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was in my soul ? He believing in the love of God whose name is holy, I dwell in the high and in Christ, made him desirous of being with him, holy place; with him also that is of a coptrite and and seeing the joy that was set before him, humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, thought the time long to be with Jesus, as know and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.”
T. CHALKLEY. ing that then he would be out of all misery and pain. His heart was full of love to his relations, acquaintance and friends, who came to see him
SAMUEL SCOTT. in bis illness; and full of tender sweetness and Out of the treasury of wisdom, things both divine love, he took his last leave of them, which old and new" may be brought furth, and prove greatly affected many. This was one of the most refreshing to the seeking soul, the old being as pinching exercises I ever met. with; but as he well adapted to the present need as the new. said in his illness, so I now write: The wisdom With this impression, some of the experiences of the Lord is wonderful. One time in this dear of Samuel Scott are presented to the readers of child's sickness be said, Oh! the good hand of the Review. In the testimony of Hartford the Lord help me, give me ease, and conduct me Monthly Meeting respecting him, they say " He safely, i. e., to God's kingdom, uttering this was a man fearing God and hating covetousness, verse :
of a humble mind and benevolent disposition,
extensive in Christian charity and useigned lore Sweet Jesus, give me ease, for mercy I do crave, And if thou'lt give me ease, then mercy I shall have to the brethren ; very useful in the discipline of
the church among us, for which he was well Although this was a great exercise and deep qualified; yet very diffident of himself, ready to affliction to me, in losing this promising youth, forgive, and seek forgiveness even of the meanand my only son; yet considering that he went est." off the stage of life like a solid, good Christian, In the preface to his Diary, it is stated, that it was made tolerably easy to me; for he depart- he was “above the common rank in natural abilied this life in much brightness and sweetness, ties and versed in literature, but be counted and more like an old Christian than a youth of these as of no value in comparison with the un. ten years of age.
searchable riches of Christ, with a fellowship in It was usual for me to advise his mother not his sufferings, with being made conformable to to set her affections too much upon him, thinking his death, and experiencing the power of his he was too good to live long in this world, and resurrection.” too ripe for heaven, to stay long on earth, in this “Although a melancholic temperament occaworld of sorrow and misery. This dear and ten- sionally prevailed, and perhaps produced sadness, der youth, when reading, to which he was much when joy might well have been the covering of inclined, if he met with any thing that affected his spirit, it is encouraging and instructive to him, either in the Sacred Writings or other good observe, bow, through all the conflicts and bapauthors, would write it down and get it by heart. tisms to which such a disposition appears more He was more than common affectionately con. peculiarly liable, there lived that which many cerned for his mother, doing whatever he could waters could not quench, or the
grave retain." freely and cheerfully to serve her, and told her “This at times beautifully broke through the not to do some things which he thought too much dark clouds, and showed that all beyond was for her, saying, Mother, let me do it; if I were a harmony and light; of which there is no doubt man thou should not do any thing at all, mean- his afflicted anxious soul at length gained pering as to labor.
She being affected with his filial manent possession, when the work was finished love and care for her in his father's absence, it and the tempestuous waves forever ceased to rage. caused her sometimes to turn about and weep. I "Oh thou afHicted, tossed with tempests and not thought a little memorandum of the life and death comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair of this religious lad was worthy of recording, in colors, and lay thy foundations with sapphires, order to stir up other youth to obedience and love and I will make thy windows of agates, and thy to their parents, who carefully and tenderly gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasnourished and brought them up; and also to love ant stones.'” and obey God, from whom they have their life Here, reader, pause, and wisely consider that and being, and to believe in Christ, who died for although “many are the afflictions of the rightthem; who is the glorious light of all the nations eous, the Lord delivereth them out of them all.” of them that are saved, and walk therein, accord- For “the Lord redeemeth the soul of his sering to the Sacred Writ.
vants.” By repeated trials and afflictions perHe got several pieces by heart out of the Bible mitted or dispensed, they are induced to look at and other religious writings, first writing them and duly appreciate the things that can only be
discerned by the spiritual eye of the regenerate, One which much affected my mind, was the the things that are eternal; and are also prefifteenth verse of the fifty-seventh chapter of that pared to receive and retain the unsullied joys of evangelical prophet, Isaiah : “For thus saith the heaven. As afflictions and trials, well endured,
: high and lofty One, that inbabiteth eternity, produce the peaceable fruits of righteousness,
with his pen.
with quietness and assurance for ever, though its operations.' All boasting of supposed recti. grievous when they prevail; how will they be tude and self-ability, is excluded by the law of estimated when the work is finished? when faith faith; if the most perfect compliance with its is lost in fruition, and uninterrupted rewards are requisitions was attained, the reward would not possessed.
be of debt, but of grace only;
devia"A few days before his decease, he expressed tion from the line of duty, merits death, and that himself to a friend, in these words, • I have done condemnation which is most justly and rightfully with all things but one, and that is, working out the sinner's portion, as it is written, 'the wages my soul's salvation with fear and trembling, of sin is death.'' through Him that worketh in me, both to will Fifth month 19th, 1791. "Mental prayer and
“ and to do of his own good pleasure.''
reading the Holy Scriptures, bave of late been He departed this life on the 20th day of the practised; it is true that the bare • letter kill. Eleventh month, 1788, aged near 70 years, a eth,' but a diligent, and I think, almost a daily minister about 36 years.
attention to these sacred records, is the duty of It was but a short period before his decease, all; not so much with the view of immediate that his record commences, but with the humble satisfaction and sensible comfort, neither with dependence of a Christian disciple, he attributes the view of laying up any stock in our memory, no merit or usefulness to his own matured ex- but in a dependence on the Spirit that quicken
a periences, but only “if it please the Lord to eth. The ministers in our Society are particulook upon it with approbation,” he trusts that larly recommended to be conversant with them
new wine may be found in the cluster,” and by the Yearly Meeting 1702 and 1706. Neverthe Watcher and the Holy One may say, “ De- theless, they ought to have no treasury but the stroy it not, for a blessing is in it.”
Divine gift, the well of water springing up Diary.
into everlasting life.'”
Seventh month 13th «Unprofitable disputaSixth month 12th, 1780. “I am convinced tions grievously prevailed; we should never from a daily heartfelt sensation, stronger than ten speak anything but truth; and frequently no thousand arguments, that until we cease to do advantage accrues from speaking of what we evil we cannot learn to do well. No acceptable most firmly believe to be the truth; speakworship can be either internally or externally ing often is folly, when in silence there is offered to the God of truth, while we are acting strength." contrary to the dictates of truth in our own con- “I
have lately perused, to my satisfaction, and sciences.”
I hope spiritual advantage, sundry treatises Ninth month 30th. "From my being first con- published in the last century, composed by vinced of sin, righteousness, and judgment, I Roman Cathclics and Puritans. I am glad to have been shy of receiving either doctrinal or reap the grape gleanings of the vintage from practical truths upon trust, or only because every quarter, considering the Lord's vineyard others have received or believed them; my con- to be of great extent, and his commandment to cern having rather been to try them by the law be exceeding broad :' "'These standing before and the testimony, the law of God after the the throne, of all nations, kindreds, tongues, and inward man,' and the precious testimonies of people, clothed in white robes, and having palms Holy Writ. "If all who profess the truth, as held in their hands, ascribing salvation unto God and forth by us who are called Quakers, were built unto the Lamb.' It is a great weakness in the upon the rock of Divine and internal revelation, Calvinists, and perhaps in some others, that they the rapid inroads of libertinism would be repel- reject every thing that is not coined in their own led and deisin extirpated. But the law written mint, and reduced to a standard of supposed oron the fleshly tables of the heart, the Scriptures thodoxy: they may indeed narrow and limit of truth, and the advices of our brethren con- themselves, and their fellow-creatures, but they tained in this Yearly Meeting minutes, would, cannot limit the Lord of Hosts ; his ways are as a twofold cord unite, and not easily be illimitable, and his thoughts are not as their
thoughts,' the glorious Lord being a place of Tenth month 8th. “At the forenoon meeting, broad rivers and streams.' truth measurably prevailed in silence. I have
(To be continued.) often been fearful lest, in our Society, human reason and the works of a mere moral and
NEBRASKA. creaturely righteousness, should be substitu- The German emigrants are pouring into Neted in the place of the law of faith and the braska in crowds. Seven hundred and thirty new creation work; for according to the testi- passed through Cincinnati one day last week, on mony of our truly learned and deeply experi- their way to the territory. With such emigraenced friend, Isaac Penington, God is all in tion, and the question of slavery left free to the redemption, God doth all as fúlly therein as in inhabitants of the territory, there will be but litcreation ; it is a new creation; yet the
creature tle chance of the peculiar institution" extendquickened and renewed, is in unity with him in ling itself into the new territories.
may find the noblest traits of humanity combined THE QUAKER SETTLERS OF PENNSYLVANIA.
with the talents of the philosopher, the states" An example of true wisdom and fortitude
man, and the Christian. Penn's object in setis : no less conspicuous in the venerable founder tling Pennsylvania sprang not from any motives of the province of Pennsylvania, the truly great of idle curiosity, adventure or love of gain. He and worthy William Penn, than in many of the aimed at nobler purposes. He fondly hoped celebrated sages and legislators of former ages; that his persecuted brethren might bere tid who, in opposition to the vulgar notions of the
peace and quiet, and that he might be enabled times in which they lived, have seemingly suf- literally to realize the angel's song over the crafered in their own particulars, to benefit man. dle of the Messiah, of giving Glory to God kind-this will appear both with respect to his in the highest, on earth peace, and good will religion in joining with the people called Qua- towards men. kers, and likewise in settling the province itself.
“Put your trust in God, and keep your powIn both of which his engagement for the hap- der dry," was the cry that ran through the Pupiness of men was not unattended with a large ritan camps in Old England. That passage of share of that dificulty and opposition, to which Scripture which says, “ Ask of me and I will the most excellent undertakings are generally give the beathen for thy inberitance, and the utexposed—but minds of such exalted virtue are / termost parts of the earth for thy possession,” actuated by motives above morality, and indis- they interpreted as peculiarly adapted to thempu'ably are influenced by something divine ; selves; and combining the two for their motto, without which, as Cicero says, there never was they made sad havoc among the red men
But a really great and good man.”—Robert Proud. Penn, who was fired with a holier zeal, and ani
In viewing the characters of the early settlers mated with purer motives—who disdained to use of the North American Colonies, one is forcibly carnal weapons, acted towards the Indians with struck with their dissimilarity in manners, tastes the forbearance and kindness of a brother. As and religion. The Puritans were distinguished bis feet pressed the virgin sod of the future cits, for their bigotry, firmness and indomitable cou- he extended to them the hand of frieudship, and rage; the founders of “New Amsterdam,”, the greeted them with a smile of love.
His only homes of cocked-hats and the Knickerbockers, emblem, if emblem it could be called, was the for their industry and sobriety; the forefathers unassuming dress he wore. of Virginia for their gay and chivalrous bearing,
We now turn to the character of those who and who of all others were the least fitted to pi- assisted him in founding the Keystone State.oneer the march of empire--being clothed in These rough and sturdy pioneers sprang from the gay
habiliments of aristocracy, instead of the the middle ranks of English society—many also rough garments of yeomanry. Amid the pal. being gathered from the high-ways and the bymetto groves of South Carolina ascended the
ways. They were a stout and hardy race, haprayers of the persecuted Huguenots, who, ving for the most part been cultivators of the though light-hearted without losing their faith, soil. They possessed all the vigor of youth there found a safe shelter from the storms of re- without its fervent enthusiasm. They had religious oppression in the old world.
peatedly passed through the fiery furnace of per“The rise of the people called Quakers," says secution, but came forth like tried gold; knowBancroft, “is one of the memorable events in ing full well that if they bore 'do cross,' they the history of man. It marks the moment when would in the end have no crown.' A sense of intellectual freedom was claimed unconditionally their past sufferings and the arduous enterprise by the people as an inalienable birthright. To they were about to undertake, endeared them the masses in that age, all reflection on politics tenderly to each other. And more than all of and morals presented itself under a theological these, they were sustained and animated with form. The Quaker doctrine is philosophy, sum- the vital, though unpretending doctrines of moned from the cloister, the college and the George Fox, which they declared to be "primisaloon, and planted among the most despised of tive christianity revived." With all these the people."
qualities combined, they were admirably adapted These hardy pioneers, so totally unlike every to undergo the rigors and hardships in the setother sect, possessed the industry and perseve- tlement of a new country. Let us go back in rance of the Puritans without their bigotry and our imaginations to the scenes of 1682, and a obstinacy, and were equally as sincere and cheer- few years following. ful in their religious belief as the Huguenots, We are in the wilderness, now the most though their doctrines were essentially different. thickly settled part of Bucks or Chester county When William Penn held his treaty with the 'Tis a fine spring morning; we ascend an emi. Indians in the primeval groves of Coaquannock, nence, and behold the country far and near, robed he performed an act as novel as it was sublime. in the most luxuriant forests. Here and there The world had never before witnessed such a wreathes of smoke may be seen curling above spectacle, and the mind reverting through the the foliage, issuing from the wigwams of the long vista of years, to his memory and character, peaceful Lenape. The streams purl gently along,
bathing the rocks on their shores, whose bold ready to shoot down the first Indian that showed
way Great Spirit dwells within them. The smiling through the wilderness to their meetings, with a valleys lie open to the invigorating influence of protection far more potent than gunpowder, that the sun, and small patches of long Indian grass of the Invisible Arm. Let us enter and behold wave beautifully up their slopes. A peculiar still them at their simple devotions. A solemn siDess-a deep and solemn stillness, to be found lence reigns throughout this little assembly. only where the white man has seldom trod, reigns Each one sits as though transformed into a stathroughout the scene; and nature rejoices in tue. The men are clad in rough homespun, of her wild sublimity. Such was the picture which that plain, Quaker color, the drab; their broad this part of the country presented, when opened felt bats, save in two or three instances, shield to the view of the settlers.
their bronzed and honest countenances; the woSelecting a large and spreading tree near a men, the faithful “mothers in Israel," clad in cool spring or stream, with its branches for a homely guise, likewise sit motionless and shelter, and the earth for a bed, they arranged thoughtful. This deep silence lasts a long
, their goods around. For a considerable time this while, but is at last broken by the rise of one of was their only abode; but they feared not, for these fathers, who preaches words of comfort and He who had guided them over a trackless ocean, solace to his brethren and sisters—though not would surely protect them in the lonely wilder- delivered in the most graceful style, or his senti
Here were grouped men, women and child ments clothed in beautiful language, yet his serdren; men whose noble hearts beat with confi- mon falls heavily on the hearts of his hearers. dence, with hands ready for arduous toil, with He is arrayed in do robes but the robes of the
kind-hearted wives to cheer them on, and to spirit; there is no altar but the altar of the in lighten their rude homes with their presence and heart. The speaker has finished; he sinks into
their smiles. Firmness and resolution, coupled his seat noiselessly and apparently unheeded. A
with sternness, are graven on their features.-few moments elapse, two hands are firmly grasped ini They are eager and impatient to undertake the and a hearty shake is given—the meeting adir ele mighty task before them. Night comes on, and journs. Kind words and kind looks are
with alternate watches they sink into deep re-changed, and each family theu disappears through pose. Morning again rolls around. Soon a different parts of the wilderness to its own bum
The Sabbath afternoons are not ho strange sound is heard--a sound never before ble abode.
known in these primeval forests. 'Tis the echo spent in idle conversations or light behaviour,
. But their energies do not fail : the on the quietness of the grave !
LORD ELGIN AND THE MAINE LAW.
, "shows the deep interest large rough stones.
The furniture consisting felt by those in authority respecting the operaperhaps of two or three benches, as many high tion of the Maine Law, and that its effects in straight-backed chairs, and a spacious chest, is diminishing crime and repressing many of our arranged irregularly round the room; on the social evils will speedily lead to a great alterarough shelf over the fire-place is a time-worn tion in our licensing system, and ultimately seBible and one or two volumes of the writings of cure the entire
prohibition of the traffic in strong early Friends.
Smile not gentle reader at this drink : extreme simplicity; what we would now spurn
“As to the Maine Law, he (Dr. Guthrie), with disdain, they esteemed as great luxuries.
might mention, that at a party consisting of noThough far beyond the reach of bigoted mon-blemen and gentlemen, which he attended not archs and cruel jailors, they have not forgotten Tong ago in London, Lord Elgin, the Governor the hand that led them to a place of safety.
of Canada, said there was nothing he was watchAccordingly they assemble for worship in one ing in America with so much interest
as the workas they have not yet been able inge of the Maine Law. The conversation of to build a meeting house. While the Puritans that party had been turned upon the history, resorted to their meeting houses armed, and the growth,
and success of total abstinence so
Cunclusion next week,
of these cabins,
cieties in our country, and the good which they | with the native tribes. Virginia was colonized had achieved. This led to the remark from nearly three quarters of a century before the charLord Elgin to the effect already mentioned. •1 ter of Pennsylvania was granted ; and wars of an believe,' he said, that it is destined to work a exterminating character had been waged between change on the face of society ; I wish the cause the colonists and the native races. The settlements the utmost success. They have adopted it in in New England commenced about sixty years beNew Brunswick, and I am watching its opera- fore William Penn or his agents set foot on the tions with more interest than that of any cause shores of the Delaware; and the intercourse of the under the sun. A gentlemen who was there said, “Oh, but is that Maine Law just, Lord Puritan fathers with the aboriginal tribes was Elgin ? I understand, from what you say,
marked with blood from an early period of the gentleman can have his pipe of wine, and a mer colony, until peace was established by the exchant can have his barrel of whiskey; they can
tinction or expulsion of the red man from his nago and enjoy their fermented liquors, while the tive forests. poor man who could only get his refreshment at When William Penn commenced the work of the public house is denied the opportunity. Is colonization in Pennsylvania, the Atlantic coast, .
, that not unjust to the poor?' Lord Elgin bad from New England to Carolina, was sparsely oca very good answer to this : The poor man,' cupied by colonial establishments, which, though said he, is the best judge of what is justice, nearly independent of each other, were all depenand that law in the State of Maine, and in our dent upon a common government in Europe, and province of New Brunswick, was passed by the consequently were liable to be involved in such votes of the poor. laboring men themselves.” Bristol Temperance Herald.
controversies as might arise between the mother country and
any of the neighboring nations that
held colonies in America. FRIENDS' REVIEW.
The native races were often engaged in war PHILADELPHIA, SIXTH MONTH 24, 1854.
with each other; and with their wild, wandering
habits, and their dependence, in great measure, on Our readers will find in the present number a
the products of the forest for subsistence, wars portion of a lively article copied from a Philadel. were to be expected. Yet amidst these discouraphia paper, respecting the early settlement of the ging circumstances, William Penn and his coadjunoble State, the only one in the Union which bears tors, relying on Divine protection, and the efficacy the name of its founder, * which has offered to the
of pacific principles, ventured to erect their peace
ful habitations in the midst of the roving Lenni world a complete practical demonstration of the safety of founding a government, even in the midst
Lenape nations, without fortification or arms; of savage tribes, upon principles purely pacific.
they found their confidence well founded. DuThough the picture here exhibited is partly drawn
ring the seventy years that the government of from imagination, the essential facts are those of of its founder, the tomahawk and the scalping
Pennsylvania was administered on the principles authentic history.
It is a remarkable circumstance, that while the knife of the Indian, do not figure in the history of religious doctrines of William Penn have been
the province. Even to our day the memory of adopted by comparatively few, and that while the ditions of the Red man, and where the name is
William Penn has hardly vanished from the traprinciples of his government have scarcely ever been reduced to practice in the establishment of
reniembered it is remembered with reverence. subsequent States or Provinces, the government of
It may excite surprise that the successful estabPennsylvania has received the plaudits of states
lishment of the government of Pennsylvania, on men and historians, from the days of its founder to principles purely pacific, should be permitted to the present time.
remain, as a theory on the pages of the statesman In several respects, Pennsylvania was settled
and historian, the object of high wrought eu. under circumstances which might have been con
logy, but without practical imitation. But the sidered unfavorable to the maintenance of peace the principles of inviolable peace constituted an
mystery is readily solved by the reflection, that William Penn himself was very unwilling that his essential part of the religion of William Penn and family name should be incorporated in the designation his coadjutors. They regarded the doctrines and of the Province. He used considerable effort to pro- maxims of the New Testament as paramount 10 cure an erasure of Penn from ihe title. The name as permanently settled, was assigned to the Province by all the inferences of a timid expediency. Fully Charles II., in commemoration, not of the proprietor, believing the truth of the doctrines they held, the but of the Admiral Sir William Penn, and he positive safety of their adoption in practice was readily ly refused to allow the name to be expunged. Posterity will probably not regret this manifestation of ob deduced. The principles which led to the rejecstinacy.
tion of military defences, led also to the mainte