Committee, giving the Navy Department power to proposes to double the income tax, in order to take ihe bids for clothing and small stores out of meet the expenses of the war, preparations for the hands of speculators and give them directly io which are still going on. The first division of manufacturers and dealers in the articles. The re. the fleet for the Baltic, consisting of Admiral Cor- solution was discussed and passed. The resola. ry's squadron, was expected to sail in a day or tions of the Massachuselis Legislature against ihe two.

repeal of the Missouri Compromise were preFRANCE.-A loan of 250,000,000 francs has been sented on the 230. authorized to defray the expenses of the war. In the House, on the 231, the Senate bill provid

The government advertises for 100 ships to ing for a suitable edifice for the Post Office and carry troops and stores from Marseilles to the East. U.S. Courts in this city, was called up and reser

SWEDEN.-It is stated that the Russian govern- red to the Judiciary Committee. ment refuses to recognise the neutrality of Sweden, Petitions from all parts of the North against the and that the latter country has, in consequence, Nebraska bill were commenced defensive preparations. The govern-week.

presented throughout the ments of Sweden and Norway are quite united and decided, and it is believed that they will for- PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE.—The joint resolumally join with France and England, 'if Russia lions against the repeal of the Missouri Compromise should persist in refusing to acknowlecge the new-passed the Senate finally on the 22d. The suppletrality of the Baltic powers.

ment to the general manufacturing law was passed AUSTRIA AND PrusSIA.- The government of Aus-on the 241h. Petitions for a Prohibitory Liquor tria stiil slightly wavers in its adhesion to the cause law were presented on the 25th ; and, also, one of the Allies, and Prussia refrains from indicating from Cumberland County for a Prohibitory Tobacco what course she will pursue.

Law. SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. — The Spanish insurrection In the House of Representa:ives, on the 201h, an has been suppressed.--All was quiet in Portugal. amendment to the Prohibitory Liquor Law was

MEXICO.--General Alvarez was still in the field, adopted, authorizing the search of premises in all at latest account, and was fortifying La Providence cases were it has been sworu that liquor has been

CALIFORNIA.—The steamship. Northern Light, sold. The bill finally passed the House on the 22d, from San Juan del Norte, arrived at New York on by a vote of 50 10 44. It provides for the submis. the morning of the 25th ult., bringing California sion of the question of the enforcement of the law dates to the evening of 3d mo. 1st.

to a vote of ihe people. On the 230, the bill from The Legislature of California had passed a bill the Senate, auihorizing the sale of the public for the removal of the capital from Benicia to Sa- works, was taken up and made the special order cramento. The Legislature would meel at the new of the day for the 29th and every succeeding day capital on ihe 1st of the 3d month.

until disposed of.

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EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.

Children at an age fit for schools, are in a time

of life which requires the patient attention of PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS, pious people, and if we commit them to the tui

tion of those whose minds we believe are not No.50 North Fourth Street,

rightly prepared to “train them up in the nurPHILADELPHIA.

ture and admonition of the Lord,” we are in Price two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,

danger of not acting the part of faithful parents or six copies for ten dollars.

toward them; for our heavenly Father doth not Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly require us to do evil, that good may come of it; in advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 and it is needful that we deeply examine ourcents per annum in other States.

selves, lest we get entangled in the wisdom of

this world, and through wrong apprehensions CONSIDERATIONS ON PURE WISDOM AND

take such methods in education, as may prove a HUMAN POLICY.

great injury to the minds of our children. (Concluded from page 450.)

It is a lovely sight to behold innocent chilON SCHOOLS.

dren; and when they are sent to schools where « Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid their tender minds are in imminent danger of

them not, for of such is the kingdom of God." being led astray by tutors, who do not live a Mark x. 14.

self-denying life, or by the conversation of chilTo encourage children to do things with dren who do not live in innocence, it is a case a view to get the praise of men, to me appears much to be lamented. an obstruction to their being inwardly acquaint- While a pious tutor has the charge of no more ed with the Spirit of Truth. For it is the work children than he can take due care of, and keeps of the holy Spirit to direct the mind to God, his authority in the Truth, the good spirit in that in all our proceedings we may have an eye which be leads and governs works on the minds to him ; to give alms in secret, to fast in secret, of such who are not hardened, and his labors and labor to keep clear of that disposition re- not only tend to bring them forward in outward proved by our Saviour, “But all their works learning, but to open their understanding with they do for to be seen of men.'

respect to the true Christian life. But where a That Divine light which enlightens all men, person has charge of too many, and his thoughts I believe does often shine in the minds of chil. and time are so much employed in the outward dren very early, and humbly to wait for wisdom, affairs of his school, that he does not so weightithat our conduct toward them may tend ly attend to the spirit and conduct of each indito forward their acquaintance with it, and to vidual, to be enabled to administer rightly to all strengthen them in obedience thereto, appears to in due season ; through such omissions he not me to be a duty on all of us.

only suffers, as to the state of his own mind, but By cherishing the spirit of pride, and the love the minds of the children are in danger of sufof praise in them, I believe they may sometimes fering also. improve faster in learning, than otherwise they To watch the spirit of children, to nurture would, but to take measures to forward children them in Gospel love, and labor to help them in learning, which naturally tend to divert their against that which would mar the beauty of minds from true humility, appears to me to their minds, is a debt we owe them; and a faith-. savour of the wisdom of this world.

ful performance of our duty not only tends to If tutors are not acquainted with sanctification their lasting benefit, and our own peace, buti also , of spirit, nor experienced in an humble waiting to render their company agreeable to us. for the leadings of Truth, but follow the maxims Instruction thus administered, reaches the · of the wisdom of this world, children who are pure witness in the minds of children who are: under their tuition appear to me to be in danger not hardened, and begets love in them toward of imbibing thoughts and apprehensions reverse those who thus lead them on : but where too to that meekness and lowliness of heart, which is great a number are committed to a tutor, and he, necessary for all the true followers of Christ. through much cumber, omits a careful attention

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to the minds of the children, there is a danger, tled in a steady concern, not to hold or possess of disorders gradually increasing amongst them, anything but what may be held consistently with until the effeets thereof appear in their conduct, the wisdom which is from above, they consider too strong to be easily remedied.

what they possess as the gift of God, and are inA care hath lived on my mind, that more wardly exercised, that in all parts of their contime might be employed by parents at home, duct they may act agreeably to the nature of the and by tutors at school, in weightily attending to peaceable government of Christ. the spirit and inclinations of children, and that A little supports such a life; and in a state we may so lead, instruct and govern them, in truly resigned to the Lord, the eye is single to this tender part of life, that nothing may be see what outward employ he leads into as a omitted which is in our power, to help them on means of our subsistence, and a lively care is their way to become the children of our Father, maintained to hold to that, without launching who is in heaven.

further. Meditating on the situation of schools in our There is harmony in the several parts of this provinces, my mind has at times been affected divine work in the hearts of people : he who

and under these exercises it has ap- | leads them to cease from those gainful employpeared to me, that if those who had large estates ments, carried on in that wisdom which is from were faithful stewards, and laid no rent, or inte beneath, delivers also from the desire after rest, or other demand, higher than is consistent worldly greatness, and reconciles the mind to a life with universal love; and those in lower circum- so plain, that a little suffices. stances would, under a moderate employ, shun

Here the real comforts of life are not lessened. unnecessary expense, even to the smallest arti- Moderate exercise, in the way of true wisdom, is cle, and all unite in humbly seeking to the pleasant both to mind and body. Lord, he would graciously instruct us, to relieve Food and raiment sufficient, though in the the youth from various snares in which many of greatest simplicity, are accepted with contentment them are entangled.

and gratitude.

The mutual love subsisting between the faithOn the right use of the Lord's outward gifts.

ful followers of Christ, is more pure than that As our understandings are opened by the pure friendship which is not seasoned with humility, light, we experience that through an inward ap- how specious soever the appearance. proaching to God, the mind is strengthened in Where people depart from pure wisdom in one obedience; and that by gratifying those desires case, it is often an introduction to depart from it which are not of bis begetting, these approaches in many more ; and thus a spirit which seeks for to him are obstructed, and the deceivable spirit outward greatness, and leads into worldly wisgains strength.

dom to attain it and support it, gets possession These truths being, as it were, engraven upon of the mind. our hearts, and our everlasting interest in Christ In beholding the customary departure from evidently concerned therein, we become fervent. the true medium of labor, and that unnecessary ly, engaged, that nothing may be nourished toil which many go through, in supporting outwhich tends to feed pride or self-love in us. ward greatness, and procuring delicacies ; in beThus in pure obedience, we are not only instructed holding how the true calmness of life is changed in our duty to God, but also in the affairs which into hurry, and how many, by eagerly pursuing necessarily relate to this life, and the Spirit of outward treasure, are in great danger of witherTruth, which guides into all truth, leavens the ing as to the inward state of the mind; in medimind with a pious concern, that "whatsoever tating on the works of this spirit, and on the dewe do in word or deed, may be done in His solatiuns it makes amongst the professors of name.”

Christianity, I may thankfully acknowledge, that Hence such buildings, furniture, food and rai- I often feel pure love beget longings in my heart, ment, as best answer our necessities, and for the exaltation of the peaceable kingdom of are the least likely to feed that selfish spi- Christ, and an engagement to labor according to rit which is our enemy, are the most acceptable the gift bestowed on me, for promoting an humto us.

ble, plain, temperate way of living: a life where In this state the mind is tender, and inwardly no unnecessary cares or expenses may encumber watchful, that the love of gain draw us not into our minds, or lessen our ability to do good ; any business which may weaken our love to our where no desires after riches or greatness may lead heavenly Father, or bring unnecessary trouble to into hard dealing ; where no connexions with any of his creatures.

worldly minded men, may abate our love to God, Thus the way gradually opens to cease from or weaken a true zeal for righteousness : a life that spirit which craves riches and things fetched wherein we may diligently labor for resignedness far, which so mixes with the customs of this to do and suffer whatever our hearenly Father world, and so intrudes upon the true harmony of may allot for us, in reconciling the world to life, that the right medium of labor is very much himself. departed from. As the minds of people are set- When the prophet Isaiah had uttered his ri

GOSPEL

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sion, and declared that a time was coming, to the peaceable government of Christ; if this wherein “swords should be beaten into plough- be the case, how lamentably do they expose shares, and spears into pruning-hooks, and that themselves to temptations, who give way to the nation should not lift up sword against nation, love of riches, conform to expensive living, and neither shall they learn war any more ;" he im- reach forth for gain, to support customs which mediately directs the minds of people to the Di- our holy Shepherd leads not into.-J. Woodman. vine teacher, in this remarkable language: “O house of Jacob, come ye and let us walk in the light of the Lord.

JOHN NEWTON'S VIEW OF THE To wait for the direction of this light, in tem

MINISTRY poral as well as spiritual concerns, appears neces

There is likewise a certain energy or power sary; for if in any case we enter lightly into tem- which accompanies the gospel when it is truly poral affairs, without feeling this Spirit of Truth preached, which sufficiently characterizes and to open our way therein, and through the love of distinguishes it from all other religious schemes this world proceed on, and seek for gain by that and systems. Our Lord, during his personal business or traffic, which“ is not of the Father, ministry, frequently gave proofs that he knew but of the world,” we fail in our testimony to the the heart of man. When Zaccheus thought him. purity and peace of his government, and get into self unknown and upseen, he called him by his that which is for chastisement.

name. He reminded Nathaniel of what had passed This matter hath lain heavy on my mind, it in secret under the fig-tree ; and by a few words being evident, that a life less humble, less sim- brought to the remembrance of the woman of ple and plain, than that which Christ leads his Samaria, all that she had done in her life. A sisheep into, necessarily requires a support, for milar effect accompanies the preaching of the which pure wisdom does not provide ; hence gospel to this day. The gospel is preached, there is no probability of our being “a peculiar when they who are present find the secrets of their people, so zealous of good works, as to have no hearts are made manifest; when the preacher, fellowship with works of darkness," while we who perhaps never saw them before, reminds have wants to supply which have their founda- them of what they have done, or said, or thought, tion in custom, and do not come within the possibly, of things transacted long ago, and almost meaning of those expressions, “ your heavenly forgotten by themselves; and likewise describes Father knoweth that

ye have need of all these the very feelings of their hearts while he is things.”

speaking to them. No speakers but those who Those things which he beholds to be necessary speak in conformity with the word which the to his people, he fails not to give them in his own Lord gave, have this power over the heart and way and time; but as his ways are above our conscience. It is oring to the word, the ap. ways, and his thoughts above our thoughts, pointment and power of God, that any persons so imaginary wants are different “from those are induced or enabled to preach this Gospel. things which he knoweth that we have need Men may, indeed, assume the office of a preacher of.”

upon other grounds; there are too many who do. As

my meditations have been on these things, But though they speak in the name of the Lord coinpassion hath filled my heart toward my fel. and as his ministers, if he has not sent them, low creatures, involved in customs, which have they cannot declare his message in such a mangrown up in "the wisdom of this world, which per as to make full proof of their ministry. is foolishness with God.”. O that the youth may They may profit themselves, according to their be so thoroughly experienced in an humble low views, and may obtain such honors and emoluwalking before the Lord, that they might be his ments as the world can give, but they have not children, and know him to be their refuge, their the honor which cometh from God only. They safe unfailing refuge, through the various dan- are not wise to win souls. They have no testigers attending this uncertain state of being.

mony in the consciences of their bearers. They If those whose minds are redeemed from the may deliver truths occasionally, which are valulove of wealth, and who are contented with a able and useful in their proper places, but for plain,

simple way of living, find that to conduct want of knowing how to connect them with what the affairs of a family, without giving counte- the apostle styles the truth as it is in Jesus, they dance to unrighteous proceedings, or having fel- are unable either to break the hard heart, or to lowship with works of darkness, the most dili- heal the wounded spirit. The thoughtless are gent care is necessary.

not alarmed, nor the ignorant instructed. The If customs, distinguishable from universal wicked go on in their evil ways, the hungry look righteousness, and opposite to the true self-deny- upand are not fed. ing life, are now prevalent, and so mixed with Faithful preachers are called and prepared for trade, and with almost every employ, that it is their office by the Lord, the head of the church, only through humble waiting on the inward and not by human institutions. The natural guidance of Truth that we may reasonably hope man, however distinguished by abilities, or literato walk safely, and support an uniform testimony ture, cannot receive the things of the spirit of

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God, nay,

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he cannot discern them. He may, in- | tion, &c. The following call for a public meetdeed, know something of the gospel system, con- ing is circulated through the city by the other sidered as a matter of science; he may know papers : how to defend the outworks of christianity, and “ PUBLIC MEETING.–The citizens of Wheel. be master of the external evidences of its truth; ing, without respect to party, are requested to he may espouse orthodox opinions, and be a suc. meet en niasse, at the Court House, on Saturday cessful champion in the field of controversy ; evening next, at 7 o'clock, P.M., to express their but the inward power and life, that which con- sentiments with regard to the abolition and antistitutes the essential difference of true religion, Virginian articles, which have recently been pubis no less remote from his apprehension, than lished in this city. A number of speakers have the idea of light is from a person born blind. consented to address the meeting. Newton's Works, Vol. 9th.

“ MANY CITIZENS." This meeting took place last evening. The

room was crowded, and the excitement intense. AGITATION IN WESTERN VIRGINIA.

A Mr. Hubbard was called to the Chair, and WHEELING, Va., March 19, 1854.-A few another gentleman, late Delegate to the Legislamonths since the people here voted, by a consi- lature, explained the object of the meeting. He derable majority, to grant no license to sell li- introduced a long series of resolutions denouncquor within the city. This subject coming up ing the articles which had lately appeared in the in some form before the Virginia Legislature, they offending paper, as Abolition articles, and as antiraised the hue and cry of Abolitionism, Maine Virginian, and dangerous to the welfare of the Law, and Northern Fanaticism, and passed a law peculiar institution." The resolutions declared taking away from the people of this city, the also the attachment of the city of Wheeling to right to refuse to graut licenses, thus letting loose Virginia, and its submissive confidence in her again in our midst the monster of intemperance. wise and beneficent legislation, et cetera. The The Temperance men here were very naturally passage of these resolutions he urged upon the incensed at this action of the House of Delegates. meeting in a long and able speech. One of the daily papers, the Times and Gazette,

Mr. Wharton, the offending editor, then asked indulged in some very severe strictures on this permission to defend his own character, and that honorable body, and denounced their course of of his paper, which these resolutions attacked. action as tyrannical. This sanie paper bas also It was granted, and his speech tbat followed was boldly opposed the Nebraska bill and the exten- most powerful. He denied that he was an Abosion of slave territory, and declared its belief litionist. He wished to interfere with no man's that the institution of slavery exerts a baneful property. He considered, however, Slavery to influence upon the white race in Virginia.

be a curse to the white race in the South. He " It will be seen from the foregoing that we had written what he thought upon that subject are opposed to any more slare territory. We in the plainest English; thoscopinions had been are opposed to Northern States interfering with published in his paper, and he held to them still. slavery in the States where it now is ; but we be. He hoped to be sustained in them by the citilieve it to be their duty to stand up manfully and zens of Wheeling. . firmly against the extension of it, wbile we con- It soon became erident from the applause of sider those who yield the question for the sake of the meeting, that the resolutions would be lost Southern favor are corrupt politicians and un- by an overwhelming majority.

After several worthy of public confidence."

speeches, the gentleman who proposed them was “We have no disposition to interfere with it obliged to withdraw them, and in their stead the so long as it does not interfere with us. We are citizens of Wheeling, Virginia, voted" that opposed to the abolition of slavery, setting the they would have and sustain one independent negroes free among the people, but are in

newspaper, which did not fear to boldly speak favor of a measure like that proposed by Gov. the truth.” Also that they denounced the McDowell, in 1831, for a gradual extirpation of recent action of the Legislature of Virginia in it, or we should be in favor of the State purchas- regard to the license question as illiberal and ing up all the slaves from the treasury and send ungentlemanly." ing them off to Liberia, and then prohibiting any The meeting then adjourned amid the most more in the State.”

enthusiastic cheers for Wharton, the independent The quotations above have drawn down editor.-N. Y. Tribune. wholesale denunciation from the press of Virginia. The three other daily papers in Wheeling, have, in consequence of the appearance of

Philosophy may enable us to talk of fortitude, these sentiments, denounced the editor of the but religion empowers us to exercise it. Times and Gazette as an Abolitionist, as “a trai- There is not, perhaps, to a mind well intor to the sacred institutions of our forefathers,” structed, a more painful' occurrence, than the and his articles as 6 Anti-Virgiuian,” as an out- death of one whom we have injured, without rerage upon the sentiments of our whole popula-paration.

DR. JOHNSON.

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