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him by a friend, who had commanded a ship | firming the assertion of Dr. Carpenter, that the from Sidney. Shortly after leaving Australia, a habitual use of alcoholic drink renders the mind leak was discovered in the vessel, and, unable to incapable of its usual concentration. put in at the Cape of Good Hope, they were obliged to sail homewards, keeping the men night and day at the pump. When each man's Expense to the British government, of the war work was over, he was allowed a good quantity
from 1793 to 1815. of grog for his extraordinary physical endurance.
A writer in the Economist, under date of But, as the men would not take their proper March 11, in an essay evidently intended to enquantity of food and fell off, the captain stopped courage a vigorous prosecution of the contest their grog,
and ordered them a mess of cocoa, into which the governments of England and biscuit, and meat. They turned in hearty, awoke fresh, regained the flesh they had lost, France have lately entered, furnishes the suband came into port as fine a crew as ever was seen. joined estimate of the expenditure of the war In noticing the effects that alcohol had upon the referred to at the head of this article. mind, the lecturer said that it weakened the
In round numbers, the struggle of twenty power of the will; and though, by stimulating three years duration which we carried on first the automatic tendency of the mind, it produced against the French Republic and then against extraordinary activity for the time, yet it weak- the French Empire, raised our national debt 585 ened, and if continued, destroyed external con- millions sterling. The debt was £:31,000,000 trol; that no man who had taken to a habit of in 1792, and £816,000,000 in 1815. Therevdrinking could concentrate his mind on a sub- enue rose from the same period from £19,000,ject as he used to do, nor could he even properly 000 to £72,000,000. The revenue, independirect his mental powers to any object on which dent of the interest and charges of the debt, he wished to exercise them. Many instances was before the war only £10,000,000. But of were given of this: and it was stated that men course, even if peace had been maintained, it noted for mental activity were remarkable for could not have remained at this low figure. As abstaining from alcoholic liquors. The lecturer our population increased, as our commerce spread, concluded by showing that alcohol, even when as our interests and our power extended, our netaken in small quantities, weakened the powers cessary expenses must have increased likewise. of digestion, particularly among people living in These, independent of the charges of the debt, warm climates, and that those who were thus ad- had risen, when peace again returned, to upward dicted, died of diseases which did not generally of £20,000,000. We
tberefore assume attack those of different habits. The room was that, even without war, during the 23 years crowded ; and the lecturer, in the course of his 1793 to 1815 both inclusive, ;
would address, which occupied upwards of an hour and have averaged (say) £15,000,000, per annum, a half in the delivery, was repeatedly interrupted or amounted in all to £345,000,000. But they by applause.—London Morning Post.
did actually amount (still exclusive of interest I once knew a judge of a county court who of debt) to £920,000,000. Therefore the sum was considered a man of powerful mind, and
will stand thus :well qualified for the office he held; but who Actual expenditure during 23
years of war
928,000,000 had unhappily indulged in the habitual use of Probable expenditure if at liberal potations. He, however, seems always to Addition to debt during
245,000,000 375,000,000 have stopped short of intoxication. And neither this period,
585,000,000 on the bench nor off of it, was he known to lose
Actual cost of the war,
1,160,000,000 the apparent command of his intellectual
powers. above fifty millions per annum. Having a wish to know what visible effect, on
Or to form our estimate by another set of his efficiency as a judge, was produced by his figures, we find that the total expenditure of bacchanalian babits, I enquired of an observant this country during the 23 years of war was
I practitioner at the same bar; and his answer
£1,539,177,000. That sum
was thus diri.
ded: was, in substance, that on questions involving Interest and charges of debt, 1793-1815, 619,830,000 but few points, and where of course the reason- Army,
381,787,600 ing required was simple and direct, no want of Navy,
71,082,000 capacity or comprehension of his subject was Subsidies to foreign Powers, .
51,128,000 perceivable; but when a question was of a com
Civil list and miscellaneous services,
84,113,000 plicated character, in which a number of points
1,539,177,000 were necessarily canvassed and adjusted, he was It would thus appear, that besides the incalpretty sure to become entangled. Thus con- culable destruction of human life, and the in
FROM AN OLD MANUSCRIPT.
terruption to the pursuits of peace, arising from , bench, violently opposed it, declaring that he the tremendous conflict, by which Europe was would never consent to adjourn to pray for a convulsed during the twenty-three years in ques. pack of murderers. They were (he said) a pack
) tion, the English nation, one only of the parties other's throats! After much talk, confusion,
of murderers, deliberately going out to cut each engaged, incurred an expense of about 5,750 and excitement, the Justice was overruled by his millions of dollars, of our money ; which at the colleagues, and the Court adjourned.-N. A. and low rate of three per cent, would require $172,
Gazette. 500,000 to be annually drawn from the produc
THE STRANGER PREACHER. tive industry of the people, in discharge of the interest.
Wherever I went, the rumor spread through the place
before me-" The man in the leather suit is come.” THE LATE JUDGE TALFOURD.
-G, Fox's Journal. The following notice of this upright and dis- and a grave man there came to the market-place, tinguished judge who died suddenly on the 13th People, one after one, drew near to the spot-
With a strong and a bold, yet a cheerful face; of 3d month last, is given in our English papers. They linger'd and linger’d, unknowing for what.
Justice TalFouRD died in the performance of his duties. He had been reviewing the Calendar, Close to the market cross, exposed to the air,
In the looks of the stranger who was stationed there, and was directing attention to the causes of crime was something they were not accustomed to see, in the manufacturing districts. His remarks are
So they questioned each other of what it could be. given at length in the Daily Times, of March Some said 'twas his dress, which of leather was made; 30. He closed as follows: “I am afraid we all Others spoke of his features' peculiar shade; of us keep too much aloof from those beneath us, Whate'er it might be, the folks grew quite a crowd, and whom we thus encourage to look upon us And questions were getting impacient and loud. with suspicion and dislike. Even to our servants with one word of his mouth they were silent as death; we think, perhaps, we fulfil our duty when we As he stretched forth his hand there was a pause in perform our contract with them — when we pay each breath; them their wages, and treat them with the ci- And a feeling like thought, through each bosom there vility consistent with our habits and feelings That the being they heard was a remarkable man. when we curb our temper and use no violent expressious towards them. But how painful is the In his words were such servor, and fulness, and grace, thought that there are men and women growing And the truth of his heart lent such force to his face up around us, ministering to our comforts and Had he urged them to pluck the town down, they had
tried, necessities, continually inmates of our dwellings, Although in their effort they vainly had died. with whose affect ns and nature we are as much unacquainted as if they were the inhabitants of Had he spoken of wrongs which the nation endured, some other sphere. This feeling, arising from Had he iold them of tyrants and tyrannous laws,
Of evils, the people themselves should have cured; that kind of reserve peculiar to the English char- They had risen to shed their heart’s blood in his cause. acter does, I think, greatly tend to prevent that mingling of class with class, that reciprocation of But his words were of peace, and of truth and of love,
And of One once on earth, who came down from above, kind words and gentle affections, gracious admo- Who, that peace might abound, and good will unto nitions and kind inquiries, which often, more than any book education, tend to the culture of the Harl endured all the pangs that humanity can. affections of the heart, refinement, and elevation Much spoke he of temples that were but of stone, of the character of those to whom they are ad. And priests cloth’d in purple, that Christ did not own, dressed. And if I were to be asked what is the of morciless pastors, who Christ had foretold great want of English society—to mingle class Should seem to protect, whilst they ravag'd the fold. with class—I would say, in one word, the want such a picture of Christ and his people he drew, is the want of sympathy.”
of the chosen and simple--the faithiul and few, It was while giving utterance to these noble That, absorbed in the vision, they saw what he said, sentiments that his auditory became greatly That it seem'd that his words 'gave new lise to the alarmed by the changed aspect of the venerable speaker. His head fell on one side-he was re- They were chain’d by his spirit;-they could not demoved, and died soon after.
part, Conviction like lightning was flash'd on the heart.
Though powerful his language his aspect was mild, PRAYER FOR SUCCESS IN ARMS.
That their thoughts were at once of a king and a child. A singular scene occurred in the Superior Court, in Montreal, on the day set apart by the Ere he ceased, all the strongholds of pride were; o’erBritish Government for Fasting and Prayer for
And natures were sosten'd, though harder than stone; the success of its arms in the war with Russia. When he ceased, in dim eyes were affectionate tears, On a motion being made to adjourn the Court And in hearts, a remembrance engraven for years.
P. for the day, Mr. Justice Mondelot, one of the
SUMMARY OF NEWS.
CONGRESS.-in Ser.ale, on the 8th inst., Senator Foreign IntelliGENCE.—The steamship Canada, Douglass presented a remonstrance against the Ne. from Liverpool on the 29th ull., arrived at Boston braska bill, signed by five hundred clergymen of on the 121h inst. No event of importance had oc- the North Western States. The Chair laid before curred at the seat of war. Twenty thousand French the Senate a statement from the Secretary of the and eight thousand English troops had been landed Treasury, in reply to a Senate resolution, asking at Gallipoli. A sharp conflict took place before for the amount of stocks or other government secuKalafat, on the 26th ult. After three hours hard rities redeemed since 3d mo. 3d, 1853. The amount fighting, the Russians were forced to retreat, with of stock redeemed during that time is $18,813,714. a loss of 500 men. Omar Pasha was concentrating
and the premium paid thereon $2,657,902.93. his forces at Shumla, and the Russians were forti. A large number of petitions against the Nebraska fying themselves in the Dobrudscha, where they had Bill
, were presented on the 9ih. Various matters a force of 30,000 men. Lesser Wallachia had been of minor interest were disposed of, after which, the evacuated by the Russians. They had also evacuated Indian Appropriation Bill ‘was debated till the ad. Krajova, carrying their guns and stores to Wilna. journment. No business of importance was trans
A Russian war steamer, carrying English colors, acted on the 10th. hail performed the bold exploit of running from
In the House of Representatives, on the 8th, Rich. the Archipelago, through the Dardanelles, the Sea ardson, chairman of the Committee on Public Lands, of Marmora and the Bosphorus, into the Black sea, Whole
, for the purpose of laying aside all other
moved that the House go into Committee of the passing all the batteries and fortifications in safety:
Sir Charles Napier was at Stockholm, on the 26th business and taking up the Nebraska Bill, which ult., and his fleet was off Gostergam, in Goihland.
was agreed to by a vote of 109 yeas to 88 nays. SPAIN.-There appears no prospect of an early
The bill was then taken up, and a substitute, being settlement of the Black Warrior affair. The Amer. the Senate bill without the Clayton amendment, ican Minister at Madrid has demanded, in terms so
was offered by Richardson. The debate on this strongly worded as to be offensive to the Spanish bill was continued throughout the session of the government, an indemnity of $300,000, and the dis 10th, which lasted until 10 o'clock P. M. on the missal of General Pezuela and some other high of. 11th. Richardson offered a resolution to terminale ficials in Cuba. The Spanish government, in strong day. A motion to lay this motion on the table was
the debate on the bill at 12 o'clock on the following terms, refuses to comply with these demands.
INDIA AND China.-A revolution is reported to lost. A scene of great excitement ensued. The have taken place at Ava, the Prince having poi- yeas and nays were called for on a great variety of soned his brother and seized ihe throne. At la est questions, the opponents of the bill making use of dates from China the camp of the revolutionists the power given them by the rules of the House, 10 was about 70 miles from Pekin. Accounts from delay a vote on the motion. The House continued Nankin state that the Tartar General Keang yung and night of the 11th and until abou: 12 P. M. of the
in session, without adjournment throughout the day was about to vacate his position between Nankin and Chin Keang, and thai a final and desperate ef. 121h, a period of thirty-six hours, without effecting fort would be male to relake Shanghai. Canton anything. The session of the 151h was consumed iis neighborhood remain quiet.
in personal explanations, motions for a call of the California.-By the arrival of the seamship
House, for alljournment, &c. On the 15th, Richard. Star of the West at New York, and of the Daniel the Nebraska bill at noon on the 20th inst., and 10
son offered a resolution to terminate the debate on Webster at New Orleans, news from San Francisco postpone the consideration of the special order, has been received to the 15th and 16th ult., respect the Pacilic Railroad bill, till the 24th ; which was ively.
The Star of the West brought nearly agreed 10, yeas 114, nays 59. $2,000,000 in gold. The produce of the mines continued to be very large, causing a great rush of population thither, and large lowns had been laid Atlantic arrived at New York on the 15th inst.,
Foreign-four days later. The mail steamship out for their accommodation.
bringing four days later European news. DOMESTIC.-A stringent anti-liquor law has been
Odessa was bombarded by the allied fleets, on passed by the Legislature of Ohio. The bill for the 24th ult., and half the town destroyed. A bat. bids the sale of all intoxicating liquors, to be drunk tery of four guns was destroyed, and eight Rrussian on or in the neighborhood of the premises where merchant ships and an Austrian ship in the harbor sold, punishing the violation of this law with a fine were burned. An attempt 10 land, 800 men failed. of from $50 to $100, and imprisoment of from 2010 The allies succeeded in dismounting the guns on 50 days; punishes in!oxication with fine and im several of the Russian batteries, but were them. prisonment; and gives to any wife, child, or guar- selves much damaged. The Russian fleet from Se. dian, employer, or other person who shall be in bastopol went to the aid of the town, but on a por. jared in poison, property or means of support, in tion of the British ships offering battle, returned to consequence of ihe intoxication of any person, a their former station. claim of action against the se!ler of the intoxica
The Turkish troops stationed at Kalafat have oc. ting drinks, as well as exemplary damages. Alien cupied all the posts abandoned by the Russians in for the payment of fines is given upon all the es. Their march southward. Wallachia has been entate, real and personal, of the violator of the law, tirely evacuated by the Russians. The important and no exemption is allowed.
position of Silistria was closely inverted by the PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE.-In The House of Russians, but was vigorously defended by the Turks Representatives, the report of the Commitee of who hoped to be able to hold out until aid should ar. Conference on the Appropriation bill was adopied rive. The Austro-Prussian trealy had been ration the 8th, and the bill relative to the sale of spi. fied by both the contracting Powers. rituous liquors passed finally. Both Houses ad- James Montgomery, the poet, died at his resi. journed to meet sine die on the 9th.
dence in Sheffield on the 301h uli.. at the age of 82.
A RELIGIOUS, LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS JOURNAL.
PHILADELPHIA, FIFTH MONTH 27, 1854.
EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.
way cast up for the redeemed to walk in. That
beloved PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS, offspring, is my fervent desire,-a desire which
I trust does not originate in selfishness, for I No. 30 North Fourth Street,
have the welfare of all mankind at heart.
About the ninth year of my age, I had a sePHILADELPHIA.
vere illness, by which I was reduced very low. Price two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE, I noticed the anxious solicitude of my parents on or six copies for ten dollars.
my account, and my heart was tendered with the Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly evidences of their love to me, thinking myself in advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 unworthy of it. After my recovery, I continued cents per annum in other States.
in delicate health, and the air of the city being too oppressive for me in the summer season, I
was sent into the country, sometimes to my uncle EXTRACTS FROM THE LIFE OF HENRY HULL.
Matthew Franklin's, at Flushing, and sometimes I have from my early youth derived satisfac- to my uncle Joseph Hull's, at Peach Pond, in tion from the perusal of the writings of religious Duchess county. Here I often rambled alone persons, wherein their experiences of the tender among the forests and over the green fields, indealings of the Almighty by his holy Spirit, are dulging my contemplative turn of mind. The described, and have thereby received some en- remembrance of these solitary walks is often recouragement to submit to his refining power, by vived, especially when I behold the places where which I have been brought to advocate the cause the groves, and rocks, and birds were the witnesof religion, and labor for the promotion of Truth ses of my plaintive soliloquies, whilst viewing the and righteousness in the earth. And having beauties of nature; by which my thoughts were found this to be a great work, and the prepara- turned to reflect upon the infinite wisdom of the tion therefor, an humbling operation, I feel wil. great Creator, and desires increased that I might ling to transcribe, now in the forty-eighth year live in his fear and partake of his favor. Notof my age, for the perusal of my children and withstanding this, the evil example of rude and grandchildren, and others who may survive me, wicked boys, by degrees, drew me to join with some memorandums and remarks, written at dif- them in folly, and I often sinned, and felt great ferent times, and also to record some occurrences condemnation, frequently weeping for my misfrom recollection, with desires that the reading conduct. I heard the doctrine held up by the of them may encourage them to pursue the path ministers of our Society, that the grace of God in which I have endeavored to walk, and to feel which bringeth salvation appeareth unto all men, the same tender solicitude for the welfare of and teaches the denying of all ungodliness and those who may come after them. For truly no and worldly lusts. I construed this, as though earthly enjoyment can afford the comfort and something would appear to condemn me and satisfaction which is experienced by the humble make me unhappy for my evil conduct, and follower of Jesus, the Lamb of God, who taketh sometimes after I had done
and was wilaway the sins of the world. Their life and peace ling to think my actions not very bad, I would are in him, and they are borne up above the bil- presumptuously say to myself, “ now if the Allows of the world; their rejoicing being in the mighty is offended with me, I wish I could feel strength and consolation which he affords by his his inward reproof;" thus willing to justify myliving virtue, witnessing the redemption of their self by my own hardness of heart, while at the souls even to a complete overcoming, as he their same time I was afraid my parents should know blessed Leader also overcame. Whether this of my conduct lest they should correct me, for will ever be my happy experience, I know not; but they had taught me to do better. I sought therethis I know, that as far as I have followed Him, fore to hide my conduct from them; but knew I have found him condescending and just in his not that it was indeed the good Spirit of grace commands; and if I am finally enabled to triumph who enlightened my understanding, so far to it must be through my continuance in the high-' see the evil of my ways, as to make me wish to
hide them from man, not considering that the tion spring all the evils that are in the world, all-seeing Eye, continually beheld me.
and the prevalence of evil examples is such as to Samuel's want of experience caused him to run draw away the minds of young people, as with to Eli when the Lord called him, being a stranger “cords of vanity;" pressing them onward as a to the Divine voice; and my ignorance left me mighty torrent that cannot be resisted by the in a situation somewhat similar, so that I did not strength of man. “But God, who is rich in consider the uneasiness I felt and the desire to mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, hide my conduct, as proceeding from the reproofs saith the apostle, even when we were dead in sins
, of Divine grace. But although I long remained hath quickened us together with Christ; by in a state of ignorance, yet in process of time I grace ye are saved." came to know the voice of heaveply Wisdom. Here we see the infinite condescension of Di. Eli instructed Samuel how to answer the Lord's vine Goodness, who declares by his servant, the call, and by obedience he became an eminent prophet Ezekiel, “ Have I any pleasure at all Seer in his day; and this induces me to think it that the wicked should die, and not that he right for parents and tutors to use great simplici- should return from his ways and live?" " The ty of language when instructing children, and to wages of sin is death," but life is obtained through teach them to live in the fear of the Lord, though Jesus Christ, who was sent as a light to enlighten their capacities may not be so matured as to com- the Gentiles and for God's salvation to the ends prehend the sublime doctrines of the Gospel. For of the earth. But if men hate the light, bewant of this knowledge, many are mere professors cause their deeds are evil, and will not come to of the letter, while they deny the power, the it or have faith in it, but continue in their evil spiritual appearance of Christ to the soul ; when ways, they are circumstanced as Jerusalem was as the holy“ Word which is quick and powerful formerly, when Christ, in his expostulation with and sharper than any two-edged sword,” he ap- her, says, “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that pears unto them, as he did unto Saul, whilst he killest the prophets, and stonest them that are was a persecutor of the disciples of our Lord. sent unto thee, how often would I have gatherWhen Saul knew who it was that thus pierceded thy children together, as a hen gathereth her and smote him, and gave up in obedience to his chickens under her wings, and ye would not." requirings, He became to him and his fellow la- It is evident, therefore, that those opinions are borers, as he expresses himself, “ Christ in you fallacious and deceiving, which induce people to the hope of glory.” Nominal Christians, while think that the work is accomplished by Christ's ignorant of his power, may satisfy themselves sufferings on the cross merely, without their enwith a belief in an imputative righteousness, and deavoring to follow him in the way of redemption, say much about the merits of the Redeemer; as they have him for an example. Through him, if they do not obey him, but live and act in op- the quickening Spirit, man has access unto the position to his teachings, it may be said of them, Father, who is "faithful and just to forgive us that they persecute the dear Son of God, as Saul our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousdid ; who was zealous in his way, yet ignorant ness.” It is a precious experience to have faith that redemption was obtained through faith in in Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who said "I Jesus Christ, the Lord from heaven. It is his and my Father are one ;"—and of whom the "quickening Spirit," that brings man under apostle John saith, “Whosoever shall confess condemnation for trangression, and as a faithful that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in witness, teaches children, even in their early him and he in God.” « He that bath an ear let days, to know good from evil; and were suitable him hear.” “ It is the Spirit that quickeneth," examples set before them, instead of evil, joined saith Christ, “the flesh profiteth nothing; the with pious labor by parents and guardians, to words that I speak unto you, they are spirit and train up children in the fear of the Lord, and they are life.” If our hearts are sincerely di. turn their attention to this inspeaking word of rected to him as the Emmanuel, “God with us,' Divine grace, they would, I believe, be more like and living under his government, we shall know ly to choose the ways of piety and virtue, than by happy experience, that “God is love, and he the more frequented ways of the wicked, which that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God lead down to the chambers of death. We are in him.” Christ is then, to us, the way,
the the descendants of Adam, who, through diso- truth and the life, and we witness redemption bedience fell; and “are by nature children of from evil and receive strength to walk in the wrath, even as others ;" and if we continue to highway of holiness, where the unclean is not disobey the voice of the Lord, which teaches us found, nor any ravenous beast; a way so plain, “to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly that the way-faring man, though a fool, may not with God,” we shall become as some in the err therein; and by which “the ransomed of the apostles' days, who “were dead in trespasses and Lord shall return and come to Zion, with songs sins," " walking according to the course of this and everlasting joy upon their head-they shall world, according to the prince of the power of obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sigbing the air, who worketh in the children of disobe- shall flee away." dience." From disobedience to Divine instruc
(To be continued.;