« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
It is seriously to be apprehended, that the mea- Died,–At his residence, in East Greenwich, R. sures which have been pursued during many I., on the evening of the 4ih inst., Thomas Anyears past, in relation to slavery, must, by destroy- THONY, a member of Greenwich Monthly Meet
ing, aged 77 years; having been for about forty ing the value of the federal union, lead at no dis- years an approved minister of the Society of tant day, to its dissolution. Freedom is the boast Friends. of our people, the object which attracts to our
This dear Friend was much respected in his shores, the victims of European oppression. But own neighborhood, for his integrity and consist
ent Christian life; and being of an affectionate freedom founded on the oppression of others, can and cheerful disposition, he was much beloved neither be peaceful nor permanent.
by all who knew him. In his ministry he was It may be said that the readers of the Review sound, lively, and persuasive, and by the power
of Divine grace he was mercifully supported have very little influence upon the measures of through a long and distressing illness in great government, or the intrigues of politicians. But composure, sweetness and resignation of mind. we may reflect that the measures of government He retired for the night much as usual, on the are ultimately guided by public opinion, and 4th, and about 10 o'clock, his daughter observing
å slight difficulty in his breathing, approached public opinion is the aggregate of individual his bedside, and directly perceived that his spirit conclusions. It is therefore important that indi. had peacefully departed. vidual conclusions, in relation to justice and He much enjoyed the company of his friends, right, should be correct and enlightened. It is on the two days preceding his departure, being also important that those who are truly enlight- at that place, conversing freely with them on va
those on which the Quarterly Meeting was held ened, respecting the great interests of religion rious subjects, and very earnestly upon the reality and morality, should not put their light under a and unchangable character of the religion of Jebushel or under a bed.
sus Christ, with its blessed effects upon those who
embrace it, and often speaking of the joys of The preceding remarks were written and sent heaven, which seem to have opened before him. to the printer, before the editor had read the pa. As he lived a humble follower and disciple of the pers of the 15th inst. By the news of that date, it Lord Jesus, so he died in the sustaining faith of
the gospel. appears that the feeling alluded to has assumed a more tangible character than was previously ap. 31st
of last month, at the residence of her parents,
Of consumption, on the evening of the prehended. A large meeting was held on the Thomas and Tamon Hill
, Susannah Phelps, in 13th inst., at New York, in which it was proposed the 25th year of her age; a member of Walnut to call a State convention to determine what Ridge Monthly Meeting of Friends, Rush county, course is to be pursued by New York, in the pre- dured with much patience and resignation, ex
Indiana. Her affliction, which was long, she ensent crisis, and it was also recommended that pressing on the morning of the day before her similar conventions should be called in all the decease, that she had felt renewed evidence that free states, and in a number of those where slaves she should go to rest. are held. A convention has likewise been called
On the 21st of last month, at the residence to meet at Harrisburg, on the 1st of next month, of his uncle, Jesse Hill, Elisha Hill, in the 21st " to take action on the proposed repeal of the year of his age; a member of Walnut Ridge Missouri compromise." It is devoutly to be
Monthly Meeting of Friends, Rush Co., Indiana. hoped that the delegates at Washington, to whose Smith, a worthy member of Smithfield Monthly
At Pawtucket, on the 23d ult., CHAD wisdom the legislation of this great republic has Meeting, in the 93d year of his age. been entrusted, may yet pause and reflect before
At her residence in Highland county, 0., they consummate a measure,
on the 2d inst., after an illness of near sidered as casting a fire-brand into a mass of in- months, SARAH JOHNSON, wife of Elijah Jolinson, flammable materials.
a member of Clear Creek Monthly Meeting, in the 81st year of her age. Her disease was asthma,
terminating in dropsy: WEST TOWN SCHOOL. The Committee charged with the oversight of
CHESTER COUNTY MEETING, this Institution, will meet there, on Fourth day, To Remonstrate against the Repeal of the the 7th of next month, at 10 o'clock, A. M.
Missouri Compromise. The Committee on admission meet at 8 o'clock, This, adjourned meeting, was convened on the same morning. The Committee on Instruc- Tuesday, the 25th of April, 1854, at the Court tion on the preceding evening, at 75 o'clock. House in the borough of West Chester. The
The Visiting Committee assemble at the School meeting was organized by the appointment of the on Seventh day afternoon, the 3d proximo.
following officers :
President Dr. WM. DARLINGTON. THOMAS KIMBER, Clerk. Vice Presidents-John J. Monaghan, John Philad'a. 5th mo. 20, 1851.- 2t.
Parker, Dr. J. P. Jefferis, Hon. A. R. McIlyaine.
instrument, other compromises have been made The President prefaced the proceedings of the by law hardly less sacred and not less obligatory meeting by some pertinent remarks, in reference in honor and conscience than the constitution to the Missouri Compromise, and the unanimity itself. Among the laws of this kind is the act of opinion in Chester county, thirty-five years ago, of Congress of 1820, by which Missouri came against the admission of Missouri ag a slave into the Union as a slaveholding State. By that State.
act it is declared that in “all that territory ceded Upon motion of Joseph J. Lewis, Esq., pre- by France to the United States, under the name faced by some views in relation to the rights of of Louisiana, which lies north of thirty-six degrees the States under the constitution, the following and thirty minutes of north latitude, not included persons were appointed to draw up a preamble within the limits of the State of Missouri, slavery and resolutions expressive of the sentiments of and involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the the meeting :-Jos. J. Lewis, Francis Parke, punishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall Norris Temple, Jesse Evans and Dr. John Edge. be duly convicted, shall be, and is hereby, for
During the retirement of the committee, Wm. ever prohibited." This prohibition, securing to Darlington, Esq., addressed the meeting with freedom all north of the line prescribed, was the much force against the Nebraska Bill now before consideration given to the North for the admisthe House of Representatives in Congress. sion of Missouri without the proposed restriction,
The following preamble and resolutions were It was a compact of the most solemn character. reported by Mr. Lewis, chairman of the commit. To the south the benefit was immediate. Missouri tee, and unanimously adopted :
took her stand on the side of the slave holding It is an undoubted legal truth that slavery is States, and in every contest in which the same an institution of positive law, without which it element of controversy was involved, the vote of does not and cannot exist. It is contrary to her Senators and Representatives in Congress natural right, and its dominion is limited by the was secured in support of the slave power. To territorial jurisdiction of the government by the North the benefit was only prospective. which it is established.
Whether it should be realized was left to depend Independently of the compromises of the con- in some measure upon the faith of the South, stitution of the Union, every slave who should plighted by their Representatives in Congress, escape or be removed beyond the limits of a State by whom its stainless purity was raunted in the where slavery exists, into a State or territory highest terms of characteristic self-laudation. where it does not exist, becomes immediately It is now proposed, at the end of thirty-four free. The United States government has never years, to annul the prohibition, which it was authorized slavery. If slaves are held in any promised and agreed should last forever, and thus territory over which Congress has exclusive juris-deprive the non-slaveholding States of all they diction, except the District of Columbia, which were to receive in exchange for what they gave was carved out of a slaveholding State, they away beyond recall; and this is done at the first held without warrant of law, and in violation of moment that the prohibition begins to be felt in their natural rights. Every encroachment made its operation upon the settlement of the counby slavery upon any territory lying beyond the try, and it becomes of any value or efficacy. In limits of any organized State, and over which the our apprehension, the proposition is in the highest jurisdiction of State authority has never extend-degree perfidious and dangerous. If the pledged ed, has always been unauthorized and illegal, and faith of one half of the States of this Union, that might have been so declared by the federal judges, a law shall remain a perpetual contract between upon well recognized principles of general law, them and the other half, is to pass for nothing, and Congress might properly and lawfully have and that law is to be repealed and the contract refused to admit any new State into the Union, annulled when it happens to suit the pleasure or unless
upon the condition that slavery should be the interests of one of the contracting parties, the forever excluded. All the provisions that have confidence which ought to exist between the been made, whether by the Constitution or by members of this great confederaey, will be desacts of Congress, whereby the rendition of “fu- troyed, and no basis will be left on which future gitives from labor" was secured, or slavery per compromises can rest. When it is discorered mitted to extend beyond the limits of the thirteen that the sentiment of honor which constituted original States, were concessions made by the the foundation of our trust, is gone, there is nonon-slaveholding to the slaveholding States, in thing upon which it can hereafter repose. Those the spirit of coni promise and conciliation. With who seek, in their avidity for power or in their a territory so extensive as ours, involving interests zeal for the supposed interests of a particular secsingularly diversified, and conflicting at many tion, to extinguish that sentiment in its influence points, it was impossible to form, and it has been upon the action of the government, aim a deadlier found equally impossible to maintain a govern- blow at the existence of the nation that it is in ment, upon the basis of republican principles ex- the power of any external enemy to inflict. They cept by means of compromise. The constitution do more to shake the stability of the Union than is a compromise; and since the adoption of that the worst forms of agitation. There are many
provisions in our constitution, affecting the several committees to be appointed by the Guardian of States, that can be enforced by no sanctions, and the Poor, the Board of Health, the Inspectors must therefore depend for their observance and of the County Prison, and the Police Board, reefficacy upon the honor, virtue and good faith of specting this subject.' This conference selected the States themselves, or of those who act as their a sub-committee, of which Morris S. Wickerchosen representatives. This consideration makes sham was chairman, for the purpose of framing honor, virtue, and good faith essential elements an act, which was duly prepared and submitted of the government—the very cement of the con- to the Legislature. Failing, however, at that stitional fabric-without which it must, sooner time to get the bill enacted into a law, it was or later, crumble into atoms.
subsequently pressed with great zeal and diligence Impressed with these opinions, it is therefore on the attention of the General Assembly, by a
Resolved, That the bill providing for the or-committee representing the Prison Discipline Soganization of a territorial government for Ne- ciety, of which Mr. Wickersham was also chairbraska, and for the repeal of the act of Congress
The effort, not withstanding it had been of 1820, excluding Slavery forever north of the so earnestly and ably made, did not result in sucparallel of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes of cess until the present session, during which the porth latitude, is a violation of a solemn contract enterprise had the additional aid of a committee between the slave-holding and non-slaveholding appointed by the Inspectors of the County PriStates, of as binding obligation in honor and jus son, and especially that of its chairman, Ě. Y. tice as the constitution itself.
Farquhar, whose industry and perseverance Resolved, That the said act as a compromise of bill, which was signed by the Governor on the
largely contributed to secure the passage of the conflicting views and interests, by which the non- 28th of April last. slaveholding States made important concessions
The act authorises the commitment to the to the slaveholding States which might have been
" house' of all able-bodied paupers and vafairly withheld, ought to be maintained with
have been committed or senscrupulous fidelity by all the influence of govern- tenced to be confined in the county prison ment and the whole power of popular sentiment, or Blockley Almshouse, for no less than as one of vital consequence to the nation.
three months, and all vagrants, habitual drunkResolved, That the thanks of this meeting are ards and disorderly persons whom the court of due to those patriotic members of the Senate and Quarter Sessions and the inspectors of the House of Representatives representing slavehold-county prison may deem it best to so confine. It ing interests on the floor of Congress, who, regard - also requires the managers of the Blockley ing the good faith of the Government superior almshouse to transfer to the House of Correcto sectional views and interests, have upheld the tion and Employment, within twenty-four hours Compromise of 1820.
after entrance into said almshouse, all able boResolved, That if the Compromise of 1820 died paupers-authorises the managers of the shall be now repealed, it will be unsafe again to House of Correction, or any of them, to commit rely upon the good faith of slaveholding States thereto any and all persons who are willing to be in the future legislation of Congress; and that so committed, and empowers the Mayor of the the duty which the States of the North owe to city, the Inspectors of the County Prison, and themselves will imperatively require that they all committing magistrates in the city and counshall use the power which they possess to main-ty, to commit to the same place, for any period tain the interests of freedom, without venturing of not less than three nor more than twelve to accede to any future compromise in which a months, all persons who, being under existing question relating to slavery shall be involved. — laws liable to be committed to places of confineInd. Register.
ment, shall apply to them for such purpose; and all persons who may hereafter be convicted ac
cording to the existing laws of the CommonPHILADELPHIA HOUSE OF CORRECTION AND
wealth as vagrants.
The act directs that the EMPLOYMENT.
persons confined in the House of Correction shall We have seldom had occasion to congratulate be put to work, that they shall be credited with this community upon an event more important so much of the profits of their labor as exceeds to its moral welfare and interests than the pass-the cost of their board, clothing, &c., and limits age of the law providing for the establishment the lowest commitment to three months, and here of a House of Correction and Employment. the highest to twelve. The act is eminently wise and comprehensive in These are, substantially, the provisions of the its provisions, and will meet effectually a social law, and it is obvious that they are designed to want of the gravest and most urgent character. create an institution for which there is great It is proper to state, as forming an early part in need in every populous community, and from the history of its movement, that in January, which the most beneficial consequences may be 1851, the Philadelphia Prison Discipline Society confidently expected. It will occupy a wide and appointed a committee to confer with similar important space in the social system intermediate between the poor house on the one hand and to an appetite which renders him for the time a the penitentiary on the other, bringing under madman, is disentitled to his personal freedom, salutary restraint, in connection with regular oc- should be seized by the law and held under that cupation at some industrial pursuit, hundreds of restraint which may deprive him of the power indolent, vagabond, and evil disposed persons, to injure himself and others. Viewed then, as whom the laws have not, heretofore, been ble a means of at once controlling and reforming to apprehend and subject to any appropriate dis- the intemperate, the House of Correction and cipline or punishment. It will constitute, in- Employment to be established here may be redeed, a valuable reformatory school, as well as a garded as a most valuable acquisition. home for industry, where those who are not depraved enough for the common jail may be res
The institution deserves to be appreciated also cued from demoralizing influences, associations as a means of public economy. It is intended and habits, and where others, who, willing to earn vagrants who may be entered at the city Alms
to be a receptacle for all able bodied paupers and an honest living with their hands, but temporarily House, or committed to the county prison. unable to find employment, may escape starvation and the evil shifts to which it often leads, work, but possess the art of some mechanical
Hundreds of these people are not only able to until they can obtain work elsewhere. While the inmates of such an establishment will be made to exercise their talents and their
rade. They will be put where they will be greatly benefitted morally and physically, society strength for their own support
, and thusa will be happily relieved from a class of vagrants, heavý annual drain on the city treasury will beggars and incipient felons, who throng the highways day and night, offending the sight with reference to the statistics of this head of our
be largely reduced. It will appear, by a deformity and filthiness, subsisting on ill-bestowed charity, or gaining a precarious livelihood municipal expense, that the matter is one of by a course of petty crime.
considerable importance. The expenditures of One of the most interesting cases for which the county prison, during the last fiscal year, the law provides, is that of the habitual drunk. amounted to nearly fifty thousand dollars, ex: ard. There has long been a necessity for some dollars. The expenditures of the Blockley Alms
ceeding the receipts by about twelve thousand adequate means by which persons who have become so addicted to intemperance as to be inca- house, in the year ending May 20th, 1853, were pable of self control may be arrested by the ci- the total disbursements made by the Guardians
immense. The general account current shows vil authorities, and put under a restraint and of the Poor for all purposes, including indoor treatment, adapted either to reclaim them from of the Poor for all purposes, including indoor their fatal vice, or to keep them for successive three hundred thousand dollars, while the re
and outdoor expenditures, to have been over intervals, not only from indulgence, but from perpetrating in their homes acts of violence and ceipts from all sources were but about one hunperpetrating in their homes acts of violence and dred thousand dollars, leaving a deficiency to be improvidence, which render whole families wretched. It was because we believed that there supplied from the tax fund of more than two
hundred thousand dollars. The total inmates of was a pressing need for an institution in which abandoned inebriates might be confined, as well the Hospital during the year amounted to twenty for the protection of helpless women and child two thousand four hundred and fifty-one persons, dren who were exposed to their wastefulness, cru- thousand and five hundred women, and the rest
of whom about ten thousand were men, nine elty and corrupting influence, as for their own
children. security and reformation, that we so repeatedly and earnestly urged, many months ago, the erec- This shows to what an enormous extent the tion of just such a place of correction and em- poor-house and the prison tax the community for ployment as the wisdom of the legislature has the maintenance of certain classes, very many at length supplied. Perhaps the most deplora- of whose members are entirely competent to ble effects of the drunkard's habits are those earn enough to pay at least the charge of their which are suffered by the miserable wife whose custody in a place of confinement and correction. hard struggles for a scanty living are defeated Besides, when a house of employment is substiby the helpless and unreasoning prodigality tuted for one of idleness, there will be fewer which squanders her small gains in drink, and voluntary paupers claiming the attention of the by the equally unfortunate offspring who grow authorities, and in this respect the institution of up familiarized with brutal behaviour and shame which we are speaking, will perform an essenless depravity, without a gentle or good influ- tial service. In all aspects in which it may be ence to save them from the contamination. Gov- contemplated, a great engine of moral reform ernment should tolerate no such nurseries of has been secured. We hope the edifice to be crime. It should permit no liberty in the citi- built will be extensive enough for its purposes, zen to ruthlessly violate all the duties and af- and in selecting the architecural plan, the utfections of home. Hence, it is eminently just most care should be taken to have it complete in and right that he who has ceased to be a respon all particulars of arrangemens and adaptation.sible agent, or who, from an abject subserviency North American & U. $. Gazette.
It may be
REASON FOR ABSOLUTE PROHIBITION.
The subjoined notice of the conversion of the Messrs. EDITORS—It is said that the Probibi- staff of life into an instrument not only of phytory Liquor Law is unreasonable in its demands; sical, but of moral death, is actually frightful. that it is, oppression and fanaticism. I think not, Who can estimate the amount of misery, pauand will briefly assign my reasons.
perism and crime which the whiskey thus pro1. It is impartial in its operation. It treats duced must cause in the community ? Surely all offenders exactly alike. The gorgeous saloon it is time that some means were found to stop as well as the low groggery, the splendid hotel as well as the low-price tavern, are put on the the manufacture and sale of such enormous quansame footing If a rich man violates it he suffers tities of this deleterious article. the penalty as well as the poor man.
hoped, that a considerable portion of this fire 2. It rests on a right foundation. License water is used in the arts : but if one tenth or laws assume that the liquor traffic is dangerous, one twentieth part is consumed as a beverage, and then give any one legal authority to pursue the evil is incalculable : it on the payment of a paltry tax. The grand
Whiskey.—The manufacturers of whiskey in principle of prohibition is, that the rum-traffic is ihe great fountain of pauperism, misery and Ohio, with some from Kentucky and Indiana,
had a meeting at Cincinnati last week. Twenty crime, and its aim is to stay these bitter waters
three establishments were represented, which forever. 3. No new principle is embodied in this law.daily, or over four millions a year. The Cinci
consume 14,058 bushels of corn and other grain Our existing laws forbid the sale of arsenic or pati Gazette says :—"The whole number of disPrussic acid to persons who, there is reason to tilleries which send their whiskey to this marbelieve, will make an improper use of these ket for sale, is at least thirty, and the whole conpoisons. The advocates of prohibition do not sume at least five millions bushels grain annuwish to proscribe the sale of ardent spirits for ally. Large quantities of hops are also used in mechanical, medicinal and artistic purposes. the manufacture. These establishments also What they ask is, that the law will forbid their feed constantly upwards of 100,000 hogs. One sale to be used as a beverage—to make men establishment, David Gilson's, at New Richdrunken, and kindle all their bad passions, and mond, twenty miles up the river, consumes 1440 send them into the community ripe for assaults, bushels of grain a day, and employs upwards of riot and murder. In 1834, General Jackson, fifty coopers in making barrels. The twenty then President, approved of a law passed by Con- three establishments manufacture upwards of gress, forbidding the sale of ardent spirits in the twelve millions of whiskey annually, all of which Indian territory. If it was found there, it was is sold in this city, and from hence it is shipped seized and summarily destroyed. Is it not as to all parts of the United States.”— Inquirer. important to protect white men from the cupidity of rumsellers as red men ?
4. A prohibitory law can be enforced. Li. Important Lecture, on the connexion of health cense laws are not, and cannot be. This is spe
with abstinence from alcoholic liquore. cially true in large towns and cities. But a few A lecture was delivered on February 15th, at months since, a grand jury for the city and county the Whittington Club, by Dr. Carpenter-Sir of Philadelphia, expressed the opinion that there John Forbes, M. D., presiding.
The point are nearly as many unlicensed as licensed houses. throughout maintained by the lecturer was, that But a prohibitory law exterminates this nefarious health, instead of being sustained, was impaired business root and branch. True, it is sometimes in its activity by the use of alchoholic liquors. evaded and violated. So is the law against theft Taking as the ground of his argument that nothand robbery and arson and murder.
ing more was requisite to keep the frame in its 5. The law is popular and effective. Never muscular vigour than good food, good air, and a was there such a movement among the masses of necessary amount of sleep, Dr. Carpenter showed the people as at the present time. A few days that alcohol led to important deteriorations in since, a petition signed by eight thousand persons the body. It stopped the process of eliminawas presented to the Georgia Legislature for a tion of everything that ought to be carried away, prohibitory law. Michigan recently gave twenty impeded the body from getting rid of its effete thousand majority, in favor of the law. It is and used-up matters, curdled albumen which was effective. This is proved by the powerful oppo- one of the greatest constituents of the blood, sition arrayed against it. A gentleman of this and prevented the removal from the tissues of city connected with a large brewery, said their the inert fatty matter which accumulates about firm would expend forty thousand dollars rather them. Among the many instances which Dr. than have the law enacted. Other reasons for Carpenter gave to prove the inefficiency of alprohibition may be given at another time.cohol to sustain bodily exertions, he quoted a Philad. Ledger.
remarkable circumstance, which had been told