« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
homes, once miserable, have been made happy. From considerations which the narratives allud.
led astray, we find none so potent as vicious as. without much labor, but Mrs. C. wins all hearts sociations. Hence the importance of so conduct. by her bumble love and pious zeal. In much ing the education and arranging the necessary emself-dendal, she has left an affectionate family, to ployments of the rising generation, as to expose devote herself to this labor of love. She also them as little as possible to corrupting influences supports by her earnings from Alcohol, a native and example. Of this the narratives in question teacher in connexion with the London Missionary afford ample testimony. Society.
It is sorrowfully true that both in town and coun“Mrs. Carlile has visited most parts of the
try, the calls and arrangements of business, subject kingdom in pursuance of her mission, and entirely at her own expense.”
a large portion of our young people, at the critical period between childhood and adolescence, to a
species of association to which a pious parent can FRIENDS' REVIEW.
hardly look without anxiety and fear. Gladly would
the editor of the Review awaken the attention of PHILADELPHIA, FIFTH MONTH 27, 1854.
his readers to a renewed and vigilant consideration
of this subject. The declaration of the apostle, The extracts from the life of a devoted minister that evil communications corrupt good manners, of the gospel, whose labors were brought to a remains unalterably true. The prosperity which peaceful close about twenty years ago, though may be said to attend the Society of Friends, as copied from a work which has been extensively a class, has to some extent, increased the difficirculated through most sections of our religious so-culty of preserving our youth from unprofitable asciety, are yet deemed suitable to occupy a portion sociations. This will be readily understood by reof the columns of the Review. There are, no doubt, flecting on the manner in which the inferior stamany to whom this periodical is an acceptable tions in families are usually filled. weekly visitor, who have little leisure, if indeed otherwise possessed of the means, to consult the
To the young enquirer, it would be difficult to larger volumes, in which the labors and ex- tion to seek their associates among those who have
address a more striking and appropriate admoni. periences of those who devoted their time and had more experience than themselves in the way energies to the propagation of gospel truths in the of piety and religion, than the beautiful language world, are copiously detailed. To readers of this of the Canticles, in reply to the moving petition, description, it may be hoped, these and other simi
me, O thou, whom my soul loveth, where lar selections may prove seasonable and in.
thou feedest, where thou makest thy place to rest teresting. To the youthful enquirer, there is no other portion of religious biography so animating aside from the flocks of thy companions ? If thon
at noon, for why should I be as one that turneth and instructive, as that which delineates the early know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy visitations of the Father's love. Among those who have left behind them a faithful record of their ex
forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed
thy kids beside the shepherd's tents." perience in the great work of sanctification and redemption, we find perhaps without a solitary exception, a testimony to the early impressions which were made on their tender minds, though often im.
[ERRATUM.-Page 525, first column, line 30, for perfectly understood, yet inclining and inviting
70 read 40.] them towards the ways of piety and purity. And in such as were favored with pious parents or
INSTITUTE FOR COLORED YOUTH. guardians, we generally, if not always, perceive that the religious care of such guardians, was
The Annual Meeting of the Institute for Colored eventually productive of salutary results. We also Youth, will be held on Third day, the 30th inst., usually meet with evidence of the weakening and at 3 o'clock, P. M., in the Committee-room on corrupting effects arising from vicious examples Arch Street.
M. C. COPE, Secretary. and associations.
Fifth month 27th, 1854.
WEST TOWN SCHOOL.
DIED, -At the residence of his mother, on the this Institution, will meet there, on Fourth day, Tennessee, in the 37th year of his age. The Committee charged with the oversight of 16th of Third month last, Francis Jones, á mem
ber of Newberry Monthly Meeting, Blount county, the 7th of next month, at 10 o'clock, a. M.
The Committee on admission meet at 8 o'clock, At her residence in Fairhaven, Mass., on the same morning. The Committee on Instruc- the 3d of Fifth month, Lydia Kempton, widow of tion on the preceding evening, at 7 o'clock. the late Jonathan Kempton, in the 93d year of her
The Visiting Committee assemble at the School age; anesteemed member of New Bedfora on Seventh day afternoon, the 3d proximo. Monthly Meeting.
THOMAS KIMBER, Clerk. Philad'a. 5th mo. 20, 1854.-2t.
Report of the Managers of the Bible Association
of Friends in America. DIED,—On the 23d ult., at the residence of her The Managers report, that there have been son-in-law, Jacob R. Shotwell, Rahway, N. Jersey, sold or gratuitously disposed of during the past MARY STROUD, widow of Daniel Stroud, late of Stroudsburgh, Pennsylvania, ag
2369 Bibles, 1267 Testaments, and 164
78 years; a member of Rahway Monthly Meeting.
copies of Testaments and Psalms. Of these, 1219 It would be difficult to name an individual Bibles, and 919 Testaments, have been furnishwhose character exhibited a more perfect combined to Auxiliary Associations, for gratuitous disnation of gentleness of manner with firmness of tribution or sale at low prices, at their discretion. purpose; calmness and self-possession with ear- An edition of 1500 copies of the reference Binestness and energy of conduct; deep and decided ble, one of 2000 of the School Bible, and one of religious convictions, which influenced and mark- 2000 of the 24mo. Testament, have been printed her whole course of life, in the performance of very delicate and important duties, with a charita- ed during the same period. ble judgment of the motives and actions of others,
Our esteemed friend, Margaret Sheppard, lateof whose sincerity she had not very strong reason ly deceased, bequeathed $500 to the Association, to doubt.
and this sum has been paid to our Treas It A member of the Society of Friends from her is expected that the legacy of $1000 bequeathinfancy, (for some time an elder of the Meeting to ed by our late esteemed friend John Paul, and which she belonged,) she was strongly attached payable on the decease of his widow, will soon to their principles, and her daily walk gave un-be received. It is intended that the amount of mistakeable evidence that hers was no empty pro- these legacies shall be invested, so as to increase fession. Her natural diffidence, however, was
the very great, and in her general intercourse impart
permanent funds of the Association. ed to her the appearance of a learner rather than Reports have been received from 12 Auxiliaan instructor in the school of Christ. Perhaps this ries, viz.; Vassalborough, Maine; Burlington, was her appropriate sphere.
New Jersey ; Philadelphia, Fairfield, Chester
field and Alum Creek, Ohio; White Lick, Con. Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best:
cord, Hamilton and White Water, Indiana; SaThey also serve who only stand and wait."
lem and Three Rivers, Iowa. Even in regard to those with whom she was closely allied, and over whom she might rightfully cognized since the last annual meeting, viz.:
One new Auxiliary Association has been reclaim authority, her influence, which was always felt, was the effect of kind looks, and gentle
tones, that of Concord, Indiana. From a number of and bright example, rather than of pointed and them, no reports bave been received, but an intentional inculcation.
examination of those which have come to During her last sickness, a few weeks before hand, shows that our friends, who are willing her decease, she said, "I have heard of persons to co-operate with us in various parts of this who were so desirous to depart, that they seemed widely extended country, continue sensible of impatient of delay. I have never felt so. willing to go, or remain longer.”
the interest and importance of the work in which In this calm state she continued, for the most we are jointly engaged. part, throughout her sickness. As she approached The gratuitous distribution to the more disthe confines of this mortal existence, bright hopes tant Auxiliaries appears to have been acceptable were presented to her, and she exclaimed, " Re- and useful, as will be shown by a few extracts joice in the Lord;” and again, " Rejoice-joy, from the reports. One Auxiliary says ; joyful.”
Not long afterwards she ceased to sire sincerely to express our most grateful feelbreathe. On the 2d inst., at her residence in Wayne bles and Testaments to us the past year, ings to you, for your very liberal supply of Bi
therecounty, Indiana, Melinda, wife of Nathan Bald. by placing in our power the means of doing win, in the 430 year of her age; an esteemed much good.” Another; “We believe that much member of Springħield Monthly Meeting. At his residence in North Kingston, on the through our feeble endeavors to promote the cir
good has arisen to Friends within our limits, 8th of First month last, in the 86th year of his age, culation of the Holy Scriptures.” Another; BERIAH BROWN, a worthy member of East Greenwich Monthly Meeting. In life humble and un
can most thankfully acknowledge the assuming, at the approach of death quiet and com- reception of a box of Bibles and Testaments posed
from the Managers, which has enabled us
* Who best
to furnish some families and several individ
EMANCIPATION BY PURCHASE. uals with good Bibles and Testaments, which have generally been thankfully received. We
A man named Macdonald, died at New Orhave an extensive field of labor open before
leans some years ago, leaving an immense estate, us, situated as we are in a new country, and many which he had amassed by extreme parsimony, of us with young and rising families, and in but the whole of which he bequeathed for benevolent limited circumstances, yet we do not feel like
purposes. relaxing our labors in the cause we have so recently embarked in, but, owing to our wide
Of his plan for emancipating his slaves I find spread borders and frequent immigration, we
the following notice in the Anti-Slavery Reporhave but little hopes of soon being able to sup- ter for this month, borrowed it appears from ply all our members with the Sacred Volume.” Frederika Bremer's · Homes of the New World.'
Within the limits of some of them, there appears to be still room for a good deal of labor, He determined to emancipate his slaves, and
Macdonald was a planter and owner of slaves. before every member of the
Society of Friends, that in a mode by which they should gain, and capable of reading, shall be furnished with a good
he lose nothing. copy of the Bible. In others there is not much remaining to be
He said to them : “You shall work yourselves done in that respect, but we think it highly de- free, and purchase
your own release from slave
I will sirable that Auxiliaries thus favorably circum- ry for the
same sum which I paid for stanced, should keep up their organization, and give you the means of doing this. You shall continue their interest in this work of Christian work for me five days in each week, as heretofore, benevolence. We feel the value of their aid and for food, clothing, and habitation ; you shall work co-operation, and would suggest that when the for me also on the sixth day, but I will pay you wants of our own members are adequately pro- thus earned, which I will employ for you. Thus
wages for that, and give you credit for the money vided for, they should in the exercise of a just the first year. During the second year you shall discretion, in some measure extend the sphere of their operations, more particularly among those ded that you work industriously and well; the
be paid for two days' labor in the week, prori
, who, though not in membership with Friends, yet attend our religious meetings. The wants following year, three; and so on, till the sum is of their colored neighbors, may with great pro- and for you to have a little over, so that you
acquired which is requisite for my reimbursment, priety be investigated and supplied, and we apprehend not unfrequently other cases will come may possess enough to begin life with in Libeto their knowledge, in which they may have ria, whither I shall send you when you are reason to believe donations of the Sacred Volume
free." will confer a benefit upon the recipients. We his word. They began to labor with new heart,
The slaves knew that Macdonald would keep would repeat the invitation heretofore extended to Friends in those neighborhoods where no and their future well-being. Some accomplish.
because they now labored for their own freedom Auxiliaries have been formed, or where they have been suffered to decline, to an examination ed it more rapidly, others more slowly; but with. of the subject, and can assure them of the cordial
all the slaves on the plantation had co-operation and aid of this Association, if they worked themselves free. Macdonald fulfilled co-operation and aid of this Association, if they his part to them as he had promised, and they feel disposed to join in this labor of love. Notwithstanding the endeavors used for years past, themselves or others. They had become accus
could now become free without detriment to to ascertain and supply the wants of Friends generally, we apprehend there may still be local- tomed to work, to forethought and self-governities where no Auxiliaries exist, and yet where ment, at least so far as regards their own the members of our religious Society are but im
affairs. perfectly furnished with the sacred writings. In
In the meantime Macdonald's plantation had such places, Auxiliary Associations might be been unusually well cultivated, and the slaves formed to great advantage, and our dear friends had repaid the original purchase money. I do who may engage in the performance of this not know whether it was Macdonald's intention Christian duty, may, it is to be hoped, be them to have his plantation afterwards cultivated by selves benefited by the closer attention they will white laborers or by free blacks ; but one thing probably thus be induced to give to the Holy appears to me certain, and that is, that MacdonScriptures, which are able to make wise unto ald's mode of effecting the emancipation of slaves
“ salvation, through faith which is in Christ is deserving of consideration and imitation, as Jesus.”
one of the wisest that can be devised for the Signed on behalf and by direction of the gradual and general release of both the blacks
and the whites of North America from the fetBoard of Managers. WILLIAM BETTLE,
ters of slavery. I know many estimable and Secretary.
thinking men of New Orleans who consider that Phila., Fourth month 13th, 1854.
such a mode of emancipation as would by de
in two years
grees convert the negro slaves into free laborers, twelve years, of only two and a half grains per might be put into operation without much diffi- gallon in the amount of solid organic matter disculty, and that all those dangerous results which solved, of which about one grain is sulphuric acid. people imagine, are in a great measure only fears They attribute this latter effect to the activity of and fancies.
the coal trade, and show that it is proportioned
to the increase in the quantity of coal mined in PURITY OF THE SCHUYLKILL WATER.
the Schuylkill region. . Anthracite coal contains In October last, Councils passed a resolution iron pyrites, which is a compound of sulphur and directing the Watering Committee to inquire in
iron. Portions of this substance are oxidized to the practicability of erecting at Fairmount, a
gradually by the air, in the underground explofilter of sufficient capacity to filter all the water rations for coal, thus forming sulphuric acid and used in the city, before it enters the distributing
oxide of iron, the former in more than sufficient pipes. This subject had been previously discus- quantity to neutralize the latter, for the waters sed by the press, in consequence of the preva
issuing from some of the mines are so highly lent belief that the water supplied from the charged with copperas and free sulphuric acid as Schuylkill had very much deteriorated in quality,
to cut and endanger the steam boilers employed owing to the increase of manufacturing establish” in the coal region. Sulphate of iron is also proments along the course of the stream, and the duced by the burning of the larger masses of the impurities flowing into it from the coal mines, pyrites, and thus a considerable amount of salUnder such circumstances the inquiry authoriz- phuric acid and its salt, with iron, enters the ried by Councils was a very proper one, in order to
Yet when the same water reaches Phila. ascertain the exact condition of the facts, and delphia, instead of having the marked acid redisseminate a correct idea of the state of our alkaline reaction, and the analysis shows a notable
action visible in the coal region, it has a decided bydrant water.
We have now before us a printed copy of the proportion of sulphate of lime in the city water. report of the Watering Committee, showing at
This is caused by the extensive limestone formasome length the result of the investigation, and tions traversed by the river in the intermediate fraught with so much interest to the inhabitants space, as well as by its receiving the drainage of of the city, that we propose to give a resumé of extensive limestone districts, whereby carbonate of the city, that we propose to give a resumé of of lime is liberally supplied to it. This latter its contents. These inquiries were made under the immediate charge of the Superintendent of produces by decomposition with sulphate of iron, the Fairmount Water Works, Mr. Frederick
the sulphate of lime, which remains in solution, Graff, whose report thereon is an able document. and oxide of iron, which is deposited. Sulphate In order to ascertain if there was any well found the river reaches Philadelphia. Nearly all the
of linie takes the place of sulphate of iron before ed reason for the popular belief in the impurity of the water, Mr. Graff deemed it necessary to sulphuric acid entering the river is retained in employ Messrs. James C. Booth and Thomas H.
solution througbout its course, but the tributary Garrett to make a chemical analysis of it, and to streams along the valley so dilute the water that obtain the opinion of those experienced chemists only a trifling increase is perceptible in the amount whether the water has, in any important degree,
of this acid per gallon, in the course of twelve deteriorated from its former acknowledged puri-trade. And it is also added that the
years, notwithstanding the increase of the coal ty. Messrs. Booth and Garrett make a written the acid entering the water is not sufficient even report of some length, in which we find the following result of their analysis, compared with to decompose all the carbonates
which it receives the results of two previous analyses, one made by ference to impurities derived from the coal
or contains. This disposes of all the fears in reProfessor Boye in the year 1842, and the other mines, and shows how admirably in the economy by Professor Silliman, Jr., in the year 1845 :
of nature a great evil has been averted. Boye, Silliman, B. & G.
The next important point settled by this ana0.114
0.087 lysis is that in reference to the organic matter
contained in the water. It now appears that Magnesia,
while in the year 1842 the quantity of organic Alumiga and oxide of iron, 0.077
matter was ascertainable, and in 1845 was quite Sulphuric acid,
large, it was in 1853 not sufficient in amount to admit of exact determination. This fact proves
that the increase of population and manufacturOrganic Matter,
0.681 ing business along the valley has not deteriorated
the water in the slightest degree with organic matter. The report of the chemists thus con
cludes :Residue found direct,
“The mineral contents remain the same, and In their report, Messrs. Booth and Garrett re- are only varied in proportion. mark that the water shows an increase, during “The effect produced upon the water by clear
Potassa, Soda, Lime,
0.341 1.226 0.230
1.039 1.043 0.188
1.261 1.404 0.696 0.068 1.417 0.168 1.080
0.302 0.086 0.395 1.290 0,036
0.033 0.096 0.080 1.690 0.240
ing land, could only be an increased turbidness, he leaves it to the mercy of the wind and waves; from finely suspended mineral matter, or the ad- and he believes that, at some time and in some dition of dissolved matter, in which vegetable place, it will be picked up, and the contents matter would form a fair proportion. We believe opened and read. there are not sufficient data to establish the fact, This is not a mere freak or joke. It has in it that turbidness is now more frequent or dense a serious and intelligible purpose. Navigators than formerly, and we have shown the absence are greatly interested in determining the strength of dissolved organic matter. We may therefore and direction of the currents of the
ocean, and conclude that the water is not worse than it for the winds which blow over it. Now a bottle merly was from this cause.
containing only a slip of paper, will float and “It has been supposed that filtration of the travel hither and thither with a very slight im. water before its distribution through the city pulse : and if it do not encounter a rude dashing would be desirable, and should be undertaken by against a piece of rock, it may remain intact, we the government of the city. We infer, from know not how long, either floating about or ly- . analysis, that filtration would scarcely, if at all, ing peacefully stranded on a solitary and unvis. diminish the mineral matter in solution, nor is ited beach. True, if such a bottle were cast its character or amount such as to justify an at- forth on the first of January, near St. Helena, tempt at removal. The suspended matter, in and were picked up on the thirty-first of De a turbid condition of the water, is finely divided cember, near the Isle of Wight, the facts would clay, the quantity of which is inconsiderable, and not prove that the bottle had taken the direct or which we do not suppose to exert any injurious nearest course from the one island to the other, influence upon the water. To attempt its se- neither that it had been continuously travelling paration would demand so vast an expenditure, during a space of three hundred and sixty-four as would not, in our opinion, be justified by the days. But, if many bottles, at many different result, even if it were entirely successful. But times, were cast into the sea near St. Helena, a there is every reason to believe that the attempt comparison of the resultant times and distances would be attended with at least a partial failure, might, perhaps, give an average, which the navibecause the suspended matter is so finely divided, gator would store up among his valuable data. that we doubt if much of it could be removed by Again, if a ship be in distress, and the crew any practicable system of filtration.
or passengers doubtful whether they will ever “We may observe further, that a comparison again see home, a few loving words may thus be of our water with waters used elsewhere, in the entrusted to the merciful waves. At any rate, United States and in Europe, and highly es- a bottle thus filled with what cannot make any teemed, may be characterized by its greater puri- one drunk, unless it be with joy, is an innocent
, ty; and by its being slightly alkaline, and nearly bottle, and may do more good than harm. free from organic matter.
Thus thought Captain Becher, the editor of “In conclusion, we infer that the Schuyl- the Nautical Magazine, who, about ten years kill water has deteriorated in no important re-ago, determined to collect, so far as he could, spect from its former excellent quality; that from all the records of bottles picked up, with the nature of its small contents of mineral mat- a view to laying the ground work for useful inter and its unusual freedom from organic matter, ferences hereafter. He drew and caused to be it is superior to most waters, for domestic and engraved, a very eurious chart of all the bottle manufacturing purposes ; that from the nature voyages, concerning which any information could and quantity of its mineral contents, it is unne- be obtained. It comprises a hundred and ninecessary to adopt a system of filtration to improve teen voyages or tracks, each marked by a straight its quality; and lastly, a comparison of the past line from the point where the bottle was thrown and present, leads to the inference, that no plan into the sea, to the point where it was picked up. of improving the water will be required for many Of the bottle's intermediate peregrinations, nothyears to come.- N. A. & U. S. Gaz.
ingis known. It may have travelled by a circuitous route; but as the chart compilers were in
the dark as to that matter, they had no course BOTTLED INFORMATION.
left but simply to draw a line from the point of There is a mode of bottling up information departure to the point of arrival, to mark the until wanted, which occasionally perplexes those general direction ; leaving it to after researches who are not behind the scenes, and who do not to make clear, if they could, the actual route see why and wherefore the thing is done. It which the bottle bad followed. was about half a century ago that this bottle de- The chart comprises only the Atlantic, and partment was established; we are not without only that part of the Atlantic which lies between examples of its previous use, but it then became the latitude of the Orkneys, and the latitude of a definite system. A captain of a ship tells of Guinea. Either bottle-papers had not been his whereabout; he writes on a piece of paper started elsewhere, or they had not been picked or parchment; he encloses this in an empty bot- up, or information of their having been picked qe; tle seals this bottle and casts it into the sea,' up had not been forwarded to London. The At