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permitted to see his face, and live in his presence., work for his unworthy servant to do, both as reBut to think of being shut out from his kingdom ! spects her own everlasting peace, and also some I dare not look that way, my poor heart would duties to perform to a few individuals? If I break. No, no! He will not cast me out; His know my heart at all, I believe there is nothing, promises are yea and amen for ever.”

short of holding communion with my God, tbat 1841. “Early in the Third month I awoke can afford me equal satisfaction to that of relierwith the words, I thought, sounding in my ears, ing the distressed, or comforting the household

- Thou shalt be visited with some severe afflic of faith.” tion.' I earnestly prayed that I might be pre- She continued to a very advanced age in the served humble under the affliction, whatever it enjoyment of her faculties, and with as little inmight be, whether of body or mind; and that it terruption to health as could be expected. She might be, if not averted, so mixed with mercy, derived much pleasure from the society of her that I should receive the chastening as from the friends, often acknowledging with thankfulness hand of a tender Father. I was very soon laid her many mercies and blessings, and expressing on a bed of sickness, and my affliction was heavy; her hope that, through a Saviour's blood, her sins but I was enabled to bear it, I trust, without a were blotted out. Towards the end of the year murmur. I was cast down, but not forsaken. I 1852, it was evident that her powers of body and never doubted that my Heavenly Father would mind were failing; yet, though reduced to a raise me up again, and that a portion of bodily state of great weakness, she lingered on until 6th strength would be afforded me. O that I could day, the 25th of Third month, 1853, when she feel more sensible of the value of this little time, gently passed away, leaving to survivors the conthat has been so mercifully granted me, and be soli: g belief that she had entered upon a glorimore entirely devoted to my God and Saviour! ous immortality.--Ann. Monitor. I want to be more entirely what I ought to be.” She had now to endure the trial of being be

DEAD RECKONING.”—A LEAF FROM " LLOYD'S reaved of her beloved husband ; and in reference l

LIST." to this event she remarks,~" My dear husband was taken speechless in the morning of Twelfth | From the Home Companion," Fel. 4, 1854. month 31st, 1841, and on the 2d of First month,

“ List, ye landsmen, all to me." 1842, expired, about nine o'clock in the morning.

(Concluded from page 559.) I bumbly trust my loss has been his eternal gain; One consoling fact is, that but few accidents but still I mourn the loss of my dearest earthly have occurred to ships ably manned and comcomfort. May the whole business of my few re- manded; out of the 12,000 and odd casualities, maining days, be endeavoring to prepare to meet only 64 are recorded against ships of 700 tons my God, fully relying on the merciful mediation and upwards. This is not merely in consequence of Him who died for sinners ;-having an almost of their size, but simply because, in most large abiding confidence that my sins are cast as into vessels, greater care is shown in the selection of the bottom of the sea, and will be remembered no a crew, and in the appointment of a competent more. Although I am the least and meanest of commander. Nearly all the losses have been all who have dared to hope, yet a sweet hope sustained by vessels ranging from 90 to 500 tons, cheers me, and my poor heart is revived. There because these are the description of craft most is one above all, who knows my deep repentance, likely to be sailed economically !--are often weakand sees my frequent tears for every evil thought, handed, and liable to be commanded by men word, or deed. He will never say, "seek my possessing few recommendations for filling the face in vain.' He will not break the bruised Office of captain, except being part owner. Such reed."

a union of evils affords but a sorry chance of a Eighth month, 1813. “In little less than a successful voyage, and we find the consequences month, if spared so long, I shall be eighty-three of such an alliance in “Lloyd's List.” years old. Blessed Lord God Almighty! I see The following analysis of the casualties to and feel indeed that thou hast not forsaken me. ships of 700 tons and upwards during the four My adorable Advocate bas interceded for me, and years before-mentioned, would seem to prore that sometimes I think all my sins are blotted out by well-found ships perform distant royages with his precious blood, which cleanseth from all ini- comparative security:quity, and that even I, the very least and weakest Driven ashore, but got off again, 25; Total of thy servants, shall at last be accepted, and Wrecks, 12; Collision, 7; Dismasted, 5; Abanclothed in the white robes of my Saviour's right- doned at sea, 4; Burnt, 4 ; Condemned, 1; Sailed, eousness, and be permitted to join the blessed and never heard of again, 1; Picked up at sea assembly above."

abandoned, 1; Abandoned at sea on fire, 1; 1845. “O that I may increasingly remember Partially burnt, 1; Damaged by ice and leaks, the long sparing mercy of the Lord my God! 2; Total, 64. Many thousands have been cut off before they But, independent of the care bestowed in man arrived at half the number of my days. May I ning and commanding large vessels, they possess not hope that my Heavenly Father has more a decided advantage in speed over smaller craft.

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This has been recently exemplified in the remark- / scale of manning merchant vessels, four men and able trade which has sprung up between England a boy being given to every 100 tons, it would and her Australian colonies. Before 1851, the seem that the annual loss of life by casualties at total number of ships dispatched from all parts sea, reported to “ Lloyd's,” averages about 1250, of the kingdom to Australia was 271, and they the gross number for the four years being 4298. were known amongst seamen, as "good monthly These, however, are conjectural quantities, and

“ ships,” few passages being made by them in less must be received with caution. than 120 days. But when the discovery of gold More certainty is shewn in the statistics of added its allurements to the other advantages ships destroyed by fire; and considering the inoffered to emigrants, better and larger ships were flammable nature of the materials of which ships required for the increased number of emigrants, and their cargoes are often composed, the numand the Australian trade now boasts of the finest, ber annually destroyed is less than might have fileetest and largest ships in the world.

been supposed. Of those vessels which were Such was the impetus given to Australian burnt in consequence of the cargo igniting, the shipping, that it doubled itself in the following majority were laden with coals; and of the thir. year, 1852, and 501 vessels were dispatched that teen blown up, seven of the accidents are attriyear. These ships were much larger, and the buted to coal-dust, four to gas, one to spontaneous average passage in the Liverpool ships was re- combustion, and only one to powder. duced from 120 days in 1851, to 110 in 1852; But admitting that a great numerical supethe shortest passage being made by " The Marco riority exists on the side of sailing vessels, still Polo, in 75 days.

the casualties reported against steamers appear In 1853 the statistics of Australian navigation very trifling: It seems that the greatest number are known up to the 30th September last, and of fatal accidents that happen to steamers arise there seems to be every reason for supposing that from the foundering. Thirty of such events octhe trade will again double itself, for 804 ships curred, while only seventeen were wrecked. In had been dispatched in the first nine months of canvas ships, the average appears to be that three the

year. This gives an excess of about 67,000 vessels are totally wrecked where one founders, tons on the whole of the trade of the year 1852. - but in steamers this is reversed; for if these Accounts have already been received of 234 of statistics can be relied on, two steamers founder these last vessels, and the average passages were for every one that is wrecked. This is, perhaps, about 1054 days, being a clear gain of five days owing to the lumbering weight of the machinery, upon the average passages of the preceding year. which, in a disabled steamer, must act very deThe Liverpool ships have beaten the London trimentally in a gale of wind. ships in this extraordinary race to the Antipodes, It does not appear that a steamer blew up durby 20 days upon the whole average, and the ing the period of four years, and that only eight shortest passages were again made from Liver- were totally destroyed by fire, and seven partially pool, by the celebrated • Marco Polo,” and her burnt. During the same period, there were 116 sister ship, “ The Indian Queen,” the first in 78 sailing vessels burnt and blown up; and these days, and the last in 82 days, and it is supposed singular statistics would seem to indicate that that when the returns for the whole year (1853) there is less chance of being blown up in a steamare completed, the average passage of the Liver- er than when under canvas, and, paradoxical as pool ships will be less than 100 days.

it may appear, that there is more to fear from

coal-dust than powder. These remarks, howBy a comparison of the tonnage and duration

ever, must be received with caution, for the list of the voyage, it is seen that as the tonnage in- of " casualties" is incomplete, and only contains creases the average duration of the passage to those reported to “ Lloyd's," and can only be acAustralia decreases; the 600 ton ships having cepted as a rough guess at the losses sustained by

Great Britain and a few other maritime states. an advantage, on the average of 24 days over those of 200 tons, and the 1200 ton ships having for if we compute the number of wrecks at 1000

These losses, however, must be tremendous ; an advantage of 22 days over those of 600 tons. per annum, this gives 4000 for the four years

Of the 204 ships which have never been heard an amount not over the mark. But as the tonof since sailing, the tonnage of only fifty-nine is age is not set down against every ship, it is imknown. Of these 59, no fewer than 41 were

possible to get at the dimensions of the vessels

wrecked, abandoned, foundered, burnt, blown up, under 300 tons, and only one was of 700 tons. or otherwise destroyed, con

onsequently the

money The loss of life in the four years can only be value of the lost ships cannot be known. Conguessed at, as it often happens that the number jectural quantities must therefore be taken. Let of the ship's company is not known. The only us say, then, that these vessels averaged 250 tons means of approximating to the truth is to allow a each, which is perhaps a medium figure; yet this certain number of hands to a certain tonnage; would give the astonishing number of 1,000,000 and by this process a tolerably near guess may be tons of shipping lost in four years; and if we esmade. According, then, tó a certain known'timate the cost of building ships at £10 per ton,

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the sum required for their construction would be, net income of the fund for general purposes was £10,000,000—an amount that seems to warrant $749.25, making togetherthe sum of $18,863.55; that they could not all have been insured ; par- and leaving a deficiency on these accounts of ticularly if to this great sum be added the loss of $1460.41. During the first six months of the their cargoes-the sum total of which we leave to last fiscal year, (that is, to Fourth month, 1853,) more daring arithmeticians to determine. the farm was rented under the former lease, and

And yet there is every reason to suppose that yielded $730.75; for the remaining portion of this enormous loss goes on year after year; and that year, (viz., to Tenth month, 1853,) it was this country, to which the greater number of the managed under the new arrangement for the benewrecked vessels appear to belong, not only sus fit of the school, and the balance to the credit of tains it with impunity, but if we may believe the account is $1569.14, making the total credits statistics, is thriving beyond any kingdom upon for the year $2299.89. Deducting from this the face of the earth.

the year's taxes, amounting to $206.14, it leaves a balance of $2093.75, which, if added to the

appropriation made by the Yearly Meeting, will WEST-TOWN BOARDING SCHOOL.

cover the loss on the board and tuition account The following is taken from the Minutes of and leave a surplus of $1433.34. our last Yearly Meeting.

The receipts for lands sold in Susquehanna

county have been $779.69; wbich, as well as To the Yearly Meeting.

the sums heretofore received from the same The Committee charged with the superintend-source, except $168.21, has been invested, and ence of the Boarding-School at West-Town, re- forms part of the fund for general purposes, the port :

object for which the lands were devised. That during the year ending Tenth month The balance of floating debt due by the Insti16th, 1853, the admissions were 152, of whom tution on the 16th of Tenth month last, was 68 were boys, and 84 girls: the average number $3107.63, besides $7,750 borrowed to stock the of pupils during the same period was 108 boys farm, &c., on which no interest is to be paid by and 105 girls, making 213, and exceeding the the school. Of this sum, $1750 is to be repaid previous year by 33. General good health has in the spring of 1856; and should the school prevailed throughout the family, and very few continue as large as it has been during the past cases of serious sickness have occurred.

year, and the appropriation of the Yearly Meeting The usual semi-annual examinations have been also be paid, there is reason to hope the debt attended by part of the Committee, and several may gradually be extinguished. intermediate visits made; the improvement of Considerable inconvenience and loss arise from the scholars in their studies, the industry, atten- a want of care on the part of those who send tion and care of the Teachers, and the general children to the Institution, to comply with the good order and harmony preserved in the family, terms of admission ; which require the payment have been satisfactory. No material change has in advance of one-half the charge for board and been made in the course of study; and while de- tuition, and the remainder at the middle of the siring to avoid whatever is designed as mere ac- session. As the charge is very low, compared complishment, it is the endeavor of the Com. with the advantages offered, it is hoped that mittee to afford the facilities of acquiring a solid parents, and others concerned, will punctually and useful education; and for the attainment of comply with this regulation. this object, we believe the advantages offered by The imperfect manner in which the schoolthis seminary are not surpassed.

rooms and other parts of the house bave heretoMeetings for Divine worship have been held fore been lighted; and the risk attendant on the as usual on First and Fifth days; and care has use of inflammable fluids for that purpose,

have been taken to instruct the children in a know-long been sources of concern, and the Committee, ledge of our Christian principles and testimonies, at different times, for several years past, has had by lessons in the Holy Scriptures and Barclay's its attention directed to procuring suitable apCatechism, and the use of other approved works; paratus for lighting the building with gas. The and we believe the benefits which many of them great obstacle has been the want of the adequate derive from this portion of their studies will be funds; but this having been overcome by the long felt.

liberality of a number of Friends, who felt an The disbursements on account of family ex• interest in the welfare of the school, arrangements penses during the year, were $10,823.42; for are now making for erecting gas-fixtures adequate incidentals $143.11; for salaries and wages to the full supply of the premises. From the $8,269.36, and for repairs and improvements same generous contributions, the Committee have $788,07, making a total of $20,323.96. also been furnished with the means for providing

In the same period, the charges for board and twenty bath-rooms for the use of the boys, to be tuition were $17,083.48; the rent of tenements supplied with hot and cold water; of erecting and the saw and grist mills, and the profits on new water-works and laying a three inch pipe, in merchandize sold, amount to $1030.82; and the place of the old one, which is much rusted and

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found to be of insufficient bore; thus securing / often requiring considerable time to complete an abundant supply of water for all parts of the them; and the present period of the vacation is house, lessening the labor in some of the depart- found to be too short for the purpose, and for the ments of housekeeping, and affording increased necessary cleansing of the house. The Supersecurity against fire. These important and very intendent and his wife are generally so closely

desirable improvements, so conducive to the confined during this period, as to bave little or | health, comfort and safety of the household, are no time for relaxation from their arduous charge;

progress; and it is hoped, will be com- and it is believed that while a longer time of repleted in the course of the summer.

creation would benefit the health of the teachers The building heretofore used as a milk-house and other caretakers, it would also be of advanbeing in a dilapidated condition, and the spring tage to the pupils; giving them more time to be from which the water was conveyed into it, having with their parents and families; especially such failed to give a sufficient supply, and the water as reside at a considerable distance, and for prenot being cold enough to answer the intended paring the necessary clothing for the succeeding purpose; it has been deemed necessary to erect session, and that they would make quite as much a building over the spring between he farm- advancement in their studies as they do at prehouse and the school; and to finish it with rooms sent.

It is therefore agreed to propose for the in the second story to accommodate a family to approval of the Yearly Meeting, that the vacahave charge of the dairy. A contract has ac- tions shall be extended to four weeks each, to cordingly been made and the house is expected commence at the close of the ensuing summer to be completed early in the coming season. session.

The new barn was put up in time to admit of The Committee are sensible of the importance storing last year's crops of grain and hay; and of preserving this valuable institution on the oriits ample size and convenient arrangement great-ginal ground of its establishment; and while ly facilitate the operations of the farmer. The making improvements designed to promote the cast of the improvement, including the removal comfort and convenience of the family, and to of the grain house to the north-west side of the increase the facilities for useful instruction, they barn-yard, and fitting it up, taking down the old desire constantly to keep in view, that it was inbarn and clearing up and leveling the ground, tended for the religious, guarded education of our &c., is $3953.58; which added to the cost of the youth, consistently with our Christian principles farm-house and improvements around it, makes and testimonies ; and that it is to the Divine a total of $12,128.56, all of which, excepting blessing on the faithful labors of those entrusted 8217, has been paid by the voluntary contribu- with its management, that we are to look for tions of Friends.

the continuance of its usefulness to our religious So far as the present mode of managing the Society. farm has been tried, it appears likely to answer, Signed on behalf and by direction of the Comboth as respects the amount of income derived mittee. from it, and the improvement of the land. The

THOMAS KIMBER, Clerk. capital required to carry it on, will not be less Phila. Fourth mo. 7th, 1854. than $8500, and by an estimate of the stock, &c. on hand, on the 16th of the Tenth month last, after deducting 5 per cent. from the furniture and 10 per cent. from the farming utensils for Dr. Irving, a missionary to Africa, has written depreciation, the value was $8313.15.

the annexed remarks. The letter is published A large portion of the corn crop was cut off by in the proceedings of the Royal Geographical a serere storm of hail during the summer,

Society. siderable increased expenditure has been incur- “In December, 1853, I was ordered on gerred in consequence, as well as for the renewal of vice to Abbeokuta, with Commander Foote, the fences, draining the meadow, and for manures; then senior officer. There I was much struck which will absorb much of the apparent profits; with the superior appearance of the people and yet it is believed the advantage derived from their great capabilities, the productiveness of these expenditures will more than compensate the soil, the variety of objects which might

It is not to be expected, there- lead to an extensive and lucrative commerce fore, that the profit for the remainder of the with England, more especially that of cotton, farming year (ending Fourth month Ist,) will be which is indigenous, and carefully cultivated nearly so great as during the first six months; by the Yarubas. These comprise a population - • yet the Committee believe that it will yield as of nearly three million souls, clothed entirely in large an income as under the former system ; cloths inanufactured by themselves. On my and that the fertility of the soil, and the condi- return to England, I represented these things tion of the farm in other respects, will be greatly to the Church Missionary Society, and many of improved.

the samples of African productions I brought At the close of nearly every session, it is ne- home excited great attention among manufaccessary to make some repairs to the building ; 'turers and others. The cotton proved to be of

AFRICAN COTTON.

and con

for the outlay.

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the very quality required for the purpose of quests, not by the voluntary as:ociation of the manufacture. Among them was also an entirely component parts, and those components were new kind of silk, respecting which several emi- kept in such union as they had, by the force or nent merchants in London are very anxious for

terror of arms. But the thirteen colonies which further information. I volunteered to go out composed the original United States, though first and examine the country between the Niger, driven together by the force of circumstances, Bight of Benin and Lander's route, between Badagry and Boussa, a country, excepting at

were afterwards held together and consolidated one or two points where our missionaries had into a more perfect whole, by voluntary associabeen the pioneers, never yet visited by white tion. The original boundaries have, we know, men. My offer was accepted, and I started as

been greatly enlarged, and the number of conagent for Yoruba with the sanction of Sir James federated States more than doubled, chiefly by Graham and Lord Clarendon. The necessary means widely different from the usual career of instruments for making observations bave been conquerors. forwarded to me."- Colonization Herald. Now, whatever we may attribute to human

agency, the humble Christian, who beholds or beFRIENDS' REVIEW. lieves in an overruling hand, whioh, amidst the

conflicting passions of men, guides the destinies PHILADELPHIA, FIFTH MONTH 20, 1854.

of nations, will readily admit that we are incomIt will doubtless be a satisfaction to many of our

parably more indebted to divine beneficence, than readers to be informed, that the steamer Atlantic,

to the policy or sagacity of statesmen, for the fawhich left New York on the 15th ult., and in which vorable position in regard to the maintenance of our beloved friends Josiah Forster, John Candler, peace, in which we find ourselves placed. To no and William Holmes were passengers, arrived at

other people, scattered over such an extent of Liverpool, on or about the 28th of last month. country, have the elements of permanent peace

been so freely offered. On no other people is The resolutions of a meeting of the citizens of conferred, in an equal degree, as on the United Chester County, in relation to the Kansas-Nebras- States of America, the power and consequently ka bill, which are copied into this week's number, the duty, of promoting the peace of the world. are not introduced with a view of entering into the By preserving peace and union among ourselves, arena of political disputation, from which the we secure the peace of nearly all North America. Editor has studiously kept this paper free; but as But let us remember that peace and union can be a means, to a limited extent, of directing the at- permanently maintained only by extending to all tention of our readers to the unavoidable conse- the rights with which they are divinely endowed. quences which such measures as the repeal of Injustice and oppression, however sustained by the Missouri Compromise must produce. Every power, contain within themselves the elements citizen of the United States, whatever his pro- of discord and contention. fession or station in life, who desires the peace

While then the general government is so adand prosperity of his country, must feel an inter- ministered as to promote the great objects for est in the preservation of the Union, as long as it which it was formed,“ to establish justice, ensure contributes to the peace and happiness of the domestic tranquillity, provide for the common de. people, and to the maintenance of justice. fence, promote the general welfare, and secure

It is, indeed, a remarkable circumstance that the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our postersuch a number of essentially independent govern- ity," the Union will deserve, and doubtless rements, as now compose the States of the Union, ceive, the attachment and support of the great formed under such various circumstances, and mass of the people. But whenever the power of composed of such heterogeneous materials, should the Union becomes perverted to purposes incom. be brought together to constitute a federal whole. patible with its original design, and instead of esWhen the formation of a Congress, composed of tablishing justice and securing the blessings of the thirteen colonies, for the purpose of resisting liberty to those within its jurisdiction, it becomes the encroachments of the British parliament, was an instrument of injustice and oppression, it must first proposed in the Legislative Assembly of South cease to deserve, and cannot long retain, the atCarolina, the suggestion was held up to ridicule, tachment of the people. In the farewell address under the character of a salmagundi, composed of our first President, the strict maintenance of of the various productions of those several colonies. national credit is laid down as an essential means

The interests and prejudices of the people ap- of preserving peace with foreign nations; and pear to have been regarded as too various and this punctilious regard to national faith is certainopposite, to admit of a cordial union. The great ly no less needsul in respect to our domestic than empires of the ancient world were formed by con- to our foreign relations.

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