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No. 39.


whose services may cost a little more; and hence

some persons, who would rank among the dregs PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS,

of mankind, have been entrusted with the over

sight and tuition of tender children.* One of this No. 50 North Fourth Street,

description, who had been a soldier in the BritPHILADELPHIA.

ish army, was employed in the neighborhood

where I lived, and from him I derived much of Price two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE, my small share of school learning. or six copies for ten dollars.

While at work one evening in the cloth-mill, Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly with the aforesaid person, word was sent to me, n advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 that my father wished me to come to the house. cents per annum in other States.

I immediately went, and found several Friends

there, who proposed a religious opportunity with EXTRACTS FROM THE LIPE OF HENRY HULL.

the family. When I found what I was wanted Continued from page 595. for, I felt disturbed in my mind, that


father My father built a fulling-mill, in order to fur: should call me from my work, upon, what I then nish me with employment, and with a view of thought, such a trifling occasion, and I could having me instructed in the business, engaged a scarcely speak pleasantly to the Friends. But man who understood it; but there being little

soon after we sat down together, the power of opportunity of choice, the person he hired was Truth spread over us, and the Friends were envery objectionable in point of morals, and I was abled to speak so plainly to my situation, that greatly exposed in his company. He was, how- my spirit was broken into tenderness, and when ever, soon dismissed, and I was thrown into I left the house tears flowed from my eyes. Reother company. The man who next took the flecting on the solicitude of my dear father for mill, had an interest in the proceeds of my la- my everlasting welfare, and on the goodness of bor, and kept me very closely at work, early and the Ancient of days, in that he did not leave me late, to wbich I quietly submitted, being desirous in the hardened state of mind I was in, when I to learn the business. His unwillingness to per- went into the room, my heart was humbled; and mit my attendance at week-day meetings, was I entered into solemn covenant with the Lord, the only difficulty I met with from him.

that if he would pass by my offences, I would enThe practice of employing immoral or irreli- deavor to be mindful of his favors and walk more gious persons in families where there are young worthily. At another time, my mother reprovchildren, is often attended with very injurious ing me for levity, I replied to her in rather unconsequences to their tender minds. Parents who handsome terms, at which I saw she was grieved. are desirous of training up their offspring in the This affected me much, so that I wept to think fear of the Lord, should exercise great care as how thoughtless I was, fearing I should be cast regards those they employ. I well remember off by the Almighty, for my ingratitude to her the corrupting conversations and conduct of some who had done so much for me. who were engaged in my father's business, when

From the time of the aforementioned opporhe was altogether ignorant of what was passing. tunity in the family, the work of religion seemed The sons of farmers who are left to labor with to take root in my mind. I could not take the the workmen, without the presence of their pa- liberties I had formerly done in vain and idle rents, are in a particular manner exposed to con- conversation, but seriousness covered my mind tamination, many of that class being of the low- for many months, and I was glad when the meetest grade, and hardened in wickedness. It is ing day came. I remembered my former coveno less important that in the education of chil- nants, and wept in secret at the remembrance of dren, suitable teachers should be sought for.

•The condition of common country schools, precedGreatly have the children, in many parts of the country, suffered from the want of this care ; too ing and during the time of the revolutionary war, was

unquestionably very low. Though they may yet admany being more anxious to obtain a teacher at mit of much improvement, they have certainly riser a low rate, than to get one of good character, I greatly in their general character since that time.

how often I had broken them. Frequently, , all my resolutions! now as fresh and lively as in the silent hours of night, when all nature the flower in the field ; to-morrow, withered and seemed slumbering, I sat ruminating on my sad faded away! Thus it has been with me for years ; situation, thinking no poor mortal was so miser- at times filled with heavenly love, then poor, ah, able as myself. Yet I had none but myself to poor indeed, even when my desires have been to blame for it, knowing I had very often been fa. do right. Art thou, O my soul, serving a hard vored with the sweet incomes of heavenly love, master? No, this state of poverty is the result which I had slighted, running after the follies of my disobedience. I have partaken of too many incident to youth. At other seasons, the Beloved mercies to think the Lord is a hard master. He of souls was pleased to renew the offers of his is a God full of compassion. love in my heart, and I was filled with joy and 24th. When attending our Yearly Meeting at rejoicing. Thus I continued through the time Westbury, on Long Island, about one hundred of my apprenticeship, which being expired, I miles from home, I heard of a melancholy acciundertook the management of the business my dent which had occurred in our neighborhood, self, diligently attending meetings, sometimes by the explosion of gunpowder, killing a Friend walking four miles over the mountain; and I was and injuring other persons. The remembrance often much comforted while we sat together, and of my dear wife and child, and the reflections on could return to my employment rejoicing. this sad event, raised fervent desires, that I and

At the age of about twenty years, he was my family may so live as not to fear death. O, united in marriage with Sarah Hallock, a virtu- Lord God Almighty, I pray thee, in the riches ous young woman, who proved to be a valuable of thy mercy, lay thy hand upon me, for I have partner.

need of thy help, without thee I can do nothing. For nearly two years after our marriage, I was I long to be in thy hand, that I may serve and greatly tried with a spirit of unbelief, and some- worship thee acceptably. times was near giving up to close in therewith, In the autumn of this year, I penned the folbut being blessed with a pious wife, she proved a lowing remarks, the exact date I cannot now true help-mate, to me, both in my religious pro- give, it being mislaid. gress

and in the cares of life. Few men have of late I have suffered much, for not giving been more blessed in this respect than I was. up publicly to advocate the the cause of Truth.

In the year 1786, I began to keep a diary, and It was the cross I stumbled at, reasoning myself although it is written in much simplicity, yet I into the conclusion that I was the least qualified feel disposed to transcribe some parts of it, to of any that ever appeared in meetings, and that show the deep exercises and conflicts of spirit I the work was too great for me. I thought I had passed through. I was often impressed with a rather die than give up to it, and thus darkness belief

, that I should have to stand forth as a pub- covered my mind, and I was ready to conclude I lic advocate for the cause of Truth, and at times had been under a delusion in thinking myself the flowings of Gospel love so filled my heart, called to the work. But through the renewed that I seemed as if I could not hold my peace; mercy of my God, I was enabled to say that I yet when the Divine intimations pointed thereto truly loved him, and was desirous to serve him; in our religious - meetings, I withstood them, and after a close conflict of spirit, I covenanted which brought darkness over my mind. The fol that I would give up and be obedient, if the comlowing extracts are taken from the diary, viz: mand was again given forth. But when I came

1786, third month 16th. This day I have en to meeting and saw my former young companions tered my twenty-second year. I have not been a fear seized me, and I again gave way to readuly sensible of the favors of the Lord to me, soning, so that I returned home in great distress and at times a fear fills my mind, that if he should of mind. cut the thread of my life, and number me with A few weeks after this, as I sat in meeting, the silent dead, I should not be admitted among during the fore part of it, I seemed quite insen. the blessed. Great indeed are my trials, but my sible of any good, and found it hard work to keep faith is renewed, that the grace of God is suffi- from falling asleep, a trial unusual with me; cient for me. May I love the Lord more, and be when a Friend stood up and spoke of the situathankful for the least of all his manifold favors. tion of the children of Israel, in their journey

17th. At our Monthly Meeting, the advice through the wilderness, showing that through given by a ministering Friend to those under disobedience, many fell and perished. Suddenly trial, was, that they should patiently wait and a voice intelligible to my inward ear, sounded in quietly hope. O that I may be one of the num- my soul, as if it were the voice of man, saying, ber of those who do so. I hope the time will “ Thou art in great danger of being lost in thy come, when I shall serve the Lord with all my rebellion." Great, indeed, was the consternation mind and all my strength, and not fear man. I was thrown into; a trembling seized my frame, May I more and more come to know myself, and which I endeavored to hide, but could not, and how to conduct before the Lord.

Friends who sat near me noticed my situation. Fifth month 11th. This day renewed my reso- In this awfully awakened state, the language of lution to serve the Lord my God. But what are 'my heart was, “ Lord, do what thou wilt with

me, I am willing—Come life, or come death, I ders, his ministry was made effectual by the will give up all for thy sake, and to be received mighty power of God, in turning many thousands again into thy favor.” And the Lord, who is not from darkness to light; for as he began early, slow to hear, nor yet in showing mercy, con- so he labored much in the heat of the day, breakdescended to appear as a morning without clouds, ing up rough places, and untilled ground, and comforting my mind in an extraordinary manner often walked as it were among briars and thorns, with his love, and spreading over it a sweet calm. which scratched, picked, and tore with great opThen I saw clearly that it was required of me to position. But he broke through them all, not kneel down and publicly acknowledge the good regarding the opposition, and the sufferings he ness and the invincible power of God, which met with, for the good of souls. causes the tall cedars to bend and the sturdy His industry in the Lord's way was very oaks to bow; and being fully sensible of the great, he seldom having many hours repose, mercy of God from the love which then filled making the Lord's work his whole business, not my heart, I was made willing, and falling upon taking so much liberty as to spend one week to my knees, uttered with an audible voice, a few himself, about any outward occasion, in ten years; sentences to the above import. Oh! then, inex- and it was bis grief if any opportunity was misspressibly precious, yes inconceivable to the na- ed in doing good. He was a man of no great tural man, was the ushering in of peace and joy learning, which men so much admire, yet he had to my mind. Language is insufficient to set forth the tongue of the learned, having had experience the sweet serenity I partook of for several days; of the work of God in many conditions, so that it seemed as though I had become the inhabitant he could speak a word in due season, to the unof another world, and left all my sorrows and per- derstandings and consciences of all men with plexities behind me. My work was pleasant, whom he had converse, for his words adminismore so than ever before, and I now concluded tered grace to the hearer. I had got to the end of my toilsome journey At the age of nineteen, in the year 1654, he through the wilderness, and had entered the came up to London, and was one of the first who heavenly Canaan. But, alas! I found I had only preached in that city, and great opposition he just entered on a field of arduous labor, and had met with there; but God made his ministry greater trials yet to endure than any I had here- effectual to the conversion of hundreds.

He tofore known. Notwithstanding the marvellous continued about London very much, at times, display of Divine power that humbled and brought between eight and nine years, speaking of the me into obedience, and the peace that followed things of the kingdom of God. His heart was my submission, I again got into reasoning and much drawn towards London, and he often said, lost the enjoyment I had known, even that peace when suffering came for the gospel's sake, 'I can which the world can neither give nor take away. freely go to that city, (i. e. London,) and lay

down (To be continued.)

my life for a testimony of that truth which I have declared through the power and spirit of


In the year 1662, visiting friends in the city Edward Burrough, born in the county of West- of Bristol, he took his leave, and said to many, moreland, about the year 1635, of honest pa- I am going up to the city of London to suffer rents, was in his childhood ripe in knowledge, among Friends in that place.' A little after his and did far excel many of his years. Grey hairs return to the said city, he was taken from a were upon him when but a youth, and he was meeting of the people called Quakers, at the Bull inclinable to the best things and the nearest way and Mouth meeting house, by soldiers under the of worship according to the scriptures, accompa- command of Sir Richard Brown, mayor, and nying the best men. His natural disposition committed to Newgate by the said mayor, not was bold and manly, dexterous and fervent, and for evil doing, but for testifying to the name of what he took in and, he did with his might. the Lord Jesus, and for the worship of God. Loving; courteous, merciful, and easy to be en. There he lay in prison with six or seven score treated; he delighted in conference, and reading Friends more, upon the same account, many of of the holy scriptures.

them being shut up among felons in nasty places; When it pleased God to visit his people in the and for want of prison room they grew weak, north of England, this servant of Christ was ear- sickened, and died, among whom this young man ly called, viz., in the year 1652, when about was one; bis sickness increasing upon him daily, seventeen years of age. He was sent forth by though in much patience he was carried through the Spirit of the Lord to preach the everlasting all. gospel, repentance, conversion, salvation and He was in prayer often, both day and night, remission of sins, in the name and power of the saying at one time, “I have had a testimony of Lord Jesus Christ, the Saviour of mankind; and the Lord's love to me from my youth, and my was an able minister of the glad tidings of sal- beart hath been given up to do his will. I have vation. In most parts of England, and through preached the gospel freely in this city, and have Ireland several times, and in Scotland and Flan. often given up my life for the gospel's sake.



Lord, rip open my heart, and see if it be not to depend upon bire, so he bought a pew for them right before thee.' Another time he said, "There and went with them himself; became a different lies no iniquity at my door; but the presence of man, and his family became one of the happiest the Lord is with me, and his life I feel justifies of families. Had it not been for the passage of me. Afterwards he said to the Lord, “Thou the Maine Law, in all human probability, this hast loved me from my birth, and I have loved man would never have changed his course; and thee from my cradle, and from my youth unto nine chances to one he would have found a this day, and have served thee faithfully in my drunkard's grave. generation.'

Another family moved from Maine to PM, He spoke to Friends that were about him to New Hampshire, some twenty years ago. The live in love and peace, and love one another; and husband and father was a hard drinker

. He said, 'The Lord takes the righteous from the grew worse and worse ; in the midst of new and evil to come:' and prayed for his enemies and dissolute companions, he drank up all he could persecutors, and said, Lord, forgive Richard earn. After a year or two at their new home, Brown wbó imprisoned me." Again he said, the wife and mother, an industrious, economical

Though this body of clay must turn to dust, yet and virtuous woman, said to her husband one I have this testimony, that I bave served God in day, “ You may have all your own wages, and if my generation; and that spirit which hath lived, you will, you may drink them up, only you shall and acted, and ruled in me, shall yet break forth not ask me for my earnings, nor interfere with in thousands. In the morning before he depart- my plans. My mind is made up ! I will agree ed, being sensible of his death, he said, “Now to meet my own expenses, and support the chilmy soul and spirit is centered in its own being dren, if you will only support yourself, or let me with God, and this form of person must return alone. Yea, more, I will take boarders and try from whence it was taken.' . And after a little to save a little every year.” The man was rather season,

he gave up the ghost, as a martyr for the pleased with the resoluteness and calculation of word of God, and testimony of Jesus.

his better half. The bargain was made and faithHe was born in 1635, began to preach 1652, fully kept. The husband was true to his part, and died 1662, of whose written labors there is and more especially the first clause. The wife a volume printed, containing almost nine hun. succeeded in laying up about a hundred dollars bred pages in folio. Piety Promoted.

annually from her hard earned wages, for sixteen successive years. Then she bought her a little

place, paying down for it in the saved money. MAINE LAW ILLUSTRATIONS.

About this time the Maine Law passed in our A correspondent of the “Portland Journal” own State. “Now," said the wife to her husband, communicates the following facts--worth read

“ I am going back with my children to live un

der this Maine Law, there to bring up my family ; ing:

and you may go with me I should like to bave Not long since I fell in company with an old you—provided, you will behave yourself as you acquaintance, a clergyman from P, New ought. I am going to sell my place here, and Hampshire. He spoke of the influence of the buy a little farm down in Maine, and you shall Maine Law over the rumseller, and over the most take care of it, and it shall be yours, if you will hopeless drinker. A man lived at N. B. in the only keep sober.'' Again the bargain was made. State of Maine, who owned considerable property, | The husband was delighted with the change. He and yet kept a low grog sbop. It was his uni- was now away from temptation. The burden form habit to sell a hogshead of rum every month, was rolled off; he reformed. The family were regularly, and sometimes in three weeks. He happy and once more went to church together. was, moreover, his own customer. He would sell That was about two years ago. This man has enough to others to furnish his own drinks free, had only one fit of intoxication since. Then he and make a profitable business besides. He was went back to P-~, was surrounded by his old as sure to get well “over the bay,” himself companions and temptations ; and was beastly pretty early every day. But he would manage drunk every day for a week. He got sick and 80 as not to make any foolish bargains while in ashamed of such a course ; hurried home, solthis state of intoxication, and thus held on to his emnly affirming he would never go to P. property. He would sometimes shamefully abuse again. He has done nobly since, and now he is his wife and children. He was, withal, a staunch one of the strongest of the strong Maine Law men. democrat. So, as soon as the Law was passed, He knows that this Law has done him and his he said, “ I am for order; though I may not like family more good than any other measure devised. the law, so long as it is the law of the land,

Portland, April 3, 1854.

T. bound to obey it and shall obey it.The word had gone forth-he stopped selling; shut up his shop at once; moved on to a farm which he Better say nothing, than not to the purpose. owned a little way from the village, encouraged And to speak pertinently, consider both what is his family to go to church, said it was not best fit, and when it is fit to speak.-W. PENN.


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THE WAR PRINCIPLE ESSENTIALLY ILLEGAL. Such is the principle of equity and justice I shall restrict my observations to one point, enacted into a positive law. Now, if the practice

which every Government in Christendom has namely, the principle of armed negotiations, of an « Armed Negotiation” between Governwhich unhappily prevails at present so extensively ments is not an aggravated violation of this prin

“ in the intercourse of nations. When we look a nation in the face, and speak this proceeding? What but a demonstration of

ciple and law of justice, what is the object of to it, we address it as a Government. In that physical force, intended to overawe the free volicapacity it moves and acts at home and abroad. I tion of one or both the negotiating parties ; to We see in it the embodiment of legislation, the compel more favorable terms by the presence of administration of the law. It personates a Su- armies and navies? If we may use such a term, preme Court of Justice, to which every indivi- what is the policy of that fundamental principle dual is amenable ; aye, more than this—to which of equity upon which all valid transactions bethe State itself is amenable—its sovereign, its tween individuals are based ? It is, that the President, its parliament, its judges. The most parties shall negotiate, not only in the exercise absolute monarch in Europe would hardly ven- of unbiassed free will

, but in good will, for their ture to appropriate to himself the vineyard or the mutual and equal advantage ; that the treaty or

com pensation or leave. The Queen of England would agreement may be ratified by permanent satisfac

tion. Yet we have statesmen, diplomatists, and hesitate even to close a footpath across a royal conductors of public journals, and men of every domain, which had been trod by successive gen- talent and position, who advocate the support of erations of the people. Every Government re- large armies and navies, on the ground that they presents and enforces the common law of the compel favorable terms in negotiating treaties human conscience.

with foreign powers ! To such an extent has this Thus, under all Governments, it is not only a policy and practice perverted the moral perceprecognised principle of equity, but probably an tions of men of intelligence, that, at the concluestablished law of the land, that all commercial sion of such a treaty, they exult aloud in exprestransactions, all compacts or agreements beween sions like these, 'We never should have secured individuals, are null and void,” if it can be such favorable terms, had it not been for our proved that one of the contracting parties was army or navy ?' And these are favorable terms ! under personal fear of the other, restricted in the and these are the conditions of an arrangement exercise of his free will in signing the agreement. between Governments embodying and personatThe justice of this principle is so self-evident, ing law! But the partisans of this policy admit that it enacts itself into a law in every civilized the precarious tenure of obligations imposed and society, and

may be found even among the un- assumed under these circumstances. They vircivilized barbarians. The Governments of Chris- tually concede, that the advantages obtained by tendom make the validity of these transactions a demonstration of brute force, must be retained depend upon the proof or presumption, that the by it; that treaties made in the threatening prenegotiation and ratification were the acts of a sence of armies and navies, render armies and sane mind and perfectly free will. This is a navies necessary to enforce and perpetuate their positive law, which these Governments not only authority.- Elihu Burritt. enforce but obey, in their transactions with their subjects, with the same homage to its authority,

AMERICAN SCIENTIFIC ASSOCIATION. as if it were the statute of a Supreme Court of Nations. Before this august law of equity, all

ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS.-Dr. J. Lawrence distinctions and disparities of rank disappear, to Smith, of Louisville, Ky., read portions of a paper a certain extent, as they do before the Throne of on the Meteoric Ştones, with an account of some Eternal Justice. The State descends to an equal recently discovered. footing with its humblest subject. When the METEORIC STONES.-He exhibited several powerful sovereign of Prussia wished to incorpor- small meteorites, and some large ones. ate with his royal domain the site of a windmill, ment of one in his possession he showed, of which owned by an humble subject, he descended to a the whole body weighed over 60 pounds. It was complete parity with him before this law. For, found in Tazewell county, Tennessee. A large when the miller stood out against his royal over- one from Saltillo, Mexico, lay on the table, weighture, he went to law with him before their legal ing 260 pounds. tribunal, and he was beaten; he lost his case. Mr. Bartlett (Boundary Commissioner) had And that windmill to this day strikes out its bold described to him one specimen, which weighed arms manfully at the Palace of Sans Souci, in 600 pounds, and its greatest length was five feet. the triumph of this sublime principle of equity, These bodies are composed principally of nickeland as a standing monument of a homage to that iferous iron with portions of cobalt, copperas, principle which is still regarded by every royal copper and phosphorus. The iron generally occupant of that Palace as ranking among the amounts to 95 parts out of a hundred. But in first honors of the Prussian Crown.

all meteorites we find one combination of these

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