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DIED,–At his residence, in the township of Fen-, turn the children to their parents. It is with elon, Peterboro' county, Canada West, the 23d of feelings of sorrow we advert to this afflicting visi. Second month, 1854, THOMAS BOWERMAN, aged 35 tation, during which, not only a considerable years. His disease was pleurisy, with which he number of the natives were taken off by death, suffered severely five weeks, yet he was enabled to bear his illness with Christian patience. He but our valued friend, Susanna L. Wood, was expressed no desire to live, except for his family,
likewise removed after a short illness. to which he was ardently attached; but often, a faithful and efficient helper in the important from the commencement of his sickness, he ex- service entrusted to us by the Yearly Meeting; pressed his entire resignation to the divine will, and while we deeply feel her loss, we are comsaying he had not a doubt of his acceptance with forted in believing, that having been earnestly the Father. His remarks to those who called to engaged in doing her work in the day time, she see him, were brief, yet they were so filled with has been mercifully gathered among those who love, and so expressive of real solicitude for their eternal welfare, that many a thoughtless person rest from their labors, and whose works do follow left his bedside bathed in tears.
Our friend, Mary Elkinton, whose continued
interest in the cause, which has so long engaged PHILADELPHIA YEARLY MEETING.
her attention, and whose experience so well qualIn preceding numbers a brief outline, taken ified her for the service, having kindly offered from memory , of the proceedings of this body, boarders, was there at this time, and was attack
her assistance in preparing for an increase of was presented to our readers ; but the printed ex-ed with the prevailing fever. After several tracts from the Minutes having since come to weeks' illness she so far recovered as to be rehand, containing interesting information more in moved to her own home; and the health of the detail than our preceding notice, a portion of neighborhood being restored, at a suitable time that information is offered to the readers of the the school was again opened under the care of a Review.
Friend, who offered to take charge of it temporaReport on the Indian concern.
rily, which was very acceptable
to the Commit
tee. The Committee for the Gradual Civilization The number of scholars has been gradually inand Improvement of the Indian Natives, Report, creasing, and at the last account the list included
That at the time of presenting the last account thirty pupils, ten of whom resided in the famiof our proceedings to the Yearly Meeting, the ly, viz. six girls and four boys ; but in consefarm and school at Tunessassah were under the quence of the difficulty of crossing the Alleghang care and direction of our friends, John and Su- river during the winter season, the number in sanna L. Wood, who were assisted by Rebecca attendance has not averaged more than fifteen. Cope.
It is proper to remark that most of these children At that time a day school had been opened, have had very little opportunity of obtaining and a few girls from a distance admitted into the school instruction, and they have therefore chieffamily as boarders. As the house was not adapt- ly been engaged in acquiring a knowledge of the ed for a large family, it soon became apparent rudiments of education. Three read in the New that more room would be required for the com- Testament, study geography, and are pretty well fortable accommodation of the proposed boarding advanced in arithmetic; three read in the Select school. The Committee, in anticipation of this, Reader, No. 1, are exercised in writing, and had made some preparation for the enlargement have made some progress in arithmetic; nine of the building; and during the past year, a new read in Easy Lessons, spell, and have commenced wing has been erected on the west side of the the study of arithmetic. The conduct and adhouse, twenty feet by twenty-five, the first floor vancement of the children have been mostly satto be used as a collectiug-rooin, and the second isfactory. In the evenings the girls are instructas a lodging-room for the girls.
ed in sewing or knitting, of which they have The east wing, thirty feet by twenty-one, for- done a good deal during the winter; and they merly used as an out-kitchen and wood-house, are also employed in some parts of the house-work, has been raised so as to correspond in height with so as to train them to usefulness in this importthe west wing. The kitchen has been enlarged ant department of domestic economy, Religious and entirely refitted, and a lodging-room for the meetings have been held on Fifth-days in the boys finished over it, making ample room for school-house, and on the First days at ihe dwelmore boarders than have yet been admitted. The ling, the children generally sitting quietly, and dining-room has also been enlarged, and other in a manner becoming the occasion. improvements were completed last fall, and a few Although it is cause of much satisfaction, that additional children were received.
the school is again in successful operation, yet it But the school
had not been long in operation, will be remembered that the present is only a when it pleased Him, whose ways are inscruta temporary arrangement, and that the Commitee ble, to visit the neighborhood with sickness ; and are very desirous of obtaining the services of it was thought best to close the school, and re-I suitable person to take charge of it ; and also of
a Friend and his wife to aid in the management, promote vital religion, and well adapted for cirof the farm and of the domestic concerns; and culation among all Christian professors. will be glad to receive early application for those In the gratuitous distribution, supplies of books stations from such as may feel drawn to engage and pamphlets have been furnished as follows, in this useful and benevolent work.
viz. : to eight libraries, belonging to, or under Rebecca Cope, who was an acceptable assistant the care of Preparative Meetings in this Yearly in the concern, requesting to be released, left Meeting-to West-Town Boarding School; the settlement last summer, and Sarah Eastlack Moorestown Library, under care of an association expressing a willingness to return, is now useful- of Friends; the Hospital for Lunatics, at Utica, ly engaged there.
New York, for the use of the officers, attendants, During part of the past year a school was kept &c.; to the Library of the Colored Institute ; tó at Horse Shoe Bend for the children of that vi- a First day School Library; to a School Library, cinity, but it has been discontinued for the pre-in Jamaica, West Indies; to the Philadelphia gent, and some of the children received as board- Library; to persons in St. Louis, Missouri; and ing scholars into the family at Tunessassah. The to some inquiring individuals in Virginia. Graamount of farming among the natives during the tuitous distribution has also been made to persons past season was greater than usual, and their resident in the western parts of Pennsylvania, in crops were good, so that they have been enabled Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, Washington, D. C., to get through the winter comfortably. The Mississippi, California, Canada East, and Newcontinued resolution of many of them against the foundland. Books and pamphlets in German use of spirituous liquors, and their improvement have been presented to persons reading that lan
in habits of industry, afford encouragement to guage, residing in different parts of this and adbet persevere in the benevolent work of meliorating joining States. Ten copies of " Barclay's Apolo
the condition of this deeply injured people, espe- gy” have also been furnished to individuals occially as they are at this time greatly exposed to cupying the station of ministers in other relitemptation by the introduction into their neigh-gious societies. borhood of men of loose morals, engaged in con- The books and pamphlets thus distributed have structing a railroad through their reservation. been widely disseminated, and beside the inter
From the Report of the Committee, who ex-est and inquiry awakened by them in the minds amined the account of our Treasurer, it appears of those who received them, there is reason to that on the 8th instant, there was in his hands believe they will serve to spread among others a a cash balance of $137.50, and securities amount- knowledge of the doctrines and testimonies of the ing to 12,938 dollars.
gospel, as held by Friends. Signed on behalf and by direction of the Com
The establishment of libraries within the limits mittee. THOMAS EVANS, Clerk.
of Preparative or Monthly Meetings, alluded to Philad., Fourth mo. 13th, 1854.
in our last report, has, we are glad to find, re
ceived attention in several neighborhoods, and On the subject of books, the following minute we do not doubt a benefit will be derived thereappears :
from, corresponding with the efforts to spread The meeting taking into consideration the im- of Friends among the members, and others in
and promote the reading of the approved writings portance of spreading the approved writings of their immediate vicinity. It is greatly to be deFriends, for the information of others, by which sired, that those of our members who have engaour principles and testimonies may be more extensively diffused, directs that an abstract of the ged in this good work will be encouraged to perReport of the Book Committee on that subject, put their hands thereto, will feel its importance,
severe in it, and that others who have not yet may be placed in the Extracts ; and it is the de- and no longer manifest a lack of that lively zeal sire of this meeting that Friends may seek out in the furtherance of it, which, if awakened, suitable persons in their neighborhoods, to whom would ensure success. . they can advantageously hand those works, as well as to encourage the reading of them in their fits derived from the establishment and continu
Every year accumulates evidence of the beneown families.
ance of the Book Store, as a place to which reThe abstract of the Report is as follows : sort may at all times be had, by our own memDuring the year ending Fourth month, Ist, bers and others, to procure the writings of Friends 1854, there were sold from the book store seven approved by the Society. There are many behundred and ninety-eight books, and thirteen longing to other denominations, who, dissathundred and sixty pamphlets, and gratuitously isfied with their formality, and anxious for a distributed, five hundred and eleven books, and more spiritual religion, are desirous to acquaint five hundred and thirty-two pamphlets. themselves with the views of Friends, and will
“No Cross, No Crown,” by Willing to read such works as may come into their liam Penn, has been stereotyped, and will form hands for that purpose. It is of great importance & valuable addition to our stock of stereotype there should be a place of ready access for such plates, it being a work eminently calculated to as these, where they can be supplied with works
In this year,
A REASONING FOX.
calculated to give them correct information re- he returned to the spot, bearing a pretty large specting our principles and testimonies; and that and heavy piece of dry oak in his mouth ; and our own members should have the opportunity thus burdened, and as it would seem for the purto procure readily for themselves and families, pose of testing his vaulting powers, he renewed those valuable works at a comparatively small ex- his leaps on to the stump. After a time, howpense.
ever and when he found that, weighted as he was, The continued increase in the distribution of he could make the ascent with facility, he debooks and pamphlets from the Depository, by sisted from further efforts, dropped the piece of sale or otherwise, which has occurred from year wood, and coiling himself upon the stump, reto year, indicates a growing relish for the kind mained motionless as if dead. At the approach of reading which they afford, and while it gives of evening, an old sow and her progeny, five or ground for encouragement, in the belief that the six in number, issued from a neighboring thicket, concern of the Yearly Meeting is being measura- and pursuing their usual track, passed near to bly answered, it likewise shows the necessity for the stump in question. Two of her sucklings keeping up a stock sufficient to supply all the de- followed somewhat behind the rest, and just as mands that may be made upon it
they neared his ambush, Michel, with the rapidity of thought, darted down from his perch upon one of them, and in the twinkling of an eye bore
it in triumph on to the fastness he bad so proWe often find the reasoning of man contrasted vidently prepared beforehand. Confounded at with the instincts of brutes, in a manner indicat-in fury to the spot, and until late in the night
the shrieks of her offspring, the old sow returned ing a belief that the reasoning faculty is peculiar made repeated desperate attempts to storm the to our race. Pope seems to have thought he was murderer’s stronghold; but the fox took the conceding their full claims to the sagacity of the matter very coolly, and devoured the pig under animal creation, when he allotted half reasoning with the greatest reluctance, and without being
the very nose of its mother; which at length, powers to the elephant; yet even the grovelling, able to revenge herself on her crafty adversary
, creature which he places at the lower end of the was forced to beat a retreat.-Lloyd's Scandina. scale, sometimes manifests a species of sagacity, vian Adventures. more easily explained by assigning to it a portion of the comparing power than in any other manner. TRAITS AND STORIES OF THE HUGUENOTS. A careful observation of the actions of the in
(Concluded from page 543.) ferior races, would probably lead to the convic- At first the rigorous decrees of the Revocation tion, that few, if any of them, are destitute of the were principally enforced against the ministers of reasoning faculty. The objects to which their religion. They were all required to leave Paris
at forty-eight hours' notice, under severe penalreasonings extend, being much fewer than those ties for disobedience. Some of the most dis which engage the human intellect, their range tinguished among them were ignominiously forced of ratiocination is much more limited; hence, the to leave the country ; but the expulsion of these conclusions to which their reasoning leads, are ministers was followed by the emigration of the probably less frequently incorrect than ours. The this was especially the case ; whole congregations
more faithful among the people. In Languedoc complicated character, and ample range of our followed their pastors; and France was being raratiocintions, no doubt, often involve us in error, pidly drained of the more thoughtful and intellifrom which the simple and direct argumentation gent of the Huguenots, (who, as a people, had of brutes is free. Hence, the apparently superior distinguished themselves in manufacture and accuracy of instinct to reason. It is well known alarm, and prohibited emigration, under pain of
commerce,) when the king's minister took the that the animals, which are not too powerful or imprisonment for life ; imprisonment for lite, infierce to be domesticated, are susceptible of in- cluding abandonment' to the tender mereies of struction; hence, it is clear that their acts are
the priests. not all instinctive.
A Huguenot couple determined to emigrate.
They could disguise themselves; but their baby! A certain Jagare, who was one morning keep- if they were seen passing through the gates of ing watch in the forest, observed a fox cautiously the town in which they lived, with a child, they making his approach towards the stump of an old would instantly be arrested, suspected Huguenots tree. When sufficiently near, he took a high and as they were. Their expedient was to wrap the determined jump on the top of it ; and after look- baby into a formless bundle ; to one end of which ing around awhile, hopped to the ground again. was attached a string; and then, taking advantage After Reynard had repeated this knightly exer- of the deep gutter which runs in the centre of cise several times, he went his way; but presently so many old streets in French towns, they placed
the baby in this hollow, close to one of the gates assigned to him a salary of forty pounds a year. after dusk. The gend'arme came out to open the They bent themselves assiduously to the task of gate to them. They were suddenly summoned to cultivating the half-cleared land, on the borders see a sick relation, they said ; they were known of which lay the dark forest, among which the to have an infant child, which no Huguenot Indians prowled and lurked, ready to spring upmother would willingly leave behind to be brought on the unguarded households. up by Papists. So the sentinel concluded that Gabriel Bernon lived to a patriarchal age, in they were not going to emigrate, at least at this spite of his early sufferings in France and the time; and locking the great town gates behind wild Indian cries of revenge around his home in them, he re-entered his little guard-room. “Now, Massachusetts. He died rich and prosperous. quick ! quick ! the string under the gate! Catch He had become intimate with some of the Enit with your hook stick. There in the shadow. glish nobility, such as Lord Archdale, the Quaker
There ! Thank God ! the baby is safe; it has not Governor of Carolina, who had lands and govinscried! Pray God the sleeping-draught be not too ernments in the American States. The descend
strong!" It was not too strong : father, mother ants of the Huguenot refugees repaid in part
and babe escaped to England, and their des- their debt of gratitude to Massachusetts in vaI cendants may be reading this very paper.
rious ways during the war of Independence. InEngland, Holland, and the Protestant states deed, three of the nine Presidents of the old of Germany were the places of refuge for the Congress were descendants of the French ProNorman and Breton Protestants. From the south testant refugees. General Frances Marion, was of France escape was more difficult. Algerine of Huguenot descent. In fact, both in England pirates infested the Mediterranean, and the small and France, the Huguenot refugees showed themvessels in which many of the Huguenots embarked selves temperate, industrious, thoughtful, and infrom the southern ports were an easy prey. There telligent people, full of good principle and strength Were Huguenot slaves in Algiers and Tripoli for of character. But all this is implied in the one
years after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. circumstance that they suffered and emigrated to De Most Catholic Spain caught some of the fugitives, secure the rights of conscience. 5 who were welcomed by the Spanish Inquisition In the State of New York they fondly called
with a different kind of greeting from that which their plantation or settlement by the name of the the wise, far-seeing William the Third of Eng- precious city which had been their stronghold, land bestowed on such of them as sought Eng- and where they had suffered so much. New lish shelter after his accession. We will return Rochelle was built on the shore of Long Island to the condition of the Huguenots presently. Sound, twenty-three miles from New York. First, let us follow the fortunes of those French Nor were Oxford and New Rochelle the only Protestants who sent a letter to the State of settlements of the Huguenots in the United Massachusetts (among whose historical papers it States. Farther south again they were welcomed, s is still extant) giving
an account of the persecu- and found resting places in Virginia and South - tions to which they were exposed and the dis- Carolina.
tress they were undergoing, stating the wish of I now return to the Huguenots in England.
many of them to emigrate to America, and ask-Even during James the Second's reign, collecring how far they might have privileges allowed tions were made for the refugees; and, in the them for following out their pursuit of agricul- reign of his successor, fifteen thousand pounds ture. What answer was returned may be guessed were voted by Parliament “ to be distributed from the fact that a tract of land comprising among persons of quality, and all such as by age about eleven thousand acres at Oxford, near the or infirmity were unable to support themselves." present town of Worcester, Massachusetts, was There are still, or were not many years ago, a Sranted to the thirty Huguenots, who were in- few survivors of the old Huguenot stock, who go vited to come and settle there. The invitation on quarter-day to claim their small benefit from came like a sudden summons to a land of hope this fund at the Treasury; and doubtless at the across the Atlantic. There was no time for pre- time it was granted there were many friendless parations; these might excite suspicion ; they and helpless to whom the little pensions were inleft the "pot boiling on the fire" (to use the ex? estimable boons. But the greater part were acpression of one of their descendants), and carried tive, strong
men, full of good sense and practical no clothes with them but what they wore. The talent; and they preferred taking advantage of New Englanders had too lately escaped from re- the national good-will in a more independent ligious persecution themselves, not to welcome, form. Their descendants bear honored names and shelter and clothe these poor refugees when among us. Sir Samuel Romilly, Mrs. Austin, they once arrived at Boston. P'The little French and Miss Harriet Martineau, are three of those colony at Oxford was called a plantation ; and that come most prominently before me as I Gabriel Bernon, a descendant of a knightly'name write ; but each of these names
is suggestive of 1.Froissart, a Protestant merchant of Rochelle
, others in the same families worthy of note. Sir appointed undertaker of this settlement Samuel Romilly's ancestors came from the south They sent for a French Protestant minister, and of France, where the paternal estate fell to a
distant relation rather than to the son, because , annuity for clothes, &c., and sits and has meals the former was a Catholic, while the latter had in a public dining-room. As a little amusing preferred a foreign country with “freedom to mark of deference to the land of their fathers, worship God.”
I may mention that a Mrs. Stephens, who was French was the language still spoken among admitted within the last thirty years, became themselves sixty and seventy years after their Madame St. Etienne as soon as she entered the ancestors had quitted France. In the Romilly hospital.-Household Words. family, the father established it as a rule, that French should be always spoken on a Sunday. “ DEAD RECKONING.”—A LEAF FROM " LLOYD'S Forty years later, the lady to whom I have so of.
LIST." ten alluded, was living an orphan child, with two From the “ Home Companion,” Feb. 4, 1854. maiden aunts, in the heart of London city. They always spoke French. English was the foreign
“ List, ye landsmen, all to me.” language; and a certain pride was cultivated in When one hears of the “Marco Polo" clipthe little damsel's mind by the fact of her being per ship putting a girdle round the earth twice reminded every now and then that she was a within twelve months—of the “Great Britain," little French girl; bound to be polite, gentle and of 3000 tons, being driven by her “screw". attentive in manners; to stand till her elders twelve knots an hour against a head wind-of gave her leave to sit down. There were still return tickets to the Antipodes—of yachters hereditary schools in the neighborhood, kept by taking a summer cruise to the Cape Sydney, and descendants of the first refugees who established New Zealand, dropping in at the islands in the them, and to which the Huguenot families still Pacific, and “rounding the Horn ” on their resent their children. A kind of correspondence turn home, we feel disposed to look upon a yoywas occasionally kept up with the unseen and age to any part of the world as a mighty pleasdistant relations in France; third or fourth ant sort of pastime. We imagine a trip to Melcousins it might be. As was to be expected, bourne, Port Phillip, or New York, a sort of fessuch correspondence languished and died by slow tivity passed in floating taverns, in which the degrees. Though far away from France, though lucky passengers go simmering along with the cast off by her a hundred years before, the gentle blue above and the blue below," and expect to old ladies, who had lived all their lives in Lon- be landed within a day, at least, of the time spedon, considered France as their country and Eng- cified. And indeed, such is the marvellous preland as a strange land. At any rate, there cer- cision with which the British Mail Packets make tainly was a little colony in the heart of the city, the voyage out and home between Liverpool and at the end of the last century, who took pride in New York, that punctuality to an hour is oftener their descent from the suffering Huguenots, who the rule than the exception. mustered
relics of the old homes and the old This is, doubtless, very satisfactory. There is, times in Normandy and Languedoc. Some of the however, another side to this picture, and rather very ornaments sold at the famous curiosity-shop a dark one too, which ought to be examined beat Warwick for ladies to hang at their chate-fore we congratulate ourselves that we have shalaines, within this last two years, were brought ken the trident out of the grasp of Father Nepover by the flying Huguenots. And there were iune. We have won victory in some parts of his Bibles secured by silver clasps and corners; domain-let us now show where we have been strangely-wrought silver spoons, the handle of defeated; and while we admit that it is customawhich enclosed the bowl; a travelling case, con- ry for a well-found ship to weather almost any taining a gold knife, spoon and fork, and a crys- tempest, yet a “return ” of the vessels lost at sea tal goblet, on which the coat-of-arms was engravis, notwithstanding the vast improvements which ed in gold; all these, and many other relics, tell have taken place in naval science, a terrible docof the affluence and refinement the refugees left ument. Patent capstains, anchors and cablesbehind for the sake of their religion.
fixed and revolving lights—the law of stormsThere is yet an hospital (or rather great alms- buoys, beacons, temperance ships—the compass, house) for aged people of French descent some the sextant, copper bottoms, and ebronomoters, where near the City Road, which is supported by have not yet reduced travelling over the sea to the proceeds of land bequeathed (I believe) by the same degree of security as over the land. some of the first refugees, who were prosperous A catalogue of our maritime disasters may not in trade after settling in England. But it has at first appear to be an interesting document, set lost much of its distinctive national character. it will be found to possess, in addition to its staFifty or sixty years ago, a visitor might have tistical importance, that melancholy but fascinaheard the inmates of the hospital chattering ting charm which unavailing but courageous efforts away in antiquated French; now they speak Eng- always inspire in generous minds. An insular lish, for the inajority of their ancestors in four people like the English have always exhibited generations have been English, and probably great interest in maritime affairs, and have read some of them do not know a word of French. with peculiar avidity all narratives of losses of Each inmate has a comfortable bedroom, a small ships at sea, from the period when Defoe, with a