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remove the sacred landmark, and open the vast | formed that human anomaly—a Northern man domain to Slavery. To you is committed this with Southern principles. Such men cannot great prerogative. Our fathers on the eve of the speak for the North. Revolution, set forth in burning words, among Mr. President, this bill is proposed as a meatheir grievances, that George III., “in order to sure of peace. In this way you vainly think to keep open a market where men should be bought withdraw the subject of slavery from National and sold, had prostituted his negative for sup- politics. This is a mistake. Peace depends on mupressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or tual confidence. It can never rest secure on restrain this execrable commerce." Like the broken faith and injustice. And, permit me to English monarch, you may now prostitute your say, frankly, sincerely and earnestly, that the power to this same purpose. But you cannot subject of slavery can never be withdrawn from escape the judgment of the world nor the doom the National politics, until we return once more of history.

to the original policy of our fathers, at the first It will be in vain that, while doing this thing, organization of the Government, under Washingyou plead, in apology, the principle of self go-ton, when the National ensign nowhere on the vernment, which you profess to recognize in the National territory covered a single slave. Territories. This very principle, when truly ad- Slavery, which our fathers branded as an ministered, secures equal rights to all, without “ evil,” å curse," an “enormity," "a nefarious distinction of color or race, and makes Slavery institution," is condemned at the North by the impossible. By no rule of justice, and by no strongest convictions of the reason and the best subtlety of political metaphysics, can the right to sentiments of the heart. It is the only subject hold a fellow man in bondage be regarded as es- within the field of National politics which excites sential to self government. The inconsistency is any real interest. It belongs to all times and to too flagrant. It is apparent on the bare state all countries. Though long kept in check, it now, ment. In the name of Liberty you open the by your introduction, confronts the people de. door to Slavery. With professions of equal rights manding to be heard. To every man in the land on the lips, you trample on the rights of human it says, with clear penetrating voice, "Are you nature. With a kiss upon the brow of that for Freedom or are you for Slavery?” And evefair Territory, you betray it to wretchedness and ry man in the land must answer this question sorrow. Well did the ancient exclaim in bitter when he votes. words, wrung out by bitter experience: “Oh Pass this bill and it will be in vain that you Liberty! what crimes are done in thy name !" say the Slavery question is settled. Nothing can

In vain you will plead that this measure pro- be settled which is not right. Nothing can be ceeds from the North, as has been suggested by settled, which is adverse to Freedom. God, the Senator from Kentucky. Even if this were nature and, above all, the holy sentiments of the so, it would be no apology. But precipitated as heart, repudiate any such false seeming sentithis bill has been upon the Senate, at a moment ments. of general calm, and in the absence of controlling It is not uncommon to hear


declare exigency, and then hurried to a vote in advance that they are against Slavery, and are willing to of the public voice, as if fearful of arrest, it can- unite in any practical efforts to make this opponot be justly said to be the offspring of any popu- sition felt. At the same time they pharisaically lar sentiment. In this respect it differs widely visit with condemnation, with reproach or confrom the Missouri Compact, which, after solemn tempt, the earnest souls who for years have striven debate, extending through two sessions of Con. in this struggle. To such I would say—could I gress, and ample discussions before the people, reach them now with my voice—if you are sinwas adopted. Certainly there is, as yet, no evi- cere in what you declare; if your words are not dence that this measure, though supported by merely lip service; if in your hearts you are enNorthern men, proceeds from the Northern sen- tirely willing to join in any practical efforts timent which is to be found strong and fresh in against Slavery then by your lives, by your conthe schools, the churches and homes of the peo- versation, by your influence, by your votes—disple

. Could this proposition be now submitted to regarding " the ancient forms of party strife”— the millions of the North for their decision, it seek to carry the principles of freedom into the would be rejected by an overwhelming voice. National Government, where its jurisdiction is It is one of the melancholy tokens of the pow- acknowledged, and its power can be felt

. Thus, er of Slavery, under our political system, and es without any interference with the States which pecially through the operations of the National are beyond this jurisdiction, may you help to Government, that it loosens and destroys the erase the blot of slavery from our national brow. character of Northern men, even at a distance. Do this and you will most truly promote the Those principles, which constitute the individual- harmony which you so much desire. You will ity of the Northern character, which render it establish tranquillity throughout the country. staunch, strong and seaworthy, which bind it to- Then, at last, the Slavery question will be settled. gether as with iron, are drawn out, one by one, Banished from its usurped foothold under the and from the miserable loosened fragments is National Government, Slavery will no longer

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enter, with distracting force, into the National ing and satisfactory. The report of the commitpolitics—making and unmaking laws, making tee on Indian concerns was also read, from which and unmaking Presidents. Confined to the States it appears that the small boarding school opened where it was left by the Constitution, it will take on the farm at Tunessassa, was necessarily susits place as a local institution, if, alas ! continue it pended during a part of last year, in consequence must, for which we are in no sense responsible, of an epidemic which prevailed in the neighborand against which we cannot justly exert any po- hood, and proved fatal to a number of the natives. litical power. We shall be relieved from our present painful and irritating connection with it. The committee have been deprived of the valuaThe existing antagonism between the North and ble services of Susanna L. Wood, the efficient South will be softened ; crimination and recrim- female head of the family to which the charge of ination will cease ; the wishes of the fathers will this Seminary was entrusted; she being removed be fulfilled, and the great evil be left to the kind-by death in the month last. Since the rely influences of morals and religion, and the storation of the health of the neighborhood, the great laws of social economy.

school has been resumed, and the native children

appear to be making satisfactory progress in their FRIENDS' REVIEW.

learning. PHILADELPHIA, FOURTH MONTH 29, 1854.

The report on the subject of distilled spirituous

liquors, informs us that within eight of the quarPHILADELPHIA YEARLY MEETING.

ters, it was ascertained that fifty-four of our memIn our last number, the proceedings of this bers had, to some extent, used this pernicious arbody were given no further than the evening of ticle as a drink; and four others had given it for the 17th inst.

that purpose to their workmen. In two of the On Third day, the 18th, the meeting proceeded, quarters no cases of the kind have been disaccording to the usual course, to the reading and covered. The subject was again recommended consideration of the queries, with the answers to the serious attention of Quarterly and Monthly thereto from the constituent Quarterly Meetings. Meetings. A number of communications in relation to the

By the report on education, it appears that we various important testimonies which the Society have within the limits of our Yearly Meeting 1440 of Friends has long professed to support, were children of suitable ages to attend school, nearly offered to the consideration of the assembly. all of whom are in the way of receiving literary Among these subjects, the needless expense fre- instruction, either at West-town, in family schools, quently incurred in the interment of the dead, in seminaries under the control of Friends, or in and the incongruity of a vain ostentation with the public district schools of their respective the solemnity which ought to accompany the neighborhoods. Meetings are requested to furperformance of this last act of duty to relatives nish accounts next year of the number of children and friends, being particularly adverted to, a of ages suitable to attend schools, and of the mansmall committee was verbally appointed to pre-ner in which they are disposed of. pare a suitable minute of admonition and advice

On Fifth day, meetings for worship being held to our members and subordinate meetings, in- in the morning, the report of the committee citing to a due regard to the plainness and sim- charged with the oversight of the boarding school plicity, in this respect, which becomes our reli- at West-town was read in the afternoon, exhibitgious profession, and to the advice heretofore given. ing a satisfactory and encouraging account of the At a subsequent period the same committee was condition and prospects of that interesting institucharged with the preparation of a minute impres- tion. The committee proposed the extension of sing upon our members the importance of our the vacation, both in the spring and autumn, to testimony in support of a free gospel ministry, in four weeks, which was agreed to by the Yearly the maintenance of which our primitive Friends Meeting, the change to take place at the close of so deeply yet courageously suffered. On a later the summer session. day this committee presented to the meeting a A memorial of Evesham Monthly Meeting reminute on each of these subjects, which were specting Hinchman Hains, was read, and directadopted and directed to be printed for distributioned to be recorded. among our members.

On Sixth day, epistles in return to those which On Fourth day, the minutes of the Meeting for were read on Second day, being produced by the Sufferings were read, and their proceedings ap- committee appointed for that service, were read proved. The prompt attention of that body to the and adopted. After which the Meeting came to movement in Congress, in relation to the pro- a comfortable close between one and two o'clock. posed admission of Slavery into the territory west The meeting of women Friends concluded near of Missouri, appeared to be particularly interest-'the same time.


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MARRIED,-On the 13th inst., at Friends' Meet- DIED, -At Williamsburg, on the 13th ult., MARing, at Plainfield, Hendricks county, Indiana, THA Green, in the 74th year of her age; a memELIJAH MENDENHALL, of Thornton, Ind., to Eliza- ber of New York Monthly Meeting. BETH HARVEY, of the former place.

At his residence, in Springboro, Warren On the 6th inst., at Friends' Meeting, county, Ohio, on the 17th ult., MICAJAH BUTLER, Rush Creek, Park county, Ind., NATHAN LINDLEY aged 19 years; a member of Springboro Monthly to SusannAH HARVEY, daughter of Levi Harvey, Meeting. deceased, both of Rush Creek Monthly Meeting. On the 13th ult., at Friends' Meeting

WESTGROVE BOARDING-SCHOOL, House, Richland, Keokuk county, Iowa, Moses

FOR GIRLS. Mendeshall, of 'Spring Creek, Mahaska county, /(Located at old Westgrove Meeting-house, Chester Co.) Iowa, to Neta Hadley, of Richland.

This School will be opened on the 1st of Fifth

month next, and continue in session 20 weeks. DIED, -At his residence, in Fountain county, It is designed to furnish an opportunity to young Indiana, on the 19th of Third month last, John women for acquiring economically a competent LINDLEY, in the 75th year of his age; a member English education. Attention will be given to the of Rush Creek Monthly Meeting of Friends. preservation of health, the general cultivation and

Suddenly, at the residence of Isaac H. discipline of mind, and a concern exercised to Towel, Parke county, Indiana, on the 16th of inculcate principles and habits in accordance Twelfth month last, Jesse Lindley, son of the with the views of the Society of Friends. above named John Lindley, aged about 50 years;

For particulars containing other necessary ina member of Rush Creek Monthly Meeting:

formation, apply to

THOMAS CONARD, Principal. On the 8th inst., at her residence, in Westgrove P. O., Chester county, Pa. Weare, N. H., Mary Buxton, in the 69th year of Fourth mo. 29th, 1854. her age ; a worthy elder of Weare Monthly Meeting of Friends. In life humble and unassuming, HAVERFORD SCHOOL ASSOCIATION. at the approach of death quiet and happy.

The Stated Annual Meeting of the Haverford In this city, on the 11th inst., after an ill. School Association will be held at the Committee ness of one week, in the 75th year of his age, Room, Arch street Meeting House, on Second Josepa Howell, a much beloved Friend, and mem- day, at 4 o'clock, P. M., Fifth month 8th, 1854. ber of the Southern District Monthly Meeting.

CHARLES Ellis, Secretary.

4th mo. 29th, tf. At her residence, in Farnham, Canada East, on the 7th inst., in the 430 year of her age,

HAVERFORD SCHOOL. Rachel H., wife of Henry Jewell, and daughter

THE SUMMER TERM will commence on Fourth of Nathan C. Hoag; a member of Farnham Monthly Meeting.

day the 10th of Fifth month next. Applications This dear friend endured the pains and suffer- for admission may be addressed to Jonathan Richings of a protracted and very trying illness with ards, Superintendent, at the School, or to instructive patience and resignation to the divine

CHARLES YARNALL, will. Her affections being much separated from

Secretary of the Board of Managers, the things of earth and placed on things above,

3d mo. 25-tf. 39 Market. St. Philadelphia she was favored to feel a soul-sustaining evi

WANTED. dence, that through the merits of her adorable Redeemer, a rich inheritance of immortal life The committee having charge of Friends' Eswould be abundantly granted her. In early child- tablishment among the Shawnee Indians, are dehood she gave evidence of religious thoughtful- sirous of employing two young men to labor on ness, and being of an amiable and affectionate the farm, (practical farmers are desirable.) disposition, she was a comfort to her parents by They also want to engage a teacher in the School, her filial attachment and dutiful attention to their and a female to assist in the family; a middle counsels and instruction. Possessing an active aged man and his wife for teacher and assistant and vigorous mind and very benevolent disposi- in the family would be preferable. Application tion, she was greatly endeared to her family and to be made to Simon Hadley, or John Hadley, Jr., friends, by whom the bereavement is deeply felt. Sligo, Clinton County, Ohio, who will give any inAt his residence, near Glen's Falls, in and of religious experience are desirable.

formation necessary. Friends of good character, Queensbury, Warren county, N. Y., on the 10th of Third month last, ROGER HAVILAND, aged 89 years; a member of Queensbury Monthly Meet- EDWARD DAVIS, THE SALT WATER FUGITIVE. ing. During a painful illness he manifested much A circumstance has recently transpired which patience and resignation to the divine will, imparting much good counsel and advice to those presents the fugitive slave law of 1850 in a light around him, entreating them to be faithful in the

particularly odious. attendance of Meetings, and to live closely to the

We are informed that the steamer Keystone law and the testimony, and through abundant State, which trades between this city and Savanmercy he was enabled to testify that he saw no- nah, in Georgia, on her return from the latter thing in his way.

place about the middle of last month, was discovOn the 5th ult., Anna, wife of John How- ered, nearly twenty four hours after leaving the ard, in the 37th year of her age; an elder of Rich- port, to contain, in a very dangerous and exposed land Monthly Meeting, Iowa.

situation, a black man who had concealed


himself there for the purpose of effecting a pas-, advice, who advised that the prisoner should be sage to a free State. The commander of the set at liberty. The second affidavit was then steamer, Captain Hardie, put into New Castle, brought forward, accompanied with a threat, that Delaware, and lodged the poor man in jail, either in case Davis was discharged a warrant for his with a view of carrying him back to Georgia, or arrest would be procured from another magistrate; to await the demand of his supposed but unknown under these circumstances the poor man was master.

again remanded to prison. The name of this singular adventurer it appears On the 15th inst., the case was brought before is Edward Davis, a native of this city, about thir- Commissioner Guthrie of New Castle, William ty-seven years of age. The account given is that Dean of Georgia having put in his claim to Davis

, in the autumn of 1851 he left Philadelphia for not as a fugitive from justice, the ostensible plea the interior of the State, but in the course of his for his detention in prison, but as his fugitive peregrinations, arrived at Havre de Grace, which slave, the claimant being represented by G. B. lies a short distance south of Mason and Dixon's Rodney ; and J. C. Groom of Elkton, and John line, and there engaged as a jobber with a man Wales of Wilmington, appearing on behalf of the who kept a grocery store. While thus employ- prisoner. ed he was arrested by a constable, and charged The claim being made and supported by such with a breach of the law which prohibits free co- evidence as could be produced, the counsel for lored persons from coming into the State. For the defence clearly demonstrated the irregularity this imputed offence he was fined twenty dollars, of the proceedings on which the claim of ownerand being unable to pay the fine, was imprisoned ship was founded, and showed that Davis could until the cost of fine and fees amounted to fifty not be a slave in Georgia as a penalty for breakdollars. He was ordered to be sold for the pay- ing a law of Maryland. According to the pubment of this fine; but instead of being sold lished account it appears that Rodney admitted for a limited time, as the law seems to contem- that the proceedings were apparently very irreguplate, he was sold at the jail door, without being lar, “ go much so, that probably Ned would be

, , so produced, and an inhabitant of Louisiana became entitled to his freedom on a proper trial ;" but the purchaser

. He was taken out of jail during his client could not be exposed to the hardship the night and transferred to Campbell's slave pen of coming eight hundred miles to vindicate his in Baltimore, where he was employed several title to his property, or answer the objections to months, being told that he was working out his the previous title. fine and jail fees. After about six months de- This argument, if argument it can be called, tention there, he was taken handcuffed to Wash- implies that a man of property in Georgia, claimington, and eventually shipped off and sold to ing the bones and sinews of a man, then in New William A. Dean, of Macon, Georgia. During Castle, though that claim is clearly destitute of the time he remained in Georgia, he seems to legal foundation; must not be subjected to the have been very severely tasked, so that he was trouble of vindicating his confessedly unfounded more than once nearly broken down. While demand here where the intended victim of bis working on a rail road he was allowed a peck of avarice can enjoy the advantage of witnesses comIndian meal, four pounds of bacon, and one quart petent to prove his freedom; but the poor of molasses a week; being obliged at night to cook trembling creature must be sent those eight his provision for the ensuing day. On the 12th hundred miles, a distance quite as great for Edof last month he eloped from Macon and made ward Davis as for William Dean to traverse, to his way to Savannah, and in the evening conceal- vindicate his claim to the possession of himself

, ed himself under the wheel house of the steamer. in a State where his color is presumptive eri

On the 21st of last month, Davis' case was dence of slavery ; and where his witnesses canbrought before John Bradford, Justice of Peace, not accompany him without incurring an expense at New Castle, when several witnesses from Phila- which he is in no condition to meet. delphia were present, and their testimony con- After perusing the preceding statements, the clusively proved the freedom of the prisoner. reader will no doubt expect to learn that Davis One witness had known him from the time he was

was triumphantly declared free ; but, alas! the two years old ; another had known him for eleven Commissioner appears to have felt himself bound or twelve years; and another had been acquaint- by the law of 1850—a law emanating from a ed with him at least nine years. These witnesses government avowedly instituted to establish juswere all white persons. On this testimony the tice, promote the general welfare, and secure the magistrate discharged him. But the arrival of blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity Captain Hardie before Davis left the office, to adopt a different conclusion. He decided

changed the face of affairs. He appears to have that he had no right to go behind the record as made two affidavits; one expressing his belief, not it came from Georgia. This decision was doubthis knowledge, that Davis was a fugitive slave; less founded on the 10th section, which is in the and the other that he believed him to be a fugi. following words: tive from justice. Upon the first affidavit the

“That when any person held to service or magistrate applied to Chief Justice Booth for his labor

in any State or Territory, or in the District

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of Columbia, shall escape therefrom, the party to , true or false, must be paramount. This law, if whom such service or labor shall be due, his, her, that is its meaning, is unquestionably unconstior their agent or attorney, may apply to any tutional. The convention of 1787 never intendcourt of record therein, or judge thereof in va- ed to grant any such authority to the possessors cation, and make satisfactory proof to such court, or claimants of slaves. Nor did the convention or judge in vacation, of the escape aforesaid, and that formed the constitution, or the States that that the person escaping owed service or labor to ratified it, grant such authority. The article on

such party. Whereupon, the court shall cause whích this fugitive law is ostensibly founded, Elias

a record to be made of the matters so proved, and is rather negative than affirmative in its provi-
also a general description of the person so escap- sions. The States were prohibited from enact-
ing, with such convenient certainty as may be; ing any law which shall give freedom to a slave,
and a transcript of such record, authenticated by legally held as such, escaping into their jurisdic-
the attestation of the clerk and of the seal of the tion; but there is nothing therein, which requires
said court, being produced in any other State, the surrender of an alleged fugitive, until con-
Territory, or District, in which the person so clusive proof has been produced that the person
escaping may be found, and being exhibited to claimed, does actually owe service or labor to
any judge, commissioner, or other officer author. the claimant, under the laws of the State from
ized by the law of the United States to cause which he or she escaped. And this proof must
persons escaping from service or labor to be be exhibited where the person claimed is found.

shall be held and taken to be full

E. L.
and conclusive evidence of the fact of escape, and
that the service or labor of the person escaping
is due to the party in such record mentioned.
And upon the production by the said party of

A slight consideration of the subject must other and further evidence, if necessary, either satisfy every mind, that in order to rid the counoral or by affidavit, in addition to what is con- try of this formidable power, which continually tained in the said 'record, of the identity of the endangers its peace, and constitutes the only experson escaping, he or she shall be delivered up isting drawback upon its prosperity, it is necesto the claimant. And the said court, commis- sary to confine it within certain assigned boundsioner, judge, or other person authorized by this aries—and as Congress has no right to interfere act to grant certificates to claimants of fugitives, with any institution sanctioned by State authority, shall

, upon the production of the record and those boundaries cannot be less extensive than other evidences aforesaid, grant to such claimant the States where slavery already prevails. But a certificate of his right to take any such person to those States it may be confined. The comidentified and proved to be owing service or labor promise of 1820 being repealed, the North ought as aforesaid, which certificate shall authorize such to insist that slave shall tread the soil of any claimant to seize or arrest and transport such territory where Congress has control.

person to the State or Territory from which he By thus limiting the sphere of its operation, a dre escaped ; Provided, That nothing herein con- fatal blow will be given to slavery. In compe

tained shall be construed as requiring the pro-tition with the industry and labor of the free
duction of a transcript of such record as evidence States, it can exist only by extension.
as aforesaid. But in its absence, the claim shall It is to be observed, that the institution is not
be heard and determined upon other satisfactory to be abolished, by enterprises from without, but
proofs, competent in law.”

by influences operating at home, and affecting
If this is the necessary construction of this private interest and public opinion.
law, nothing more would appear necessary to The principles of religion, humanity and moral-
authorize the seizure and delivery to a Southern ity can do little to ameliorate the condition of the
claimant, in any free state, of any colored person slave, or advance the work of emancipation.
there, than to procure a record from a Southern Every sentiment natural to the human bosom is
Court, or judge in vacation, stating that proof modified by the institution. Religion comprom-
had been made that a certain described person ises with it, and its narcotic power puts conscience
owed service or labor to the claimant, and had to sleep.
escaped therefrom, the proof of owing such ser- Morality is relaxed by it, and tolerates all its
vice and the escape therefrom, being founded on corruptions.
the oath of the claimant; and then to produce Humanity, enured to it by repeated outrages,
evidence before a Commissioner of the United loses its sensibility, and forgets that men and
States where the intended victim may be found, women, with black skins, have either nerves or
that he or she is the fugitive described in the re- souls.
cord. If the Commissioner cannot go behind Its influences pervert the judgment, blunt the
the record, the falsehood or perjury by which feelings, and harden the heart.
that record may be procured cannot be inquired It creates an atmosphere that blights and

, neither can any proof of the freedom of the withers all that is sweet in life, and all that is alleged fugitive be available. The record whether I lovely in character.

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