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Thou art his keeper; and if thou didst read I provided the Porte will accept the Vienna note,
Less of man's works, and more of God's own truth, simple and unaltered. Thou wouldst employ thy wondrous powers to plead
The Sultan continues to take measures for deFor suffering nature and neglected youth.
fence. The Turks are excited to the wildest en“ Am I my brother's keeper ?” hiccups he
thusiasm, and are with difficulty restrained from Who drinks and smokes his precious hours away; commencing hostilities. Thou art, thou art; and thou the proof wilt see, On a special demand from the representatives
When health, and strength, anu hope, and life decay! of the four great Powers, the Sultan consents to Ye who behold the young on folly's flood,
postpone issuing his contemplated manifesto to Haste to the rescue, lest the fearsul sound,
The manifesto is said to be couched Both of your brother's and your sister's blood,
in very warlike language, and to amount, in fact, Should “cry to Heaven against you from the to a declaration of war. ground!”
Notwithstanding these threatening appearances English Tract. a hope of preserving the peace, is still cherished
by the four great Powers.
The Emperors of Austria and Russia, and the SUMMARY OF NEWS.
King of Prussia, were to have an interview at OlForeign INTELLIGENCE.—The Steamship Wash- mutz, on the 23d ult. The meeting was supposed ington, from Bremen and Southampton, arrived at to be for the purpose of deciding on the Turkish New York, on the 29th ult., and the America from question. Liverpool, reached Boston on the first inst. The
INDIA AND CHINA.—The overland mail from Informer brings English papers to the 14th, and the dia had been telegraphed to London. The dates latter to the 17th ult.
from Bombay are to the 12th, and from Hong England. The weather in England and Ireland Kong to the 23d of the 7th month. Famine was was rather unfavorable, and breadstuifs had ad- prevailing in India, and the country was overrun vanced a trifle. The Liverpool cotton market was with locusts. The Cholera was ravaging U. India. still further depressed.
The accounts from China state, that the revoluThe Cholera was spreading in England, and had tionary party had not changed its position. The made its appearance at London and Liverpool. | Tartars had failed in an attempt to capture the Over 150 deaths from this disease had occurred at city of Amoy. New Castle.
BUENOS AYRES. -Late accounts from Buenos FKANCE.—The Emperor had returned to the cap- Ayres state, that this province had become enital. In consequence of the financial measures of tirely tranquil
, and that business was reviving.the Government, the French funds had again de. Urquiza remained quietly at Entre Rios. clined. A further rise in the price of corn had
VENEZULA.—The revolutionary troops had neartaken place.
ly all submitted to the power of President MonaSpain.— The Valencia raisin crop will be defi- gas, giving the brothers a temporary triumph. It cient, in consequence of rains at the period of was believed, however, that their government gathering. The question of the reception of Pierre would not long continue to exist. Soule, the American Minister, had been discussed
NEWFOUNDLAND.—The Potatoe crop of Newby the council of ministers. It was understood
foundland has almost entirely failed in conse. that he would be received, although an opposite quence of the rot. The fishery has also turned course had been advocated by several journals. Queen Christina lett London for Paris on the
out badly, and great fears are entertained of a famine among
the classes during the com9th ult.
ing winter. ITALY.-The sentence of the Council of War
Fishing Grounds.--A number of fishing vessels, against 64 persons implicated in the late insurrec- with their crews, were lost on the northern side tion, has been published. Twenty were con- of Newfoundland during a terrible gale, on the demned to death, and the others to confinement in 15th ult. The harbors of Prince Edward's Island irons for longer or shorter periods. All are held accountable for the costs, and the reparation of which have had little success. They intended mak
were filled with American fishing vessels, all of the damages caused by the revolt. Marshal Ra
ing another attempt when the gale should subside. detzky commuted a number of the punishments, and the Emperor subsequently pardoned several DOMESTIC.-The yellow fever continues to deof the culprits, and ordered that none of the capi- crease at New Orleans. For the twenty-four hours tal sentences should be execuiel.
ending on the morning of the 29th ult., thirteen Hungary.—The lost jewelry of Hungary which deaths by the fever were reported. No abatehad been supposed to have been stolen by the ment, however, has taken place in the river Austrian government from Kossuth and his minis- towns, and in those of the interior of Louisiana
and Mississippi. iry, has been found buried near Orschora. It consists of the Ilungarian Crown and Insignia and
Serious Wiffienlties are reported to have occur. the Cloak of St. Stephen. The latter was almost red between the forces of the United States and destroyed by dampness.
those of Mexico, in the Mesilla valley. TUISIA AND Turkey.-News had reached Paris At a meeting of the Pacific Rail Road Comthat the Russian Cabinet has refused to accept the pany, held in New York, on the 29th ult., $13,inodifications demanded by the Porte. The Czar, 000,000 worth of stock were subscribed by 57 perit is said, agrees to evacuate the Principalities, sons, from all parts of the Union.
FRIENDS REVIE W. F
A RELIGIOUS, LITERARY AND MIS ELLANEOUS JOURNAL.
PHILADELPHIA, TENTII MONTH 15, 1853.
EDITED BY ENOCH LEWIS.
Tasted, both of Stavanger, were added to their little community.
Some time after this, Enoch Jacobsen got acPUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS,
cess to a Danish copy of Robert Barclay's ApoloNo. 50 North Fourth Street,
gy for the true Christian Divinity, as professed PHILADELPHIA.
by the Society of Friends; a book which, under Price two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE, ings of many, and carried conviction to their
the Divine blessing, has opened the understandor six copies for ten dollars.
hearts. By this book, he discovered that there Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly in advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 must be a people in England who were influenced cenis per annum in other States.
by the same religious views and feelings as himself. By a little enquiry, they got to hear of
some of the Friends belonging to the meeting at SOME ACCOUNT OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF
Rochester. To one of se, by the help of a THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS IN NORWAY.
Dictionary, Enoch Jacobsen wrote a letter; soon Perhaps we cannot better introduce the fol- after which, they received a visit from them. lowing pages to the reader, than by noticing a They could not, then, at all converse intelligibly few brief memorandums supplied by our dear with each other; yet, by signs, in love and Friend, Elias Tasted, of Stavanger, who was an friendship, they understood a little of each others' eye-witness of several of the events which he de- feelings. scribes, being himself one of the persons con- The individual to whom they had addressed fined for some years on board the prison-ships at the letter, in company with William Rickman, Chatham. The document is entitled
an aged minister, paid them several visits. They " An Account of the Awakening in the Truth, were also visited by Frederick Smith, of Croy. which took place amongst the Danish and Nor- don, and William Martin, of Lewes, and other wegian Prisoners of War in England, from the ministers of the Society. Year 1807 to 1811."
On one of these occasions, by permission of In the latter part of the year 1811, Enoch the officers on board, they held a meeting for Jacobsen, a young man from Stavanger, was, by worship in a little chamber, where there were the Spirit of Truth, awakened to see his danger- assembled twelve persons from Norway and Den003 and forlorn condition, by which visitation he mark, all prisoners, and of similar religious was bowed down in deep sorrow over his past views. Through Divine condescension, this careless course of life, whilst making profession proved a heart-tendering, contriting season, of Christianity; and, through the powerful con- though, none of them understanding English, rictions of the Holy Spirit, lie was led to see the they could gather but little of the religious comemptiness of mere forms, and was constrained to munications delivered amongst them by the Engforsake all the outward professions of religion. lish Friends. He was then a prisoner of war on board the Ba- In the year 1813, they had a most acceptable hama, in Chatham river. He had, however, his visit from that worthy man and laborious servant attention turned toward one of his fellow pri- of the Lord, Stephen Grellett, of North America, soners, named A. Andersen, of Stavanger, who but a native of France. He was accompanied was one of the people called Hougeians, or Saints, by W. Rickman and others. By permission of with whom he had some conversation and inter- the officers, a place was prepared for a meeting course. He and his companion, with some on the quarter-deck, to be held on the first day others, were soon after removed to another of the week. The officers were present, and as prison-ship, called the Fyen; there being then many of the people as the place would accommosix hundred men on board her. Here, for a sea-- date. This proved another refreshing season. son, they were treated with scorn and derision, on Three testimonies to the truth, as it is in Jesus, account of their circumspect conduct, and stead- were delivered; and the opportunity was confast walk in the fear of God. Soon after their cluded in prayer, thanksgiving, and praise to the removal, Knud (Canute) Halversen and Elias Lord, for this heart-tendering season.
Elias Tasted remarks, “We began to hold are also inserted by permission of the Meeting silent meetings, before the Lord, previous to our for Sufferings. knowing anything of the manner in which Friends in England hold their meetings, and were The first individual who appears to have emalmost strangers to their writings. At first, we braced the principles of Friends, as far as has got a little room to meet in, where only three yet been discovered, was Enoch Jacobsen, of persons could sit at once, until we took our little Stavanger, who was born there about the year cabin in the ship for our public meeting place, 1790. His father was a carpenter. When he which was in the view of all the prisoners, who was eleven years of age, he was apprenticed to now seemed
very kind to us, though previously an apothecary, with whom he remained about they appeared to hate us. It then seemed as five years, when he felt an inclination to go to though the truth had more power over our out- sea. On the 4th of the 10th month, 1808, withward than over our inward enemies.
out the consent or knowledge of his parents, he “In the latter part of our captivity, we were went on board the Havneren, a privateer, which about thirty persons, Danes and Norwegians, who soon put to sea; but they were out but three professed with Friends. We held our meetings days, when they were captured by a British frifor worship thrice in the week ; but there was gate, the Ariadne, and taken to Leith harbor, in seldom any instrumental ministry amongst us.” Scotland, where he was imprisoned. In a letter
In the year 1814, when the time of their re- to a friend, dated on board the Fayen prisonlease came, they were sent home to their own ship, then at Chatham, he thus describes his country, and were separated and scattered into feelings on the event:several different localities. Of those who went “I am grieved to write this; but I hope all is to Christiansand and to Tronhjem (Drontheim), past, and that I have witnessed forgiveness, even little is now known. Of the little company who as the Apostle says, “Ye are cleansed.” When I settled at Christiania, there will be found further had been about three years in the prison in Scotnotice in the ensuing pages. The four who set- land, I was removed hither. tled at Stavanger began to bear a faithful testi- “This voyage, when I was taken prisoner, was mony against the world and its spirit. They the first cime I had been at sea, and I had no were poor, and despised by many, and were thought yet as to what would become of my soul obliged to hold their meetings for worship some- when I leave this state of existence; but I wantimes at one place, and sometimes at another, dered after my bodily senses, and thought that none possessing a house of their own.
surely I was a Christian, and that I was aliveSeveral of the Society of the Hougeians were, but I was dead. for a time, very kind to them, and sometimes at- “I continued so for a time, when the Altended their meetings for worship, until there mighty was pleased to convince me that it was arose a difference of opinion between Enoch Ja- not the way to become a true Christian, so long cobsen, of Christiania, and Hans Neilsen Houge. as I followed such a course; but that a man must Then the latter wrote to his friends at Stavanger, witness repentance, and become a new creature, advising them to have nothing to do with the in order to witness salvation and eternal
in Quakers; and thus they became quite separated, Jesus Christ." which tended to the preservation of Friends. He further adds, “Dear brethren, I will now
In the attempt to trace the rise and progress in short tell you how wonderful and impenetraof Friends in Norway, it has been expedient to ble the ways of God are. His goodness and his have large recourse to the correspondence which mercy are so wonderfully great, that He would they have maintained with Friends in England, guide me in the right way. I, who am so young, in the absence of personal intercourse or oral and have sinned so much, He would lead me in communication. The translations of some letters the right way, and not suffer me to be overcome or other documents which they have attempted, of evil, if I would but follow his conmands. or their own letters when they have written in You may see that I am not a learned English, though the sense intended may gener- do not know when I have read the Holy Bible, and ally be safely gathered, yet, in most cases, the it is but lately that I have obtained a Testament; language has required considerable correction, in | but I now read in it often, and have need to do so." order to adapt it to the English reader. In many He then expresses the diffieulty he had in un. instances, their own phraseology is so simple and folding his views to them, for want of a better full of meaning, that it has been retained. knowledge of the language. He adds,
The journals of those Friends who have visit- “I believe as you are led and guided by the ed them, have been freely used; as that of Wil Spirit of truth, that you will rejoice with me for liam Allen, who, in company with Stephen Grel. the great grace that I have lately received of the lett, paid them a visit in the year 1818; and merciful God; and my wish is, that both you that of Thomas Shillittoe, 1821. Also, a paper and I may remain faithful unto the end, and has been furnished by Isaac Sharp, who visited sacrifice ourselves to the Almighty, with all our them, in company with E. 0. Tregelles and hearts and minds, for the sake of Jesus Christ, John Budge, in 1846. Two or three papers who came to save perishing sinners, and to show
us his glory that was given him by the Father, religious views afforded her satisfaction in the if we will follow him in all things.'
retrospect; and she has been heard to express “ I was glad to observe your zeal, and for that her thankfulness that she had been enabled to answer you gave me, that you did not use any accept such a profession of the truth ; and we compliments; for, by that understanding and believe she was strengthened to uphold our teswisdom that the just God has given me, and timonies amongst a numerous circle of relatives gires to all them that will follow his commands, and acquaintances, of various religious denomiI thought it must be given you of God, and that nations, with much consistency. it was done to prove what sort of a spirit had In the year 1812, she experienced a sudden led me to this work, whether it was the spirit of and alarming attack of illness, of some continuthe world, or the Spirit of truth, which Jesus ance, which left to an affectionate husband and Christ gives to all them who do His will and con- relatives but little hope of her recovery. Under fess His name. And so I beseech the Omnis- this dispensation, she was favored to witness supcient God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, port from Him who is strength in weakness, and that he will make you sensible that these words a present help in time of trouble; and was enathat I now speak are not of myself, but of God. bled to put up her petition that the Divine will My wish and desire is to do the will of God, as might be done in her,—that she might be as much as he will give strength and instruction clay in the hands of the potter, and made willing for, by his good Spirit. I am satisfied nothing to bear the cross, and be obedient to whatever is wanting on his part, for he dispenses his gifts the Great Master might require of her. In this to all: to some he gives one, to some two, to state of resignation, she records that she experiothers three pounds (or talents), as they are enced the love of her Heavenly Father to overfaithful. I have a great desire to write you a shadow her mind, in a particular manner, with few words, and to obtain an answer, my breth- the assurance that, should she be then taken, her ren; that I may be afresh animated and in- Saviour would be with her, and lead her through structed, and to have my attention more properly the valley of the shadow of death, bidding her fixed in the Spirit, so that the little spark I have fear no evil, for his rod and his staff would commay not be extinguished, but more and more fort her. enlightened.
For some time previous to coming forth in the * Then, I feel that Satan seems determined to ministry, she believed that such a sacrifice would prevent me from worshipping God as I should, be called for at her hands; and in 1820 she was or getting into the spiritual state. But, dear strengthened to give up to the requiring, which brothers, how ingenious and guileful he is! Shall was productive of peace to her mind. Her comhe, then, subdue God's children? Surely he munications amongst us were not at much length; may bite the heel; but as soon as the Spirit of yet they were delivered in simplicity, and with God draws near to me, I can fully resist him. care not to move, in the exercise of her gift, And as I am still young in Christ, my desire is without a renewed feeling of the holy anointing great to speak with you, my brothers; for I qualifying for the service. Thus her offerings know that God has given you great grace, and bore the stamp of right authority, and were edihas counted you worthy to suffer for his name's fying and acceptable to her friends. It does not sake, and that he has given you success. You appear
that she was called to travel in the work will, therefore, receive your reward. God has of the ministry, beyond uniting, under the sancdone such a thing in you that you should be in tion of her Monthly Meeting, with another Friend Him an elected people. Let llim be honored in a visit to the Meetings in the Quarterly Meetand praised through all eternity."
ings of Lincolnshire, and of Cambridgeshire and (To be continued.)
Huntingdonshire. She also joined another
cerning Emma ELIZABETH WOODWARD, Flicitous for the best welfare of her offspring, and Colchester, who died the 27th of Twelfth desirous to train them up in the fear of the Lord. Month, 1852, in the 79th year of her age; a To the poor she was a kind benefactress, commisMinister 32 years.
erating their privations and afflictions; and in Our dear friend was a native of Colchester, and times of sickness, whether among the rich or descended from parents not in religious profession poor, she was ever ready to extend advice and with us, by whom she was carefully trained up assistance ; and not a few of her neighbors and in the practices of the Established Church. She friends can gratefully testify to the benefit remarried rather early in life, and, with her hus-ceived from her experienced judgment, and the band, attended Friends' meetings; and becoming tender and judicious treatment which rendered attached to our mode of worship, and convinced her services on such occasions particularly valuaof the rectitude of the principles we profess, she ble. These were marked features in the character applied for, and was admitted, in the year 1798, of our dear friend. into membership with us. This change in her She was, whilst of ability, a diligent attender of our meetings, sometimes under circumstances pressed it, raised above himself and above the of difficulty; but during the latter part of her world, and felt that his heart had undergone life she was often deprived of this privilege, some great change; the hardness and badness he being much confined to the house by infirmities had so long groaned under, were taken away; it consequent upon advanced age. She often re- bad now become soft and good; he found so much gretted this ; yet it was borne with patient resig- love to prevail in it to all men, that he thought nation. Her last illness was not long; and we he could bear with their revilings and abuses believe her mind was stayed upon that Rock without resentment; appearing sensible, that as which is a sure foundation. She often uttered the hearts of all men were bad and hard till God short sentences of praise and thanksgiving, many made them good, the ill usage he received from times saying that her soul magnified the Lord them proceeded from the same evil seed under for his goodness, and that “her Saviour was all which he himself had so long groaned. This in all to her.” Thus, her friends have the con- sense of the corruption of human nature, acconsoling belief that He who had been with her, panied with a constant application to his Maker and watched over her all her life long, did not to take away the badness and hardness of his forsake her in the hour of need; and that her heart, and make it soft and good, was what he end was peace.
called religion; and what, upon feeling the power of God to his comfort, he was concerned to ex
hort his brethren to seek the experience of in PIETY AMONG THE INDIANS.
themselves. And further said, that under this Amongst the many instances tending to prove dispensation he was made sensible the spirit of the universal operations of divine grace on the religion was a spirit of love, which led those who human heart, a particular one appeared some obeyed it into love to all men; but that men not years ago among å number of Indians in the pro- keeping to this spirit of love, an opposite spirit vince of Pennsylvania. These people were very got entrance into their hearts; that it was from earnest for the promotion of piety among them- hence all those disorders arose which so much selves, which they apprehended to be the effect prevailed amongst men. He was also sensible of an inward work, whereby the heart became there was still an evil spirit laboring to get the changed from bad to good. When they were mastery in his heart, in opposition to the gospel solicited to join other Indians in the war against spirit; but that those who had been visited by a the English, they absolutely refused, whatever power from God, and were obedient to the degree might be the consequence to themselves, even if of light and love he was pleased to favor them the fighting Indians should make slaves, or, as with, would be more and more strengthened and they expressed it, negroes of them, rendering established therein. He had also a prospect of this reason for it, that when God made men, he the necessity of that baptism of spirit and fire, did not intend they should hurt or kill one an- which the scriptures, and the experience of the other. Upon being further conversed with re- faithful in all ages, testify every true disciple of specting their religious prospect, he who had Christ must undergo; whereby, through mortifibeen the principal instrument in raising them to cation and death to self, the root of sin is dea sense of good, gave, in substance, the following stroyed. This he described by the prospect he account: That being, by. a particular provi- had of something like as an outward fire would dence, brought under difficulty and sorrow, he be to the natural body, which he must pass was led into a deep consideration of the state of through in order to attain to that purity of beart things in the world; when, seeing the folly and he desired. He further observed that whilst he wickedness which prevailed amongst men, his was anxiously beholding this fire, he saw a very sorrows increased. Nevertheless, being impressed small path close to it, by walking in which he with the belief that there was a great power who might go round the fire, and the painful trial be had created all things, his mind was turned from avoided. This he understood to represent the beholding this lower world, to look towards him way by which those who were esteemed wise had who had created it, and strong desires were be found means to avoid that probation they ought gotten in his heart for a further knowledge of his to have passed through, and yet retained a name Creator. He was then made sensible that evil not amongst men, as though they had been purified only prevailed in the world, but that he himself by it. partook much of its baneful influence, and he at Thus this Indian, untaught by books, and last found his own heart was bad and hard. Upon unlearned in what is called divinity, through the this, great dejection and trouble seized his mind, inshining of the light of Christ on his underwith an inquiry, what would become of his soul? standing, explains the mystery of godliness in In this situation he cried unto that powerful Be- a plain and sensible manner, showing that true ing who, he was sensible, had made the heart of religion remains to be the power of God to salman; and after a long time of sorrow and perse- vation, changing and purifying the heart, and verance in seeking for help, God was pleased to bringing it into true contrition and a submissive reveal himself to his mind, and to put his good- resignation to the will of God. This has ever ness in his heart. He found he was, as he ex-' been found to be the effect of its operation on