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MASSACHUSETTS LIQUOR LAW.
IMPORTANT DECISION. The whiskey press are rejoicing over the deci.
The Paris (Mo.) Mercury, gives an account sion of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts de- of a decision made at the February term of the claring the fourteenth section of the Prohibitory Monroe County Court, in that State, affirming the Liquor Law of that State unconstitutional. But validity of an important provision of the act adfrom the following, which we copy from the Com- mitting Missouri into the Union. It appears that monwealth, it will be seen that the decision is a negro, named Armstead, represented to be of not against the principle of search, seizure, and good moral character, emigrated to Missouri from confiscation, but the method by which it was ac- Virginia, some three or four years ago, and apcomplished by that act. We doubt not the plied to the County Court and obtained a license Legislature at this or the next session, will reme- to reside in Monroe County, under the provisions dy the objections :
of the statute made and provided. Proceedings “Chief Justice Shaw, in the Supreme Court, were commenced in the aforesaid Court for the this morning, delivered a long and elaborate purpose of revoking the license of said free negro
, opinion, concurred in by the whole Court, that alleging as a cause for revocal, that he had emithe fourteenth section of the Liquor Law, which grated, from Virginia in violation of the statute provides for the seizure and destruction of spirit- mulatto'shall come to the State under any pre
of 1847, which declares that no free negro ar uous liquors kept for sale contrary to law,
tence whatever. A motion was filed moving the constitutional and void.
The Chief Justice, in commencing, was care- Court to dismiss the proceedings, because the ful to say that this decision does not affect the statute of prohibition was unconstitutional and
void—that the statute was enacted in violation validity of other provisions of the statute, various prosecutions under them having, in fact, been of the solemn compact entered into with the Conalready sustained by the Court. He also fully gress of the United States by Missouri, upon her
admission into the Union. admitted the power of the Legislature to provide for the destruction of spirits or other property, by James Carr and W. J. Howell
, Esqs.; Mr.
The question was elaborately and ably argued held for purposes in violation of law. But, he gaid, that the Court considered that this four
Carr contending that the proceedings should be teenth section did not provide such protec. prohibitory statute was constitutional and proper,
sustained, and the license revoked, because the tion against searches and seizures, and such a mode of trial, as the Constitution guaranties. Maj. Howell contended that Missouri was bound The Court considers this section unconstitutional by her own solemn compact and agreement, by
which she had pledged herself never to pass any mainly on the following grounds: 1. That no person was required to be named States of this Union from emigrating to Missouri, 1. That no person was required to be named law prohibiting any citizen of any one
of the in the complaint as the owner or keeper of the and enjoying all the privileges of citizens of like liquor complained against. 2. That the section authorizes the seizure of motion, and dismissed the proceedings, declaring
class in that State The Court sustained the any liquor found on the premises, and not merely that the Legislature had no right to disregard that complained against. 3. That under this section a person might be Missouri in order to be admitted as a State of the
and violate the solemn compact entered into by convicted and fined or imprisoned without any American confederacy; and therefore that the act complaint being made against him setting forth
prohibiting free negroes and mulattoes from emi4. That the section makes no provisions for grating to the State was unconstitutional and void. any trial of the offence of keeping liquor for sale; but authorizes a party to be punished for his offence, on a presumption of guilt, unless he Fear is an infirmity, which if suffered to gain proves himself innocent.
the ascendency, is most enslaving to the mind. This decision is a very important one; but it To secure our children from all unnecessary and should not discourage the friends of temperance. imaginative fears, they should, as far as possi. The other provisions of the statute, which have ble, be guarded from every thing likely to excite already passed the ordeal of the Supreme Court, sudden alarm, or to terrify the imagination. afford powerful and effectual means of suppres- Stories about ghosts, apparitions, extraordinary sing the sale of spirits. Their efficacy has been dreams, and all other gloomy and mysterious already well tested. And this opinion of the tales, should never be named in their presence. Supreme Court itself suggests the mode of pro- How cruel, then, purposely to excite in them viding for searches and seizures of liquor, which false terrors; as by threatening them with "mad shall not be obnoxious to the objections which dog," or "black man who comes for paughty have overwhelmed the fourteenth section of the children,” &c. Or, in order to hinder them from present law. Can we hope for such an amend touching what they ought not, to tell them wit ment of the statute by the present Legislature?" will bite." By such means, they may acquirə
Ind. F. Dem. imaginary terrors, that may accompany them
FEARFULNESS AND FORTITUDE.
through life. For it is a well-known fact, that there are many sensible persons who are slaves through life to the terrors of darkness, in consequence of their having been frightened when children, by the foolish stories of ghosts and apparitions being seen in the dark. Here ghosts and darkness are associated together in child. hood, and impressed by the passion of fear : ard though reason in riper age has pointed out the absurdity, it has not always been able to extirpate the fear.
By guarding children from useless fears, one step is gained towards the cultivation of fortitude; yet another and important one is, to infuse into the system of education a certain portion of resolution and hardihood; to train up those entrusted to us to be inhabitants of a world, in which they are to meet with pain, sickness, dangers, and sorrows; and in which, consequently, self-denial and fortitude are essential. While we wish to avoid every appearance of unkindness and want of feeling, let us not err, by adopting too tender and enervating a system. Let us distinguish, and maintain the distinction, between the wants of nature, and those of imagination; bring up our children as little dependent as possible upon bodily indulgence and luxuries; accustom them to the plainest food, to beds not too soft, airy rooms, and, as far as their constitutions will allow, to hardy habits.
For children to have every thing done for them, tends to enervate the mind, and render them helpless beings, unable to contrive for themselves. The “I can't,” with which children are ápt to reply to commands given them, is rarely to be admitted.
Thine was the wide and open door
To all who served the Lord;
The lovers of his word.
Thy spirit joy'd to tread;
Were in that pathway shed.
Firm in the Master's cause ;
'Mid Zion's threatened wars. An upright pillar in thy day,
The church could justly own The shining of thy noonday ray,
Within her sacred dome. And though upon thy evening brow,
Nature with trembling hand, Had laid those mental powers low
Which age could not remand ; And with the twilight's dimness,
Thy soul hath passed away ; Yet in the spirit's clearness,
Christ was thy guiding ray. The vacant chair but tells us
That sairer scenes of bliss, Await, with pleasures endless,
The soul redeemed from this. And with the sainted ones above,
The rausomed round the throne, Where all is holy light and love,
Hath thy winged spirit flown.
For Friends' Review.
TO THE MEMORY OF HANNAH PAUL.
Not on the scroll of earthly fame,
Nor yet with trumpet sound,
With memory now is found. .
That humble path so bright,
The source of purest light.
Was dedicate to heaven;
The Pledge of Peace was given.
'Mid cares and duties here, That sweetest pleasures ever flow
Where truth is shining clear. Thine was the heart and thine the hand,
By generous deeds to prove, Obedience to the wise command
Of Him whose name is Love.
THE OLD COTTAGE CLOCK.
Was the brightest thing and neatest;
And its chime rang still the sweetest. 'Twas a monitor, too, though its words were few,
Yet they lived, though nations altered ; And its voice, still strong, warned old and young,
When the voice of friendship faltered !
For ten I've given warning ;
You'll never rise soon in the morning!”
As it stood in the corner smiling,
The wintry hours beguiling ;
As it called at daybreak boldly,
And the early air blew coldly; “ Tick, tick," it said_r6 quick, out of bed,
For five I've given warning; You'll never have health, you'll never get wealth,
Unless you're up soon in the morning.”
With a tone that ceases never ;
And the old friends lost for ever!
That warmer beat and younger;
Are clasped on earth no longer!
The grave hath given warning-
And prepare for a heavenly morning!"
Whose voice upon thy spirit's ear,
In softest whispers came, And choicest blessings mingled there, With the great Giver's name.
SUMMARY OF NEWS.
and carrying 155 guns, had been destroyed by the Foreign INTELLIGENCE.—The Royal Mail steam
British ship of war Hermes.
Accounts from Burmah represent the British ship Europa arrived at New York on the 8th inst., flour and cotton had experienced a further de- lao to the 10th, have been received. It is reportbringing Liverpool dates to the 25th ult. Corn, conquests there as in a very insecure state.
PERU.–Valparaiso dates to the 1st ult., and Cal. pression.
ed that Domingo Elias was gaining ground in The Czar has rejected the propositions of the Peru. Tacca and Arica had declared for him, and Western powers. "Immediately on the reception it was rumored he had been otiered the assistance of this news by the British Minister at Paris, he of French and Chilians in taking possession of despatched a courier with the information, by way the Chincha Islands. The yellow fever was ragof the Prussian ports of the Baltic, to Admiral Na-ing at Callao and Lima. Business in Valparaiso pier, in order that he might be prepared to act
was reviving. upon his sealed instructions. The commander of
Harti.- Late accounts from Port au Prince the troops at Revel had required all women to state that on the 5th ult., a French frigate, brig and leave the town, which would probably be bom- steamer anchored off the harbor of that town. barded by the English and French. A force of The French Admiral sent a threatening letter to 27,000 Russians was on the way to Revel to the Emperor, stating that if certain demands therestrengthen the garrison there. The English gov: in contained, were not complied with within 48 ernment had chartered a large number of vessels hours, the French would resort to the most severe to convey troops and munitions to the seat of war.
measures. The Emperor replied, that rather than The first division of the land forces of the French submit to the French Admiral's demands, the sailed from Toulon on the 19th ult. Other divi- Haytian Government should cease to exist. Every sions would speedily follow. Arrangements were means, meantime, were adopted by the Emperor making for the passage of English cavalry through to repel an attack should one be made. On the France. The Paris correspondent of the Chronicle morning after the answer of the Emperor was restates, that on the 15th ult., couriers were sent offceived, the French frigate hoisted the Haytian simultaneously from Paris and London, with des, nag and saluted it, the courage of the Admiral appatches calling upon Austria to join England and parently having quailed before the firmness of the France in carrying into execution against Russia
Emperor. the protocol agreed to, some time since, by the
DOMESTIC-CONGRESS. -- Inthe Senate, on the 5th representatives of the Four Powers at Vienna. The Austrian government has replied that it is inst., a bill was reported for the discovery of conready to sign all the protocols that guarantee the cealed property of bankrupts. Referred to ihe Com
mittee on Finance. On the 6th, the correspondence independence and integrity of Turkey, but it re
on the Kozta case was received and read. The fuses to make any engagement binding itself to act, and reserves to itself full liberty to do what- 7th being private bill day, but little business of ever it may consider advisable for the interests of general interest was transacted. Germany. This is substantially the same answer
House of REPRESENTATIVES.-On the 5th inst., as that received from the Prussian government.
J. R. Chandler presented the memorial of the Sea
lect and Common Councils of Philadelphia, setThe popular feeling in Prussia is strongly in ting forth the inconvenience arising from want of favor of the English and French, and the govern room for the business of the post office, and askment is greatly alarmed at demonstrations of a ing Congress to remedy the evil. In Committee purpose io force it into the war against Russia. of the Whole, the same gentleman made an avle Russia has recognized the neutrality of Sweden, speech against the Nebraska bill. On the 7th, the on the terms insisted on by the latter power. The billestablishing a mail route between New Orleans King desires the strictest maintenance of neutral- and San Francisco, was taken up, but was postity, while the people desire war against Russia. poned, a quorum not being present. The Crown Prince is at the head of the war party.
PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE.- In the Senate, on But little news has been received from the seat the 5th inst., a bill to regulate the granting of liof war. Several engagements between small par-cences in this city, was passed. The general imties of the belligerents have taken place, ending provement bill was also passed. The bill to regenerally in the defeat of the Russians. Omer gulate the sale of intoxicating drinks by grocers, Pacha is to have the general direction of military was passed on the 6th. The bill to prohibit the affairs, both in Europe and Asia. He had remo- sale of intoxicating drinks was taken up, and afved his head-quarters from Shumla to Rustchuck. ter a spirited debate, the Senate voted to insist on
A plot for a rising of the people of Poland has its amendment and appoint a Committee of Conbeen discovered.
ference. Ayes 24, Nays 6. The Greek insurrection has been in a great
On the 7th, the bill to regulate the hours of lameasure suppressed.
bor in factories was taken up, and, after several China.-News from Hong Kong to 1st mo. 20th, amendments passed finally. It prohibits the em. have been received. These accounts state that ployment of minors in factories for a longer period the revolutionary army had approached within than ten hours a day. The bill supplementary to six miles of Pekin, being in possession of a cause the act incorporating the Sunbury and Erie Railway leading directly to Pekin, with no formidable road passed finally. obstacle intervening between them and that city. In the House of Representatives, on the 5th, the The Tartar Emperor had ordered the Imperial Senate liquor bill was non-concurred in. The bill treasures to be removed to Shing-king, and has authorizing the sale of the main line of the public made Monkden his capitol for the present. The works occupied most of the sessions of the 6th, exports of tea and silk are much greater than 7th and 8th. Numerous amendments were prothose of former years.
posed and rejected. A motion to fix the minimum Nineteen piratical junks, manned by 1200 men price at $11,000,000, was agreed to on the 8th.
FRIENDS REVIEW. F '
A RELIGIOUS, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS JOURNAL.
PHILADELPHIA, FOURTH MONTH 22, 1854.
EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.
istics of the Christian dispensation, in its native simplicity and purity, rose gradually before him.
As he travelled onward in his experience, he PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS,
found that what was from time to time unfolded No. 50 North Fourth Street,
to his mind was in the fullest harmony with PHILADELPHIA.
Holy Writ. Many things in the so-called reliPrice two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,
gious world now appeared to him in a new light, or six copies for ten dollars.
and grieved in spirit with its multiplied corrupPostage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly tions, he felt himself required by a divine imin advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 pulse to proclaim to others the Truth which he cents per annum in other States.
had found to the blessedness of his own soul.
His great mission, was not to found a sect, but SAMUEL TUKE'S INTRODUCTION
to speak truth to all, and to call all out of every FOX'S EPISTLES. *
untruth to the knowledge for themselves, of George Fox had received very little scholastic Him, who is the Truth. The acknowledgment instruction, but he possessed a mind of no ordi- of Christ with the lip as a divine person, and the nary powers, cultivated too, in a particular direc- talking about faith in Him, and of his various tion, in a very remarkable manner. The true offices were prevalent enough in many circles ; knowledge of God, not as an intellectual specu- but the true belief in Him with the heart unto lation, but as that which gives rest to the awa- righteousness—the acceptance of Him as the kened conscience, was the great object of his only Lord of the soul, and dependence upon Him longing search from youth to manhood; and in for continual guidance by his Spirit—these were this search his almost constant companion was things which appeared to George Fox sadly dethe Bible. There he conversed with Patriarchs ficient in his day. and Prophets, with the Lord Jesus and his As the work of the Holy Spirit on the soul of Apostles, till he became most intimately imbued man, is the great means by which it is stimuwith the contents of the Holy Scriptures. But, lated and enabled to resist the world, the flesh, though every word of inspiration was precious to and the devil, so had all these powers combined him, his great desire was to know the mind of to stultify its authority and to give the name of the spirit--the true harmony of the various parts Christianity to the dogmas or appointments of of the divine records. He conversed extensively men, or too much to limit divine power to the with esteemed religious teachers of various agency of the inspired letter which the wisdom classes, but he found they were no physicians in of man was so able to bend to its own purposes,
More and more, he was brought with but which his unassisted wisdom was wholly unchild-like submissiveness to look to Christ as his able truly to unfold. He saw that the corruponly helper: and thus, after a course of deep tions of the Christian Church had always been spiritual discipline, his eye was opened more indicated by the increase of dependence upon fully to see in the light of the Holy Spirit, the man, in the work of religion-"the priests of old character of his Saviour, and to rejoice in him time ruled by their means, and the people loved exceedingly.
to have it so.” These words appeared to him Having partaken largely of the spiritual bap- descriptive of a great human tendency, forming tism of his Lord, many divine truths were opened part of those lusts of the flesh, against which the upon his mind with great clearness. Unshackled Holy Spirit ever warreth, and he spake much of from human ties, and from all the religious sys- that divine light given to man, by which the intems of men, the great elements and character-ward working of these lusts was manifested, and
of that inward warfare with the soul's enemies, * A part of this introduction was inserted in the in which every one must be a soldier for himself, fourth number of the second volume, but as that num- under Christ his Captain-denouncing all those ber was issued more than five years ago, and a large arts which he saw to be so prevalent, by which portion of our present subscribers have come in since that date, it is hoped that the repetition will not be man was persuaded that he could gain the crown, deemed impertinent.
without enlisting under the banner of the cross.
Man's alienation by nature from God, and his creature. You must instruct and teach your Inreluctance to come to Him in truth, notwith- dians and negroes and all others, that Christ by standing the drawings of his love, and the free the grace of God tasted death for every man, and offers of his mercy in Christ, the propitiation for gave himself a ransom for all men to be testified the sins of the world, were the basis of his ap- in due time; and is the propitiation for the sins peals. He was eminently a preacher of the free of the whole world.” grace of God to all who repent, and who, in sub- The same enlarged views are evinced in his jection to his Spirit, truly come unto Christ. The letters to the friends who, from being engaged in experimental work of the Spirit in bringing the a seafaring life, had become captives on the soul in living faith to Christ as its Lord and coast of Africa. He wishes them to acquire the Saviour, was indeed the great theme of his min- language of the Turks, that they might be able istry; it was that which he felt himself called to to communicate to them the glad tidings of salurge upon all, that the foundation might be vation, by speaking, and by translating books sound, and the superstructure solid.
into their language. The horrors even of AlgerWe do not hesitate then to say, however ig- ine slavery appear to have been lessened in bis norant George Fox might be of many things view, by the hope that it might be the means of which rank high in the worldly scale, he was a good to the captors. It seems that the captives scribe well instructed, and that he was eminently were allowed to meet together for the purpose of qualified to know of Christ's doctrine, by an ex- divine worship. George Fox exhorts them to emplary obedience and devotion to his will, and the firm support of their Christian testimony, by an humble reliance upon his all-sufficient aid. and in one letter observes : “I think you
have “He had,” says William Penn,“ an extraordi- more liberty to meet there than we have here, nary gift in opening the Scriptures. He would for they keep us out of our meetings, and cast us go to the marrow of things, and show the mind, into prison, and spoil our goods." harmony, and fulfilling of them, with much
(To be continued.) plainness, and great comfort and edification."
The writings of such a man are an object of Account of BENJAMIN HART COLEBY, of Holy. interest to the serious professor of religion of any bourne, Alton, an Elder, who died 12th month name; but they have a peculiar and strong claim
Oth, 1852, in the 70th year of his age. to attention from the members of that Society, This humble-minded and retiring Christian which he was instrumental in forming. The appeared through life a consistent member of Epistles now presented to the reader exhibit this our Society, endeavoring to be exemplary in good man in one uniform character, that of a maintaining our testimonies. Whilst engaged in Christian Apostle, ever laboring to promote business, he studied to promote the comfort of "glory to God in the highest-peace on earth— the young people in his establishment, and to and good will to man.' With what zeal he extend a watchful care over them; at the same watched over every part of that flock of which he time, it was evidently his concern to watch over was more peculiarly a shepherd, will appear, from himself, and rightly to discipline his own mind. these pastoral letters. But his Christian love A few extracts from his journal will justify these and zeal were not confined by any sectarian remarks, and shew, in some degree, his religious boundaries; they extended to every part of the feelings, and the source from whence he derived human family : and many of the letters evince a his strength for the labors and the trials of his great desire for the extension of Christ's king- path. dom in the heathen world. He had himself Eleventh month 27th, 1826. “Went to pay been in the West Indies and North America, in a charitable visit to a poor old woman, and found both which countries the instruction of the Afri- her removed. Intended to have gone two or can slaves in the great truths of the Gospel, and three evenings before, but made excuses to ms. the improvement of their condition, deeply in- self for deferring. May I remember it hereafter terested him.
-not to delay doing good till it is too late. ToThe state of the Indians also claimed much of wards the close of meeting to-day, favored with his attention. Looking upon the Gospel of a little rising of mental supplication for best Christ as adapted to the spiritual wants of man help. May this be more and more striven after universally, his letters to bis friends in America in all our meetings, and a watchful care be kept show how desirous he was that the Indians up against the intrusion of wandering imaginashould be instructed in the truths of Christianity. tions. ?he want of civilization does not appear to have Eleventh month 21th, 1827. « Much tried occurred to him as an objection to the instruc- with the state of business, the consequence of tion of the Indians, in " that way wherein the vigorous opposition. Although it appears to rewayfuring man thongh a fool need not err." quire an increase of active exertion, yet may I "All Friends everywhere,” says he, "all that endeavor to guard against my mind being too hare Indians or Blacks, are to preach the Gospel much absorbed and tried with it, but simply en to them and other servants, if they be true Chris- deavor, day by day, to do what seems best, and tians; for the Gospel was to be preached to every leare any anxious care about the future. Ac