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guiding a plow with his own hands, no less in- , They were all very neatly dressed, the head. dustrious than when seven years ago he solicited dresses of the females being especially becoming employment as a laborer for himself.

and tidy. They were courteous and affable, and It is the same with mechanics ; as soon as the tones of their voices were amiable and musithey have earned sufficient capital —often in two cal. One of my travelling companions was a years after their arrival—they become farmers, German, and our conversation with them was laboring on their own land. Those who remain left entirely to him. He went away however, long in the towns, seldom do so in the station of after supper, to call on one of the neighbors.journeymen, but rent or build shops or take con- An hour or two later, as I returned to the house, tracts for work themselves, and rapidly accumu- after looking to our horses, one of the elder wolate property. I know a house painter,-a trade men spoke to me in German; I could not unfor which there is very little employment in this derstand, and she called to the young lady, who country,—who arrived here only two years since came before me, and bowing in a very formal In a little more than a year he paid out of his manner, addressed me in these words: “Sire, earnings for a very comfortable house, half of will you to bed now go, or will you for rest, which he occupies himself and the other half wait ?" I replied that I would at once go to rents for over ten per cent. interest on the cap- bed, if she pleased. She bowed and walked be. ital invested in the whole, and he has just com. force me till opposite the open door of the second pleted building a very handsome stone house, tight room, in which a candle had been placed, also, I presume, paid for out of the earnings at and pointing to it, said : “ There, Sire.” There his trade, which he has rented at $35 a month. were three single beds in our sleeping-room, all

There is another important class that come extremely clean, and we were provided with here from Germany-small farmers and trades- washing apparatus and other bed-chamber luxumen, who though they have been able to live ries very unusually found, even in the " best comfortably and happily, have not in the old hotels,” in the southwest. The walls of the country been able to increase their fortune ma- room, too, were adorned with some good engra. terially, and who are unable to leave their fami-vings and some paintings of religious subjects

, lies in comfortable circumstances, or to find hon- of ordinary merit. orable and lucrative employment for their chil- The head of tbis family had been a tradesman dren. This class usually bring with them a in a small town in Bavaria, where also he had small capital, with which they immediately pur- owned a little farm. He had evidently been chase land and stock for farming.

able to live there with considerable comforts. I lately spent a night with a family of this He could not, however, see any way in which he class of the emigrants who arrived in the coun- might provide for his family, so that he could try last fall, and who had been settled only about leave them without great anxiety at his death. two months.

But now, if this farm should be divided among Their house, although built for temporary oc- his children, all of them could, by honest labor, cupancy, until they could spare time and money be sure of obtaining, come the worst, sufficient for one more confortable, was a very convenient, food and raiment and shelter, and in no case long, narrow log cabin with two rooms, each ha- would they be dependent on the favor or kindving a sleeping loft over it, two falls, or room ness of public functionaries for the privilege of open at the ends, and a corn-crib. The cooking laboring for their living.–N. Y. Daily Times. was done outside by a camp-fire, but with uten. sils brought from Germany, and peculiarly adapted for it. A considerable stock of furniture .

QUARRELLING. was stored in the halls, yet in the boxes in which If anything in the world will make a man feel it had been imported. The walls of the rooms badly, except pinching his fingers in the crack had been made tight with clay, and they were of a door, it is unquestionably a quarrel. No furnished with doors on hinges. (No man who man ever fails to think less of himself after, has travelled much on the frontier will look upon than he did before; it degrades him in the eyes these indications as trivial.) Our supper was of others, and what is worse, blunts his sensibilicooked and served to us on China, on a clean ta- ties on the oue hand, and increases the power ble-cloth, in one of these rooms, skilfully and and passionate irritability on the other. The picely. A sofa occupying one side of the room truth is, the more peaceably and quietly we get had evidently been made by the women of the on, the better for our neighbors. In nine cases family after the building of the cabin. On the out of ten, the better course is, if a man cheats walls there were hung a very excellent old line you, to quit dealing with him; if he is abusive, engraving of a painting in the Dresden Gallery, quit his company; if he slanders you, take care two lithographs and a pencil sketch, all glazed to live so that nobody will believe him. No and framed with oak.

matter who he is, or how he misuses you, the The family consisted of several middle-aged wisest way is to let him alone ; for there is noand elderly people, a young man, and a young thing better than this cool, calm, and quiet lady, and four very sweet, filaxen-haired children. I way of dealing with the wrongs we meet with.


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RESIGNATION OF THE MAGISTRATES' CLERK, With this he complied, but, as might be expectLANCASTER.

ed, it produced no alteration in his views, and The following letter from Thomas Johnson,

his resignation was ultimately accepted. Esq. solicitor, Lancaster, was sent, on the 20th

[We regard this case as one of great imporinst. to all the magistrates of that borough, in- tance, and hope that it will lead many of those timating Mr. Johnson's conviction that the

directly engaged in the traffic, as well as others

system under which the public houses are licensed similarly circumstanced to Mr. Johnson, to ex. for the sale of intoxicating liquors is immoral amive into the nature of a calling which so largeand wrong, and that he could no longer retain ly contributes to the demoralization and ruin of his office as clerk to the magistrates, one'portion our population. -Ed. Brist. Temp. Her.] of his duties being to prepare the publicans li

TAE SUBTERRANEAN LINE OF TELEGRAPH Mr. Johnson was one of the early adherents of the Temperance Alliance, and joined between London and Liverpool has been comthe general council some time before there was

pleted, and messages are now forwarded between any public action or demonstration on its be the two points. Recently the French wires and

the wires from Liverpool were united at London, half. Not having hastily decided on the course he feels himself constrained to adopt, and ha- and Liverpool and Manchester began to hold diving deliberately counted the cost, Mr. Johnson rect communication with Paris and Brussels, a doubtless feels himself prepared for any petty

distance respectively of 535 and 520 miles. The social annoyance or pecuniary disadvantage he Mayor and principal merchants of Manchester may have to sustain. What effect this resigna

were present at the experiment, and messages tion

It is said that this underhave on the bench of magistrates we

were interchanged. cannot say; we know, however, that a number ground telegraph, which is laid by the side of of them are already very favorable towards the the railroad track, is less liable to interruption Maine Law movement, and several have given from storms and other causes, so frequent in this official adhesion to the Alliance.

These are

country cheering signs of progress; and the friends of the cause may feel encouraged and assured that A person who retires from the semblance of truth they are not laboring in vain.

in search of the substance, will not only appear GENTLEMEN,– On Friday the 28th inst. I singular and contracted to others who are not in propose tendering my resignation as clerk to the the same way, but be really circumscribed in his magistrates of this borough. In doing so, it is own apprehension of things : because it is at that only proper that I state iny reasons. One part point where every thing doubtful is relinquished, of the clerk's duty is to prepare licenses for the inat truth, in ite ground and nature, is revealed. sale of intoxicating drink. I have been convinced for a long time that a fearful amount of

THE PHILISTINE CHAMPION. evil is produced by the liquor traffic, and I have Though he of Gath no more at length come to the conclusion that this traffic The living God dely, is in its very nature immoral and wrong. I

Champions like him of yore

Satan can now supply. feel, therefore, no longer at liberty to do any act which promotes it ; but, on the contrary, that I

The champions he can call, am bound to do all in my power for its abolition.

Though hid from mortal sight,

Are deadlier in their thrall The thought of resigning was very unwelcome Than that fierce giant's might. when it first occurred to me.

I have taken time

They rise not in the field to consider it, and have used every means to sat

of war with warlike mein, isfy my mind that I am not acting from any mis- But in the heart concealed taken motise. The result, however, leaves me

They fight for him unseen. in no doubt as to the course I ought to follow. Lust with its wanton eye; I must now return into the hands of the magis

False shame and servile fear; trates the appointment they were pleased unani- Despair whose icy sigh mously to confer upon me more than eight years

Would freeze contrition's tear. ago ; and I have to express my thanks for the

Doubt with its scornful jest; unvarying kindnesses I have received during

Pride with its haughty brow; this period of our official intercourse. I remain,

These, lurking in the breast,

Are Satan's champions now. gentlemen, with sincere gratitude and respect,

Vainly our strength we boast,

Or reason's triumphs tell,

Sin's hydra-headed host
To the Magistrates of the Borough of Lancaster.

Arms not our own must quell.
Lancaster, 20th April, 1854.

Be ours then those alone
Several of the magistrates desirous of retain-

God's word and grace bestow ; ing Mr. Johnson in his situation, kindly re

Faith's simple sling and stone

Shall lay each giant low. quested him to reconsider his determination.


your obedient servant,





pose, signed by 3000 of the most influential citi

zens of Boston, has already been sent to Washing, FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.— The British mail steamship Arabia, with Liverpool dates to the 3d ton, and a large number of signatures to one of

like character have since been obtained. A resoinst., arrived at New York on the 13th.

lution has been introduced into the Rhode Island Eight thousand French troops have landed at Senate, requesting the Senators and Representathe Piræus, and taken possession, in consequence tives from that State to vote for its repeal. The re of which, King Otho has accepted the ultimatum solution was referred to a Select Committee. of England and France and has appointed a new

A new steam carriage for common roads and ministry under Prince Mavrocordato.

streets, invented by J. R. Fisher, made its trial A council of war has been held at Varna by the trip in New York City, on the 16th inst. It ran at English, French and Turkish generals, immedi- the rate of six miles an hour, on the commou cobately after which, Omar Pasha advanced with ble stone pavement, and at the rate of twelve 90,000 men, to the relief of Silistria. This place miles an hour on the Russ or hewn stone parehad been attacked four times by the Russians, si

ment. multaneously from the Danube and by land, with all the disposable force they could 'muster, but

Congress.-In Senate, on the 13th a number of they had been successfully repulsed by the be- resolutions were presented, after which the Presisieged.

dent's veto on the Land bill, for the benefit of the The Russians made an unsuccessful attempt on insane, was taken up, and Senator Cass made a the 26th ult., to force the passage of the Danube speech of over an hour in defence of the veto. On at Turna, Simnitza and Gurgevo.

the 14th, the House amendments to the PostmasKaleh and Poti, on the Circassian coast, have House resolution fixing the 14th of the 8th month

ter's Compensation bill were agreed to. The surrendered to Anglo-French ships. The inde for the adjournment of Congress was so amended pendence of Georgia has been proclaimed, and

as to allow Congress to take a recess from the 7th The banished princes will be recalled.

month 17th to the 10th inouth 16th, and was then Letters from Belgrade state that the firman is passed. On the 15th Julius Rockwell, appointed signed for the occupation by Austria, of Montene- by the Governor of Massachusetts a Senator to fill gro, Albania and Servia should it be thought ne the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Ed.

The Egyptian troops in Thessaly have ward Everett, appeared and took his seat. A bill been defeated by the insurgents, and 500 of their for the settlement of the Texas debt was reported number taken prisoners.

by the Finance Committee. The vetoed Land bill The Bey of 'l'unis has come to the determina- was taken up, and Senator Clayton made a speech tion of aiding the Sultan with a force of 10,000 in- in favor of the bill and against the veto. On the fantry, 400 cavalry and two batteries of artillery. 16th, the bill authorizing the coinage of $50 and

Prince Gortschakoff has been recalled to Peters- $100 gold pieces, after being amended by striking burg.

out the part relating to the assaying of bullion, was Advices from the Baltic to the 281h ult., state passed finally. The Senate then proceeded to the that Admiral Plumridge, with the Aying squadron consideration of private bills. had been sent on special service to the Gulf of The House of Representatives, on the 12th inst., Bothnia, and that, on the 21st, Sir Charles Napier passed a resolution to adjourn on the 14th of the lay before Hango Point and was preparing to oth month. On the 13th, ihe further consideration boinbard the fortress of Gustasvarn. Wyborg 18 of the Pacific Railroad bill was postponed till the miles distant from Petersburg, had been declared 12th month next, to allow time to complete the in a state of siege, and great efforts were making surveys. A bill to restore the civil superintendence to strengthen the citadel. Some hundreds of the at national armories was referred to the Commitcitizens were compelled to work at the fortifica. tee of the Whole. The Senate amendments to the tions.

Deputy Postmaster Compensation bill were adopt. An Anglo-French squadron had sailed for the ed. A voluminous report, received from the seWrite Sea.

cretary of State, respecting the negotiations with The English government has decided to ap. dues upon our commerce in the Baltic, was order

Denmark in relation to the imposition of Sound Bable that the office will be given 10 Lord Palm-laws was taken up and discussed on the 15th, point a special Minister of War. It appears.com: ed to be printed. The bill to amend the postage erston. A subscription, amounting to £90 sterling, collected chiefly in pence from the working class pending the consideration of which the House es. has been raised for the purchase of a gold tion bill. Appropriations were made for the pay.

went into Committee on the General Appropriachronometer, to be presented to Captain Ingraham as a testimonial for his conduct in the Kosz- ment of the officers and territorial assemblies of

Nebraska and Kansas. On the 16th the bill modita affair. The new steamship City of Philadelphia, of postage was laid on the table by a vote of 94 ayes

fying the postage law and increasing the rates of 2,400 tons, for the Liverpool and Philadelphia to 51 nays. line, was launched on the Clyde, on the 221 ult. Mexico.-Accounts from Mexico to the 8th inst., salaries of the executive and judicial officers of

On the 17th, bills were passed increasing the state that the revolt in the southern districts of all the existing organized territories, appropriating that country had been nearly suppressed, although $50,000 to pay the expenses of the Oregon Indian considerable discontent still existed in various de war, for establishing fihe office of Surveyor Genpartments.

eral in New Mexico, and granung land to actual DOMESTIC.-A movement is making in several settlers, and for the appointment of a Surveyor of the New England States to obtain the repeal of General and Register and Receiver for Nebraska the Fugitive Slave law. A petition for this pur-' and Kansas.






No. 42.




and on the following first-day visited the Indians who reside at Charleston. Being directed to one

of their elders, to consult about holding the PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY SAMUEL RHOADS,

meeting, I told him we were strangers, visiting No. 50 North Fourth Street,

our friends, and I thought I felt love enough PHILADELPHIA.

for the Indians to induce me to come and have a Price Two dollars per annum, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE, meet us, and sit down in our way, we should be

meeting with them, and that if they were free to or six copies for ten dollars.

glad to have a religious opportunity with them. Postage on this paper, when paid quarterly or yearly in advance, 13 cents per annum in Pennsylvania and 26 le replied, he was very free and willing, but cents per annum in other States.

wished the meeting to be put off until next day, that more general notice might be given, as they were scattered in the woods, a number of miles around.

As there were meetings of Friends Continued from page 043.

coming on which we wished to attend, we could After my return, I was reduced very low by not wait; but I proposed that notice should be sickness ; but was favored to feel the answer of given for a meeting at one o'clock, which was well done good and faithful servant, as respected done, and the love of the heavenly Shepherd was my labors ; but I saw that I had been too anxious sensibly felt amongst us, uniting our spirits in to return home, and that it would have been bet- reverence before Ilim, and many important subter for me not to have returned so soon, but as my jects were brought before their view. Several of omission was more from a fear of running where them expressed their satisfaction, particularly I was not sent, than from wilful disobedience. up- their elder, who said he believed the Lord had on resigning myself to return and finish what sent us to visit them, and hoped we would come might be required of me, I found

peace. As my again. After leaving them, I was led into a train health and strength returned, I carefully attend- of reflections on the present and past situation of ed meetings at and about home, and in the fol- 'the poor natives who inhabited this land before lowing spring I proposed to return and finish my the Europeans came among them, when the seas, visit in New England. The prospect of the un- the rivers and the forests afforded them a plentidertaking, together with the reluctanco I felt at ful supply of food; but now, by the encroachleaving my precious family, at times almost over- ments of the whites, they are mostly driven back

came me: yet I durst not give up the attempt. to inhabit the distant and desolate wilds of Ameri| My uncle, Paul Upton, concluded to accompany ca; and such of them as remain, are often reduc

me, and after an affecting parting with my dear- ed to great straits and difficulties. Certainly we est connexions in life, we rode to Salisbury, who inhabit their former ample possessions, are where I slept sweetly all night, a favor I had not in daty bound to assist them. enjoyed for some time, which with the peaceful At a place termed Long Plain, where he atserenity that covered my mind as I rode along, tended a meeting, we find that a separation had was a confirmation to me that my movement was been effected among Friends, through the inflain the counsel of the blessed Head of the church. ence of Timothy Davis, of whom the following

We arrived at Newport previous to the open brief notice is given : ing of the Yearly Meeting, in 1795, which we Timothy was once a favored minister in the attended; and the sight of many dear friends Society, but had separated from it, and drawn with whom I was acquainted, was truly comfort- many away with him; but being made sensible ing and reviving, and I was bowed under a sense of his error, he had offered an acknowledgment, of the preciousness of that fellowship which is condemning his conduct, and was reinstated in witnessed by the truly baptized members of membership. Many of those whom he led away, Christ's church.

are still exposed to trouble, particularly the dear After the Yearly Meeting we crossed to Con. youth, who are left te wander in the wilderness anicut Island, where we had a good meeting; of this world, as sheep having no shepherd. But then to Westport, South Kingston, and Perry, I believe a visitation of tender love is extended

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to them from on high, and in the meeting we offspring in the fear of the Lord, or to improve had there, a good degree of its precious influence and form their susceptible minds so that they are was felt, and strength given me to testify against too generally estranged from the Truth, as it is the worship set up and supported by the will of in Jesus, and brought up in great ignorance and man, and they were invited to the heavenly rusticity and the parents having settled into a Father's house, where they might receive for lifeless formality—though they may endeavor to giveness and a plentiful supply of spiritual train up their children in this form, and to enbread.

force a compliance therewith; yet too often they A few days afterwards he mentions having a are driven off from the Society, and the appearmeeting with the Separatists at Rochester, but ance of Friends quite lost among some; my heart whether they h:d any conuexion with the ad- was moved with pity toward them, and I thought herents of Timothy Davis is not explaiued. After I was made willing to pay them another visit. this the narrative proceeds :

My way now opened to return and attend serOn first day we were at Long Plain meeting, eral meetings, which were memorable seasons ; which was larger than usual, and the testimony after which I went to William Buffum's, with an of Truth was borne against those liberties which intention of proceeding home; but my way seemlead away from the sure foundation ; while a ed closed up, and my mind drawn another way. stream of consolation flowed to the mourners of I accordingly attended Mendham meeting, and Zion.

the day following had one at Cumberland; where Whilst in these parts, my spirit was poured I was led to contrast the different natures of the forth in humble desires, that the everlasting lion and the lamb; showing, that when man is Father of all our sure mercies would be gracious- actuated by the meekness and gentleness of the ly pleased to remember my beloved family left Gospel, comparable to the disposition of the behind, and that I might be preserved from go- lamb, his conduct is very different from what it ing astray; and being renewedly enabled, through is, when the lion-like spirit prevails. On our way holy help, to commit them and myself to the from the meeting, the Friend who accompanied Lord's keeping- I worshipped in reverence be- us as guide said, he was fearful the people would fore him, and proceeded on my way to attend conclude he had informed me of the differences the Quarterly Meeting at Portsmouth. This, which existed in that neighborhood, as I had so meeting was held to our comfort and edification plainly struck at their conduct. This, with the

- Friends parting in much love and tenderness peacefulness of mind I enjoyed, after several days toward each other, and I thought I had never of in ward conflict, revived the belief that I was before so fully enjoyed the sweetness of Chris- in the way of my religious duty, and that the tian brotherhood.

Lord had not cast me off; which I sometimes I thought much of returning directly home, greatly feared, while laboring under depression but could not feel quite easy to do so, although of spirits. As I had received po information remy beloved family, and in an especial manner specting the state of the meeting, and the people my little children, often occupied my mind. were altogether strangers to me, I ascribed the Viewing their helpless, dependent condition, and favor to the condescending goodness and mercy of the many dangers to which they were exposed, my holy Leader, whom I desired humbly to love my feelings were much affected and my tears and serve, both in heights and depths. In the flowed freely : but after reviewing the motives evening I met with a Friend from the neighborwhich actuated me in leaving them, my mind be- hood of my residence, who brought me the concame calm ; and contemplating the help I had fortable intelligence that my family was well, for hitherto experienced from the merciful Helper which I felt thankful, and afresh turned my of his people, enabling me to stand as an advocate thoughts to the work in which I was engaged, for him and his Truth in the assemblies of the with fervent desires to be directed aright. people, and that at times he had unfettered my At a date a little subsequent we meet with the mind from carth and earthly objects and con- following: cerns, and permitted me to behold Him, with an I then proceeded up the Connecticut river toeye of faith, in bis majesty and purity, the Al. wards Coos, in Vermont, and on the way lodged mighty Being, the language was now raised in at a tavern, where was a pious young man, a my soul, “Shall I now distrust his Omniscience traveller, who entered into conversation with me and goodness, when I know that he regards even on religious subjects, and expressed his surprise the sparrows! Nay, verily. Be merciful then, on finding that I held views respecting war, and O Lord; be merciful to my poor little children, on some points of doctrine, which did not accord and do with me whatsoever seemeth good unto with his own. I told him I admired that such thee~I will serve thee.” During this season, the sentiments should be new to him, as he had insituation of the dear children in some places I formed me he was educated at college, and I unhad visited was presented to my view; their pa- derstood that Barclay's Apology was in the Lirents anxiously grasping after the treasures of brary;-querying of him, “Didst thou vever read this world, for purposes of earthly aggrandize it?' He replied, "No. But, there is a man near ment, while they neglected to train up their dear where I live, who has become crazy by reading


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