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money will not be needed till the machinery is and in any required number, may be raised with ready for delivery, which will not probably be much less trouble and expense than in this counsooner than two months after an order shall be try, such as beeves or bullocks, cows, sheep, given for it. Address, Geo. W. Taylor, Box 777 goats, swine, geese, turkeys, ducks and chickens; Post Office, Philadelphia.
besides, numerous kinds of wild game, including Signed on behalf of the Board of Managers.
deer of several varieties, are very plentiful; also, SAMUEL Rhoads, Sec'y.
a variety of excellent fish abounds in the rivers;
so that no industrious man need apprehend any Philadelphia, 4mo. 18th, 1854.
difficulty in gathering enough animal as well as
vegetable food. To the industrious agriculturist, Report of the Select Committee of the House of therefore, Liberia offers an inviting home-a
Representatives of Pennsylvania, on the Sub- home in which all the necessaries, and many of ject of Colonization.
the luxuries of life, may be produced with much Mr. Hunsecker, from the select committee to less labur than in this country. whom was referred the resolution to inquire into The climate of Liberia is, on the whole, the expediency of reporting a bill providing for healthful, pleasant, and well adapted to the conan appropriation to the Pennsylvania Coloniza stitution of the negro. The extremes of the tion Society, to be expended in the removal of thermometrical state of the atmosphere may be free colored persons from Pennsylvania to the set down at sixty-five and ninety degrees. The colony of Liberia, in Africa, submitted the fol- average height of the mercury during the rainy lowing report:
season, is about seventy-six, and during the dry Your committee have had the subject under season about eighty-four degrees. The meat consideration, and in view of its great importance temperature for the year is about eighty degrees. to the happiness of the colored population of this The only recognised division of the year into Commonwealth, have given it more than ordi- seasons is the wet or rainy, and the dry season.
During the half of the year commencing with It is of the first importance to know what in- May, much more rain falls than during the other ducements Liberia presents to the statesman and half, commencing with Norember. As a genephilanthropist, to aid and urge the colored people ral rule, however, it may be stated that some rain among us to emigrate thither, to enjoy civil and falls during every month in the year, and in every social liberty and equality. Liberia does not con- month there is some fine, clear, pleasant weather. sist, as some suppose, of arid plains and burning Liberia is the land of promise to the black sands, but of hills and valleys covered with the man. During the last thirty three-years many verdure of perpetual spring, presenting to the negroes have emigrated to Africa from all parts eye of the observer, as viewed from the highest of this country, and have enjoyed a remarkable points of land in the vicinity of the ocean, the exemption from sickness and death ; their ag. appearance of a deep unbroken forest, with hill- gregate mortality per annum for the whole length top rising above hill-top towards the vast in- of time being only about five per centum, and terior. The country is well watered by many for the last ten years less than four per centum, beautiful streams, the banks of some of which at once demonstrating their entire adaptedness present encouraging scenes of agricultural in- to that region and work. dustry.
Manufactures in Africa, according to modern The soil of Liberia, like that of other countries, improvements, are yet in their infancy. Yet it varies in appearance, quality and productiveness. is astonishing what a degree of ingenuity the There is, however, no poor land in Liberia, and natives display in their numerous manufactured most of it is very rich, not surpassed perhaps by articles—such a knowledge of mechanics as to any other country in the world.
agreeably surprise all who have heard of, or been Among the numerous agricultural products of privileged to behold their handiwork. Iron ore the colony, we may specify as exportable articles, is found in Africa in immense quantities, and rice, coffee, cotton, sugar, arrow-root, ginger, from it are made, by the untaught natives, vapepper, all of which can be raised in quantity and rious ornamental and useful articles, such as quality, not surpassed by similar products in any spears, arrows, knives, armlets, bracelets, &e, other country. Indian corn, or maize, grows They are exceedingly skilful in the tanning and very well on some lands, not so well, however, as manufacture of leather. Their mats for table use, in some parts of the United States. A great bags for carrying various materials, and baskets variety of fruits grow luxuriantly and plenti- of all sizes and descriptions, are wrought with fully, some of which are the pine-apple, lime, great symmetry and beauty from sea-grass and orange, papaw, coacoa-nut, tamarind, the plan- the leaves of their innumerable and useful trees tain and the banana, the former of which is one and plants ; the palm tree, says a traveller, is of the most luscious and wholesome fruits in the applied by them to three hundred and sixty-five vegetable kingdom, easily cultivated, and afford- uses. Huts are thatched with palm leaves, its ing an excellent and nutritious article of food. fibres are used for fishing tackle, a rough cloth is
a Domesticated animals of every necessary kind, I made from the inner bark, the fruit is roasted
and is excellent, the oil serves for butter, the the foundation of this independent nation of copalm wine is a favorite drink.
lored freemen among their own race of one hunYour committee regret that they have not been dred and sixty millions of people. able to lay their hands upon any late statistics, The face of the country of Liberia, her soil, showing the aggregate value of the commerce of natural fertility, rivers, natural scenery, climate, Liberia. There arrived from June 20th to Sep- civil and social institutions, manufactures, and tember 30th, 1851, at the port of Monrovia, commercial advantages, are such, that your comtwenty-five ships, brigs, schooners, steam vessels, mittee have no hesitancy in recommending the &c.; and departed sixteen. The principal ex- young Republic to the favorable consideration of ports consist of palm oil, camwood, ivory, and the people of Pennsylvania. Malagetta pepper. The young Republic, though
The Objects of Colonization. weak and feeble as it now is, will hereafter direct and control, to a vast extent, the commerce of 1st. To practically demonstrate the capacity the Western coast of Africa ;' the rich products of the colored man for self-government, and for of that immense tract of country lying interior of independent, çivil nationality. This has been Liberia, will find their way out through her ports, realized by the establishment and prosperity of and as the natives rise in the scale of being, and the Republic of Liberia in Western Africa. begin to appreciate the blessings and feel the 2d. To fully break up and destroy the African wants consequent on civilization, they will slave trade. This, to a great extent, has been through some channel obtain the products and done, and is still being done, by planting and exmanufactures of other countries. Her posi- tending social, civil and Christian colonies of free tion on the coast, and her relation to foreign colored people, from this country, on the Western nations necessarily confer upon her this advan- coast of Africa. tage. What a market is here opened for the 3d. To introduce civilization and Christianity sale of our manufactures ? Who can rightly into Africa, and thereby promote the redemption calculate the amount of employment it would of that vast continent and long and deeply deafford the operatives and workmen of our own graded race, by the instrumentality of her own land to clothe Africa's 160,000,000 of inhabi- exiled children, going there from this country. tants, and the enormous trade which it could af. This missionary work of African colonization has ford us in the luxuries, and what we consider the been most efficient and successful. necessaries of life, from its prolific tropical soil ? Commerce is the great agent upon which all co
4th. To secure a home for the free colored lonization must depend. It is the civilizer of people of the United States, where they may promankind; emigration is one of its collaterals, not in the highest sense. This has been accomplished;
, its principal object.
The Republic of Liberia now extends from and, perhaps, there is no place on earth to-day
where the colored man, in so high and rich a de-
5th. To present a social, civil and moral argu-
1st. Between six and eight hundred miles of tained that the produce of a cultivated acre is sea coast of Western Africa have been secured more than enough to support a man.
to the Republic from the native tribes, and this The population of the African Commonwealth, territory extending interior from fifty to one including natives, is about two hundred thousand hundred miles. souls. There it stands, a monument of the wisdom 2d. Many of the native population have taken of its pioneer friends in America, populated and the oath of fealty to the government, while many governed by blacks, from its chief magistrate tens of thousands have bound themselves, by down to the humblest officer, with churches, treaty, wholly to abandon the slave trade and huschools, good laws, the press, and all the blessings man sacrifice, and thus are brought in contact of civilization. There are few events, in this with and under the influence of a civilized governstirring age, more full of absorbing interest than 'ment and people.
Conclusion next week.
3d. The slave trade has been permanently.ex-compulsive, is one which it may be fairly tirpated from at least three thousand miles of the hoped the enlightened citizens of Pennsylvania Western African coast ; from about eight hun- will never countenance or adopt. A little time dred miles by purchase and social redemption, only has yet passed since an effort was made, in and from over two thousand miles by treaty our Legislature, to introduce a law, similar in stipulations; and all of this, directly or indirectly, principle to acts adopted in some of the neighborby the existence and influence of the Republic ing States, prohibiting, under penalties, the imof Liberia.
migration of colored persons, or the employment
of such as might come into this State from No prophet is accepted in his own country; any others. This measure, if adopted, would among strangers a man is esteemed according to probably have been made preliminary io some his talents and virtues; his ancestry and kin-enactment for the exclusion of those already here. dred are matters of no moment, it is even a de Against any procedure calculated or designed to gree of merit to bave emerged from obscurity; issue in the exclusion or involuntary emigration but at home, among kindred and acquaintance, of any class or description, on account of color or eminent qualities are regarded with a jealous parentage, the Editor would seriously protest. eye. The reputation of ability, wisdom, and ex
If the civilization of Africa is to be effected by alted goodness is considered by the less deserv- the establishment of colonies on its coast, coming as a reproach to themselves. What is every posed of those who have had the advantage of an day within our reach, we every day neglect. education in Europe or the United States, expeWhat costs us little, we lightly esteem; difficulty rience seems to have proved that those colonists and danger and distance enhance the value of must be either wholly or partly of African blood. every object of pursuit.-Hunter.
The climate of those parts of the continent which
constitute the seat of the slave trade, appears to FRIENDS' REVIEW.
interdict their occupancy by the white race. The PHILADELPHIA, FIFTH MONTH 6, 1854. effect of the climate upon the mixed races, in
contradistinction to those of pure African descent, The report of the Committee of the Pennsyl- has, probably, not yet been conclusively ascervania Legislature on the subject of an appropria- tained. But reasoning from analogy, in the abtion to aid in the colonization of colored citizens sence of clearly ascertained facts, we should inof this state in the newly established government fer, that to those in whom the European blood of Liberia, is offered this week to the readers of predominates, the climate of the United States the Review, because this may possibly turn out to would be more congenial than the African. be the commencement of a series of measures, in If we say, as is sometimes said, that Africa is relation to the colored race, to which Pennsyl- the fatherland of the negro, it can hardly be asvania has been hitherto a stranger.
serted of the mulatto, or the quadroon, or of those As an asylum for such slaves of the South as numerous grades which are scarcely distinguishmust either emigrate to what is often termed the able from pure Anglo-Saxon or other European fatherland of the colored race, or spend their lives races. If, then, the fatherland ought to be the in slavery, and as an engine for the extirpation of permanent residence of the negro race, those less the African slave trade, the Editor can freely dipped than the mulattoes must find their place accord to the settlement of Liberia his cordial of repose somewhere else than on the south of wish for its success and prosperity. It is said the Mediterranean. that among the inmates of the Colored House of Refuge there are frequent cases of pulmonary TRANSPORTATION OF THE MAIL, AND POSTAGE COLdisease; the result, no doubt, of previous exposure, to whom a more genial climate than ours In the National Era of the 27th ult., we find an would probably afford a hopeful prospect of reco- account of the cost of transporting the mail, and very. If the civilization of Africa can be pro- the amount of postage collected in the sereral moted, or the condition of any portion of our States, in the year 'ending in the middle of 1851, colored population essentially improved by a which like almost every other comparison bevoluntary emigration to that continent, the coloni- tween the free and the slave States, exhibits the zation scheme, directed and confined to those ob- superiority of the former. In the sixteen free jects, may be worthy of the patronage of the States, we find the cost of transporting the mail State. The plan, however, which has been advo- stated at $1,433,572, while the amount of postage cated in some States a little further south, of pro- collected was $4,606,837, or something more than curing the emigration of the free colored inhabit- three times the expense of transporting the mail. ants, by compulsion, or by measures essentially 'In the fifteen slave States, though the white popu.
lation there, to which the correspondence is
INDIAN CIVILIZATION. doubtless chiefly confined, is less than half what A Friend and his wife are wanted to reside at it is in the free, the cost of transporting the mailTunessassah, to be engaged in managing the is $1,477,543, or $43,971 more than the former; Yearly Meeting, and the domestic concerns of the
Farm belonging to the Committee of Philadelphia while the amount of postage collected in these family. States is $1,714,159, leaving an excess over the Also, a well qualified Friend to teach the School. cost of transportation of only $236,616. Hence Application may be made to we find the postage collected in the States, leaving
Joseph ELKINTON, 377 South 2d St.,
Thomas Evans, 180 Arch St. the territories out of the calculation, exceeds the Philada. 2d mo. 11th, 1854. cost of transporting the mail nearly three and a half millions of dollars, thirteen-fourteenths of
HAVERFORD SCHOOL. which excess are furnished by the free States. The SUMMER Term will commence on Fourth Why then should the postage on letters be en- day the 10th of Fifth month next. Applications hanced ?
for admission may be addressed to Jonathan Richards, Superintendent, at the School, or to
CHARLES YARNALL, MARRIED,-On the 22d of 3d mo. 'last, at
Secretary of the Board of Managers, Friends' Meeting House, Hopewell, Henry Co., 3d mo. 25-tf. 39 Market. St. Philadelphia Indiana, CHRISTOPHER Morris, of Milford Monthly Meeting, to MARGARET, daughter of Thomas
WANTED. Bell, of the former place.
The committee having charge of Friends' EsOn the 20th ult., at Friends' Meeting tablishment among the Shawnee Indians, are deHouse, West Union, Morgan County, Indiana, sirous of employing two young men to labor on Edwin Johnson, son of Ashley Johnson, to Ase- the farm, (practical farmers are desirable.) NATH, daughter of Lot M. Hadley, all of that place. They also want to engage a teacher in the School, At Friends' Meeting House, Freeport, aged man and his wife for teacher and assistant
and a female to assist in the family; a middle Harrison Co., Ohio, on the 21st ult., Ellwood in the family would be preferable. Application Spencer, of Mahaska Co., Iowa, to AnnA RIDGWAY, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Ridgway, Sligo, Clinton County, Ohio, who will give any in
to be made to Simon Hadley, or John Hadley, Jr., of the former place.
formation necessary. Friends of good character,
and of religious experience are desirable. Died, -At his residence, Farnham, Canada East, on the 13th ult., of consumption, DANIEL B., son of Henry Jewels
, in the 27th year of his age, a REPORT OF THE MANAGERS OF member of Farnham Monthly Meeting.
ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS. On the 3d of 12th mo. last, ELEANOR, wife 1 of John Carter, in the 24th year of her age, a mem
The Managers present the following Report, ber of West Union Monthly Meeting.
There were on hand, Third mo. Ist.,
182,831 FOR GIRLS.
And there have been printed since, 98,120 (Located at old Westgrove Meeting-house, Chester Co.)
- 280,951 This School will be opened on the 1st of Fifth of these there have been distributed, 96,710 month next, and continue in session 20 weeks. It is designed to furnish an opportunity to young Leaving on hand on the 1st instant, women for acquiring economically a competent
- 184,241 English education. Attention will be given to the Of the number distributed, there was taken by preservation of health, the general cultivation and discipline of mind, and a concern exercised to mensing Prison, and others in the lower parts of
one Auxiliary, 367; for the inmates of Moyainculcate principles and habits in accordance Philadelphia, 1,774 ; for the Eastern State Peni
: with the views of the Society of friends.
For particulars containing other necessary in- tentiary, Almhouses and House of Refuge, 531 ; formation, apply to
for First-day schools, the Borough of GermanThomas CoNARD, Principal. town, and other places within the County of Westgrove P. O., Chester county, Pa.
Philadelphia, 1,851 ; among Universalists, InfiFourth mo. 29th, 1854.
dels, and Profane Swearers, 2,207; in colored schools and among colored people, 667; at soup
houses, 350. 200 were taken by two PresbyHAVERFORD SCHOOL ASSOCIATION.
terian Clergymen ; 720 by the Young Men's The Stated Annual Meeting of the Haverford Home Missionary Society ; 300 were placed in School Association will be held at the Committee Room, Arch street Meeting House, on Second public schools ; and 100 were given to boys colday, at 4 o'clock, P. M., Fifth month 8th, 1854.
lected at the corners of streets. 800 were disCharles Ellis, Secretary.
tributed in Hotels, and 435 in private families ; 4th mo. 29th, tf.
300 on ships and Ocean steamers ; 200 were
granted for the use of the Arctic Expedition ;, The expenditures for printing, paper,
l and there were taken for general distribution, binding, &c., including a balance due principally in the vicinity of Philadelphia, the Treasurer of $5 24, have been, 988 59 19,658. 190 were for West-town Boarding And there was a balance in his hands School; 601 were for Libraries among Friends due the Association, on the 1st inat Westchester, Plymouth, Moorestown and stant, of,
96 37 Woodbury. For the supply of schools and other purposes in Chester, Delaware, Bucks, Susque
$1084 96 hanna, and other counties in the State of Pennsylvania, 3,402; at Cape Island, and other places on the sea-shore, in the Pines, and elsewhere in has received the sum of $500, a legacy from our
Since the close of our fiscal year, the Treasurer New Jersey, 3,638 ; among passengers on steam- late friend Margaret Sheppard, which we have boats and railroad cars in different States, 754; directed to be invested on behalf of the Assofor New England, without designating particular ciation. States, 785. 401 were taken by a Peace Society in Boston; of knowing the effect produced on the minds of
Although we have not often the opportunity 342 were for the State of Maine ; 375 for Ver. individuals by the perusal of our publications
, mont and Canada West ; for New York City and State, 3,855 ; State of Delaware, 730 ; District their circulation, believing they have been of real
we are nevertheless encouraged to persevere in of Columbia, 170; for First-day schools, &c. in
advantage to many. Virginia, 556; 1,751 in Maryland ; 1,000 in North Carolina'; 2,115 in Ohio, Indiana, 1,010; Board of Managers,
Signed by direction, and on behalf of the Iowa, 500; and for the Western country, including Missouri, 376.
JOSEPH Walton, Clerk. 20,616 were taken for distribution by the Cen
Philadelphia, Third mo. 15, 1851. tral Book Committee of Indiana Yearly Meeting; and 300 were for a school in the Island of Jamaica.
FRIENDS' ASYLUM, NEAR FRANKFORD. 17,270 were sold ; and of the destination of The period has again arrived when it becomes 1,659 no record has been made.
the duty of the Superintendent, in compliance One new Tract, entitled, “ A Proper use of with the rules of the Institution, to present to Riches, exemplified in the life of Richard Rey- the Managers his Annual Report. nolds,” has been added to the series since last
On the 1st of Third month, 1853, there were report.
fifty-six patients remaining in the Asylum ; since Nearly the whole of the edition of 7,575 which time forty have been received—making Moral Almanacs printed for the present year has ninety-six in all, who have been under care dubeen disposed of, there remaining on hand but ring the past twelve months. The largest num125 on the 1st instant. The inmates of the ber on the list at any time was sixty-two; the Eastern State Penitentiary, Moyamensing Prison, lowest fifty-two; and the monthly average was and the scholars attending the evening schools fifty-eight and four-twelfths. There has been for adult colored persons in this city, were gra- but a small portion of the time throughout the tuitously supplied with copies of our Almanac. year, that one or both sides of the House hare And 855 of the surplus stock of previous years, the comfort of the inmates. During the past
not been as fully occupied, as was consistent with have been distributed as Tracts.
1,063 Select Readers, Nos. 1, 2, and 3, and three months, every room in the female wards 1,979 of our Series of Juvenile Books, comprising has been constantly occupied, and a number 19 varieties, have been disposed of ; leaving on have also been furnished with comfortable temhand of the former, 1,147, and 16,098 of the porary accommodations elsewhere. latter ready for sale.
The number of patients who have received Matter for one other small book, composed of last Annual Report, is greater by sixteen, than
the benefits of the Asylum since the date of the Short Biographical Sketches, has been prepared. during the year previous. Rather more than The Managers have also been engaged in pre-one-half
, (which is about the usual proportion of paring for publication, in the form of a small recent cases received into our Hospitals), have book, a condensed account of the life and reli- been cases of less than one year's duration. Of gious services of that eminent minister of the these, we have had the satisfaction of seeing a Gospel, the late Sarah Lynes Grubb.
large proportion leave the Institution, restored Our Treasurer has received donations and subscriptions to the amount of $540 62 Among the patients who have long been afilicted
to the full possession of their mental faculties, From sales of books, &c.,
544 34 with Insanity, as well as those of more recent
date, we have had a number of cases of much in$1084 96 terest, to whom the benefits of the Institution
have been strikingly apparent; two of whom,